Mobile networks helping with Antarctic research

Mobile networks have been assisting scientists with Antarctic research. Scientists have been studying giant holes of open water in Antarctic ice, called polynyas (see below), in the Weddell Sea. A team from the University of Washington has been assisted with robots and seals with antennas attached to their heads. The robots and seals have used mobile networks to send data back to the scientists.
The scientists’ latest findings were published in the journal Nature
https://www.commsmea.com/technology/19729-mobile-networks-helping-with-antarctic-research

polynya is an area of open water surrounded by sea ice. It is now used as geographical term for an area of unfrozen sea within the ice pack.

It is a loanword from Russian which refers to a natural ice hole, and was adopted in the 19th century by polar explorers to describe navigable portions of the sea.

Mid Winter 2019 in Antarctica

We have chosen a couple of sites in Antarctica  (Concordia Station WAP MNB-Ø3,  and Bharati Base WAP IND-Ø4) were the personnel  have shared  the happiness of June 21, better known as Mid Winter Day.

Midwinter Day marks the halfway point through Antarctica’s cold and dark season.

The first Midwinter’s Day was celebrated in 1898 by the crew of the Belgica, a Belgian vessel that became stuck in pack ice and was forced to overwinter until it finally broke free in February 1899. Unprepared to spend a winter in Antarctica, many of the crew suffered from scurvy, which was only alleviated after the men began to eat seal and penguin meat that provided essential vitamins.

Mid Winter Day is marked with a feast and other activities.

Below, the Artigas Base (WAP URY-Ø1) on the longest night on the planet celebrated during the “Day of the Antarctic Confraternity”.

La Base Artigas en la noche más larga del planeta celebrada durante el "Día de la Confraternidad Antártica". Este día marca el inicio del invierno y tradicionalmente se realizan festejos entre las bases antárticas para motivarse a sortear el desafío del rigor de ese espacio geográfico.#Antártida #Antarctica #MidWinter

Pubblicato da Instituto Antártico Uruguayo su Venerdì 21 giugno 2019

This day marks the beginning of winter and festivities are traditionally held among the Antarctic bases  as “Mid Winter day” in order to motivate themselves to overcome the challenge of the rigor in this unique  geographical site!

Summer in the northern hemisphere, “Mid Winter” in Antarctica

June 21, in the northern hemisphere the sun will rise at 5.36 and set at 8.51, remaining in the sky for 15 hours and 15 minutes, while between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole it will not fade at all. The Northern hemisphere will  live the longest day of the year.

In the Southern hemisphere, will happen just the opposite, in other words they will experience what happens to us on December 21st: their night will be the longest of the year, while between the Antarctic Polar Circle and the South Pole the sun will never arise.

Happy summer to all of those living on the Boreal hemisphere, and happy winter to those living on the Austral one!

To our Antarctic friends, Happy Mid Winter Day!

The NSF-managed Antarctic Program is offering an opportunity to report from the field.

Professional news media invited to apply to visit jointly funded US and UK research on Antarctic Thwaites Glacier.The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration (ITGC) are accepting written proposals from media professionals to visit a “deep-field” camp on the remote Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica in December.

NSF, the UK’s Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), and the ITGC Science Coordination Office (SCO) will jointly select a very limited number of media personnel-no more than three people in total–to deploy initially to the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide field camp, which will serve as the hub of the research being carried out at Thwaites Glacier. Media will be free to interview Thwaites research teams as they deploy through that camp. A visit to an additional Thwaites Glacier field camp will be highly dependent on weather and logistical variables, and, while possible, cannot be guaranteed.

There is also a separate opportunity for one person to report from the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer when a team of ITGC scientists sails for Thwaites Glacier in February of 2020 for approximately 50 days.

Read more at:

https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=298676&WT.mc_id=USNSF_51&WT.mc_ev=click

Thanks and Credit to NSF

Shaclketon Field Camp, a possible WAP “New One”

US Shackleton Field Camp  85°05’24” South,175° 19’ 48” West is a “Summer camp” opened in 2015.

Shackleton Field Camp,  459 Nautical Miles from McMurdo Station (WAP USA-22) is one of the seven field camps managed by USAP in Antarctica where field sites have resident staff to provide logistical and operational assistance to McMurdo and vessel-based researchers. Personnel (logistics, scientists and researchers)  normally leave McMurdo aboard a Hercues C-130 to reach the remote Shackleton Glacier field camp  (WAP USA-NEW).

The Shackleton glacier is a vast glacier that descends from the polar plateau through the chain of mountains of Queen Maud (Transantartic mountains) and then flows into the Ross platform. Recently, from this well-equipped “base camp”, the researchers went to an area along the McIntyre headland by a Twin Otter and over there, they discovered the oldest Antarctic forest so far known, plus a number of other fossil plants that grew in the undergrowth and collected ashes from as many as six volcanic eruptions. The ashes contain a variety of zircons which in turn contain uranium atoms: this allows the scientists to date the fossils (radiometric dating) and to establish precisely the age of the Glossopteris forests and to understand if these plants have survived the great extinction of mass of the Permian.

See more at: https://www.usap.gov/sciencesupport/scienceplanningsummaries/2016_2017/fieldcamps.cfm

A list of Antarctic field camps can be seen at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_field_camps

So far, nobody (radio amateurs)  has been active on the Ham bands from Shackleton Field Camp which of course is still a WAP USA-NEW one. Now we will add it on the WAP WADA Directory hoping someone to be active one day or another from there!

Edmonson Point Camp, Antarctica

Located at 74°20’South, 165°08’ EastEdmonson Point is a rounded, largely ice-free point lying below Mount Melbourne along the west side of Wood bay, Victoria land.
It was mapped by the US Geological Survey from surveys and from US Navy air photographs, in the years 1955–63, and was named by the Advisoy Committee on Antarctic names for Larry Edmonson, a satellite geodesy scientist at McMurdo, winter party 1966.

The point has been designated an Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 165) because of its terrestrial and freshwater ecosystem. The volcanic lithology and substrates are nutrient-enriched by colonies of Adelie penguins and south polar skuas. The site contains a diverse range of freshwater habitats ,terrestrial vegetation and  invertebrates are abundant. Weddell seals breed on the adjacent sea ice.

In December 1985, during the first Italian Antarctic expedition, the Italian party placed the first Italian remote camp (few tents) over the hills overlooking the Terra Nova Bay, looking for the best place to build a new station (named after “Mario ZucchelliWAP ITA-Ø1). The first automatic weather station (AWS) called Eneide was installed at the top of an hill by Andrea Pellegrini; the place was called Campo Meteo.

See also: http://www.era.gs/projects/edmonson/SienaWorkshopFinalReport.pdf

and http://www.climantartide.it/chisiamo/storia/index.php?lang=en

See a short video at: https://www.facebook.com/penguinecology/videos/493736021153979/  

Antarctica told in 20 years of Magazines

An old collection of Magazines (1971-1992) from Argentina, tells us the history and life of the White Continent. (pics aside show the covers of a couple of magazines)

A good friend, Ham radio operator: Pedro LU1JHF, wrote:
– Knowing your passion for Antarctica,  I’m pleased to share with you this collection of Magazines, which, I am sure will be of your appreciation!- 
’73, Pedro LU1JHF

 

Everyone can download one by one the Magazines; they are available on the website of the Argentine Chancellery.

 

Just for everyone pleasure, here below are  the links:

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar01_0.pdf    December 1971

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar02_0.pdf    December 1972

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar03_0.pdf    May-June 1973

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar04_0.pdf    April-May 1974

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar05_0.pdf    December 1974

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar06_0.pdf    June 1979

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar07_0.pdf    September 1976

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar08_0.pdf    December 1977

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar09_0.pdf    July 1979

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar10_0.pdf    March 1980

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar11_0.pdf    February 1981

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar12_0.pdf    May 1982

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar13_0.pdf    February 1984

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar14_0.pdf    December 1985

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar15_0.pdf    June 1987

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar16_0.pdf    August 1988

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar17_0.pdf   December 1988

https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/revantar18_0.pdf    October 1992

TNX Pedro Sarli, LU1JHF

Argentina reaffirms sovereignty over the Argentine Antarctic Sector extending between the 25th and 74th meridians of west longitude, south of the 60th parallel of south latitude.

Ever since the opening of the first scientific station (Orcadas Base WAP ARG-15) in Laurie Island, South Orkney Archipelago, on 22 February 1904, Argentina has been constantly and uninterruptedly present in Antarctica, which constitutes the longest continuous presence in such continent. Argentina has six Permanent Bases:
(Carlini WAP ARG-2Ø, Orcadas WAP ARG-15, Esperanza WAP ARG-Ø4, Marambio WAP ARG-21, San Martin WAP ARG-Ø8 and Belgrano II WAP ARG-Ø6) and seven Temporary Bases (Brown WAP ARG-Ø2, Primavera WAP ARG-Ø9, Decepción WAP ARG-12, Melchior WAP ARG-13, Matienzo WAP ARG-Ø1, Cámara WAP ARG-16 and Petrel WAP ARG-17).

Argentina is one of the twelve original signatories of the Antarctic Treaty signed in Washington on 1 December 1959. The Treaty sets forth that Antarctica is to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and forbids any military activity, as well as the testing of any type of weapons. Furthermore, it properly protects the reaffirmation of Argentine sovereignty over Antarctica in the face of claims overlapping Argentina’s own. Hence, the geopolitical significance for Argentina of maintaining a strong and effective Antarctic Treaty System, which also ensures the existence of a large peace zone along our southern border.

Source: https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/en/foreign-policy/antarctica

Auroras at Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) and more …

Ross Island turned green in the weekend! This epic shot of an Aurora Australis captured by the winter Leader Jonny Harrison.

Scott Base, is located at Pram Point, Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island in McMurdo Sound at

77 o 51′ South, 166 o 46′ East; it’s the New Zealand’s only Antarctic Research Station, perches on a low volcanic headland called Pram Point at the Southern End of Ross Island, 3500kms south of Dunedin and 1350 kms from the South Pole.

Actually ZL5A is active from Scott Base WAP NZL-Ø1 just on FT8 mode, no CW no SSB!

Read more on Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) at: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/scott-base/

 

Incredible auroras have also been recently seen at Syowa Base (WAP JPN-Ø3) pic on the left, and over Macquarie Station (WAP AUS-Ø8) pic to the right.

Italian Icebreaker named in honor of Laura Bassi

Now the news is official: Icebreaker “Laura Bassi”, former “Ernest Shackleton” of the British Antarctic Survey, is the new OGS ship that will work for PNRA to replace the glorious Italica!
A great result for the whole Italian scientific community, and in particular for the one that studies the poles. The National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics – OGS, thanks to a funding received from the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR), has purchased the icebreaker “Ernest Shackleton” of the Norwegian Rieber Shipping already used by the British Antarctic Survey.

Laura Bassi, formerly Polar Queen and RRS Ernest Shackleton, is an icebreaking research vessel,  primarily a logistics ship used for the resupply of scientific stations in the Antarctic.

The Icebreaker ship, is named in honor of the Italian scientist Laura Maria Caterina Bassi Veratti who, in 1700 became the first woman, Italian physicist and academic.She was the second woman graduate of Italy after the Venetian Elena Lucrezia Cornaro, the first to pursue an academic and scientific career and the first in the world to obtain a university chair. The N/R Laura Bassi now becomes the only Italian oceanographic research vessel capable of operating in polar seas, both in Antarctica and in the Arctic.

Launched in 1995 as MV Polar Queen for GC Rieber Shipping, she was operated in the Antarctic by other national programs. The British Antarctic Survey acquired her on a long-term bareboat charter in August 1999 and renamed her RRS Ernest Shackleton after the Anglo-Irish polar explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton. She replaced RSS Bransfield.
Icebreaker ‘Ernest Shackleton’ will return to Antarctic waters one day as ‘Laura Bassi’.

BAS (British Antarctic Survey) did say goodbye to their former workhorse which will now be operated by the Italian National Oceanographic Institute OGS.
BAS is preparing for arrival of RRS Sir David Attenborough

More at: https://www.inogs.it/it/content/nr-laura-bassi?fbclid=IwAR1O54qbdHHEljdbYi5olrk4x2l48Y6-laDa3H8eA78SMgofbpwW5Xik_o8

Our Lady of the Snows Shrine, Hut Point McMurdo

The Our Lady of the Snows shrine is one of the many memorials atop hills along McMurdo Sound to men who lost their lives in Antarctica; this one is farther up the trail from Hut Point. The Shrine is dedicated to Richard T. Williams, US Navy – Seabees, who lost his life at McMurdo Sound on January 6, 1956 during initial construction of McMurdo Station.

Seabee Construction Driver third class, USN, Richard T. Williams died when the D-8 bulldozer he was driving, broke through the ice and sank; his body was never recovered.

He was hauling cargo along a track from the ice edge east toward Cape Evans, when his tractor crashed through the ice into 100 fathoms of water about two miles west of Cape Royds. Plans at the time called for a land airstrip to be built between Cape Evans and Cape Royds to support future exploration and the construction of South Pole Station. Heavy ice prevented the convoy from getting close to Ross Island, prompting the need for a long and hazardous traverse. (Immediately after the accident, this project was abandoned, and aircraft facilities were developed on the ice at what would become the Williams Air Operating Facility).

The following year the Our Lady of the Snows Shrine was erected on Hut Point in memory of Williams. At the original dedication on 6 January 1957; chaplain Father Condit is playing the organ, which had been carried up the hill to the site. During the ceremony, David Grisez, a friend of Williams, played “Taps”. The monument has been repaired and restored more than once…most recently in 1995-96 the statue was refurbished and repainted by Carmelite nuns in Christchurch. It was returned during that season, along with a new plaque furnished by the CEC/Seabee Historical

For many years the statue had faced McMurdo Station, but after the rededication she was turned around to face north out over McMurdo Sound toward where Williams was lost.

Thanks and credit to: https://www.southpolestation.com/trivia/igy/willy.html

TNX Pat McCormick (Antarctic Veteran)

Argentina in Antarctica; another philatelic emission

Stamps issued by the Argentine Post Office whose vignettes have designs related with the thematic of the Argentine Antarctic and the Malvinas Islands  are always a source of great interest, whether it is a commemoration of special events, expeditions, scientific activities, Antarctic bases, Argentine ships that sail in the Antarctic waters.

Now, Correo Argentino pays tribute to Antarctica with two postal pieces. We have already seen the 1st one, celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the foundation of Base Marambio (WAP ARG-21).
The second block sheet, is an emission dedicated to the ARA Icebreaker “Almirante Irízar”, a ship that gives logistic support in the summer campaigns supplying the Antarctic Bases, in addition to performing scientific tasks in glaciology, meteorology, the survey of the submarine platform of the Icy Continent.

The print of this series, run in 20,000 copies of each theme and is now available for sale in the E-store or in any philatelic branch of Argentina.

Source: https://www.correoargentino.com.ar/

AAW 2019, TM16AAW by François Berger

Last Antarctic Activity Week (Febr.2019) has seen a great participation of Hams from several countries WW. Since 16 years, François  F8DVD, one of the most active Antarctic enthusiasts, takes part in the event with a special callsign as usual.

Last past AAW 16th edition, he got TM16AAW and now he shows the QSL that will confirm his QSOs.
QSL have been printed by the printing shop at IT9EJW company

The picture shows the Base O’Higgins (WAP CHL-Ø2) which is a Chilean station established in 1948. The O’Higgins Base is situated at Cape Legoupil on Trinity peninsula (63°19’ South,  57° 53’ West). The German Antarctic Receiving Station (GARS)   was established at O’Higgins in 1991 by the German Aerospace Center. It is a satellite ground station sited to enable reception of data from satellite-based sensors within the Southern Polar region.

TNX François  F8DVD, TM16AAW

Antarctic revealed in sharper 3D view

Europe’s dedicated polar-monitoring satellite has produced its sharpest view yet of the shape of Antarctica.
The Cryosat mission has been measuring height changes on the White Continent since 2010 using a radar altimeter instrument. ESA’s CryoSat mission is dedicated to precise monitoring of marine ice in the polar oceans and variations of ice sheets overlying Greenland and Antarctica.
And now its entire data archive has been reprocessed in a way that gives a tenfold improvement in resolution. Whereas Cryosat used to see features at the scale of 1km to 2km, it now sees them at 500m or less.
The new “swath” processing mode, as it’s called, will bring significant advantages in the study of those regions of Antarctica that traditionally have been especially hard for radars to sense. These include the craggy terrains where glaciers will be numerous but relatively small. “So, the benefit in the Antarctic Peninsula for example promises to be massive,” says Dr Noel Gourmelen from Edinburgh University and the UK Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling (CPOM).
“The peninsula is the region furthest away from the pole; it’s much warmer there and it’s where we’ve seen the acceleration of glaciers and the collapse of ice shelves.
“We can basically now measure all of the peninsula around the coast which is where the biggest changes have been taking place,”
he told BBC News.

Read more at:  https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-48279583

Philately: 50th Anniversary of Base Marambio

A new postal emission for the fiftieth anniversary of Marambio Base foundation 1969 – October 29 -2019 is now available to collectors!

Inside the  Antarctic Museum of the Marambio Foundation, there is the so-called Antarctic Philatelic Corner,  which exhibits philatelic postal pieces that certify various Antarctic events. The corner, bears the name of “Comodoro Salvador Alaimo”, who was a well-known collector of stamps, envelopes and postal marks related to the theme of Antarctica and  Malvinas Islands.

“Filatelia del Correo Argentino” has just issued a postal series in tribute to the 50th anniversary of the founding of Marambio Base (WAP ARG-21) in Antarctica Argentina (1969 – October 29 – 2019).

Marambio Foundation and  Filatelia del Correo Argentino, did provide graphic, historical material and reporting details about this event such as the design of high artistic quality that makes this emission a real great job. Here aside, the postmark of the 1st day emission

The postal series are available in all the Philatelic stores  Argentina and on the Internet since  April 29, 2019, while the official launching  is expected for the month of June, in commemoration of the Day of the Antarctic Confraternidad, 21 of June.

 

Read more at: http://www.marambio.aq/emisionpostal50.html
and also: http://marambio.aq/pdf/RESFIL1392.pdf 

Information on how to order or buy this new emission can be seen at: https://www.correoargentino.com.ar/

Bob Hawke a true Antarctican

Former Prime Minister Bob Hawke maintained that Antarctica was too important to the whole global ecosystem and that mining would always be catastrophically dangerous in that environment …

Its was a sad day in Australia with the loss of one of the true champions in the preservation of Antarctica. Bob Hawke lead the international push in 1989 which ultimately lead to the rejection of mining in Antarctica.
He instead put his weight behind promoting the frozen and fragile continent as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science.

Mr Hawke was Australia’s 23rd prime minister, dead at 89 on last May 16th 2019

RIP Bob Hawke, a true Antarctican …...

More at: http://www.antarctica.gov.au/…/20th-anniversary-of-the-hawk…

Doctor Guillermo Mann Base, WAP CHL-Ø8

Doctor Guillermo Mann Base (formerly Camp Shirreff) is the second of the three research Bases that INACH (Instituto Antartico Chileno) has in  Antarctica. It is located at 62º27’00″South, 60º47’00″West on the east side of Cape Shirreff on Joannes Paulus II peninsula on Livingston Island in the South Shetlands off the Antarctic peninsula.

It is near the  US Shirreff Base (WAP USA-NEW) administrated by the United States.

The Base (named after the Chilean zoologist, naturalist and ecologist Guillermo Mann, who participated in 1947 on the first Chilean Antarctic Expedition) , should not to be confused with the “old”  Doctor Guillermo Mann or Spring-INACH Base (WAP CHL-NEW) from 1973 that is located in the  Spring Point, Hughes Bay (today it’s not operational).
http://www.inach.cl/inach/?page_id=12694

Doctor Guillermo Mann Base (WAP CHL-Ø8) has allowed to generate knowledge in terrestrial and marine biology, and disciplines such as geology and glaciology.
Since the site is in a protected area, its access requires a special permit.

The base was inaugurated in 1991, it is equipped with communications HF radios, VHF radios and satellite telephony. Only CE9MFK has been active from Doctor Guillermo Mann Base in 1995 and 1999

Garden Cove, Macquarie Island, 11 May 2019

Over the weekend, brilliant auroras lit up the skies above Macquarie Island, (WAP AUS-Ø8)

“It was so ridiculously and beautifully bright that all the puddles around station and the ocean really did reflect green” said photographer and station medic Dr Kate Kloza.

“They were some of the brightest I have seen in my polar career, with reds visible to the naked eye” she add.

The Macquarie Island Station in the southern ocean, is a permanent Australian subantarctic Research Base commonly called Macca. The station lies at the base of Wireless Hill, between two bays on the isthmus at the northern end of the island and it’s managed by the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD).  

Let us share this amazing view among the WAP readers.

TNX and credit to Dr Kate Kloza, Macca doctor and Australian Antarctic Division

Shirreff Field Base, WAP USA-NEW

Shirreff Base (official name Cape Shirreff Field Station),is located at 62°28’12” South, 60°46’16” West,  on the East side of Cape Shirreff on Joannes Paulus II Peninsula on Livingston Island of the South Shetlands. It’s a seasonal field station operated by the United States,  opened in 1996 .

 

Every austral summer, the US AMLR Program conducts predator studies at Cape Shirreff field Station.
Each week, the field research team sends updates on their work.

 

Shirreff Field Station WAP USA-NEW and the nearby Chilean Base called Refuge Dr. Guillermo Mann, WAP CHL-NEW are few meters each other and so far no Ham radio operators have been active from there.  It’s a real shame, particularly if considering  that both locations are visited yearly and an operation from there could qualify both references!

When someone be active from there?

Belgrano I, Argentina’s Antarctic Base (WAP ARG-Ø5)

Base Antarctica Belgrano I  was located on Piedrabuena Bay on the Filchner Ice Shelf at  77°46’ South, 38°11’ West.  At the time of its inauguration in 1954 it became Argentina’s southernmost permanent base. It was shut down in 1980 over safety concerns due to it being built on increasingly unstable ice, which endangered both personnel and equipment.

A new, larger replacement base was established further south, and named Belgrano II (WAP ARG-Ø6) followed by Belgrano III (WAP ARG-Ø7) which became the southernmost of the three.

 

Brief history of Base General Belgrano I:
On 18 November 1954 the Antarctic Naval Task Force commanded by Capt. Alicio E. Ogara  (see picture below ) sailed from Buenos Aires with the objective of setting up a base on the Filchner Ice Shelf that would serve as a launch point for expeditions to the South Pole.
On 2 January 1955 the expedition sailed up to the southernmost point of the Weddell Sea at 78° 01′ South. At the time it was the highest austral latitude ever reached by boat, and a new world record was set.
The task force then sailed north along the ice wall, seeking for an anchoring place.

On 3 January 1955 Brig.Gen. Hernan Pujato, director of the Argentine Antarctic Institute, flew over the ice shelf area aboard a helicopter to choose a suitable place to mount the base, selecting a small cove where the high wall of ice sloped down to the sea. The unloading of the materials, equipment, tools, instruments and consumables was conducted from ARA General San Martín. The team built a main house, four quonset huts, food stores and hangar. They left on the new base enough fuel for three years.

Belgrano I (WAP ARG-Ø5) was shut down after 25 years of continuous service due to the fast deterioration of the ice barrier it was sitting on; new often hidden cracks and crevices endangered the on-duty personnel and material. The Base was closed on January 1980 and all of its staff and equipment were evacuated by helicopters operating from the Icebreaker ARA Almirante Irizar.

According to WAP-WACA Directory the following stations have been activre at Base Berlgrano I from 1959 through 1963: LU1ZT, LU1ZX, LU1ZW, LU2ZX, LU2ZRM, LU9ZX..Any further information about other stations active from there could be sent  to IK1GPG (see QRZ.com

A top Antarctic predator has switched what it eats

As the white continent warms, shrinking sea ice is changing life for Leopard seals. It was on the northern tip of a small rocky island at the bottom of the world where the solitary top predators suddenly started gathering.

Before 1996 around Livingston Island’s Cape Shirreff, across the windy Bransfield Strait from the Western Antarctic Peninsula, it was almost impossible to find a leopard seal, that sleek hunter with the body half the weight of a small Toyota. As far back as the 1800s, commercial fur sealers who’d slaughtered marine mammals for their pelts kept painstaking records of the animals they saw. Leopard seals, with their powerful jaws, upturned mouths and menacing teeth, weren’t among them.

In recent years, though, a half-dozen hungry leopard seals may bob and weave offshore at once. They often plop onto the cape and nap. As many as 60 or 80 may swing by in a season. Once, researchers saw 30 hauled out at the same time.

Read more at: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/05/antarctica-leopard-seals-face-shrinking-prey-climate-change/

Evolution of the German Neumayer Stations

Germany is one of the Consultative Parties of the Antarctic Treaty since 1981 and maintains a long-term commitment to scientific research in Antarctica. The Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) as the national co-ordinator,  enables Germany to fulfill this role by its research, long term monitoring and survey activities. It provides the main mobile and stationary infrastructure for Antarctic research, and thus maintains the permanent German presence in Antarctica. The new institute was named after one of the really prominent German polar researchers, who developed the first in-depth ideas about continental drift.

In austral summer 1979/1980 a scientific expedition under the leadership of Heinz Kohnen on the Norwegian M/S “Polarsirkel” took place in the Weddell Sea. One major issue was the site survey for the selection of a suitable location to build the German research station. A location on the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf at 77°36’South and 50° 40’West was selected as a first choice.

Construction, technology and living conditions on the two German Antarctic research stations Georg von Neumayer Station (GvN, operational 1981/82 to 1992) and Neumayer Station II (NM-II, operational from 1992 through 2007 then replaced by a new Neumayer Station III (NM-III) in 2009

https://epic.awi.de/id/eprint/28578/1/Polarforsch2006_1-2_5.pdf

Georg von Neumayer Station (GvN) WAP DEU-Ø1

Neumayer Station II (NM-II) WAP DEU-Ø2

 

Planned under the supervision of Hartwig Gernandt, Neumayer III Station (70°40’S and 08°16’W) WAP –DEU-Ø8,  was inaugurated on 20th February 2009 as the new German Antarctic research Base. It is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institut (AWI) Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar-und Meeresforschung and follows the Georg-von-Neumayer Station (1981-1992) WAP DEU-Ø1 and Neumayer II Station (1992-2009) WAP DEU-Ø2 as the German overwintering station on the Ekström Ice Shelf in Antarctica.

Neumayer III Station WAP DEU-Ø3  integrates research, operational and accommodation facilities in one building (see video below).

 

New references coming up for next South Orkney Expedition?

Gene Spinelli K5GS (pic aside: Left-Gene K5GS, Right-Steve W1SRD) did respond to the question we put him about next planned South Orkney Expedition.  We recall him that: The 3 locations: Cummings Hut, Foca Hut and Gourlay Huts  (see the article of 18 march 2019 here on the page of WAP website) have never been put on the air, so the interest could be  higher at least among the Antarctic Hunters if you eventually can activate one or more of them!-

 

Gene said:We will have a look at them and determine if any can be used. The skipper of Braveheart has been to South Orkney and is familiar with the location used by VP8ORK in 2011…   Distance from the beach is important, we have to carry everything we bring ashore-
Gene Spinelli K5GS  will be at Friedrichshafen (next June 21-23), I’m sure some of the Antarctic Chaser friends will meet him and come back with some fresh information! Let’s keep our finger crossed !

For now, read of the planning South Orkney DXpedition  at: https://sorkney.com/

Enjoy Antarctica, enjoy WAP

Uruguayan chapel in Antarctica?

General Artigas Station (WAP URY-Ø1) is the larger of the two Uruguayan scientific Research Stations in Antarctica, the other one, is Elichiribehety Base (WAP URY-NEW)

Archbishop Sturla would like a chapel at Artigas Base, but the military authorities do not seem inclined to grant the request!

The cardinal of Montevideo, Rev. Daniel Sturla expressed the desire that Uruguay, like other nations of Latin America and other Countries of the world, have its own Catholic chapel in Antarctica.
The existence of a letter was revealed by the weekly Busqueda magazine  and was written in September 2015 to General Claudio Romano, who then presided over the Governing Council of the Antarctic Institute of Uruguay. The cardinal’s letter, awarded in September of that year with this title by Pope Francis, begins by referring to request that came from people linked to the Artigas Base of Uruguayan Antarctica.

Artigas Base is a small scientific research station founded in 1985 in the white continent. It is precisely here that, the Archbishop of Montevideo would like to have a “chapel dedicated to prayer and personal reflection” erected.

The base is active all year with an allocation of 8 people in winter and 70 in summer. -We think that for our compatriots who spend a season there-  writes the archbishop of Montevideo, -the presence of a chapel and a place suitable for the image of our Patroness can only be beneficial-.

In Artigas Base operates a meteorological station that forms part of the worldwide network. For years in the Base,  there has been an image of the Virgen de los Treinta y Tres (Our Lady of  the Thirty-Three), Patroness of Uruguay. -This call of the Mother of Jesus is linked to our homeland history- observes Monsignor Sturla .

National independence was proclaimed at the foot of the original image. Many patriots worship her and General Don Manuel Oribe, as a vote after a shipwreck, placed the golden crown with which he was honored on her head. Other nations present in Antarctica also have their chapels”.

Here below, an interesting video that tells the history which we would like to share with the Antarctic chasers:

Our Lady of the Thirty Three may not be very well known, because She has little history. In 1825, the 36 centimeter statue was brought to what is now Florida City, Uruguay by 33 orientals. In 1857, one of them, Manuel Oribe, gave her a small golden crown. In 1962, Bishop Humberto Tonna crowned it solemnly, and soon afterwards, Bl. Pope John XXIII declared it Patroness of Uruguay.  In 1988, during Bl. Pope John Paul II‘s visit to Uruguay, he consecrated it.

Windless Bight Field Camp (WAP USA-NEW)

Windless Bight (77°42’00”South, 167°39’48” West) is the prominent bight indenting the South side of Ross Island Eastward of Hut Point Peninsula.

Windless Bight‘s location on the Ross Ice Shelf is unique for its very low wind levels, which makes infrasound detection possible. Infrasound can detect volcanic eruptions, winds over distant mountain ranges, large storms at sea, auroral and meteor events, earthquakes, avalanches, and human-caused events such as very large explosions.

A field team, equipped with standard remote field equipment (including snowmobiles, PistenBully, and Mattrack vehicles) stays over there  in this self-supporting field camp several weeks a year.

The camp  consists of two Polarhavens and six individual mountain tents. The team  remains at the field site but will intermittently return one or two team members to McMurdo Station for supplies and overnight stays. The USAP also provides year-round on-site support from a support contractor research associate (RA), who occasionally visits the site during winter months for maintenance and troubleshooting.
Read more at: https://www.usap.gov/scienceSupport/sciencePlanningSummaries/2018_2019/results.cfm?formAction=detail&ID=199

Windless Bight Field Camp will be add to the WAP-WADA Directory to appear in the next update. So far no ham radio activities have been performed from this site. If it will happen, a new WAP Reference will be given.

Turkey & Belarus sign Antarctic research agreement

Antarctica, the coldest continent on earth, has served as a scientific research zone since the signing of a 1959 treaty. Recently, Turkey and Belarus signed an agreement that  covers scientific cooperation on environmental conservation and study of Antarctic geology; the cooperation on Polar research, happens  months after Turkey completed its third National Antarctic Science Expedition.

The agreement on scientific and technical cooperation in Antarctica was signed by Turkey’s Industry and Technology Minister Mustafa Varank and Vladimir Gusakov, the chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.

 

Covering cooperation on topics of joint research about the Antarctic as well as exchanges between the countries’ scientists and experts, it prioritized environmental conservation and the monitoring of human impact and pollution on Antarctica.

Earlier in February, a Turkish team traveled to Antarctica as part of a research expedition and spent 30 days in the frozen continent.

Source: https://www.aa.com.tr/en/europe/turkey-belarus-sign-antarctic-cooperation-agreement/1459643

Camara Base (WAP ARG-16), 66th Anniversary

One of the 7 temporary Argentinean bases in Antarctica, has recently celebrated its 66th Anniversary. Located between Carlini Base (WAP ARG-20) and Base Decepción (WAP ARG-12), Camara Base  is open in summer to carry out specific scientific studies such as: meteorological observations, oceanography, coastal geology, bird studies and environmental management.

Camara Base (WAP ARG-16)  was named after Frigate Lieutenant Naval Aviator Juan Ramón Cámara.

As of 2014, Cámara was one of 13 Research Bases in Antarctica operated by Argentina. From 1953 to 1988 it served as a permanent base; since then it is open during the summer season only.

Although the average temperature is -2.9 °C, on August 12, 1954 an absolute minimum of -30ºC was recorded.

Georg Forster Station , WAP DEU-Ø1

Since 1959, guest scientists from East Germany had stayed for wintering and worked in the field at several Russian Antarctic Stations,  likewise scientists from West Germany joined US expeditions.

In 1974 the Antarctic Treaty was signed by East Germany, which reached Consultative Status in 1987. The first permanently operated DDR Research Base,  named Georg Forster Station(WAP DEU-Ø1) was established in 1976 in the Schirmacher Oasis at 70°46’ South, 11°41’ East.

On 22 March, 1988, a 35p stamp to commemorate the 12th anniversary of its founding,  was issued by East Germany depicting the Research Station, some distant hills and the Southern Ocean. Below on the stamp, is the inscription Antarktisforschungsstation der DDR “Georg-Forster”

At that time the concept using pre-fabricated container modules for laboratories, power plant and accommodation was pioneering. Altogether eight container modules were carried on sledges from the unloading site at the ice edge of the Lazarev Ice Shelf, over a distance of 120 km into the Schirmacher Oasis and assembled to a Research Base within only six weeks. Since then, the Station was permanently used and operated as an annex to the Russian station Novolazarevskaya until 1987.

Following the German reunification on 3 october 1990, the East German Antarctic Program was absorbed into that of German Federal Republic which maintains the name of the Base as  Georg Forster Station  WAP DEU-Ø3, until 1993 and then dismantled in the frame of a German-Russian project, which was completed in 1996.

Long-term studies of magnetospheric-ionospheric processes, geophysical investigations, biological studies and sea-ice observations using satellite imaging were performed. One module close to the antenna mast accommodated the radio transmitting system for ionospheric studies.

Last time CO2 levels were this high, there were trees at the South Pole

Pliocene beech fossils in Antarctica, when CO2 was at similar level to today point to planet’s future.
Trees growing near the South Pole, sea levels 20 metres higher than now, and global temperatures 3C-4C warmer. That is the world scientists are uncovering as they look back in time to when the planet last had as much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as it does today.

Using sedimentary records and plant fossils, researchers have found that temperatures near the South Pole were about 20C higher than now in the Pliocene epoch, from 5.3m to 2.6m years ago.

Leaves of the extinct southern beech (Nothofagus beardmorensi) have been  found at Oliver Bluffs, in the Transantarctic mountains, Antarctica.

Read more at: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/apr/03/south-pole-tree-fossils-indicate-impact-of-climate-change 

RI1ANL & RI1ANW, Novolazarevskaya Station

We must applaud the Russian Antarctic operators and their QSL managers for the punctuality with which they deliver our QSLs.

This time we have to thank RN1ON Alexei V. Kuz’menko (pic on top) for RI1ANW and RI1ANL QSL cards received very fast!

Alexey is QSL manager for several stations operating from Antarctica and he has been in Antarctica several times as well.

Check his page on QRZ.com to get the list of the Russian stations he is manager for.

Alexey is asking QSL direct o via bureau  and says: All QSL`s received direct (with SASE = SAE + 2USD or 1 NEW IRC) will send direct also. QSL received Direct without SASE will send buro.

RI1ANL and  RI1ANW (QSLs shown below) are both transmitting from  Novolazarevskaya Station, Shirmacher Oasis, Dronning Maud land, Antarctica and that’s WAP RUS-Ø9

TNX RN1ON

SANAP Summer Base, WAP ZAF-11

Matthias, DH5CW, and Felix, DL5XL, have been  active from the South Africa SANAP Summer Base, WAP ZAF-11 (also known as Neumayer Emergency Base), Grid Locator IB59UJ, from January 8 to 9, 2019 as DPØGVN/p. They left the German Neumayer III Station and in few hours trip,  they reached the site from where, they have been active for 2 days.

For those who did work DPØGVN/p from this rare Station  in Antarctica, a brand new QSL card will be available shortly through DL5EBE Dominik, the QSL manager.. Front side of the card is shown here,  thanks to Felix DL5XL & Dominik DL5EBE

 

Talking about  this  Neumayer Emergency Base or  SANAP Summer Base is something not too easy as there is not much literature available due to the changes over the years  of both the South Africa SANAE Bases and the German Neumayer Stations.

Both Countries had to decommission their Bases more than once, due to the instability; several stations have been built to replace older stations that had to be abandoned due to snow drift.

Just for example, the first E-Base was constructed and commissioned in January 1985 as a refuge in cases of emergency for the SANAE 3 (now decommissioned) over wintering station; She was located at 70° 17’ 80” South,  02° 25’ 56” West on the Fimbulisen ice shelf approximately eleven kilometers inland from the Penguin Bukta. During the summer periods, E-Base was actively used as accommodation for relief voyage and logistical personnel.

Actually, E-Base (SANAP Summer Base) is located at 70° 30’ South, 08° 15’ West  on the  route between SANAE IV (70°40’79” South, 08°16’15” West)  and Neumayer III Station (70°40’25” South, 02°49’44” West) and is a South Africa logistical platform, resulting by a joint venture between the South African National Antarctic Programme (SANAP) and the German Alfred Wegner Institute (AWI).

ANTARCTIC QRP TROPHY

DX TROPHY AWARDS GROUP  issues a Trophy called  “ANTARCTIC QRP TROPHY” which is given for QSO’s with  Antarctica for QRP  QSO report marked on QSL.

This is the last one of the three Russian Awards recently issued by DX TROPHY AWARDS GROUP (the other two have been already shown in the previous pages of this website)

“ANTARCTIC QRP TROPHY” is issued 4 Award’s Classes:

Bronze, 10 QSOs
Silver, 15 QSOs
Gold,  20 QSOs
Honor Roll  for more 30 QSOs

Any Antarctic Bases or Stations are valid. Plaques will be issued for CW, SSB or MIX. Confirmation: scans of QSL cards or screenshots LOTW/Club Log.(your CALL/QRP marked on each QSL is needed for cfm)

Plaque made on a glossy silver, size 250 x 200 mm.

Plaque cost: $ 53 or 48 EURO. (Payment via PAYPAL)

The application in a free form and questions can be sent to: mydxtrophy@gmail.com

Other Trophies issued by the same Dx Trophy Awards Group  can be seen at:  https://mydxtrophy.wixsite.com/fjl-dx

Tierra del Fuego by DL2OE

MiKe Luedemann, DL2OE (pic aside),  has been in the Argentinean & Chilean sides of Tierra del Fuego (Sub Antarctica) where he has been active for quite a while, in CW and SSB.

 

Mike did sign LU/DL2OE from 27 March through April 4th operating from the city of Tolhuin about 100 km north of Ushuaia (Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego) WAP ARG-23.

From April 4 to 7 he was on the Chilean side of Tierra del Fuego and he operates  as CE8/DL2OE from Karukinka Park, the southernmost National Park in Chile (locator FD55PU), WAP CHL-13.

 

DL2OE is actually ongoing his journey across South American, visiting few different Countries as planned. We are grateful to Mike for 2 WAP references from the Sub Antarctic southern tip of South America,

QSL Direct or via bureau to DL2OE

“Oratory” of the Chapel at Marambio Base

April 16th, marks the anniversary of the blessing and inauguration of the oratory of the Chapel at  Base Marambio.

On April 16, 1996, a solemn ceremony was held at Marambio Base (WAP ARG-21), where the Military Bishop of the Argentine Republic at the Solemn Pontifical, proceeded to bless and inaugurate the Oratory of the Base, place under the invocation of the Blessed Virgin of Luján .

In this chapel on October 23, 2014, a wooden chest with a glass lid was discovered, containing a rosary and the skullcap that Pope Francis used, along with a parchment framed with the blessing of the Holy Father to the Antarctic, all this brought from the Vatican, when the President of the Marambio Foundation had an audience with His Holiness in the month of May 2014; act performed at Marambio Base, which is recorded in a document signed by the authorities present.

More information, copy of the minutes and photographs at: www.marambio.aq/oratoriomarambio.html

Penguins were a lonely explorer’s Best Friends

When the ice closed in, the earliest Antarctic expeditions turned to the birds for discovery, meat, and camaraderie.
In the middle of the Southern Ocean, time is measured in latitude and longitude, wave height and wind speed and the proximity of an iceberg. Ice is the language of ocean and land in the waters around Antarctica, and it is on the floating platforms of ice, those liminal places between land and ocean, that emperor penguins gather every year to mate and, if conditions are right, to lovingly raise their chicks.
The largest and heaviest species in the penguin family, the emperor was given its scientific name, Aptenodytes forsteri, in honor of Johann Reinhold Forster, the naturalist on board James Cook’s second voyage to the Southern Ocean. (Aptenodytes means “featherless diver.”) Forster was likely the first person to see the bird, although he mistakenly identified it as a king penguin, the emperor’s closest relative.
More at:
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/04/penguins-southern-ocean-explorers-best-friend/586189/

A quick tour among the Huts at Macquarie Island

A nice and instructive movie on Macquarie island in which appears Kevin VKØKEV from 13mns 00s to 13mns 45s, will lead the Antarctic Chasers through this fascinating Sub Antarctic island, full of history and Research sites.

Out of those already known, there are other four Huts that merit a stop by.

Hurd Point Hut (54° 46.3′ South, 158° 49.6′ East)  is the most remote of all the field huts on Macquarie Island. It is located approximately 32 km south of Macquarie Island station and comfortably sleeps four people. The trek to Hurd Point is generally completed over two days, with an overnight stop at Green Gorge or Waterfall Bay.

The site was originally part of an auroral observatory complex established in 1953 in order to carry out simultaneous observations in conjunction with the station.

Today the hut is mainly used as a base for research in the southern sector of the island and serves as an important base for albatross researchers during summer.

 

Green Gorge Hut (54° 37.9′ South,  158° 53.9′ East) is located on the east coast approximately 15 km south of Macquarie Island station, roughly halfway down the island. It consists of a comfortable Canadian log cabin built to accommodate five to six people, a food store and storage shed. It is a favorite field hut for many expeditioners.

Green Gorge Hut is very popular as a place to enjoy an overnight break on a journey from one end of the island to the other. The Hut is readily accessible from the overland track or via inflatable rubber boat.

 

Bauer Bay Hut (54° 33.3′ South, 158° 52.6′ East) is located on the rugged west coast of Macquarie Island approximately seven km southwest from Macquarie Island station. The hut is easily accessible and is the only hut located on the exposed windswept rugged west coast.

The hut accommodates four to five people and is popular with expeditioners travelling down the island or as a weekend retreat for station-based personnel. The hut is well placed to provide a stepping off point for trips to the north or south of along coastal walking routes.

The Hut is accessed via the Island Lake track, or via the Bauer Bay track that links up with the overland track. It can also be accessed by the featherbed track along the north-west coast. The Featherbed and coast to the north of the hut is designated category one Special Management Area and is generally open for to access from June to July. The featherbed south of the hut is designated category two Special Management Area and is generally open to access from April to August.

 

Caroline Cove Hut54° 45.8′ South, 158° 47.5′ East- (Last pic to the Left) is located at the foot of Mt.Haswell, in the spectacular Caroline Cove area ; this is within a Specially Managed Area (SMA) with access year-round limited to people approved through a TASPWS access permit.

These 4 Huts have never been activated by Hams, therefore they remain WAP AUS-NEW

ANTARCTIC DX TROPHY

DX TROPHY AWARDS GROUP issues a trophy “ANTARCTIC  DX TROPHY” for QSO ‘s / SWL.  with stations in Antarctica.

Confirmations are required with different stations in the Antarctic Region , (according to the list below)

Basic plaque: Bronze – 20 different stations,

Silver – 30 diff. stns,

Gold – 40 diff. stns,

HONOR ROLL – 50 diff. stns,

EXCELLENCE – 80 diff. stns,

By types of emissionion: CW, SSB, DIGI, MIX, ALL. Confirmation: QSL  or LOTW / Сlublog- scans.

1) Plaque Standart, made on glossy silver, size 250 x 200 mm. The cost of plaques :46 $ or 40 Euro (including sending by registered)

2) Premium plaque made on glass, size 250 x 200 mm. The cost of plaques 58 $ or 51 Euro (including sending by registered). Payment via PAYPAL

Antarctic Region List. ANTARCTICA & Islands included to Antarctica

3Y*B

3Y*P

VK0*H

VK0*M

VP8*S.G

VP8*S.S

VP8*S.SH

VP8*S.O

The application in a free form and questions can be sent to: mydxtrophy@gmail.com

Lake Mercer Field camp, WAP MNB-NEW

Lake Mercer, 84° 39’ 39” South, 149° 40’ 37” West,  is a subglacial lake in Antarctica, that has remained untouched for millennia. Scientists accidentally discovered the lake in 2007.

Over December 2018 – January 2019, SALSA (Subglacial Antarctic Lakes Scientific Access) set up a field camp of 50 scientists, drillers, and support staff and drilled 4,000 feet into the ice to sample from Mercer Subglacial Lake. Located roughly 500 miles from the South Pole, team members reached the study site using specialized tractors and ski equipped aircraft. The project is uncovering new knowledge about this newly explored biome through an integrative study of subglacial geobiology, water column and sedimentary organic carbon, and geobiological processes in one of the largest subglacial lakes in West Antarctica.

Read more at: https://salsa-antarctica.org/

The studies will probably continue for some years. So far nobody has thought to set a Ham radio activity even in the free time; if someone will be active from there, a new WAP reference will be given.

АNTARCTIC NATIONS TROPHY

“DX TROPHY AWARDS GROUP” issues a new recognition to Hams  ho can prove  two-way radio communications with the Countries  that have Research Stations in Antarctica; this is  called  АNTARCTIC NATIONS TROPHY”. To get it,  the applicants need to work Bases of various Countries in Antarctica according to the list shown below.

The basic plaque is Bronze  available for working (Antarctic region) 5 different Countries,

Silver  for 10 different CountriesGold  for 15 different Countries ,HONOUR ROLL for 20 different Countries, EXCELLENCE, for working 30 Countries + 1 Multinational. The Awards are issued for different classes or different modes: CW, SSB ,DIGI & MIX. The applicants have to send scan QSL cards or screenshots LOTW/Club Log.

Upper part of  plaque is made by glass, the lower part is metal plate with a size of 250х200. Plaque cost is  51$ or 47 Euro

List of Countries in Antarctica valid for Аntarctic Nations Trophy
​R1*ANT* Multinational   (Novo Runway + other) 
8J1*- JA* Japan D8*-DT*-HL* South Korea
LU*Z Argentina PA* Netherlands
VKØ Australia ZL5* New Zealand
OR Belgium LA*-3Y* Norway
PY Brazil OA* Peru
LZ*Ø Bulgaria HFØ Poland
VE* Canada 4K1*-R1AN* Russia
CE9 Chile ZS* South  Africa
BY* China ECØ*-ED* Spain
OL* Czech Rep. 7S*-SM* Sweden
HC* Ecuador 9VØ* Singapur (bonus to list)
OJ*-OH* Finland EN*-EM* Ukraine
FB*-FT* France VP8* United Kingdom
DP*-Y90 Germany KC4* United States
AT*-VU* India CXØ* Uruguay
IA*-II* Italy

More info can be requested by e-mail to: mydxtrophy@gmail.com

There are other 2 specific Antarctic Awards issued by the same  Russian Group, they will be pubblished  shortly.
Enjoy Antarctica!

 

Turkish scientists visit foreign bases in Antarctica

TurkishTeam visits 9 foreign research bases, including Spain, Britain and Russia
Turkish scientists stationed in an Antarctic polar research base paid a visit on Monday to other countries’ research installations.

As part of the Third National Antarctic Science Expedition, the Turkish Team visited bases where scientists from Bulgaria, Ukraine, Britain, Chile, Spain, Poland, China, South Korea and Russia were conducting research. Dragomir Mateev, head of the Bulgarian base, told Anadolu Agency that Turkey and Bulgaria achieved great cooperation in polar research which they hoped would continue. Istanbul Technical University (ITU) professor Safak Altunkaynak said she would work two months in the Bulgarian Base to investigate different types of volcanic rock.
Earlier in February, a Turkish Team traveled to Antarctica as part of the Third National Antarctic Science Expedition to spend 30 days, which is supported by the Turkish Presidency, the Industry and Technology Ministry, and ITU’s Polar Research Center, along with other Turkish universities.
In April 2016, the first-ever Turkish team of researchers — including doctors, botanists, geologists, and oceanographers from seven universities — traveled to Antarctica to study the impact of climate change. Antarctica, the coldest continent on earth, has served as a scientific research zone since the signing of a 1959 treaty.

Read more at: https://www.yenisafak.com/en/news/turkish-scientists-visit-foreign-bases-in-antarctica-3475947

VP8CTR Wordie House, WAP GBR-Ø7

Wordie House (Pic aside) was established by the British Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey on 7 January 1947, on Winter Island (65°15’S, 64°16’W). The hut is named after the chief scientist, Sir James Wordie, geologist on Shackleton’s Endurance expedition of 1914–17 who visited during its construction. The hut stands on the foundations of an earlier building, used by the British Graham Land Expedition from 1935–36. The original hut was destroyed in 1946, possibly by a tsunami.

The base was renamed Faraday Station in August 1977 in honor of British scientist Michael Faraday. In May 1954, the base moved to the present site on adjacent Galindez Island where the main building was named “Coronation House”. Station “F” Faraday was referenced by WAP Worldwide Antarctic Program, as WAP GBR-Ø6.

In February 1996, Ukraine took over the operation of Faraday Base “F” which was sold by the UK for a symbolic one pound. The cost of disassembling the base with good environmental practices and standards would be too costly.
The National Antarctic Scientific Center of Ukraine continues a study and research program of several branches of the science  and the new fully rebuilt station vas named Vernadsky (WAP UKR-Ø1)

Wordie House (WAP GBR-Ø7)  has been restored and is designated as Historic Site and Monument No. 62 and now is a BAS Museum. The key to the Wordie House is held by the Vernadsky Base Commander.

During this 2019 Antarctic winter season,  Roman Bratchyk, UT7UA is active as EM1UA  from Vernadsky Station (WAP UKR-Ø1) QSL via UT7UA  & VP8CTR from Wordie House (WAP GBR-Ø7) QSL via DL5EBE

 

South Orkney Expedition (Febr/March 2020)

Perseverance DX Group has announced  the intention to activate South Orkney Islands, and is planning an expedition to take places in February/March 2020. A team of experienced DX and Contest operators will operate from Signy Island (WAP GBR-Ø9) for up to 15 days. The process of obtaining landing permission is underway. The call sign will be announced at a later date. The team will sail from Punta Arenas, Chile aboard R/V Braveheart. Seven operating positions are planned for 160-10 meters, SSB/CW/Digital.

The Team includes: Dave K3EL, Les W2LK, Steve W1SRD, Ricardo PY2PT, Gene K5GS, Arliss W7XU, Heye DJ9RR, Laci HAØNAR, Mike WA6O, Vadym UT6UD, Walt N6XG and Rob N7QT.

Additional details will be released as they develop. Website: https://sorkney.com/

WAP archive has pics of field Huts still in place at the following un-referencended sites of Signy Islands in the South Orkneys:

Foca Cove, Gourlay Peninsula, Cummings Cove. Let’s have a look of them.

Cummings Hut (WAP GBR-NEW) Pic aside-

The U.K. Cummings Scientific Hut is located at Cummings Cove at 60°43’45” South, 45°39’50” West. It is visited regularly by British Antarctic Survey personnel from Signy Island (WAP GBR-Ø9). It has accommodations for 2 people, with food and fuel for 2 person-months. Cummmings  Cove feels very remote and the hut is lovely on the outside,  but very basic on its inside.

 

Foca Hut (WAP GBR-NEW) -Pic aside-

Foca Hut located at 60°41′ 50″ South, 45°38’40” West  is a BAS refuge hut, established in the years 1959-60 near the head of the Foca cove; it  is known as

 

Gourlay Huts (WAP GBR-NEW)  -Pic below-

Gourlay Hut 60°43’50” South, 45°35’05” West, is worth a visit during the summer, as penguins and fur seals congregate there.

Gourlay itself also has some amazing views, just from the hut across Rock Haven,  a popular spot for seals as well as penguins .The Gourlay peninsula 60°44’ South, 45°36’ West, is an ice-free site that  guests 2 Huts; the hut on the left is a standard hut with a couple of  bunks and on the right is the work hut.

Solidarity for Christchurch shooting victims

WAP joins the solidarity with Christchurch shooting victims expressed WW on last 15th March’s tragic day.

Christchurch is one of the great Antarctic gateway cities, HQ for Antarctica New Zealand, and friend to the US, Italian and Korean Antarctic programs.

Our thoughts are with the families of the victims of the attack.  The flag at New Zealand’s Scott Base, Antarctica was lowered to half mast.

 

 

At the same time, also at the Australian Mawson Station,  their flag was flown at half mast in support of all NZ following the appalling events that occurred in Christchurch.

 

 

Living this sadness, WAP brings its heartfelt and sorrow to the Christchurch community

 

 

US heavy icebreaker catches fire returning from Antarctica

The crew of the Polar Star, the only operable U.S. Heavy Polar Icebreaker, had completed this season’s annual resupply mission to Antarctica despite a bevy of difficulties: an electrical system began smoking, one of two evaporators used for making drinking water broke, a shaft on the propeller began leaking, and there were ship-wide power outages.

After resupplying McMurdo Station, the Polar Star began her 11,200-mile journey back to the dry dock in Seattle.

But she only made it about 650 miles north of McMurdo Sound before another incident struck.

At 9 pm on Feb. 10, a fire broke out in the incinerator room. The crew tried to put it out with four fire extinguishers, but that didn’t work. Fire crews continued battling the blaze for nearly two hours before they were able to put it out. No one was injured.
Read more at: https://www.arctictoday.com/the-only-u-s-heavy-icebreaker-catches-on-fire-returning-from-antarctica/?fbclid=IwAR1YTRF_tuzJZt2oVusEWHv2xqEdO2YadmLQY97D-GHa4Vc-I100inQ1Dj0 

Czech Research Station, Johann Gregor Mendel

Owned by the Masaryk University, the Johann Gregor Mendel Polar Station (63°48’ 02” South, 57°52’56” West) WAP CZE-NEW  is the Czech Research Station in Antarctica and bears the name of Johann Gregor Mendel, the abbot of Augustinian Monastry in Brno.

In 2004, a small group of scientists and technicians set the preparation works on the northern  part of James Ross Island,  a land mass of approx. 2 500 km²,  80% of which  are ice covered;  only its northern part (Ulu Peninsula) is partially ice free.

The transport of construction’s  material and technological units from Europe to the Chilean Punta Arenas begun by the end of 2004 and was done by the Czechoslovak Ocean Shipping company. The Chilean military icebreaker Almirante Viel did  transfer everything from Punta Arenas the James Ross Island in 2005. A deep geometric survey was performed as well as the foundations of the main station building and technical containers area. The official opening ceremony took place in February 2007 and made the Czech Republic the 26th Country  to have its own Scientific Base on the Icy Continent.
Johann Gregor Mendel Station is located 100 meters  from the sea, on free-ice land on Prince Gustav’s Channel coast. It consists of the main building for boarding and accommodation of 15-20 researchers, relaxation and laboratory activities,  and of nine technical containers in the vicinity of the building, which hold storehouses, garages and the power supply generator.
Currently, the Station is used in summer months, but it is open to various external projects as well.

 

So far, no one did perform any Ham Radio operation from Gregor Mendel Station !

Rescue of Czech scientists in Antarctica

Members of the Argentine armed forces rescued a crew of 13 scientists from the Czech Republic that was stranded in Antarctica, under adverse weather conditions.
On February 26, the Joint Antarctic Command (COCOANTAR) received from the Command of the Southern Naval Area (ANAU) a request made by the 3rd Naval Zone of Chile, with the aim of rescuing scientists from the Antarctic Institute of the Czech Republic.

The ships of the Chilean Navy had not been able to rescue them due to sea conditions in the area of  ​​Ross Island, to the North of the Antarctic Peninsula, where the Czech Base Johann Gregor Mendel Station (WAP CZE-NEW) is located.

The operation was in charge of the Joint Antarctic Command (COCOANTAR), who received the request for rescue from part of the scientific endowment of the Czech Antarctic base .

The aerial operation for the rescue began and finally, on Saturday, March 2, a Bell 412 helicopter of the Argentine Air Force and a DH6 Twin Otter aircraft,  in support of Marambio Base (WAP ARG-21) , managed to transport the 13 Czech scientists and 800 kilos of cargo to Base Esperanza (WAP ARG-Ø4), where they were provided with accommodation, health care and given the necessary attention in waiting for their return to the home Country.

Source: http://www.marambio.aq/rescatecientificoschecos.html

WAP Software- FT8 Mode and 60 mts band add on

To manage the Antarctic WAP Awards and its subsequent updates, the best solution is to use the WAP Software, set by IK6CAC.

Several Hams are now coming up with a request to include FT8 mode into the WAP Software, as now a days many Antarctic  Stations are  QRV using this new mode & band.

 

Following the requests, IK6CAC’s WAP management software has been updated and now the version 2.7 is online HERE and contains the opportunity to add contacts made in  FT8 and 60 mts band.

Enjoy Antarctica, apply for your WAP Awards, they are a hallmark of your passion for the Icy Continent!

 

TNX IK6CAC and IK1GPG

Traverse Stop Point-Temporary Field Camp. A brand New WAP MNB-13

Oleg Sakharov RI1ANX (aka ZS1ANF, UA1PBA)  is actually on board of M/V Agulhas-II  heading to Cape Town after  yesterday’s visit of South Georgia Island; Oleg will reach Cape Town next March 15th.

WAP is in contact with Oleg who has sent us pictures and details of the activity from the  “Traverse Stop Point –Temporary Field Camp”  from where  Oleg RI1ANX did operate from 1 through 7 January 20019.

Oleg wrote: There is nothing on 78° degree stop point. We were sitting there for some days,  made a skiway, waiting some resupply by BT-67 which came 7th January-.

“Traverse Stop Point-Temporary Field Camp” has been the site where,  a Multinational Team did stay for 8 days , sleeping inside the  CAT and in the tents on the sledge. The Camp was set up to allow  (after building a provisional Skyway) the receiving of  supplies for people and vehicles. The Communication site was performed to keep connection with BT-67 aircraft and on the free time,  to make contacts on the Ham bands.

 

At the light of the evidence provided by Oleg Sakharov RI1ANX (aka ZS1ANF-UA1PBA) and to the  77 QSOs made from there.
Traverse Stop Point-Temporary  Field Camp  located at  78°01’45” South, 12°52’35” East on  Queen Maud Land  (aka. Dronning Maud Land) has been referenced as WAP MNB-13

 

Thanks Oleg RI1ANX for the efforts made, and thanks  to have given the Ham’s Antarctic Chasers another brand “NEW ONE”.

UK’s Halley Antarctic base in third winter shutdown

The British Antarctic Survey has closed its Halley 6  Base (WAP GBR-37)  for another winter.
Staff departed the station, leaving about 80% of the experiments they’d normally conduct through the polar night operating on automatic. The closure is the result of the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the stability of ice near Halley that is likely soon to break off into the sea.
BAS believes the base is far enough away to be unaffected, but it doesn’t want people there just in case. Sending in planes to evacuate personnel in winter darkness and in bad weather is an unnecessary risk.
This is the third winter on the trot now that Halley 6 has been closed up.

 

Read more at: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47408249

LB4LC/3Y,  Old callsign for an epic time

A question did arise among the Antarctic Ham Radio community about the location of LB4LC whose QSL card seems to say he did operate as /3Y in 1986.

 

We did carefully check the card which is shown on  Tom K8CX’s great Antarctic QSL collection (http://hamgallery.com/qsl/country/Antarctica/index.html) and  have reached the conclusion that the Bay, shown on the front side of the QSL couldn’t be Bouvet Island.

If you look carefully at the photo, that is Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica (75° South, 164° East), WAP NOR-Ø9  where the Norwegians set a field camp and where, just a few  hundred meters away (74° 41′ 42″South, 164° 07′ 00″East).

10 years later , Italy built Baia Terranova Base, now renamed as Mario Zucchelli Station (MZS) WAP ITA-Ø1

Bouvet does not absolutely have such a place gently sloping on the sea!
It is not clear why “Bouvet” is reported on the card, let’s assume that,  considering the /3Y on the callsign, this  could have push the printer to add it on the QSL.

In addition, the operator of LB4LC, now LA4LGA was contacted by LA5HE;  He said he never operated from Bouvet Island.

 

 

TNX and Credit:  Thomas Roscoe K8CX  Hamgallery.com from where  we did pick the card