“Dome A” entering on WAP-WADA Antarctic Directory as WAP MNB-NEW

A research team led by Prof. Shang Zhaohui from National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) has proved that Dome A (short for Dome Argus)  in Antarctica is the best site for optical astronomical observation on Earth.

Seeing reflects the atmospheric turbulence that makes stars twinkle or smears star images observed by telescopes. At an observatory with good seeing, weak turbulence results in a smaller seeing value and sharper images. This is especially good for viewing faint objects. A small-aperture telescope at such a site can compete with a larger one at other sites.

Due to the geographic and atmospheric properties at Dome A, atmosphere turbulence usually resides in the near-ground, shallow boundary layer, above which is the very stable free atmosphere with superb seeing.

Read more at: https://scitechdaily.com/dome-a-in-antarctica-is-the-best-site-for-optical-astronomical-observation-on-earth/

and also:

https://web.archive.org/web/20100324134431/http://mcba11.phys.unsw.edu.au/~plato/plato.html

Dome A nearest Base is the Chinese. Kunlun Station located at 80° 25’ 01”South, 77° 06’ 58” East (WAP CHN-NEW), the only Base there around.

Dome A (aka Dome Argus) 80°22′ South77°22′ East is the highest place on the polar ice cap in East Antarctica, with an altitude of 4093. It is also one of the least-known places on the globe. An automatic weather station provides data from this remote site,  was set up over there, as part of an Australian-Chinese collaboration in January 2005. No ground-based scientific investigation had been made at this site before the arrival of the Chinese over-snow traverse team.

TNX and credit to: https://www.antarctica.gov.au/antarctic-operations/stations/other-locations/dome-a/

Dome A will be add to the WAP-WADA Directory under Multinational Base as WAP MNB-NEW

DT8A starts to be active, while DP0POL/MM is on the way to Germany

DT8A, KING SEJONG Antarctic Scientific Base (WAP KOR-Ø1)

In a recent mail (April 2 2021) Lee Sang Hon (DS4MNJ) informs that antenna for 80m~10m is installed and now he is ready for FT8 and CW. SSB is possible but it is only for contest or request.

Several spots have been put on the Cluster, so it’s a good time to stay tuned! Lee  has promised to send WAP some pictures and stories.

The King Sejong Station (WAP KOR-Ø1) was established and inaugurated on King George Island in February 1988.

QSL for DT8A is via DS5TOS

TNX DS4MNJ/DT8A

Research vessel Polarstern leaves the Falkland Islands.

The return journey of  R/V Polarstern from Stanley on the Falkland Islands to the home port of Bremerhaven begins last, Friday, April 2,
2021. The German research icebreaker is expected to arrive there on April 29th.
The current Polarstern voyage has the official abbreviation PS 125. On the Falkland Islands there has been an extensive change of crew and scientists. In order to achieve a safe exchange with regard to the pandemic situation, all new crew members from Germany as well as the representative of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar Research (AW) and two employees of the German Weather Service (DWD) were previously in a two-week quarantine.
Among them is Felix, DL5XL, who has been very active on the bands in the past few months under DP0GNV from the Neumayer III Research Station (WAP DEU-Ø8)  and under DP0POL/MM from on board the Polarstern. Together with Theresa, DC1TH, he made it possible for many radio amateurs to have very special radio contact via QO-100 or on shortwave in his limited free time; we reported several times.
Addendum: Polarstern started its voyage to Europe on Friday evening at 1849 UTC. On the night of April 3, DP0POL/MM was already active again in the 40 m band in CW. Radio amateur on board is Andreas, DL3LRM.
Read more at: https://www.funkamateur.de/nachrichtendetails/items/PS125.html
TNX Info AWI and DL1AX

 

Happy Easter

While the situation is slightly different today, the celebrations will also change in the pandemic. But that does not mean one cannot spread positivity and warmth on this day.

 

WAP Staff wish our companions and friends as well as all the lovers of Antarctica the kind of Easter that touches your heart like a prayer and blesses your life with the gift of amazing grace. 

Best wishes for a joyous Easter!

February 16 to March 7, 2016, M/V N.G. Orion travelled Antarctica

The voyage of the National Geographic Orion from February 16, to March 7, 2016, followed the map counterclockwise. The purpose of the trip was exploration of the Antarctic Peninsula by ship and on land, and commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Earnest Shackleton’s near disastrous voyage to Antarctica and ultimate rescue, 1914 — 1917.

Orion reached 67.2°South along the Antarctic Peninsula. The ship then travelled to Elephant Island where Shackleton and crew arrived by dinghies following the wreck of their ship Endeavour in pack ice. The crew remained there for 137 days while Shackleton and S others sailed 800 miles (1300km) to South Georgia in a dinghy. He and a crew member hiked without maps for 2 days across glaciers to reach Stromness and arranged for rescue of the crew. Remarkably, no one was lost. Our voyagers hiked a long portion of Shackleton’s trek and visited his grave at Grytviken.

Buzz  W3EMD (VP8DPC/MM and C6AMD/MM)said:   «C6AMD/MM was used for our Bahamas registered ship in international waters; VP8DPC/MM was for operation from the ship at South Georgia and the Falklands. Equipment was Elecraft K3. 100W, CW & SSB and 53ft (16M) end fed wire with 1:9 unun. About 300 QSOs world-wide on 15M – 30M were made operating from the ship’s library just below the antenna deck».

Bob Hines K4MZU is now the QSL manager for this operation

M/V Orion is listed on WAP-WACA Directory therefore is valid for WAP Awards

German R/V Polarstern @ Falklands

The german research icebreaker Polarstern is currently anchoring at Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, South Atlantic.

See https://www.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/home/shipid:130195/zoom:10

The former Neumayer 3 wintering and summer Team is going to fly home from there.

Before the Polarstern did go back to the shelf ice coast near Neumayer 3 (WAP DEU-Ø8),  the ship took a deeper investigation of the big iceberg A-74 near the British Halley 6a Base (WAP GBR-4Ø).

Thanks and credit to:  https://www.awi.de/en/about-us/service/press/single-view/polarstern-expedition-erkundet-abgebrochenen-rieseneisberg.html

and  https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-56404142

TNX Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX

Turkey plans its own Antarctic Station

The planned Turkish Antarctic Research Station (TARS) is to be built in the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula on Horseshoe Island. Between 24 and 50 people are to be accommodated in the station, which is to operate all year round. The graphic shows the various buildings and structures planned. (picture aside)

Horseshoe Island which is almost 12 km long and 6 km wide  is located  at 67°51’South, 67°12’ West, in the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula in Marguerite Bay, well below the Arctic Circle. Nearby are the British station Rothera (WAP GBR-12), the Argentine station San Martin (WAP ARG-Ø8) and at 67°48’30”South, 67°17’39” West,  the old Station Y also known as Horseshoe Base (WAP GBR-14), an inactive but relatively unaltered and completely equipped British research Refuge  of the late 1950s. It includes ‘Blaiklock’, a nearby Refuge Hut (WAP GBR-NEW), been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 63), following a proposal by the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consulttive Meeting.

According to the Turkish Polar Institute TUBITAK MAM PRI, which is responsible for the management and operation of the station, the TARS (Turkish Antarctic Research Station) should be able to accommodate up to 50 people after completion. After a two-year trial run during the Antarctic summers, it will be eventually operated year-round and will advance the national Antarctic research program. Research areas include climate and ice science, atmospheric and space sciences, biological and earth sciences, and the impact of human activities on Antarctica. These research branches are part of the Turkish Polar Research Program, which has been in force in Antarctica since 2017.

The planned station will be built with prefabricated components produced in Turkey. Within two years of receiving the green light, the station should be ready for operation. Currently, only containers for eight people are available on Horseshoe Island to serve as a summer research camp.

Turkey is one of the youngest Antarctic nations and is hitting the accelerator. A first Antarctic expedition with Turkish participation was launched in 2016 together with Ukraine.

After Turkey ratified the Madrid Protocol on the Environment in 2017, the way was clear for its own expeditions. Just one year later, the temporary research camp was set up on Horseshoe Island. This is now to be replaced by the new Station.

Read more at: https://polarjournal.ch/en/2021/02/25/turkey-plans-its-own-antarctic-station/?fbclid=IwAR0swBe8obRVjWKH_AWq4njql4H7YoF9xeDE8Sgrehw5Eh0YwthxlZfUfF4

Edgeworth David Base (WAP AUS-NEW)

Located at 66°14’59” South, 100°36’12” EastEdgeworth David is a summer-only Station, a research outpost named after Sir Edgeworth David.

The Base is sited in Northen Bunger Hill (aka Bunger Lakes or Bunger Oasis), a coastal range on the Knox Coast in Wilkes Land, Antarctica, consisting of a group of moderately low, rounded coastal hills, overlain by morainic drift and notably ice free throughout the year, lying south of the Highjump Archipelago. The reasoning behind the minute amount of ice in the area is still relatively unknown and remains under intense debate amongst scientists today. It was opened in 1986 by the Australian Antarctic Division. It is temporary visited during the summer season and used for geological, geophisical, geomorphologogical and biological research.

Edgeworth David summer Base lies about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from WNW of  Polish Antoni Dobrowolski Station (WAP POL-NEW), at 66°15′South, 100°36′ East. Australia has maintained this  summer-only station  since 1986.

So far, WAP does not have reports of  HF activity by any Hams from this site

Pakistan eager to revive Antarctic expedition

Pakistani researchers are keen to revive scientific exploration in the Antarctic region. Officials have expressed a desire to revitalize expeditions in Antarctica by Pakistani scientists in collaboration with friendly countries.

During 1991 and 1993, Pakistan established two scientific research stations: Jinnah Antarctic Station I and II (WAP PAK-NEW), and an automatic weather station called Iqbal Observatory on Sor Rondane Mountain. This achievement earned Pakistan the associate membership of Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) in 1992. More recently, Pakistani scientists have also participated in Chinese expeditions in Antarctica.


Pakistan’s Antarctic Program started nearly three decades back after the country sent its first expedition to the South Pole, backed by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) that was established in 1981 by the Ministry of Science and Technology. In the early 1990s,.

No independent expedition was sent by Pakistan after 1993 reportedly due to lack of funds and the government’s attention. “Scientific research in Antarctica is a future investment for any government that offers manifold opportunities and benefits technologically, economically and even diplomatically” explained Dr Hina Saeed Baig, Director General of NIO. “Pakistan’s Antarctic Programme is more than just a national achievement as it offers long-term benefits, elevates the country’s status and helps improve local expertise and technology.”

Jinnah Antarctic Station (JAS) – (WAP PAK-NEW) is an Antarctic scientific research Station operated by the Pakistan -Antarctic Programme. Pakistan signed the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) in 1991.
Location: Sør Rondane Mountains, Queen Maud Land, in Eastern Antarctica
Established: 1991 Launch: National Institute of Oceanography
Led: Pakistan Navy Support: Ministry of Science & Technology
2001: Data operational system was linked to the Badr-B satellite
2002: SUPARCO scientists installed supercomputer-equipped Facility
2005: Pakistan Air Force engineers and scientists built a small airstrip and a control room to monitor Flights to and From Pakistan
2010: Pakistan’s government approved a plan to expand the JAS Facility into a permanent operational Base

More info at: https://gulfnews.com/world/asia/pakistan/pakistan-eager-to-revive-antarctic-expedition-1.74813273

Hope one day some Pakistani Ham radio will  performing HF activity from there!

Iceberg A74: German ship squeezes through narrow ice channel

The German Research Vessel Polarstern has made a remarkable circumnavigation of Antarctica’s latest mega-iceberg. It was an opportunity too good to miss for the research icebreaker, which is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhaven.

The ship sailed a complete circuit of the 1,290-sq-km (500 sq miles) frozen block, known as A74, at the weekend.

To do so, R/V Polarstern had to navigate the very narrow channel that separates A74 from the Brunt Ice Shelf – the frozen floating platform from which the berg broke two weeks ago. The vessel was already working nearby on a pre-planned expedition, so it was easy enough to divert and conduct some serendipitous science.

The EU’s Sentinel-2 satellite managed to image the ship in the process.

Read more at:  https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-56404142

K4MZU, QSL manager for VP8DCP/MM (m) and C6AMD/MM

Bob, K4MZU has just received all the logs from Buzz W3EMD (pic aside on his operation site when aboard),  for  the activity as VP8DPC/m and C6AMD/mm.

The reason he used VP8DPC/m  (instead of /MM, according to his thinking) is because he was right off shore in South Georgia territorial waters. In a way, he is correct as here in the US you can only use /MM  in international waters. «In this case,  we know he was /MM off shore from South Georgia»  said Bob K4MZU.

Buzz did operate from febr/16 – march/11 2016 aboard the Antarctic M/V Orion, cruising around South Georgia Island and the Falkland Islands.

M/V Orion  is listed on WAP-WACA Directory (under call VP8DPC/MM), therefore is valid for WAP Awards. Callsign C6AMD/MM will be add accordingly on the Directory.

QSL(s) is now to be requested through Bob K4MZU at:

ROBERT HINES,  1978 SNAPPING SHOALS RD, MC DONOUGH, GA 30252, USA

Soviet Oazis Station – Bunger Oasis Station (WAP RUS-NEW)

Starting October 15, 1956, the Soviet Union built a Scientific Station by the name of Oazis (Оазис) at the shore of the Algae (Figurnoje) Lake in the center of Bunger Lakes or Bunger Oasis’s area.  The Oazis Base located at 66° 16′ 29″ South, 100° 44′ 49″ East, consisting of two wooden houses ca. 20 m2 each and a few smaller buildings, was able to accommodate  eight people. The station was handed over by the Soviet Accademy of Sciences to Poland on January 23, 1959, and was renamed Antoni  B. Dobrowolski Station. It continued to be occupied for a few weeks only thereafter.

The still in place magnetic observatory building (“Oasis Station Observatory”), along with a plaque commemorating the establishment of Oasis Station in 1956, has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 10) following a proposal by Russia to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM).

WAP does not have evidence of any Ham Radio activity from there so, the Soviet Union’s  Oazis Station (aka Bunger Oasis Station) at  66° 16′ 29″ South, 100° 44′ 49″ East, remains unnumbered as WAP RUS-NEW.

Refuge Jorge Boonen Rivera (WAP CHL-NEW)

The Base,  63°33’07” South, 57°22’40”West (a small Chilean Antarctic Refuge located in Duse bay, Trinity Peninsula, Antarctic Peninsula.)  is a cabin with a machine house, bathroom and storage. It is located about 36 km away from another Chilean base, General Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme Station (WAP CHL-Ø2) on which it heavily depends.

Currently the installation is regularly maintained by Chile, for use as an emergency shelter, allowing 8 people to survive in it for 20 days in the event of an accident. Initially it was the British “Station V”, erected as a satellite base of the “Station D” located in Hope bay (WAP GBR-Ø4).

Station D was then assigned to Uruguay in 1997 and renamed Ruperto Elichiribethy Station (WAP URY-NEW).

As part of a plan to remove or transfer abandoned facilities, in cooperation with the Antarctic Treaty System, on July 29, 1996, Station V was transferred to Chile, which renamed it General Ramon Cans Montalva Sub Base who later became Jorge Boonen Rivera.

The refuge consists of a hut enabled as a room and a second machine house, bathroom and storage. Currently the installation is regularly maintained by Chile, for use as an emergency shelter, allowing 8 people to survive in it for 20 days in the event of an accident. For this purpose, the station has an electric generator, as well as fuel, food, water and gas. In September 2005 three soldiers of the Chilean Army died in the vicinity of the Refuge, when their snowmobile fell into a crevasse.

Nuestra Señora de Loreto  enthroned  at Base Aerea Vicecomodoro Marambio

Pilots of the Argentine Air Force have a great devotion to Our Lady of Loreto, She is their patroness! Not only in Italy but the worldwide devotion of the aeronauts is something that involves the world of pilots and flight-related personnel.
Here is a testimony told by Jorge Canova, pilot of the Argentine Air Force who is sharing the image of Nuestra Señora de Loreto  enthroned at Matienzo Base during the 1970/71 Antarctic campaign.

This is the Image of Our Lady of Loreto, Patroness of the Argentine Air Force, which we had enthroned at our beloved Matienzo Base (WAP ARG-Ø1) in Antarctica. This celestial being was a witness to our efforts, our problems and the alternatives of our life in those places surrounded by ice.

Her holy imagine engraved on medals screwed on the boards of our planes accompanied us on our flights as a crew member who did not appear in the passengers’ list, but left in our hearts the evidence of his permanent presence and protection in the Antarctic skies.

Fifty years ago we had to experience two dramatic circumstances during a landing at the Petrel Naval Air Force Detachment and a take-off at the Marambio Base where our lives were in danger.

In the quiet of my home, I look back remembering those moments where four people were protagonists flying the P-03, saving our lives by the Grace of Heaven.

TNX Jorge Canova

The 18th week of Antarctic activity was successfully archived.

It was February 2004 when WAP did launch the idea of an Antarctic Activity Week. From that time, every year several Hams and Clubs, join the annual 8-day event, which purpose  is to recognize and bring attention to the scientific communities and the work they do in the Antarctic.

Here below, just some of the comments coming from participants:

From  KØANT- Antenna Club in Johnson County, Overland Park, Kansas-USA

This is the 18th year of the annual happening, and the 11th year that The Kansas Antenna Club in Johnson County has supported this event.
Club founder and call sign Trustee, Jim KB­­­ØMZF did send a message to the Club members: «Unfortunately, due to COVID-19 protocols, the Kansas City authority  has indicated that are not currently allowing groups such as ours, to conduct events in our headquarters. So, our AAW outing to there, will not be available as an activity. We are disappointed, because it has always been a fun way to share HAM radio with the public, but we do of course understand their need for that policy this year.  However, if you are a Member in good standing, you still have permission to use our KØANT Club call sign to make contacts from your home station at any time during the 8-day event.  You are invited to participate and help our Club support»

From K4A, PHILIP W FINKLE, K6EID from Marietta, Georgia-USA

Just completed this years AAW, made 696 QSOS all on digital FT4 and FT8.

Here’s my annual stats since 2007: This year we had bad solar activity for 3 days that pretty much killed most propagation.

Year      QSOs
2021      696
2020      737
2019      952
2018      457
2017      776
2016      340
2015      338
2014      545
2013      473
2012      783
2011      916
2010      635
2009      699
2008      712
2007     1101
I have already reserved K4A for 2022, said Phil!

From Volker DL8JDX, Altötting, Germany

Thanks again for organizing the AAW 2021. It was fun again working many AAW Special Event Stations. During this AAW and during this Antarctic Summer Season, I could work following stations:
12 WAP SES Stations:
EH3ANT              WAP-292
EM25VER            WAP-312
IB2ANT                WAP-308
II2ANT                 WAP-030
II5ANT                 WAP-025
II8WAP                WAP-297
IR1ANT                WAP-002
K4A                       WAP-073
LZ18ANT              WAP-311
OE18AAW           WAP-309
PF88ANT             WAP-307
TM18AAW          WAP-310

7 Antarctic/Sub-Antarctic Stations:
RI01ANT              RUS-11
LU1ZG                 ARG-06
VP8LP                 GBR-25
VP8NO                GBR-25
VP8/SQ1SGB      GBR-40
ZS7ANF              MNB-12
DP1POL              DEU-08

2 Antarctic Research Ships:
RX6A/mm           Akademik Tryoshnikov
DP0POL/mm      Polarstern
Looking forward to the next upcoming season, said Volker!

Congrats to everyone who did join the 18th AAW, and don’t forget to aplly the “free” 18th AAW Award,  available online (TNX IK3GER)
See: http://www.waponline.it/antarctic-activity-week/aaw-2021/

Nicaragua’s flag in Antarctica

Javier Ramírez had only seen penguins on TV. That changed at 34 years old, on January 24, 2021, when he arrived on Deception Island, Antarctica. Upon landing on the frozen continent, some penguins would be the hosts, an image, which added to the sensation of -12 degrees Celsius of ambient temperature, will never forget.

This 34-year-old is the first Nicaraguan at the “Gabriel de Castilla Base” (WAP ESP-Ø2), one of the two Spanish bases located on Decepción Island in the South Shetland Islands Archipelago, in Antarctica. There he saw how the Spanish military placed the flag of Nicaragua on the flagpole, along with that of Spain, a gesture that shocked him and filled him with pride.

Ramírez was part of the XXXIV Spanish Antarctic Campaign along with 17 other people, including soldiers and scientists. The mission, which is scheduled annually during the summer in that area of ​​the world, was coordinated by Dr. Manuel Berrocoso Domínguez, who has visited the continent since the first campaigns and is director of the Astronomy Laboratory of the University of Cádiz, of Spain, the place where the Nicaraguan is doing his doctorate in Computer Engineering.

Thanks and credit to : https://confidencial.com.ni/nacion/

Read the whole report at:  https://confidencial.com.ni/nacion/un-nicaraguense-en-mision-cientifica-en-la-antartida/?fbclid=IwAR0W6_PkGgIJLqqdLgQKGV3HPbl1npOw9NCRKaCRoRdSxhXOQqxH3AkK0KY

New £2 Coin to Commemorate 60th Anniversary of Antarctic Treaty

An agreement was originally signed on December 1, 1959, in Washington by the 12 nations that were active in Antarctic science at the time.
The Treaty came into force on June 23, 1961. It has since been acceded to by many other nations, and there are now 54 Parties to the Treaty.

The entry into force of the Antarctic Treaty is recognized as one of the most successful international agreements, setting an example of peaceful cooperation,  designated as a “natural reserve, devoted to peace and science”.

Now, the Pobjoy Mint is delighted to announce the release of a beautiful new £2 coin on behalf of the British Antarctic Territory to commemorate this anniversary.

The coin is offered on behalf of the Government of the British Antarctic Territory, with full recognition of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty.

The design on the coin features a map of Antarctica with four emperor penguins standing on the land. The obverse of the coin features an effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II produced exclusively by Pobjoy Mint.

More details at: https://coinweek.com/world-coins/antarctic-treaty-60th-anniversary-commemorated-on-new-2-coin/

1925 Macmillan/Byrd Arctic Vessel WNP-WAP

Sometimes, as in this case, Arctic and Antarctica are joined together in the bound by the invisible wire of radio waves . That WNP-WAP printed on a very old QSL card intrigues me a lot.

WNT-WAP of 1925 is something rare, nothing to do with WAP (Worldwide Antarctic Program) but it is still part of the passion that join the North and South Pole. This is why such an interesting info deserves to be published. The story shown here below, recalls the commitment of men and women as well as of institutions in  exploring, studying and researching the secrets of our immeasurable planet.

We have to thank Mr. Terry Denton (carefreedentons@cox.net) who send us a QSL card which he has from the 1925 expedition.

Terry wrote: «This was in my late father’s collection. He worked in a small radio store in 1925 in Whitesboro, Texas.  The card was addressed to his boss J.C. Bass at 106 Charter Street Whitesboro, Texas.  My father would have been 17 years of age at that time and his Ham activity is summarized as follows: The American Radio Relay League Amateur  5AFD 12/7/1925 to 12/31/1926 (his old QSL card on the right), then  W5AFD 1/8/1932 to 1/7/1933 and W6KQX6 1/7/1946 to 6/7/1951. Later he was N6AHY»

Theo “Ted” Denton was born in 1908 in Whitesboro, Texas.  As a boy, like most of us, he became attracted to radio and what makes it work.  The idea of having his own station empowered him to overcome the lack of any money or materials and he became successfully licensed as 5AFD about 1923.  Like all radio amateurs of the day, he built his own equipment.

By 1928 he updated his exciter to a three stage Meissner design achieving contacts all around the U.S.  His station became well known to locals and he was talked about and bragged about.  As my grandmother relates: “Everyone who was anyone bragged about my Ted”.

By checking N6AHY on QRZ.com you can read all about Theo “Ted” Denton, a real pioneer on Ham radio. It’s always  very nice to recall our colleagues who a century ago really were pioneers.

Arctic Expedition 1925. The card was issued from contact at Etah, Greenland, but based upon the postage stamp it was mailed in Canada.

Here a bit of history: 1925 Macmillan/Byrd Arctic Vessel WNP-WAP  

The objectives supported by the Navy and the National Geographic Society were to determine the full capabilities of radio North of the auroral belt and to explore the Northern reaches by air. In the summer of 1925 the Bowdoin, captained by MacMillan led the Peary, a minesweeper enlisted as transport and captained by Zenith president Eugene F. McDonald, to a bay again near Etah in northern Greenland. Three amphibious aircraft were assembled on site and directed by Richard E. Byrd. Severely limited by weather and mechanical problems, the aircraft only accomplished some seven missions within their limited range, and did not actually fly over the pole. The outstanding accomplishment of the expedition was in the sphere of radio. Utilizing short waves, the expedition was in consistent contact with the outside world throughout the journey, to the delight of the amateurs who were able to work them. The phenomenal success proved to the Navy that short waves were definitely superior to the long and ultra long waves on which the fleets had been relying.

Etah (see pic aside) is an abandoned settlement in the Qaasuitsup municipality in northern Greenland. It was was used in the past as a base camp for several Arctic expeditions, including Knud Rasmussen’s expeditions to the northern coast of Greenland and a starting point of discovery expeditions to the North Pole.

Etah was also the landing site of the last migration of the Inuit from the Canadian Arctic. The village was located on the shores of Foulk Fjord near Reindeer Point. The huts of the former village are still standing. Today, Etah is seldom visited

Spain – Don Bosco in Antarctica as Patron of “Army Specialist Corps”

How far and wide does Don Bosco go? Certainly up to the more than 130 countries on the five continents where the Salesians are present today. What if you wanted to go even further?
Well, if we were to go to Antarctica, we’d also find a small image of Don Bosco there too. This photo was taken 15,073 kilometers from Spain as Don Bosco is present as patron of the military contingent that accompanies environmental researchers on the Antarctic Continent.

The Spanish Antarctic Station Gabriel de Castilla (latitude 62º 55’ S and longitude 60º 37’ W) WAP ESP-Ø2 is located on Deception Island, in the archipelago of the Southern Shetlands . The station is managed by the operations Bureau of the Army General Staff, which organises and directs the operation of the Station. During the the refuge “Gabriel de Castilla” was set on Deception Island, during the Spanish Antarctic campaign of 1988 and being officially inaugurated in 1989 as a military refuge to support research and topographical surveys.

Since its installation, this refuge has been managed by the Army, in close collaboration with the UTM-CSIC. In 1998 the refuge was classified as an Antarctic Station, and in 1999 as a ICTS. Since then it has undergone various periods of remodelling, the most important in the year 2009. This station is designed to carry out singular, cutting-edge scientific activities, and its results are valuable for polar research. Due to its singular nature, it is at the disposal of the national and international scientific communities, hosting studies concerning volcano monitoring, astrobiology, geology, and ecology.

According to the Spanish Military Association (AME), he is the patron saint of the Specialist Corps of the Ground Army and of the fundamental specialties of this corp: Electronics and Telecommunications, Maintenance and Assembly of Equipment, Electricity, IT, Automotive, Aircraft Maintenance, Maintenance of Weapons and Materials, Maintenance of Vehicles, Electronic and Telecommunication Maintenance, Welding, Electricity and Assembly of Equipment.

How did this initiative come about?

The first seminar on the Corps of Specialists was held at the Navacerrada Residence (Madrid) on 27 and 28 November, 1998. Among other things, the convenience and the need to have a specific Patron who could serve as an element of unity and generator of the spirit of the Corps was demonstrated; hence, for the elections, the existing traditions were reviewed and, taking care to preserve the ones with which the majority of the staff members of the Corps of Specialists identified, most having been students of the Professional Institutes, centers that very often venerated St John Bosco, On January 24, 2000, in a communication from the Army Chief of Staff,  St. John Bosco was officially designated as Patron of the Specialist Corps of the Ground Army, after his approval in the corresponding act, issued by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and sanctioned by Msgr. José Manuel Estepa Llaurens, then Military Ordinary of Spain.

Every year the Specialists of the Ground Army celebrate Don Bosco on February 1st.

Source: https://www.infoans.org/sezioni/notizie/item/9561-spagna-don-bosco-in-antartide-patrono-del-corpo-degli-specialisti-dell-esercito-di-terra

ZS7ANF regularly on 10115 +/- from 19:00 UTC

For those who had not yet  the luck to work Oleg, ZS7ANF from the Wolf´s Fang Runway, would be useful to know that he is almost every day in the evening hours on 10115 (+/-)  in CW.

Wolf’s Fang Runway,  WAP MNB-12,  is located at  71° 31′ South, 08° 48′ East , 1127mts  AMSL,  3000mts  long track strip on the the ice.
See  http://white-desert.com/wolfsfang-runway-logistics/ and you will get more.

Oleg ZS7ANF is expected to be also active from Whichaway Oasis Camp, WAP MNB-11 in a little while.

Thanks to Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX who did provide few pics of  a detail that many of the chasers  may have missed!

It is particularly worthy of note that the WhichAway Camp (built in 2010) is in the Schirmacher Oasis at the Lake Podprudnoje at  70° 45′ 49″ South, 11° 36′59″ East,   exactly at the same position where the Georg Forster Hut  (at 70°46′ South,   11°37′ East)  was until 1993.

Pictures to the Left and to the Right show how the place looked in 1989 (L) , and on the right a picture of 1991

And below, how the Whichaway Oasis Camp looks today:

TNX Dr. Volker Strecke, DL8JDX operator at:

1988-1989  Y88POL  Georg Forster Base  Schirmacher Oasis  WAP DDR-Ø1

1990-1992  Y88POL  Georg Forster Base  Schirmacher Oasis  WAP DDR-Ø1

1992-1994  DPØGVN  Neumayer II Base  Ekstroem Shelf Ice  WAP DEU-Ø2

How many people live in Antarctica?

Antarctica is the highest, driest, coldest, and windiest continent on earth. So perhaps unsurprisingly, it spent the last 35 million years in relative isolation. People only discovered Antarctica in 1820, and it took another 100 years for people to reach the pole. But,  how many people live in Antarctica now?

Antarctica has no real permanent residents — just Research Stations and Field camps staffed either seasonally or year-round. Yet in the summer season, if the weather is favorable, Antarctica usually hosts up to 5,000 people. When the summer fades into winter, many stations get completely depopulated, and the ones with a permanent mission keep much smaller crews to keep the stations running. During the wintertime, Antarctica’s population goes down to around 1,000 people.

Currently, scientists, staff, and whoever else might happen to be in Antarctica stay in one of 70 even more  Bases (40 of which are year-round). Over 30 nationalities are usually represented on the continent.

More at: https://www.zmescience.com/other/pieces/how-many-people-live-in-antarctica-and-other-things-you-wish-you-knew-about-the-frozen-continent/

An Ice Chapel … not only in Antarctica

The news reporting the build of an “Ice Chapel” outside St. Albert The Great Parish on Michigan Tech’s campus,  (see picture aside) reminds us the Ice chapel carved into the ice at the Argentine Base of Belgrano II (WAP ARG-Ø6) in Antarctica!

HOUGHTON, Mich. – On Saturday afternoon, at least 40 people gathered in a student-made ice chapel outside St. Albert The Great Parish on Michigan Tech’s campus. Every person was required to wear a mask during services.

«This is the 6th consecutive year ice masses were held with 200-250 total people attending overall». Father Ben Hasse says holding prayers in the outdoor venue is something special.

«Every year, we’ll see guests and visitors from the area» Hasse said. «Often, students will bring their parents, and we get to meet their parents. Students will bring their friends. It’s been a great opportunity to welcome people, to meet them, and to pray with them.”

Hasse looks forward to having more people at ice mass during the next winter carnival and also hopes for new architectural additions to the chapel.

Thanks and credit to: https://www.uppermichiganssource.com/2021/02/07/michigan-tech-holds-annual-ice-mass-2/

Antarctica– The Chapel of  “Nuestra Señora de las Nieves” (Our Lady of the Snows) is the southernmost place of worship in the world, 800 miles from the South Pole. It serves as a permanent Catholic church for those that reside on Belgrano II (WAP ARG-Ø6) throughout the year.  Although it’s located in Antarctica, it falls under the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bahía Blanca in Buenos Aires,   Argentina with Guillermo José Garlatti as their Archbishop.

In 1959, the first Belgrano Base (WAP ARG-Ø5) was built by the Argentinians and included a chapel. However, the ice that the base was built on was unstable forcing them to relocate. Despite Antarctica being covered almost 98% by ice, they found ice-free land close to the original to construct a new base. Nearby the newly built Belgrano II  Base,  a system of tunnels and caves was dug out of ice that eventually included the new chapel that remains today in permanent ice. (see picture aside)

Argentina has four churches on the Icy Continent;.

Chapel of Our Lady of the Snows – Belgrano II Base, Bertrab Nunatak, built 1979
San Francisco de Asis Chapel – Esperanza Base, Hope Bay, built 1976
Chapel of Santisima Virgen de Lujan – Marambio Base, Marambio Island, built 1996
Chapel of Santa María Reina de la Paz – Villa Las Estrellas, King George Island

VP8AR Leith Harbour, South Georgia,WAP-WADA New Entry

Thanks to Mehdi F5PFP for having shown an old QSL card of VP8AR who did operate from Leith Haurbour in 1950,  WAP is happy to issue a reference number for this unreferenced Brithish station in the South Georgia islands.

Leith Harbour, Britain’s abandoned whale hunting stations is now WAP GBR-41. The New reference  will be add to WAP-WADA Directory on its next release (June 2021).

Between 1909 and 1965, the whaling station of Leith Harbour on South Georgia was one of the busiest whaling stations in the world, with more than 48,000 whales processed into oil for margarine, bone meal for fertiliser and other products. A film crew was granted access to the abandoned whaling stations, and a new BBC4 documentary shows the remains of whaling life, and the wildlife that is re-colonising Leith Harbour.

Leith Harbour whaling station and Stromness Bay, in South Georgia, is part of British overseas territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The station was established in 1909, and finally abandoned for good in 1965. It is now off-limits to visitors due to dangerous buildings and high levels of asbestos. At its peak Leith Harbour housed 500 men and was the biggest whaling station in the world. A steam-saw on the bone loft used for cutting up the skulls and spines of whales, which were boiled to extract oil. Up to 29 tonnes of oil could be extracted from each whale by putting its blubber, meat and bone through different industrial processes. In 1933, 37% of the fat in British margarines was from whales.
WAP has actually  no evidence that, other than VP8AR in 1950 someone else did operate Ham Radio from there. So far, it looks like no one operated from Leith Harbour after this one. (Pic aside shows an aerial view of Leith harbour)

Read more and watch the nice pics to “The Guardian” site, to which we say Thanks and credit: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2014/jun/10/britains-whale-hunters-in-pictures

Leith Harbour WAP GBR-41 was a whaling station on the northeast coast of South Georgia, established and operated from 1909 until 1965. It was the largest of seven whaling stations, situated near the mouth of Stromness Bay.

Read also: https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27734930?piano-modal

ARA Francisco De Gurruchaga a Polar Ship  in WAP Directories

Thanks to Joe De Gasperin I2YDX a keen Dxer and Antarctic Chaser for submitting a rare and old QSL of the Polar ship ARA Francisco De Gurruchaga worked way back in jan 15th 1976. LU8ENT/MM is listed in WAP-WACA Directory under the Polar Ship section, therefore valid for WAP Awards.

A brief profile of this Polar ship:

Francisco de Gurruchaga (previous name; USS Luiseno) is an auxiliary ship of the Argentine Navy.

In service since 1975, she worked in the tasks of  support to Antarctic campaigns, and rescue. In 1976 she set out from Ushuaia to the South Shtetland Islands to rescue the crew of the sinister M/V ARA Zapiola. That same year, Francisco de Gurruchaga supported the oceanographic vessel ARA El Austral and later the ARA Diaguita, both with a waterway. During the Malvinas War she operated from the Isla de los Estados, being the protagonist of the rescue of 390 men from the sinking of the ARA General Belgrano cruiser. In 1985 she captured the Japanese fishing vessels Fuki Maru 51 and Dae-Wang, opening fire on the former for disobedience. She repeated catches in 1986 with the Chidori Marú and Ainnia fishing vessels. In 1999 she was part of the first combined exercise with the United Kingdom after the Falklands War, called “Millenium” .

In 2010 she was assigned to Ushuaia as a new seat, from there she began new functions such as search and rescue, and resupply of Control Posts and Maritime Traffic around the Isla de los Estados. In a difficult mission, she rescued the shipwrecked from the Polish sailboat Nashachata, seriously damaged in Sloggett Bay, having to withstand winds of 100 km/h and waves of 6 meters high during the operation. In December 2011 she helped injured kayakers on the Isla de Los Estados, then in May 2013, the veteran ship was again assigned to the Puerto Belgrano Naval Base, where it received important maintenance tasks.

ARA Francisco De Gurruchaga is listed  in the all major auxiliary ships transports, colliers, tankers, scientific vessels, tugs, in service with the Argentine Navy

EM25VER WAP-312. Special celebration for 25 years of Ukrainian Vernadsky Station

25 years ago, February 6th  1996, Ukraine took over the operation at Base Faraday (or Base F), WAP GBR-Ø7 of the United Kingdom which was sold by the UK for a symbolic one pound. The cost of disassembling the base with good environmental practices and standards would have been too costly.

The  National Antarctic Scientific Center of Ukraine did a great job to renew the Base which is one of the most active in Antarctica, Over there,   research programs are performed all year round in several fields:  of meteorology, upper atmospheric physics, geomagnetism, ozone, seismology, glaciology, ecology, biology and physiology .

Vernadsky Station (WAP UKR-Ø1) is located at the marine tip of Galindez Island in the group of Argentine islands of the Wilhelm Archipelago.

The base has a wonderful Orthodox Chapel inside, the St. Volodymyr Chapel (properly Grand Prince St. Vladimir, equal to the Apostles) a small Eastern church which serves the Vernadsky Research Base.

To celebrate the event,  a special callsign  EM25VER (WAP-312) has been issued and in addition, a special free digital certificate Award, “25th Anniversary of the Ukrainian Antarctic Station Akademik Vernadsky” will also be issued. It can be requested by sending an email to Pavlo Tarasovych UT1KY at ut1ky@ukr.net after having had at least one contact with EM25VER, which will be on air , all bands, all modes also during the Antarctic Activity Week.

QSL direct or via Bureau to UT1KY

Lufthansa A350 LH2574 – Longest nonstop flight in history

Yesterday, Jan. 31, 2021 another group of German scientists did fly with an Airbus A350-900 directly from Hamburg to Port Stanley, Falklands. There they will be picked up by the Research Icebreaker Polarstern in order to conduct research projects in the Weddel Sea.

In March 2021 the R/V Polarstern will bring the old Neumayer 3 Winter Team and the Summer Team to Port Stanley. From there they will be flying home. 

All details here:  https://www.awi.de/en/about-us/service/press/single-view/klimaforschung-im-suedpolarmeer.html  

Volker, DL8JDX has sent some links about the currently ongoing 15 hours direct flight from Hamburg to Port Stanley, Falklands. They will did land today around noon time.

https://www.lufthansagroup.com/de/newsroom/meldungen/lufthansa-startet-mit-polarforschern-zu-ihrem-laengsten-passagierflug.html

 

https://www.awi.de/en/about-us/service/press/single-view/klimaforschung-im-suedpolarmeer.html

 

https://www.travelandleisure.com/airlines-airports/lufthansa-launching-longest-flight-ever

https://mobile.twitter.com/flightradar24/status/1355976422532276224

LH2574  Live Position Mo. 1.2.2021 

 

https://www.spiegel.de/reise/lufthansa-startet-laengsten-nonstop-passagierflug-a-264a3e07-e732-4a15-8d72-68fcc0ba218b

Thanks DL8JDX, Dr. Volker Strecke

MPV Everest, sailing to Antarctica

MPV Everest  did arrive in Hobart, Tasmania,  to commence work for the Australian Antarctic Program, resupplying Australian stations and changing over personnel this summer.

The Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) has chartered the vessel to undertake two voyages to Casey (WAP AUS-Ø2), Davis (WAP AUS-Ø3) and Mawson (WAP AUS-Ø4) research stations in Antarctica.

The first voyage has departed for Casey research station on 9 January after cargo and equipment has been loaded for resupply, and expeditioners board the vessel.

Built in 2017, the 140-metre long MPV Everest is an ice-strengthened ship with the ability to break sea ice up to one meter thick, and an international crew experienced in polar conditions.

Maritime Construction Services (MCS) has announced, that it has been awarded a contract by The Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) for Supply Services in the Antarctic region. With the ICE Class 1A Super characteristics of the MPV Everest, this is the best equipped vessel worldwide to provide these services in Antarctica.

No Ham operation have been performed from onboard

John Sidney Sharp VK2FR  SK

 John  VK2FR was  a Great Ham, keen Antarctic Hunter and owner of several Antarctic Awards, including WAP-WACA and WAP-WADA. John VK2FR passed away  on last jan. 12 2021 at the age of 65 from a sudden heart seizure

It is difficult in such a particular moment of the life to find words that are not usual. Life is unpredictable and sometimes puts us to the test.

John is gone from our sight, but never from our hearts,  our thoughts and prayers for him. We are lovers of Antarctica, John VK2FR was one of us, a good friend, one of us … that’s why we are fondly close to his family, joining this immense and unjust pain.

Even though his heart has stopped beating, John VK2FR will continue to live in those who did contact him on air, thanks to the Ham Radio bands.

A hug from the bottom of our heart. Sincere condolences to his loved ones, to  his wifew Kate Warren, his daughter Aimee, his brother Will and life long friends.

by WAP staff and friends  from all over the world

Antarctic Info for Ham Radio

Here a few  recent information about ham Radio from Antarctica. Good hunting!

Wolf’s Fang Runway (WAP MNB-12)

Oleg ZS1ANF is on his way to Wolf´s Fang Runway MNB-12 on the Antarctic inland ice and possibly will be active as ZS7ANT in this Antarctic summer season at beginning of Febr.. Probably he will be operating from Whichaway Camp WAP MNB-11 too.

See http://www.qrz.com/db/zs1anf

Neumayer 3 Base (WAP (DEU-Ø8)

The German research icebreaker Polarstern DP0POL/mm did arrive at the shelf ice coast north of the Neumayer 3 base at Jan.18, 2021. Soon we can expect the hear DP0GVN and DP1POL from that location.

QSL for DP0POL/mm and DP0GVN via DL5EBE, QSL for DP1POL via DL1ZBO.

See http://www.qrz.com/db/dp0gvn   and  http://www.qrz.com/db/dp1pol

Halley 6(a) Base (WAP GBR-4Ø)

Seba, VP8/SQ1SGB is currently working as an electronician at Halley 6(a) Base on the Brunt Ice Shelf.  He will try to operate mostly on 40m between 23,00 and 00,00 UTC in SSB or FT8. Check 7180-7195 SSB, 7073-7075 FT8. He will stay there until Feb.4, 2021 only. QSL via EB7DX.  VP8DOI is busy on the field and it’s hard for him to be on air.

See also http://www.qrz.com/db/vp8/sq1sgb

Belgrano II Base  (WAP ARG-Ø6)

The Belgrano II Base in Antarctica (LU1ZG and LU3HRS/Z) is still active in this antarctic summer season 2020/2021. The are QRV mainly on 20m FT8-FT4-JT65 when time permits. IOTA reference is AN-011 (Ross Island). QSL via LU4DXU or LU4AA or LOTW. QSL from LU4AA will be delivered only twice a year

Keep an eye on W.A.P Worldwide Antarctica Program http://www.waponline.it  for any further info.

See http://www.qrz.com/db/lu1zg

8J1RL Syowa base (WAP JAP-Ø3)

“JARE61”. Till february, Takumi Kondo (JG3PLH) and Taka (JA1AGS) are active on CW and FT8. From Feb.  2021 till Jan 2022, Hiro (JH7JCX) will be the only operator up there.
Info: https://www.qrz.com/db/8J1RL

Polar Ship /MM

Several Polar ship are actually sailing the Antarctic even if no Ham radio operation have been planned from onboard.  M/V  Vasiliy Golovnin (VU ship) has reached  Cape Town. After completing the cargo loads she well head to Antarctica

New DX North & South Pole Award

UA6GG did issue a completely new polar award: the North & South Pole Trophy.
See: http://www.dxtrophy.com/arctica

More awards: https://www.dxtrophy.com/plaque

Further Enquiries: mydxtrophy@gmail.com

 

Last moment news: Strong earthquake strikes near Antarctica, causes small tsunami

A strong 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck the Southern Ocean near Antarctica on Saturday, prompting a tsunami alert for areas which are virtually uninhabited, officials say. Small tsunami waves were reported but serious damage or injuries are not expected.

The earthquake happened at 8:37 p.m. Chilean time on Saturday and struck about 55 kilometers (34 miles) south of Elephant, a mountainous and ice-covered island in the outer reaches of the South Shetland Islands.

The nearby Chilean base Eduardo Frei (WAP CHL-Ø5), has been put on evacuation alert due to tsunami risk.

Thanks and credit: https://bnonews.com/index.php/2021/01/powerful-earthquake-hits-off-antarctica/  

Y83ANT, GDR Base Laboratory near Novolazarevskaya. New WAP DDR-Ø2

The QSL of Y83ANT, (sept. 13,1983) shows the GDR station “near Novolazarevskaya” at 71°S, 12°E. There is no mention of a name of this Base on the QSL, just a generic “GDR station near Novolazarevskaya.

A question arose: If Georg Forster Station was located at 70°46’S-11°51’E, is this old one, the same Base?

We have to thanks 2 Antarctic veterans, several time operating from this Antarctic site, who did help WAP to write a true  story of this East Germany (GDR) laboratory, established near the Russian Novolararevskaya Sation: Ing. Andreas Mueller DL3LRM, and Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX.

Andreas said:

«Historically, the team from East Germany has been a part of the Russian Novo Station since the late 1970s, but had their own base about a kilometer away from the main building. In 1987, this base (a set of containers and an antenna areal) was named “George Forster” in order to become the first official research station of East Germany, as part of their efforts to be part of the Antarctic Treaty (which demands that a Country has to run a permanent all year base in Antarctica). So this is the reason why the QSL only states “near Novolazarevskaya”, since in 1983, as “George Forster” was not established yet. Had the privilege to visit that site and the plague twice, and also to met some of its residences».

Volker, another old time Antarctic veteran and operator of Georg Forster Station (WAP DDR-Ø1) sent us a complete explanation that clarifies the entire story on the GDR activity in Antarctica.
Volker wrote:

«The former East Germany (German Democratic Republic GDR) acceded to the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), see http://www.ats.aq  on November 19, 1974, initially as non-consultative member. The GDR built this “Container station” in 1976 in the Schirmacher Oasis near the Russian Station Novolazarevskaya (WAP RUS-Ø9). It was called GDR Base Laboratory near Novoalazarevskaya. The only one HAM Radio activity from that Base Laboratory,  between 1976 and 1987 was Y83ANT in 1983.
Picture aside, shows an old view,  shortly after the completion of the GDR Base Laboratory near Novolazarevskaya in 1976 (Photo: Hartwig Gernandt, AWI Bremerhaven).

The GDR research activities included scientific works on  ionospherics, magnetics, geology, chemistry and biology, were supported by the Russian colleagues from Novolazarevskaya and by the Indian colleagues from Dakshin Gangotri (WAP IND-Ø1) and Maitri (WAP IND-Ø3).

After ratification of the Treaty, the GDR received ATS consultative status on October 5, 1987. This was associated with an own research station in Antarctica. So the existing base laboratory was officially named GDR Antarctic Research Station Georg Forster (WAP DDR-Ø1) at Oct. 25, 1987.

In the summer season 1987-1988 at Georg Forster,  a completely new radio station was built. Georg Forster did get the marine Call Y3ZA and the land-based Call Y3G. The radio system was a very powerful and reliable: KSS-1300 with 1 KW, able to operate in CW, SSB and SITOR Telex, several EKD-500 receivers, an extremely good working 2x85m V-Beam, a corner reflector antenna, a diversity antenna, a vertical antenna and several wire antennas».

HAM Radio activities from Georg Forster were:

1988-1989  Y88POL   (op: DL8JDX)

1989-1991  Y90ANT  (op: DK1BT)

1990-1992  Y88POL   (op: DL8JDX)

The Georg Forster Base had 5 overwintering teams:

  1. Antarctic Expedition (AE) 1987-1989 with 8 members (including Volker, DL8JDX, as electronic engineer)
  2. AE 1988-1990 with 8 members
  3. AE 1989-1991 with 8 members
  4. AE 1990-1992 with 4 members (including Volker, DL8JDX, as electronic engineer, Radio officer and Post officer)
  5. AE 1991-1993 with 1 member

After the German reunification at Oct. 3, 1990 it was decided later that the further German Antarctic research activities would have been focused at Neumayer II Base and its surroundings. So in the years 1994, 1995 and 1996 the entire Georg Forster Station had been dismantled and disposed of.

A commemorative plaque was left at this place. The former Georg Forster base was included into the ATS  list of historic sites in Antarctica with No. 87.

List of all Antarctic historic sites: https://documents.ats.aq/recatt/att596_e.pdf

Volker concludes his report saying: «Andreas, DL3LRM is completely right with his comments based on his experience. As he was op. at DPØGVN in Neumaye III and operator at DP0POL/MM on the icebreaker Polarstern, He is the real expert and one of the few persons who were in the Antarctic and in the Arctic in the same year (2020)».

Thanks to Volker, DL8JDX, (WAP Ambassador) and operator in several Antarctic Overwintering Expeditions:

1988-1989  Y88POL  Georg Forster

1990-1992  Y88POL  Georg Forster

1992-1994  DPØGVN  Neumayer II

And thanks to Andreas DL3LRM another great operator for years in Antarctica

Photo 1 aside: Georg Forster base in March 1991  (Photo: Volker Strecke, DL8JDX)

Photo 2 below : Georg Forster Historic Site Plaque in December 2018 (Photo: Andreas Mueller, DL3LRM)

Photo 3 here at the right: Georg Forster First Day cover with special stamp for the opening of the postal office at May 1, 1988  (Volker Strecke)

Documents say: The site of the former Georg Forster  station is marked by a bronze plaque. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 87), following a proposal by Germany to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.

At the light of this new evidences, a new WAP reference number WAP DDR-Ø2 has been issued to:
GDR Base Laboratory near Novolazarevskaya,  

71° South, 12° East

Location: Schirmacher Oasis

Callsign Y83ANT

Year of activity 1983

 

WAP DDR-Ø1 (from Oct 5, 1987, till Oct. 5, 1990) remains issued for Y88POL and Y90ANT.

The applicants who have submitted Y83ANT as DDR-Ø1, will be automatically credited DDR-Ø2  to it, and they eventually have to submit one of the two calls Y88POL or Y90ANT for DDR-Ø1.

Once again, thanks to DL8JDX and DL3LRM for their evaluable help and support.

January 18 2021,  118th Anniversary of the First Transatlantic Wireless message from the USA to Europe

KM1CC has been  “on the air” to commemorate the 118th Anniversary of Marconi sending the first transatlantic message from the USA to Europe (UK) on January 18, 1903. The message was sent from Marconi’s South Wellfleet, MA USA Wireless Station and received at his Poldhu Station, in UK.

The historic Marconi Wireless Station site,  is part of Cape Cod National Seashore, it is listed by the National Park Service as a National Historic Landmark.
(Picture aside is an old QSL of KM1CC)

For more information:  https://www.nps.gov/caco/learn/historyculture/marconi.htm

Antarctica: WAP GBR-26, a “Spooky” British base untouched in 50 years

The British established Base W on Detaille Island in 1956, intending to use it to launch dog-sledding expeditions across the ice to the Antarctic Peninsula, and conduct geologic and meteorologic research.

Antarctic explorers unearthed a “spooky” abandoned British Refuge Base on the icy continent after its last occupants are said to have fled more than 50 years ago.
Speaking during his Amazon Prime documentary “Terra Antarctica” Award-winning filmmaker and author Jon Bowermaster,  did  reveal a  forgotten building on Detaille Island.: «I went ashore to have a look at an old British refuge hut, this one is known simply as Camp W, untouched since its last occupants ran out more than 50 years before»,  he said.

Jon Bowermaster  talks about an old British supply depot on Detaille Island (WAP GBR-26), that hasn’t been occupied for more than half-a-century.

VP8CC was active on HF from Base W long ago (1958-59) and nobody else put this rare spot on the air since then. Thanks the great efforts by Mehdi F5PFP,  who did activate this “spooky” site 10 years ago (6 march 2011) today we are aware to have made a contact with something very, very rare.


The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is the national operation running in the frozen desert and is part of the Natural Environmental Research Council. With over 400 staff, BAS takes an active role in Antarctic affairs, operating five research stations, two ships and five aircraft in both polar regions, as well as addressing key global and regional issues. This involves joint research projects with over 40 UK universities and more than 120 national and international collaborations since a small expedition established a permanently occupied base on the continent during World War 2.

Read more at:
 
https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1352301/antarctica-abandoned-british-base-detaille-island-camp-w-world-war-2-research-station-spt

and also at:

https://www.bas.ac.uk/about/about-bas/history/british-research-stations-and-refuges/detaille-island-w/

China’s research icebreaker did dock at New Zealand port before heading for Antarctica

At the end of last november  a  nontraditional ceremony was held at the Lyttelton Port in Christchurch, New Zealand, to welcome the docking of Chinese research Icebreaker Xuelong 2, or (Snow Dragon 2),  which carries members of the 37th Chinese Antarctic scientific expedition, arrived in Christchurch after a 17-day voyage.

At the “contactless” welcome ceremony, a drone of the University of Canterbury (UC) delivered a Christchurch gift – a Maori element souvenir – to the deck of the ship, where about 100 crew of Xuelong 2 waved hands or small Chinese national flags to local officials standing on shore.

Click the red button for a short video
Since it departed on Nov. 10 from Shanghai,  I/B Xuelong 2 has sailed about 5,112 nautical miles. The ship is actually moored  the China’s Zhongshan Station (WAP CHN-Ø2)in Antarctica.
More info link:  http://www.china.org.cn/world/Off_the_Wire/2020-11/28/content_76958334.htm

NEW Release of WAP-WADA & WAP-WACA Directories

WAP-WACA & WAP-WADA Awards Directories are  online, ready to download.

Release 036 of the IK6CAC program to manage WAP Awards is also available to download .

WAP Antarctic Bulletin nr. 288 issued Jan. 11-2021  is also on WAP website  as well as for those interested in Antarctic & Sub-Antarctic Lighthouses, the Directory is now online.

Check from the home page of WAP website, select the window of what you wish to see and that’s it, or simply click on the item you wish to open, directly from this page and go!

Enjoy Antarctica … we are always on!

73 from IK1QFM Betty, IK1GPG Max, I1HYW Gianni

40 ISEA (Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica)

40 ISEA (Indian  Scientific Expedition to Antarctica)  sailed off from Mormugao Port with 43 Indian members on board.

Vessel, M/V Vasiliy Golovnin  is scheduled to travel about 25,000 km through Arabian Sea, Indian and Southern Oceans until mid of April 2021.

Thanks and credit to: Ministry of Earth Sciences Government of India

Pic aside show  the Team of 40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica in a group photo at Mormugao Port in Goa. Expedition Vessel, M/V Vasiliy Golovnin in the background

Whatch two short Videos at: https://www.facebook.com/100012140287322/videos/pcb.1173631973051468/1173641353050530/ and

https://www.facebook.com/100012140287322/videos/pcb.1173631973051468/1173641389717193/

Too bad there’s no Ham operator on board, nor at Maitri or Bharati Stations this year… it’s a shame

WAP-WADA Honor Roll Plate to VE1HQ Sheldon R. Donaldson

VE1HQ, Mr. Sheldon Roy Donaldson from Pubnico, NS, Canada,  is a keen DXer and Antarctic chaser. He has just received  his WAP-WADA Honor Roll plate and certificate on Jan 8th  2021.

«I am very pleased with both and wish to thank the WAP staff for the awards. They are proudly  on display  in my radio shack. Now on to working lots more Antarctica bases towards a Top Honor Roll award»  he said. 

We at WAP, are happy to see our Ham fellow enjoying Antarctica, same as we do. The Honor Roll plate is the high evidence of long time chasing and sharing the beauty of the Icy Continent through the Ham radio bands … it’s really a magic world.

Thanks to you Sheldon Roy, to you our compliment!

From WAP Staff

R1ANB/A & R1ANC/P Ground based Radio Echo Sounding on the area of Lake Vostok- New entry WAP-WADA

Several traverses (aka Russian Antarctic Convoy) have been made in the recent past time by Russian Teams, especially in the East Antarctic. Often, studies were carried out on the scientific traverse as for example the 1978–1984 Mirny–Komsomolskaya–Ridge B, Denman Glacier and Dome Concordia, or the 1999-2000  Mirny-Vostok traverse with intermediate stops at Pionerskaya (WAP RUS-1Ø), and Konsomolskaya (WAP RUS-Ø5) as well as the so called Vostok I (WAP RUS-14) and more specifically the stopping sites on the way to the North and South of Vostok I Base as  reported on several QSL cards.

So for example: Ham radio did operate from there so for example R1ANB/A at 70° 14’ South-95° 44’ East (3 dec.1999), 71° 55’ Sout-96° 28’ East (11.dec.1999), 75° 12’ South-97°02’ East (14 dec.1999), R1ANC did operate  at 69° 24’ South-95° 11’ East (27 dec.1999), where most of the ground Radio Echo Soundings inspections have been done.

From 25 dec.2002 through 15 jan.2003, on the 48th Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE) R1ANC/P did operate at 78°18’ South, 106°32’ East  as well reported by the operator (UA1PAC Alex Kuz’menko) itself:

Austral summer field season of 48 RAE (2002/03)

Ground based radio-echo sounding (RES) were carried out in the area of subglacial Lake Vostok during the last five years by Polar Marine Geological Research Expedition in the framework of Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE). These investigations goal to collect information about the geomorphology of the lake bottom and surrounding slopes providing some understanding of the geomorphologic features in this area of East Antarctica. During the austral summer season of 48 RAE (2002/03) we collected sub-ice relief and ice sheet information along profiles of radio-echo sounding survey. The ice thickness over the water-table of the subglacial Lake Vostok is app. 4,000 m (13120 ft). The average temperature which’ were observed during the field season was app. -35C (-31F). The RES routs was about 550 km long (342 miles).

The radio-echo sounding team was composed by:

Sergey V. Popov-leader of the group, Yury B. Chemoglazov-radio engineer, Alan V. Kuz’menko-radio engineer, Victor V. Kharitonov-radio engineer, Anton V. Senatorov-geodesist, Anatoly G. Tsyvarev-mechanical engineer and  Vlad A. Pisklov-mechanical engineer.

At the light of this evidence, WAP has issued a new reference WAP RUS-16 to R1ANB/A, R1ANC (operation from  dec 1999 trough Jan 2000) and R1ANC/P (operation from 25 dec.2002 through 15 jan.2003) respectively from Ground based radio-echo sounding (RES) at Subglacial Lake Vostok’s area (coordinates from 69°-77°South, 95°-98° East)

R1ANB/A  and R1ANC did operate outside of the main stations Mirny (WAP RUS-Ø7),  Pionerskaya (WAP RUS-1Ø), Konsomolskaya (WAP RUS-Ø5), Vostok I (WAP RUS-14) and Vostok (WAP RUS-13) from December 1999 through January 2000).

R1ANC/P (operation from 25 dec.2002 through 15 jan.2003)

Some addition about RES:
Since 1995, Polar Marine Geological Research Expedition has performed the geophysical investigations of Lake Vostok, Central East Antarctica. The study of this phenomenon is carried out by means of radio-echo sounding (RES) and reflection seismic. In total, 3250 km of RES profiles and 194 seismic measurements have been made. The motivation for resuming the Russian scientific traverses was the discovery of Lake Vostok in the 1990s. Because the location of Lake Vostok is very close to Vostok Station it opened widespread possibilities.

Ground-based RES and reflection seismic soundings were finished in 2008 with a total of 5190 km of RES profiles and 318 reflection seismic measurements were carried out Besides, allowing for better understanding of the Earth’s crustal structure, passive seismic investigations have also been carried out on the profile across the Lake Vostok near Vostok Station

Read more about RES at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339273179_Fifty-five_years_of_Russian_radio-echo_sounding_investigations_in_Antarctica/fulltext/5e46f5cfa6fdccd965a5ca8c/Fifty-five-years-of-Russian-radio-echo-sounding-investigations-in-Antarctica.pdf?origin=publication_detail

40th Indian scientific expedition to Antarctica launched

The chartered ice-class vessel M/V Vasiliy Golovnin will make this journey and will reach Antarctica in 30 days.
After leaving behind a team of 40 members, it would return to India in April 2021. On return, it will also bring back the winter team of the preceding trip.

The scientific and logistic activities of the 40thIndian Antarctic Expedition are limited due to the existing challenges associated with COVID-19 pandemic. The focus is to support the ongoing scientific projects on climate change, geology, ocean observations, electric and magnetic flux measurements, environmental monitoring; resupplying of food, fuel, provisions and spare; and accomplishing the return of the winter crew. India is committed to maintaining the continent of Antarctica free of COVID-19. The expedition will duly follow all protocols for the deployment of men and material as per Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs(COMNAP). Extra precautions of sanitizing the cargo, mandatory fourteen days of quarantine (pre, and post-expedition), and RT-PCR testing before boarding the ice-class vessel is also being conducted.

The Indian Antarctic Expeditions began in 1981. The first trip comprised of a team of 21 scientists and support staff led by Dr. SZ Qasim. After a humble beginning, the Indian Antarctic program has now credited to have built three permanent research base stations in Antarctica named:  Dakshin Gangotri WAP IND-Ø1), Maitri (WAP IND-Ø3), and Bharati (WAP IND-Ø4). Indian Bay Camp (WA IND-Ø2) is the site where normally the vessels are mooring while loading and unloading cargos.

As of today, India has two operational research stations active in Antarctica named Maitri and Bharati. The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa, manages the entire Indian Antarctic Program.

Thanks and credit: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1685978

Ice-class vessel M/V VASILIY GOLOVNIN has been sailing in the Arctic & Antarctic . She’s currently located at WCI – West Coast India at position 15° 24′ 30.96″ N, 73° 48′ 14.868″ E as reported by MarineTraffic Terrestrial Automatic Identification System on 2021-01-05 14:00 UTC

The wind in this area at that time blows from Northwest direction at force 3 Beaufort.

NOCTILUCENT CLOUDS … Let’s know a bit more 

Forwarded by our friend Dr. Volket Stracke DL8JDX, this new issue guides us through a very interesting world.

Something strange is happening 50 miles above Antarctica. Or rather,  not  happening.  Noctilucent clouds (NLCs), which normally blanket the Frozen Continent in December, are almost completely missing. These images from NASA’s AIM spacecraft compare Christmas Eve 2019 with Christmas Eve 2020.

The comparison really is astounding,” says Cora Randall of the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. “Noctilucent cloud frequencies are close to zero this year.”

NLCs are Earth’s highest clouds. They form when summertime wisps of water vapor rise up from the poles to the edge of space. Water crystallizing around specks of meteor dust 83 km (~50 miles) above Earth’s surface creates beautiful electric-blue structures, typically visible from November to February in the South, and May to August in the North.

The southern hemisphere stratosphere is very unusual this year” says Randall. “The ozone hole is exceptionally large, until recently zonal winds have been blowing in the wrong direction, and overall the stratosphere is much more ‘winter-like’ than it should be in December

Hours after publication of this news item, NASA’s AIM satellite reported an uptick of NLC activity over Antarctica. “It’s still nowhere as many clouds as last year, but it makes sense given the recent steep drop in zonal wind speed and ozone hole area” notes Randall. “The atmosphere definitely has a mind of its own this season!

Thanks and credit to: http://www.spaceweather.com and to Volker DL8JDX

Pic aside (Photographer: Jorgelina Alvarez) shows  a noctilucent cloud s  as viewed from Base Marambio (WAP ARG-21) in Antarctica.

Raltime Noctilucent Cloud Photo Gallery can be seen at:   https://spaceweathergallery.com/nlc_gallery.html

Happy New year 2021

Dear friends, followers and Antarctic chasers,

another year is gone and thanks to Lord, we are here, chasing Antarctica, following the evolution of the Icy Continent and the new Scientific Teams involved in the 2020-2021 Antarctic campaign.

WAP is always with you , working hard to keep the interest around Antarctica always alive.

Next 18th Antarctic Activity Week  is planned for next 20-28 of february 2021. (Check : http://www.waponline.it/antarctic-activity-week/aaw-2021/ )
Join the international event and you will enjoy Antarctica on the radio waves!

Enjoy Antarctica as much as we do!

Happy and prosperous New Year to all of you, from WAP Staff.

 

R/V NUYINA embarks on sea trials

This marks the start of a month-long “Sea Trials Phase” and an important milestone for all involved in the icebreaker project across the Australian Antarctic Division, ship managers Serco and ship builders Damen.
Sea trials will be followed by additional weeks of deepwater trials. Testing of the ship’s speed, noise, propulsion systems, steering, advanced electrical systems, and science equipment will take place as the vessel prepares for final sea ice trials in the Arctic early next year.
One of the most advanced vessels of its kind in the world, R/V Nuyina will form the centerpiece of the Australian Government’s Antarctic Strategy and 20 Year Action Plan.

                             —->    Click the red button to see a short video
R/V Nuyina will provide a world-class scientific platform for Antarctic researchers, carrying cutting-edge equipment to study the depths of the Southern Ocean, sea ice and the upper atmosphere.
With capacity to carry 117 expeditioners, 1200 tonns of cargo and 1.9 million liters of fuel, the icebreaker will be the main lifeline to Australia’s Antarctic and sub-Antarctic research stations for decades to come.
Nuyina (meaning ‘southern lights’ in palawa kani, the language of Tasmanian Aborigines, pronounced noy-yee-nah) is expected to arrive in its home port of Hobart in mid-2021 to commence Antarctic operations in next year’s summer season.
Thanks and credit to: https://www.antarctica.gov.au/news/2020/rsv-nuyina-embarks-on-sea-trials/

Merry Christmas 2020

To celebrate the Christmas holidays, we have chosen a photo that is coming from Concordia Station (WAP MNB-Ø3) on the Antarctic Plateau. WAP wish a very Merry Christmas  to our readers and followers, to the Researchers and Personnel that are working in the various scattered Scientific bases on the Icy Continent as well as the other friends and crew on board of Polar Ships on the way to Antarctica

For the good time, gratitude
For bad, a lot of hope
For each day, an illusion
And always …  and always, happiness

Merry Christmas from WAP Staff

I/B Polarstern on the way to Antarctica

On Tuesday Dec. 22, the German Research Icebreaker Polarstern left the port of Bremerhaven. On board YL Theresa DC1TH and Felix DL5XL. They are now on the way direct down to Antarctica. DPØPOL/MM has already been reported  QRV on 20 mts CW.  

The current position is in off the coast France in the Atlantic Ocean. You can follow the ship in realtime at: https://www.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/home/shipid:130195/zoom:10

TNX  Volker, DL8JDX

Theresa Thoma (DC1TH) from Fürstenfeldbruck started her Antarctic adventure on December 20th. As a member of the winter team, the 26-year-old radio amateur will work at the German Neumayer III research station (WAP DEU-Ø8) of the Alfred Wegener Institute’s Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), until February 2022.
Read more on: https://www.lifepr.de/pressemitteilung/deutscher-amateur-radio-club-ev/Abenteuer-in-der-Antarktis/boxid/829207?fbclid=IwAR0_IHugVjT0FHjW_6PIxDkSR4473E_GRajrqyB81GBxs1IMTASXS5kAhhc

WAP wish safe journey to the crew and researchers.  Merry Christmas on board!

Covid strikes Antarctica


Antarctica
has been hit by the coronavirus pandemic as 36 people have tested positive for COVID-19 on Monday, December 21 at the General Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme Research Station (WAP CHL-Ø2). The virus has now spread to every continent on the globe!
PCR swab tests given to Chilean researchers at the General Bernardo O’Higgins  Riquelme (pic aside) came back positive.
The Chilean workers appear to have contracted the virus following a cargo supply delivery on November 27.
The cargo, was delivered by the Navy Vessel Sargento Aldea, which returned to the port of Talcahuano three weeks later.
At least 26 army personnel have tested positive for COVID-19 as well as 10 other contractors and at least three crewmembers of the navy ship have also tested positive.
The Chilean army has said all non-essential staff have been transported back to Chile. The infected individuals are said to be in good condition and isolating.
The General Bernardo O’Higgins  Riquelme research  station is one of 70 permanent bases located on the icy continent, 13 of which are Chilean.
Read more at: https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1375481/Antarctica-news-Covid-spread-2020-evg

Czech Scientists Depart for Antarctic Research Expedition

Despite the current situation, the Czech Antarctic Research Program will continue with field research. An eight-member team has departed  from Prague on Wednesday, December 16th to Chile, where they will quarantine at a hotel, before heading on to Johann Gregor Mendel Station (WAP CZE-NEW) on James Ross Island in Antarctica

The eight-members of Czech scientists begin an expedition to the Antarctic. In early January, the team should arrive at the research station  (Pic aside) off the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. The aim is to examine the long-term impact of climate change on the outskirts of Antarctica. 

The expedition will be led by climatologist and polar explorer Kamil Láska from the Department of Geography, at Masaryk University’s Faculty of Science. The operation of the station will be overseen by technicians from Czechoslovak Ocean Shipping, František Vorel and Tomáš Spáčil.

Read more at: https://www.brnodaily.com/2020/12/16/brno/brno-scientists-depart-for-antarctic-research-expedition/

The team will collect data from about 20 weather stations in the vicinity of the base and return with the data and collected samples for further research. The team is expected to return in March. However, on their previous expedition this Spring, their return was delayed by a month due to disruption caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

The Hamradio world, is looking for some HF operations on the bands  and in this case,  a brand new WAP reference will be issued…. Scientists, do not forget the importance of Ham radio activity which could enter into your technical studies!
More about Johann Gregor Mendel Scientific Station (WAP CZE-NEW) can be found at: http://antarcticfoundation.cz/en/czech-antarctic-station/ 

Australian Icebreaker RSV Aurora Australis retires after 150 voyages to Antarctica 

The vessel, known as ‘Orange Roughy’, completed its last trip among the long list of its scientific expeditions for the Australian Antarctic Division on Dec 12.
RSV Aurora Australis, the only Australian built icebreaker that served the country’s Antarctic program for 30 years has been decommissioned after nearly 150 voyages to Antarctica. The vessel, known as ‘Orange Roughy‘, completed its last trip among the long list of its scientific expeditions for the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) on December 12 as it now prepares to retire at a shipyard in Dubai, to be sold or leased.

The 312-foot orange icebreaker has been replaced by another giant vessel and the scientists are now planning to refurbish the ship, according to Associated Press. Aurora Australis started conducting maiden voyages in September 1989, after its launch from NSW shipyard, north of Sydney and gained popularity after it sailed to Heard Island, an external Australian territory around the year 1990.

Since then, it ferried scientific researchers, transported food supplies and fuel for several expeditions in the Antarctic ocean

Read more at:
https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/australia/australian-icebreaker-rsv-aurora-australis-retires-after-150-voyages-to-antarctica.html

Siple Coast Field Camp (WAP NZL-New)

Located at 82°00’ South, 155° 00’ West, Siple Coast is the middle portion of the relatively ill-defined coast along the East side of the Ross Ice Shelf. Siple Coast  is the grounding line of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, where the ice meets the ocean and starts to float, becoming the Ross Ice Shelf. It is as far south as the ocean reaches anywhere in the world.

Few days ago, a traverse has left Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1), with a  Team of six  for a 1200km journey across the Ross Ice Shelf to the Siple Coast, where they’ll drop stores for scientists who will camp there! Click the button below, to see a short video Drilling for climate, ice and ocean history’s Team will work at Siple Coast field camp (1000 km from Scott Base) where they will use hot water to drill through the Ross Ice Shelf, then sample the ocean below and recover sedimentary cores from the sea floor.

(See location 862AB on the map) This season’s main objective is to develop an understanding of the nature of the sea-floor sediments. Future retrieval of deep sediment cores will help inform multidisciplinary studies of the stability of the Ross Ice Shelf during past warm periods. Drill holes at the Siple Coat will also support the United States Icefin project. Icefin is an under-ice robot designed to explore ice-ocean environments here on Earth and ultimately on Jupiter’s icy moon named Europa.

Source: https://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/uploads/images/201920-Science-Poster.pdf

Thanks and credit to: GNS Science, Victoria University of Wellington

The story of British Station N1 & N2 (WAP GBR-38) and “Old” and “New” Palmer Station

Station N (1) Bay of Isles

A small expedition consisting of W. N. Bonner and B. Stonehouse, funded by Falkland Islands Dependencies Government and administered by FIDS, did allocate letter ”N”  to the station set  at 54°03’South, 37°23’West, at Ample Bay, Bay of Isles, South Georgia . The initial though, even if that was later considered a private expedition, Station N (1) was set to study Biology and was occupied from 1953 through 1955.

The buildings consist in a main hut and small store hut. Main hut had burnt down by 1974. Debris were removed  in the Antarctic season 2005/06.
(Thanks and credit: https://www.bas.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/British-Antarctic-Stations-Refuges-v6.2-2016.pdf  )

 

Station N (“2”) Anvers Island (WAP GBR-28) & Old Palmer Station (WAP USA-33)

On Anvers Island, the British Antarctic Survey built and operated a Station (Base N “2”) Anvers Island at Arthur Harbour, 64°46’ South, 64°05’ West,  with purpose of  survey and geology. (Pic aside show the Base as it was in 1955)

It was occupied from 28 Feb. 1955 until 10 Jan. 1958. Closed in 1958 when local work completed. Pic aside show Base N, Anvers Island, 1955-56. (Photographer: Alexander Rennie; Archives ref: AD6/19/3/C/N1)

Thanks and credit to: https://www.bas.ac.uk/about/about-bas/history/british-research-stations-and-refuges/anvers-island-n/

The Hut at Station (Base N “2”) was loaned to the U.S. Government on July 2, 1963, which converted it into a biological laboratory and added a new building (the red one on the pic aside) in January 1965 for use by American scientists at the nearby Palmer Station.

Palmer Station  “Old” (WAP USA-33) and “New” (WAP USA-23)

The actual facility (WAP USA-23) at 64°46’27” South, 64°03’10” West is practically the second Palmer Station and it’s located on Anvers Island (pic to the left).

“Old Palmer”  (WAP USA-33) built about 1965, was about half a mile to the northwest adjacent to the site of the British Antarctic Survey “Base N”, built in the mid-fifties. The site is on what is now known as Amsler Island. Rapid recession of the ice due to global warming revealed Amsler Island as a separate island in 2004.

Amsler Island was the original site of the United States Antarctic Program research base Palmer (Old Palmer, WAP USA-33) from 1965 until the current station approximately 0.8 km (0.5 mi) away was constructed in 1968.

WAP USA-33, “Old Palmer” (Pic to the right) served as a base for those building “New Palmer”, which opened in 1968. Old Palmer was designated as an emergency refuge for the new station in case of disaster, though this perceived need disappeared over time. It was dismantled and removed from the Antarctic as part of the National Science Foundation’s environmental cleanup efforts in the early 1990s. According to Mehdi F5PFP, Old Palmer Station at Arthur Harbour  was active on air by KC4AAC 1963 &  KC4USP 1965 .

 

WAP did issue a separate reference to “Old Palmer Station” at Anvers Island/Amsler Island  11 years ago (2009) to recognize the two distinct evolution phases of the history of both Palmer Bases .

Station N (2) was re-open by the British in support of air facility 1969-1971 (pic to the left).

On 28 Dec 1971 the station has been destroyed by fire while being renovated by BAS. Debris was removed by the members of the US Antarctic Program in 1990/91. Only concrete foundations remain.

The Skiway on Marr Ice Piedmont was used 1969-1973 and then intermittently  until 15 Nov 1993, and once in Dec 1999.

Air operations have been transferred to Adelaide (Station T) WAP GBR-13 in 1973 when the skiway found deteriorated.

Jangbogo & King Sejong Base update by DS4MNJ

WAP has received  some fresh info from Lee (DS4MNJ). Lee wrote: «We anchored near the Jangbogo Station. Unfortunately I cannot get away from the Araon ship. We will stay here for 3 weeks. Some scientists has their own project for this area. Everything is going on as scheduled».

Lee sent us some pics which we are happy to share with the readers. After stopping by at Jangbogo Station (WAP KOR-Ø2) Lee is expect to reach King Sejong Base (WAP KOR-Ø1)at beginning of January for a long stay.

TNX Lee DS4MNJ/DT8A

We did ask Lee for any chance  to work /MM from onboard the Korean Icebreaker Araon. We are now waiting an answer.

Icebreaker Research Ship Araon

IMO 9490935, MMSI 441619000, Call Sign DSQL7.

The vessel departed from Lyttelton, Nz on 2020-11-24 13:25 LT and is currently anchoring at Jang Bogo Antarctic Research Station in Terra Nova Bay in Antarctica.

The ice-breaking research vessel Araon was built in 2009 and is sailing under the flag of Korea. She did explore the South and North Pole regions on several missions since 2009 as part of global efforts to examine the cause of global warming and study the Arctic & Antarctic  ecosystem.

The Araon, 7,487-ton , has a carrying capacity of 2901 t DWT and her current draught is reported to be 7.6 meters. Her length overall (LOA) is 111 meters from bow to stern ,her width is 19 meters. Araon  can cut through 1-meter thick ice- The vessel can accommodate around 85 crew and researchers.

RX6A/MM  on air from onboard Academik Tryoshnikov

Eugene RZ3EC informs WAP that  Alexei RX6A is actually operating /MM form on board of  the Russian scientific research icebreaker  “Akademik Treshnikov” (aka Akademik Tryoshnikov) on the way to Antarctica.

DX Clusters alteady report activities on FT8 & SSB on 10, 12 and 30 mts

Icebreaker AKADEMIK TRYOSHNIKOV (IMO 9548536, MMSI 273359440,  Callsign UBXH3) was reported two days ago by MarinecTraffic Terrestrial Automatic Identification System as sailing in the Atlantic Ocean.

The current position reported of AKADEMIK TRYOSHNIKOV is at 12° 25′ 49.152″ North, 19° 26′ 12.876″ West off the coasts of West Africa. The vessel is en route to the port of Cape Town, sailing at a speed of 14.4 knots and expected to arrive there on Dec 14, 08:00. as on 2020-12-02 06:45 UTC .

Akademik Tryoshnikov sailing under the flag of was built in 2012. It’s carrying capacity is 6634 t DWT and her current draught is reported to be 8.6 meters. Her length overall (LOA) is 133.53 meters and her width is 23.25 meters.

This vessel is equipped by tech laboratories able to process results of oceanographic researches, atmospheric soundings and other scientific experiments on research and development projects, studying natural processes and phenomena in the ocean as well as delivering consignments and rotating the personnel of Antarctic Stations; removing trash and waste from the Antarctic.

For those interested,  Akademik Tryoshnikov can be tracked by: https://www.myshiptracking.com/vessels/akademik-tryoshnikov-mmsi-273359440-imo-9548536 or on  http://www.vesseltracking.net/ship/akademik-tryoshnikov-9548536

Akademik Treshnikov” (aka Akademik Tryoshnikov) is valid  for WAP WADA & WAP WACA Awards program as well as for Polar Challenge (FT8 contacts are not valid for Polar Challenge)