WAIS Divide, Antarctic field camps WAP USA-34

Many Antarctic Research Stations, support satellite field camps which are, in general, seasonal camps. The type of field camp can vary;  some are permanent structures used during the annual Antarctic summer, whereas others are little more than tents used to support short term activities. Field camps are used for many things, from logistics (Sky Blu,  WAP GBR-NEW) to dedicated scientific research such as WAIS Divide Field Camp, WAP USA-34 located at 79° 28′ 03″ South, 112° 05′ 11″ West.

 

WAIS DIVIDE  is the ice flow divide on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) which is a linear boundary that separates the region where the ice flows to the Ross Sea, from the region where the ice flows to the Weddel Sea. It is similar to a continental hydrographic divide.

The site preparation for this Field Camp,  started in the 2005/2006 season with the construction of the skiway, and a steel arch shelter for drilling and core processing. Camp logistics was provided by Raytheon Polar Service Company and the air transport by the New York Air national Guard using LC-130 aircraft.

The deep coring started in the 2006/2007 season using the Deep Ice Sheet Coring (DISC) drill developed and operated by the Ice Drilling Design and Operations group at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. The coring was stopped in December 2011 at a depth of 3,405 m, which is ~ 50 m above the bottom of the ice sheet. The last 50 m of ice was left in place to provide a barrier between the borehole and the pristine aqueous basal environment. The ice at the bottom of the hole fell as snow 67,748 years ago. In the 2012-2013 season additional core was collected in zones of high scientific interest.

The only Ham radio activity so far, from this location was made by Steve Polishinski WB9YSD who did sign KC4/WB9YSD. There is a very interesting web page http://www.wb9ysd.org/ where Steve explains the operation and the job at WAIS (West Antarctic Ice Sheet) field camp. After his operation on January 2010, WAP did issue a new reference number as WAP USA-34.

So far QSLs have not been issued and the Antarctic chasers are still waiting.

We take the opportunity to send Steve a prayer … the saying goes, “the final courtesy of a QSO is the QSL card”.

Borchgrevink Huts (WAP NZL-NEW), New Entry on WAP-WADA Directory

Carsten Borchgrevink was a Anglo-Norwegian explorer, best known for being one of the first explorers of Antarctica;  he began his exploring career in 1894 by joining a Norwegian whaling expedition, during which he became one of the first persons to set foot on the Antarctic mainland. The first buildings erected by Carsten Borchgrevink at Cape Adare were prefabricated of pine by the Norwegian factory Strømmen Trævarefabrikk. These huts are still standing, and the site is recognized internationally as a significant historic site.

Members of the Northern Party of  Scott TerraNova Expedition overwintered  at Cape Adare in 1911 and 1912. They erected one hut, which has fallen into ruin today.

The remains of Borchgrevink’s two huts, as well as those of the Terra Nova Expedition’s hut, have also been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 22), following a proposal by New Zealand and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. The grave of Nicolai Hanson has been similarly but separately designated (HSM 23).
Expedition’s accommodation hut remains at Cape Adare, under the care of  the New Zealand Antarctic Heritage Trust which acts as guardian to this hut and to those of Scott and Shackleton elsewhere on the continent. The Borchgrevink hut was designated by the Trust as Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) No. 159 in 2002. In June 2005 the Trust (the highest level of protection available under the terms of the Treaty),  adopted a management plan for its future maintenance and accessibility.

 

At the light of this evidence, Borchgrevink Huts (ASPA No.159 – HSM 22)   located at Cape Adare, Victoria Land, East Antarctica,  71° 18’ 04” South, 170° 12’ 05” East,  will be add to the WAP-WADA Directory, under NZL-NEW

ZL5A Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) Antarctica

Adam Campbell ZL4ASC says he will operate for  13 months at  Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) signing ZL5A. His schedule is to be at Scott Base on Ross Island, over the 2018-2019 Antarctic season. More info to follow.

Adam said: Please note I will be working on critical communications equipment and can only operate as an amateur in my spare time.

Adam has a website at: https://www.adamcampbell.co.nz/

In a recent mail, Adam wrote: Hi Gianni, I am hoping to contact a large number of stations whilst on the ice, yourself included.

I am very busy collecting equipment and training for my deployment, and once I have left NZ I will be able to focus more on my ham radio stuff. Thanks for your interest and I look forward to speaking with you soon.

TNX ZL4ASC/ZL5A

 

Just to remind the readers that New Zealand holds 3 WAP reference numbers in Antarctica for as many bases as listed on the WAP Directory:
WAP NZL-Ø1  Scott Base

WAP NZL-Ø2  Swan base

WAP NZL-Ø3  Worldpack Base (Greenpeace Station), plus about 21 New sites (WAP NZL-NEW) Field camps, Huts, Stations and Refuges.

On Ross Island, there is another brand New one (picture below): The Arrival Heights Laboratory (WAP NZL-NEW) which houses equipment for atmospheric experiments, low frequency radar and aurora studies for universities and other research groups.

 

 

Let’s hope Adam might have a chance to go up there and give the Antarctic hunters the chance to log this “New one” … let’s keep our finger crossed, let’s  hope!!!

 

VKØHZ – Davis Station (WAP AUS-Ø3), Antarctica

Matthew Gledhill,  VK5HZ from a page set at QRZ,com  informs that during the Antarctic summer 2018-2019 and  Antarctic winter 2019 he will be working at Davis Station (WAP AUS-Ø3) signing VKØHZ.

Matt will be there 12 months and now says: – Note this is not a DXpedition and any radio activity will be in my downtime. More details of my operation and station setup to come late 2018-.

Davis Base is the most southerly Australian Antarctic Station and is situated 2250 nautical miles South-South-West of Perth, on the coast of the ice-free Vestfold Hills, Ingrid Christensen Coast of Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica, in the Australian Antarctic Territory at 68° 34′ 36″ South, 77° 58′ 03″ East, Grid MC81xk

Davis Station officially opened on 14 January 1957; a small ceremony was held to mark the event. The Base was named after Antarctic legend, John King Davis, captain of the ships Aurora (1911–14) and Discovery (1929–31).  used by Douglas Mawson on his expeditions.

In January 1965, Davis was temporarily closed to concentrate resources on building Casey Station (WAP AUS-Ø2).

Davis was reopened on the 15th February, 1969 and has operated continuously since.

TNX VK5HZ/VKØHZ

Fossil Bluff Field Station, Alexander Island, Antarctica – WAP GBR-1Ø

Fossil Bluff lies at the foot of a scree-covered ridge overlooking George VI Sound, which separates mountainous Alexander Island from Palmer Land.This small base located at 71° 20′ South, 68° 17′ West, was established on Alexander Island in 1961 with the purpose of Survey, geology, glaciology and field geophysics. This advanced station, occupied during the winters of 1961, 1962, 1969-75, supplied overland for field parties from Stonington Island (Station E) WAP GBR-Ø5, Adelaide  (Station T) WAP GBR-13, and Rothera (Station R) WAP GBR-12. It was closed for the 1976 winter when Rothera (Station R) became fully operational, and now is  a forward logistics facility with skiway

Fossil Bluff it is about 225 miles south of Rothera, with summer-only occupation since 1975, the bluff is a collection of buildings and facilities, at the centre of which lies the main hut, named Bluebell Cottage, houses four people in comfort and forms a transit station for summer field parties
The base is operated by Twin Otters from Rothera station (90 to 110 minutes flight)  during the Antarctic summer season as forward fuel depot, facility for re-fuelling aircraft and field station for parties from Rothera (Station R) during austral summers. Site was cleaned-up by BAS during the 2002/03 and 2003/04 seasons.

A 1,200 metres unprepared snow runway (skiway) marked by drums is located 1km south of the station.  During the Antarctic summer months a small team provides weather forecasting information for flight safety

Snipe Island, Chilean Navy outpost and Meteorological Station WAP CHL-NEW

The Snipe island  54 ° 57′ South,  67 ° 9′ West  was involved into a military incident that took place between Chile and Argentina during 1958 as a result of a disputed border line in the Beagle Channel for the possession of that islet.

Snipe Island, located a mile from Navarino, is a small rocky formation with sparse vegetation that was occupied by an indigenous Yahgan from that island, authorized by Chile to graze sheep in it.

On January 12, 1958, the Micalvi cutter of the Chilean Navy, based in Punta Arenas, built a blind beacon on the Snipe island, on the Beagle Channel, as an aid to navigation and on May 1 of the same year, the Patrolman Lientur was commissioned to install a luminous beacon on its structure, giving the corresponding international warning to alert sailors to its existence.

The fate of Snipe islet has since been settled by the Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984, as an internationally recognized territory of the state of Chile.

There is now a lighthouse (WAP CHL-LH-NEW) on the islet. The Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina was signed into agreement at the Vatican on 29 November 1984.

Actually,  on this sub-Antarctic site there is a Navy outpost, a Meterological Station  and a Lighthouse.

 

Who knows if one day, some willing Radio operator or one of the Chilean Radio Clubs will try to activate this rare DX spot … ee would be happy and proud to Log a DXpedition from Snipe Island!

3G9JA Hornos Island, WAP CHL-2Ø

Just to resume the article of last  August 1st (the 2016 operation from Hornos Island WAP CHL-2Ø), we are happy to show the QSL of 3G9JA just received by Bob K4MZU, who said:  –Good news….very happy today I received QSL confirmation from Dagoberto CE5COX for 3G9JA-.

Another rare one to add  to the WAP QSL Gallery.

It ‘s getting hard to work new sites in Antarctica  or Sub/Peri-Antarctic areas but for time to time something new is coming on the air, and let’s say, those are real DX!

 

 

TNX Bob Hines KI4MZU

Horn Island Meteo Station WAP CHL-2Ø

Located at 55° 56’ 50” South, 67° 18’ 15” West, Horn Island Meteo Station did enter the WAP-WADA Directory as WAP CHL-2Ø, following the operation of  3G9JA operated in February 2016 (see http://www.ce5ja.cl/expedicion-cabo-de-hornos/ ) The original preview callign XR400JA have been changed to 3G9JA operated by Dagoberto, CE5COX who was QRV  40-20-10m, SSB/RTTY. QSL via CE5JA.

That one, was a Special activation for the “Anniversary of the Discovery of Cape Horn (1616-2016)
The Chilean Navy maintains a station on the island, consisting of a residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse. A short distance from the main station is a memorial, including a large sculpture featuring the silhouette of an albatros, in honor of the sailors who died while attempting to “round the Horn”.

The island is one of the Hermite Islands, part of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. Two lighthouses are located near or in Cape Horn. The one located in the Chilean Navy Station is the more accessible and visited, and is commonly referred to as the Cape Horn lighthouse. However, the Chilean Navy station, including the lighthouse (ARLS CHI-030, 55° 57’ 48” South, 67° 13’ 12” West) and the memorial, are not located on Cape Horn (which is difficult to access either by land or sea), but on another land point about one mile east-northeast.

A video show some very interesting views of this Island is available by clicking the red button aside.

Before it was a detachment of three Chileans who are part of the Chilean Navy, those who took care of the facilities and gave sovereignty to this mythical point of the world navigation. Now who is in charge of the lighthouse and the weather station is a single military man, who must reside on the island for a year with his family. The island of Hornos can only be reached by private boat, with the Chilean navy or in one of the two cruises that make the route of the Patagonian channels or that travel towards Antarctica.

Let’s hope the Chilean Radio Club or some Chilean operators can do it again in  the near future, Horn Island is always a great DX!

RI1ANW Novolazarevskaya Station, WAP RUS-Ø9

Alex RN1ON informs that Sergey V. Timofeyev, R3IW will be active on HF Bands mostly on Digi modes as RI1ANW from Novolazarevskaya Station (WAP RUS-Ø9), Antarctica, until March 2019 together with RI1ANL (operated by RW6ACM).

Alex  says that Sergey, R3IW (ex.call-sign RW3IW) was not very active, so there is no information of his new callsign on QRZ.com. Sergey’s callsign RI1ANW for Novolazarevskaya was just issued  on last  July 23.

Please note that at the beginning of 2018, Sergey R3IW made 30-40 QSOs signing RI1ANF operating from Novolazarevskaya Station, Antarctica (not from Bellingshausen Base WAP RUS-Ø1), so make sure to eventually allocate RI1ANF (2018) to Novolazarevskaya not to Bellingshausen.

 

QSLs for  both callsigns RI1ANL and RI1ANW and few of those QSOs as RI1ANF (2018) must be requested only to RN1ON, ClubLog OQRS.

Direct requests via RN1ON:
Alexei V. Kuz’menko, P.O. Box 599, 163000, Arkhangelsk, Russia

TNX Alex RN1ON

Whaling stations of Stromness Bay (WAP GBR-NEW) and Husvik (WAP GBR-27)

Three, are the  abandoned whaling stations in Stromness Bay, South Georgia. The stations are closed to visitors because of their dangerous state, including contamination by asbestos. The sub-Antarctic Island of South Georgia had five main shore stations at the height of whaling in the early 1900s. The last of them closed in the mid 1960s. This clip is attached to the monthly website newsletter on www.sgisland.gs

Stromness Station (WAP GBR-NEW). No one has been active “On the air” so far, from there

Husvik Station (WAP GBR-27) 54°15′ South, 36° 45’West;  as far as we know, Hams been active from this site are:

VP8MS in the year  1976

VP8GEO in the year 2002

VP8DIF in the year 2008-2009

 

 

There was a recent operation VP8SGI in the year 2016 that sets tents a little away the formal Husvik Station; we called it Husvik Base Camp (57° 10′ South, 36°40′ West); to this site, a new WAP reference GBR-39 has been given

Lame Dog Hut at St. Kliment Ohridski Base  (WAP BGR-Ø1)

The Lame Dog Hut was erected in April 1988, at 62° 38′ 29″ South, 60° 21′ 53″ West and had been the main building of St. Kliment Ohridski Base until 1998.  It is presently the oldest preserved building on Livingston Island, used as radio shack and post office, and hosting a museum exhibition of associated artefacts from the early Bulgarian science and logistic operations in Antarctica.

The Bulgarian Antarctic Base “St. Kliment Ohridski” (BAB)  in the eastern part of  Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands,  is located on the Bulgarian beach, Emona Harbour, East – Northeast of Hesperides Point (Latitude:  62°37’59” South, Longitude: 60°20’59” West) at the Eastern Coast of the South Bay, Livingston Island, South Shetlands.
A Post Office operates at St. Kliment Ohridski Base  since 1995.

The site elevation being between 12 to 15 m above sea level. The site is particularly appropriate for an Antarctic settlement and the existence of the BAB  has a minimum negative impact on local wildlife, for Bulgarian beach has fairly modest population of penguins and seals. At the same time, the base location offers most convenient access to Mount Friesland, Burdick Ridge, Mount Bowles, southern Hurd Peninsula and Varna Peninsula areas .

 

There is now a proposal for a new Historic Site or Monument (not previously designated as an HSM by the ATCM) for Lame Dog Hut.

Being part of the Bulgarian St. Kliment Ohridski Base (as shown on the pic above), Lame Dog Hut is included in the WAP BGR-Ø1 and a new WAP refence to it  will not be given.

 

 

Elephant Island- Emilio Goeldi Refuge WAP BRA-Ø5

Refuge Emílio Goeldi  (WAP BRA-Ø5) is a Brazilian Antarctic summer facility on Elephant Island . It was named after the Swiss-Brazilian naturalist and zoologist Emil Goeldi. The structure, built in 1988, can accommodate up to 6 scientists for up to 40 days  and depends both logistically and administratively on Comandante Ferraz Station station  (WAP BRA-Ø2).

Elephant Island is an ice-covered, mountainous island off the coast of Antarctica in the outer reaches of the South Shetland. Its name was given by early explorers sighting elephant seals on its shores. It lies 779 miles west-southwest of South Georgia, 581 miles south of the Falkland Islands, and 550 miles southeast of Cape Horn. It is within the Antarctic claims of Argentina, Chile and the UK.

Elephant Island contains the Endurance Memorial Site, an Antarctic Historic Site (HSM 53), with a bronze bust of Capt Luis Pardo (see pic aside), who rescued the 22 remaining survivors from Earnest Shackleton’s and several plaques.

Hampson Cove on the south-west coast of the island, including the foreshore and intertidal area, contains the wreckage of a large wooden sailing vessel; it has been designated a Hitorical Site or Monument (HSM 74), following a proposal by the United Kingdom to theAntarctic Treaty Consultattive Meeting.

 

 

As far as we know, Emilio Goeldi Refuge (WAP BRA-Ø5) was only activated once, in 2004 by ZXØECF and ZXØGTI as documented  by the pic on the side.

WAP reference BRA-Ø5  was given to the Refuge,  after receiving the documentation from the kind operators:  Roberto Stuckert (PT2GTI/ZXØGTI) and Jorge Luiz Lunkes (PT2HF/ZXØECF)

Martel Inlet Lighthouse, WAP BRA-LH ØØ1

Located at 62° 5’ South, 58° 22’ West, Martel is an inlet forming the northeast head of Admiralty Bay on King George island, in the South Shetlands Islands, off Antarctica. It was charted in December 1909 by the Fourth French Antarctic Expedition under Jean Baptiste Charcot and named “Fiord Martel” after J.L. Martel, a French politician.

 

The square pyramidal skeletal metal tower with balcony and light of Martel Inlet Light House  (WAP BRA-LH ØØ1),  was constructed on a concrete basement in the year 2007 and   lies exactly at 62° Ø5’ Ø2” South, 58° 23’ 31” West.  Its markings / pattern is  red and white tower, red lantern  with a Focal height of 14 metres (46 ft),  with a Range of 10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi). Light is sourced by solar power . It is administered by the Brazilian Comandante Ferraz Research Base (WAP BRA-Ø2)

 

Martel Inlet Light House  has the Admiralty  number G 1387.5,  NGA number 2729, WAP Reference for  LH in Antarctica & Peri-Antarctic areas  WAP BRA-LH ØØ1.

It was first activated in 1985 by ZXØECF.
Lighthouses
in Antarctica and Peri-Antarctic areas are recently been included in the new  “WAP LH Award” among WAP-WACA & WAP-WADA, the two main Antarctic Awards.

Grytviken station, (WAP GBR-29) South Georgia Island

Even in the most distant corners of the world, the ruins of man’s industry are abundant. One of the most haunting locations is the abandoned settlement of Grytviken, a forgotten whaling station founded in 1904 by Norwegian sea captain Carl Anton Larsen. Serviced by 300 men during its heyday, the productive station took 195 whales during its first season alone, spearheading a highly profitable trade that saw every part of the animal, from blubber to meat to bones, put to use.

This is raw drone footage of the shore whaling, including the British Antarctic Survey Base (WAP GBR-29), graveyard and Hydro Dam.

Footage was recorded with a DJI Mavic Air in April 2018, recorded by Geometria Ltd. for the Government of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. All flights were operated under permit from GSGSSI.

Thanks and credit to: Daniel McCurdy

Today, Grytviken is a haunting ghost town on the shores of King Edward Cove, a collection of decaying buildings, vintage oil tanks, silent processing plants and abandoned whaling ships. Far beyond the reaches of vandals, it remains frozen in time. The South Georgia Museum, accessible to cruise ship tourists, is located within the former house of the whaling facility manager and his family.
See more at: https://www.urbanghostsmedia.com/2013/10/abandoned-whaling-station-grytviken-south-georgia-photos/ 

On the Ham radio wise, Grytviken Station (WAP GBR-29) was last activated  on 2007 by VP8DJV & VP8DKG, while the 1st station reported active  from Grytviken Station was VP8BK on 1956.

Adelaide & Rothera Stations (WAP GBR-13 & WAP GBR-12)

It was not until the British Graham Land Expedition of 1934–37 that Adelaide was confirmed to be an island separate from the Antarctic Peninsula. The Research Base at Adelaide Island   referred to as Adelaide Base “T”  (WAP- GBR-13) from July 1962,  was established on 3 February 1961 on the South-West tip of the island. This was in preference to Rothera Point as it had a better skyway for aircraft and less sea ice to hinder access by ship. It was closed when the skyway deteriorated and operations were transferred to Rothera Station.

 

Taken middle to late April 1976, showing the change from the summer weather to the winter,rain to snow and winds. Note the steps up to the front door of the base in the rain and then the snow steps up out of the base after the snow and blizzard.This was the last winter at Adelaide base before moving round to.

Rothera Station (Station “R”), 67° 34′ South, 68° 08′ West,   (WAP GBR-12) known as Rothera Point until 15 August 1977, was established in 1975 to replace Adelaide, where the glacier ski-way had deteriorated rendering the operation of ski-equipped aircraft hazardous.

A party  did camp at Rothera Point in the 1975/76 austral summer to open up the air facility.

There was a phased construction programme so that by 1980 the station provided accommodation, electrical power generation, vehicle workshops, scientific offices and a store for travel equipment.

Enjoy a drone tour of Rothera Station WAP GBR-12  at the video shown below

Refuge General Jorge Boonen Rivera (former General Ramon Cañas Montalva) WAP CHL-NEW

View Point was the location of the British research Station “V”. It was active intermittently with the intention of searching in the survey, meteorology and geology. Located on Duse Bay, Trinity Peninsula, at 63° 32′ 15″ South 57° 24′ 15″ West,  the site was selected on 8 Feb 1953, foundations of first hut laid 3 June 1953. A second hut was erected on 20 Mar 1956 and called Seal-catcher’s Arms or View Point Hut ,
Station “V” was erected as a satellite base for  Hope Bay Station  “D”  WAP GBR-Ø4 (ceded to Uruguay in 1997 which renamed it  Base Lieutenant Ruperto Elichiribehety  WAP URY-NEW).

On July 29, 1996 the Station “V”  was transferred to Chile who renamed it General Ramon Cañas Montalva. Today Refuge General Jorge Boonen Rivera (former General Ramón Cañas Montalva) is a small Chilean Antarctic refuge, administered by the Army of Chile.

The refuge consists of a cabin enabled as a room and a second machine house, bathroom and storage. It is located about 50 km away from the Chilean base General Bernardo O’Higgins (WAP CHL-Ø2), on which it depends.

 

Currently the installation is regularly maintained by Chile, for use as an emergency shelter, allowing 8 people to survive in it for 20 days in the event of an accident. For this purpose, the station has an electric generator, as well as fuel, food, water and gas.

For full listing of all station histories, see: History of British stations and refuges.

https://www.bas.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/British-Antarctic-Stations-Refuges-v6.2-2016.pdf

US Yesterday Field Camp, WAP USA-44

WAP and the Ham’s Antarctic Community are grateful to Dr. Ron E. Flick K6REF, for the New WAP Reference, USA-44 issued after his activity from the US  Yesterday Camp.

Here is a brief story told by Ron, K6REF, when he did come back home after his season in Antarctica.

Returned from Antarctica on schedule tired and sore (with wrist problems that should resolve) after many hours of flying! We deployed over 30 seismometers over the Ross Ice Shelf to measure ocean swell-induced vibrations, and to determine the structural properties of this largest ice shelf in the world. Ham radio was part of the public outreach for this National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored project.

I was able to operate from the McMurdo Ham shack (KC4USV,  WAP USA-21) with about 450 contacts between 5 and 13 Nov 2014. We spent that time there training and getting equipment ready, and waiting for weather suitable to fly to the field camp.

 

On 15 Nov 2014 we departed McMurdo in an LC130 from Willy Field and arrived at Yesterday Camp (78° 57.35 South by 179° 53.19 West) located near the Dateline in the middle of the Ross Ice Shelf (RIS), which is the size of France.

We camped at Yesterday Camp in amazingly cozy mountain tents for 19 days. We had several larger heated work and eating tents as well, and after a few days the cold didn’t seem so bad! The temperature was about -25°C (-13°F) when we arrived, gradually warming to a balmy -10°C (+14°F) by the time we left. We drank some beer outside once during a cold snap, and by the time I got half my can empty the rest was turning into frozen slush!

I operated from Yesterday Camp as KC4/K6REF between 18 Nov and 3 Dec 2014, making about 150 contacts in 27 countries and 23 US states. I used my Yaesu FT847 barefoot with a simple wire dipole mounted on flag poles about 8 feet off the ice. Conditions were often frustrating with one-way in propagation. I spent almost an hour trying to reach TY2CD in Benin (where there are only two licensed amateurs), all the while hearing Wynand at 58, but with him utterly unable to hear me. There were a few pileups, especially from European stations eager to log a once-only Antarctica contact. Picture above show the science tent QTH shack with diplole antenna on flag poles.

Thanks for all the QSOs, and apologies if you could not get through! I’m especially grateful to Bill K7MT and Bob K4MZU for their relay help and general support, and to Bob KK4KT and Roy KR6RG for their perserverance  and the timeless (old fashioned) phone patch to my wife Myra (boy, was she surprised!). Also thanks to Joe AB6RM for posting a publicity piece in QST and to many other hams who spotted KC4/K6REF on the DX sites!

TNX K6REF

QSLs  for KC4/KC6REF (Yesterday Camp WAP USA-44) have to be requested  to:

REINHARD E FLICK, K6REF,  10764 LOIRE AVE, SAN DIEGO, CA 92131. USA

For more information on the science see: https://scripps.ucsd.edu/centers/iceshelfvibes/taking-the-pulse  and the pages linked from there .

 

Albatros Refuge (WAP ARG-27)

Antarctic shelters are facilities open to all countries, to be used in cases of emergency or to support activities in the field. They are equipped with food, fuel (there are with generators and communication equipment), accommodation facilities and other logistics. On  King George Island (aka Isla 25 de Mayo), just to the South of Argentine Base Carlini ,WAP ARG-20 (ex Jubany Base) on Potter Peninsula  there is a Special Protected Area  (ASPA 132) which extends from Potter cove to Stranger point.

Outside the zone, there is a small shelter, called Albatros, on the cliff which looks towards the coastline, about 50 meters high from the beach and less than 1 Kilometer from the Elephant shelter, in the E-SE direction.

Ham radio activity from Albatros Refuge (pic above, WAP ARG-27) have been performed recently for a very short time on March 2016 by LU4AA/Z operated by Juan Manuel Pereda LU4CJM  (see pic aside).

The Albatros Refuge (WAP ARG-27) depends on Carlini Base (WAP ARG-2Ø ) and is located on the Potter Peninsula at  62 ° 15’09 South,  58 ° 39’23 West,  3 km from the Base, about 100 m above sea level.

The refuge houses a repeater of analogue / digital VHF of the latest technology powered by solar energy that provides telecommunications support from radio frequency to all the scientific and logistical personnel in the

 

field, allowing the geo-location of them in real time and a coverage of more than 35 kilometers.

 

Another Refuge nearby is Elephant Hut (pic to the left);  it is located about 1000 mts from Punta Stranger, in the northwest direction. It is usually used by research groups as a resting point. The shelter occupies an area of about 25 square meters and has capacity for two people. Elephant refuge still remains a brand “New One”!

TNX LU4CJM/LU1ZI

Svea (WAP SVE-Ø2) & Wasa (WAP SVE-Ø4) Antarctic Swedish Stations

Svea is located in the Scharffenbergbotnen valley in the Heimefrontfjella mountain range, about 400 km from the coast. It was built during the 1987/88 Antarctic expedition and was the first Swedish research station in Antarctica since the Snow Hill station in 1901 and Maudheim in 1949.

Svea (WAP SVE-Ø2) pic to the left is a satellite station to Wasa  (WAP SVE-Ø4) pic to the right and is an excellent Base for small, transient research teams performing fieldwork in the area. The station, comprising two joined fibreglass modules, is about 12 m2 and has four beds and one pantry.

The Station is currently the home base for two permanent monitoring projects: continual geodetic measurement using GPS technology, run by the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, and a seismograph that records movements in the earth’s crust, run by the German Alfred Wegener Institute.

Nanda Devi Hut, Antarctica (WAP IND-NEW)

Nanda Devi Hut is a summer shelter in the area of the Indian Maitri Base (WAP IND-Ø3).

Hut name comes from are Nanda Devi in Himalaya mountain, the second highest mountain in India, and the highest located entirely within the Country.

An old photo (1989/90) shows the Hut that was in use before the build of Maitri Station (WAP IND-Ø3).
It was erected by the construction Team, which came from Daskshin Gangotri Station (WAP IND-Ø1) by helicopter & staying in that hut for rest.

TNX Bhagwati VU3BPZ (aka AT1Ø0BP, 8T2BH)

Korean Barton Refuge (WAP KOR-NEW)

Barton Refuge is a Hut of 3 by 3 mts with gas stove, food, water, dry clothing and dry boots. Located little East of Narebsky point at 62° 14’ 18” South, 58° 45’ 20” West, this Korean outfits is used as emergency shelter  and for scientific purpose. Korea’s King Sejong Station  (WAP KOR-Ø1) lies 2 km to the North-East.

 

Narębski Point is a headland  on the South-East coast of the Barton Peninsula, at the South-Western end of King George Island, in the South Shetlands of Antarctica  with an average elevation of 0 feet above sea level.

The Area is delimited as latitude 62° 13’ 40” South – 62° 14’ 23” South and longitude 58° 45’ 25” – 58° 47’ 00” West, and easily distinguished by mountain peaks on the north and the East boundaries and coastline on the Southwest boundary.

 

Barton Refuge is the unique facility in the area of ASPA N° 171; over there, camping is prohibited except in an emergency, but if necessary, the use of the Refuge facility located on the shore near the Eastern boundary of the Area is strongly encouraged.

Blaiklock Island Hut (WAP GBR-NEW)

The Hut (67° 32′ South,  67° 12′ West) was built in 1957 and used as a satellite and advance base for survey and geological parties for personnel based at Horseshoe Island Station “Y” (WAP GBR-14). It was also used by parties from Detaille Island  Station “W” (WAP GBR-26) and Stonington Island Station “E” (WAP GBR-Ø5). The sea ice around the island had proved unreliable during the previous two seasons, limiting the amount of sled travel and survey work that could be carried out from base.

Located on the  North side of Blaiklock Island, the Hut has been occupied intermittently  in  1957 and 1958. Currently Blaiklock Island Hut is designated as Historic Site No. 63 under the Antarctic Treaty, 19 May 1995 (included with Horseshoe Island Station). The site has been cleaned up and minor repairs completed in Mar 1997.

Horseshoe Island Station, has been activated by Mehdi F5PFP  signing VP8DLM on last March 2011.

 

 

Picture aside shows Horseshoe Island Station “Y” as it was in 1956

Macquarie Station WAP AUS-Ø8

Norbet  Trupp VK5MQ,  is currently operating from Macquarie Island as VKØAI.  He uses an Icom IC-7300 with vertical and has been already reported active on 20, 30, 40 & 80 mts bands in FT8 Mode.

QRZ.com says that Norbert who will stay at Macquarie Island Antarctic Research Base until March 2019, has Internet access, and is an avid user of both FT8 & eQSL.cc.

QSL via VK5MQ

In 1911, Australia’s Sir Douglas Mawson established the island’s first scientific station to conducti geomagnetic observations and mapping the island. Studies were made of the island’s botany, zoology, meteorology and geology.

The Macquarie Island expedition also established the first radio link between Australia and Antarctica by setting up a radio relay station on Wireless Hill that could communicate with both Mawson’s main expedition group at Commonwealth Bay and Australia.

In addition, on Macquarie Island (WAP AUS-Ø8), are still present the Wireless Hill Hut, the Operating Hut  & Engine Hut and few other Huts, all of the are WAP AUS-NEW.

The Wireless Relay Station  Wireless Hill, 54° 29’ 41”South, 158° 56’ 29” East. 

The last remaining pieces of the Macquarie Island masts were recovered nearly 100 years later in April 2011, by the Mawson’s Huts Foundation in partnership with the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service, which has responsibility for the island on behalf of the Tasmanian Government. The fragments were returned to Hobart for conservation by the Foundation at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, where they will be displayed.

The locations are listed on Section 2 of WAP-WADA Directory among the other Macquarie Huts which are still un-numbered (WAP AUS-NEW) … just wondering if in the future some of the Hams at tha Base can try to activate them!

Read more at: http://maritimeradio.org/other-stations/macquarie-island/ 

Groussac Naval Refuge, Antarctica (WAP ARG-18)

Opened on February 6, 1955, Grussac Naval refuge  (65° 10’ 33” South, 64° 08’ 10” West), on Petermann Island,  was originally named to Hipólito Bouchard. , It takes its current name in homage to Paul Groussac (1848-1929), a  French writer and historian based in Argentina and author of an allegation about the Argentine sovereignty of the Falkland Islands.  Close to this  Argentine naval refuge ( an old corrugated iron shack in rusted colors), lays a simple cross monument, an unreadable metal plaque  with  just one word “John” recalls the dead of a man of the British Antarctic Survey, who tried to get here over the sea ice in 1982..

Within the framework of the 2017-2018 Antarctic Summer Campaign, a crew of 8 members of the Argentine Navy came to Groussac Naval Refuge with the mission of restoring it. The refuge, which did not receive maintenance work since 2007, is again fully operational, ready to be habitable and provide support to science and to the navigators who pass through there. In addition, during the repairs, the crew found the foundation’s charter of the refuge, a document of significant historical value.

Turkey to establish its own Base in Antarctica

 

Ankara, April 12: Turkey will establish its scientific Base in Antarctica in 2019, Turkish Industry and Technology Minister Faruk Ozlu said on Wednesday.

“We will go there to establish our scientific base next year. The foundations of Turk Scientific Base will be laid,” Xinhua cited state-run Anadolu Agency quoting Ozlu as saying.

“First, we will build our base, then we will apply for the status of  “advisory state”. Advisory states are those that have a say in Antarctica’s today and tomorrow,” he said.

Turkey currently owns the status of “Observatory State” in Antarctica. A Turkish expedition team consists of 28 scientists went to Antarctica for the second time for polar research in February, and will return this month. The Team is also aiming at assessing the feasibility of establishing a scientific base in Antarctica. Turkey conducted its first expedition to the continent in 2017.

Source: http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/turkey-plans-to-set-up-scientific-base-in-antarctica-in-2019-118041200118_1.html

Dakshin Gangotri Station (WAP IND-Ø1)

Indian Antarctic Program did start in 1981 with the first Indian expedition to Antarctica, a huge geo-political achievement. Dr. S Z Qasim, Secretary of Department of Environment and former Director of NIO was selected as the leader of the 21 member Team.

The expedition left Goa on December 6, 1981, on board M/V Polar Circle, a chartered ship from Norway. They landed in Antarctica on January 9th , 1982 and returned to Goa on February 21st , 1982, thus marking the end of their 77-day expedition

Dakshin Gangotri was the first Indian scientific research station established in Antarctica, as part of the Indian Antarctic Program. Located at a distance of 2,500 kilometres from the South Pole, it was established during the third Indian expedition to Antarctica in 1983/84. This was the first time an Indian team spent a winter in Antarctica to carry out scientific work Dakshin Gangotri was built in eight weeks by an 81 member Team. With help from the Indian army they did  complete the construction in January 1984.

January 26th , 1984, India’s Republic Day was celebrated at the station along with Soviet and East German scientists

Dakshin Gangotri was decommissioned in 1990 after it got half buried in ice. It is now marked as a historical site.

Shortly before the first station Dakshin Gangotri Station did bury in ice and abandoned in 1990/91,  an India’s second permanent research station in Antarctica (Maitri Station WAP IND-Ø3) was built and finished in 1989.

Maitri Base is situated on the rocky mountainous region called Schirmacher Oasis. India also built a freshwater lake around Maitri known as Lake Priyadarshini.  The research station is only 5 km away from the Russian Novolazarevskaya Station and is equipped to carry out research in various disciplines, such as biology, earth sciences, glaciology, atmospheric sciences, meteorology, cold region engineering, communication, human physiology, and medicine.

Happy 50th Birthday Palmer Station! WAP USA-23

Officially opened on 20 March 1968; the US Palmer Research Station (WAP USA-23) on Anvers Island focuses primarily on Antarctic marine biology and zoology.

Located on Anvers Island near the Antarctic Peninsula, Palmer Station (64° 46’S, 64° 03’W) is named for Nathaniel B. Palmer, who in 1820 on a sealing expedition in his 47-foot (14-meter) ship the Hero became the first American to record sighting Antarctica. The original station was built in 1965. In 1967, the U.S. Navy began construction of the current larger and more permanent station approximately a mile east of the original site. The first building at the new station, the biology laboratory, opened its doors to science in 1970. Today, two main buildings and several smaller structures make up Palmer Station and provide housing and research facilities for scientists and support personnel. Of the three U.S. Antarctic stations, Palmer is the only one that is accessed routinely during the winter.

Palmer Station Webcam is mounted on a tower overlooking the smallest of the United States Antarctic stations, as well as Arthur Harbour and the Bismarck Strait beyond. Palmer station webcam at: https://www.usap.gov/videoclipsandmaps/palwebcam.cfm

Thanks and credit  to National Science Foundation (NSF)

And now … a quick tour of Palmer Station WAP USA-23

French Port Martin Station, WAP FRA-Ø7, Antarctica

The coastal region of Terre Adelie was discovered and named by the French Dumont D’Urville expedition which landed on Debarquement Rock in the Dumoulin Islands at the northeast end of the Point Geologie Archipelago, on January 21, 1840. Terre Adelie was the subject of a territorial claim by France in 1924. This was further defined by a parliamentary decree in 1938 “to cover all islands and lands lying south of latitude 60°S between longitudes 136° and 142° east.”

French Antarctic research station, Port Martin, 66° 49’ 06” South, 141° 24’ 02” East was established at Cape Margerie on the coast of Adelie Land, Antarctica, by the 3rd French expedition on January 20th  1950 and was occupied for two winters, during which time the coastal islands were explored and ground control astrofixes observed with astro-labes and theodolites. Inland traverses were made using Weasel vehicles and dog teams. During unloading for a third winter, the base was destroyed by fire on the night of January 23, 1952. Fortunately no one died or was injured. The Port Martin station (WAP FRA-Ø7) was abandoned and actually, in addition to being the site of an abandoned French research base with scattered artifacts, is the name of the adjacent anchorage. Port Martin is Antarctic Special protected Area (ASPA) No.166 and HSM 46.

Thanks and credit: Archive TAAF ( http://archives.taaf.fr/spip.php?article6871)

 

 

 

It’s worth to know that that, later in 1952, a small wooden hut was built on Ile des Petrels and occupied by seven men under Marret’s command; they overwintered in 1952/53 and enlarged the hut to serve as the new base site. That wooden building, known as ‘Base Marret’ (pictures aside) has been designated as HSM 47 (Historic site or Monument).

The movie in French language shows  Port Martin Antarctic Station  before the base was destroyed by fire in 1952 ,  is now entirely available online. It is an excellent testimony of the daily life conditions in Antarctica in 1950s in which clearly appear FB8AX (René Gros from 7mns10s to 8mns 00s then Mario Marret from  9mns53 to 57s).

TNX Mehdi F5PFP

Petrel island is now the site of the new main French Station, named after Dumont D’Urville (WAP FRA-Ø1), subsequently built 62 km (39 mi) west of Port Martin and opened on January 12, 1956 to serve as the center for French scientific research during the Antarctic International Geophysical Year 1957-1958. The station has remained in active use ever since.

Inside Scott Base WAP NZL-Ø1

Have you ever wondered what it’s like inside Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) in Antarctica?

Take a quick trip around our base and visit the Hillary Field Centre (named after Sir Edmund Hillary), Hatherton Lab (named after scientist Trevor Hatherton), TAE (Trans Antarctic Expedition)  Hut, a part of the original Scott Base and more!!

Nestled alongside Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1) in Antarctica, is Hillary’s Hut,  a small building that’s played a big role in New Zealand’s history. Hillary’s Hut was the first building constructed at Scott Base. It was built by a team led by Sir Edmund Hillary in 1957 and it was from here that Sir Ed later led the historic expedition to the South Pole.

 

Thanks and Cedit to: http://www.nzaht.org/explorer-bases/hillarys-hut-scott-base#

Read lots more at: https://polar-news.com/antarctic/history/254-saving-hillary-s-historic-antarctic-hut-at-scott-base

Francisco de Gurruchaga Naval refuge (WAP ARG-28)

Francisco de Gurruchaga Antarctic Naval Refuge (62°14’03.0″ South, 59°10’02.0″ West), also known as Armonia Refuge or Harmony Haven has been recently referenced with WAP ARG-28 following the activity of Juan Manuel Pereda who did operate from there as LU4CJM/Z from Jan. 8th through 22nd 2017.

The Refuge  is placed in Harmony Point, Nelson Island, South Shetland Island. The administration depends of the Argentine Naval Army. The shelter was built on December 15 of 1954.
This Area was originally designated as Site of Special Scientific Interest No. 14 under Antarctic ATCM Recommendation XIII-8 (1985), after a proposal by Argentina, because this is an excellent example of maritime Antarctic communities of birds and land ecosystems present in the South Shetland Islands, making it possible to carry out long-term research programs without damage or harmful interference.

TNX Juan Manuel Pereda LU4CJM

More about Novolazarevskaya Station WAP-RUS-Ø9

Question did arise when crossing the web (https://www.comnap.aq/Members/Shared%20Documents/COMNAP_Antarctic_Station_Catalogue.pdf) and finding out this paragraph:

In 1962, in 100 km southwest of the main buildings one more panel house was constructed for accommodation of geophysical equipment and the fourth magnetic pavilion near it. Already by the time of the 20th expedition, around 15 service and living constructions were located in the station territory.

Oleg Sakharov UA1PBA/ZS1ANF/RI1ANF was helpful to understand a bit more, so thanks to him,  now the story is more clear.

First station named “Lazarev” was constructed on the ice shelf, no so far from the barrier, yes, around 100 km from the actual Novolazarevskaya, which means “New Lazarev”.

Lazarev moved to the open ocean together with ice shelf and it does not exist right now. This is to say the original buildings of the Lazarev  Station were located   100 km away to the actual location and the name  Novolazarevskaya was given after the construction of the actual Base in the new actual site and  Lazarev was  the name of the old 1962 Base.

UA1KAE/2 being reported from Lazarev Station in 1962 was probably the solo one to operate from there from that site.

Report from the  6th Soviet Antarctic Expedition   says that, from the place where the Old Base was unloaded,  the road to a new station with a length of 100 km was found. During the construction of the first three main buildings (DES, office and residential building), the construction of magnetic pavilions was underway (in order to have time to conduct magnetic observations in parallel with the old station prior to its closure.

TNX Oleg Sakharov,  UA1PBA/ZS1ANF/RI1ANF

Question: Does anyone of our readers have a scan copy of UA1KAE/2 QSL card of October 1962‘s activity with evidence of Lazarev Base, or any old pics of Lazarev Station?
If so, please send one to WAP trough I1HYW (varettos-at-tin.it),  TNX

Scott Base WAP NZL-Ø1

From the history:
20 January 1957 Scott Base  (WAP NZL-Ø1) a New Zealand’s permanent Antarctic research Station did open in Antarctica

As the base was named after British explorer Robert Falcon Scott, the New Zealand flag was raised on a flagstaff that had been used by Scott at Hut Point in 1903. Originally established to support the privately run Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1955-58, it was to accommodate both the New Zealand party and a party of New Zealand scientists attached to the expedition who also contributed to the International Geophysical Year. These parties were the first to spend winter over at Scott Base. At the Completion of the expedition, Scott Base became the property of the New Zealand Government in agreement with the Ross Sea Committee. Source: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/page/scott-base-opened-antarctica

Scott Base, New Zealand’s only Antarctic research station, perches on a low volcanic headland called Pram Point at the Southern End of Ross Island, 3500 kms south of Dunedin and 1350 kms from the South Pole.

Located at Pram Point, Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island in McMurdo Sound (77 51′ South, 166 46′ East), 10 m above sea level, between October through February Scott Base is a bustling hub of science researchers. Scott Base can accommodate 85 people at any one time, during the summer season more than 300 guests stay on Base.

Cape Circoncision (WAP NOR-NEW) on Bouvet island

Cape Circoncision (Norwegian: Kapp Circoncision) (54° 23′ 48″ South,  3° 17′ 30″ East) is a peninsula on the north-western edge of subantarctic Bouvet Island.

Bouvetøya was discovered by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, who believed what he discovered was Terra Australis Incognita (“the unknown country in the South”).

The small peninsula was sighted on 1 January 1739. That day was  the Feast of the Circumcision and  Charles Bouvet de Lozier gave the site  the name Cap de la Circoncision. The cape provided the location for the base-camp of the 1928-29 Norwegian expedition. (See the hut on the pic below)

In the centuries after the first discovery, the island was only sporadically observed. Nobody made formal demands on the island before the first Norwegian expedition, under Captain Harald Horntvedt‘s leadership, who made a landing on the island on December 1, 1927, and annexed it to Norway. Cap Circoncision provided the location for the Base-camp of the 1928-29 Norwegian expedition.

By Royal Decree of January 23, 1928, Bouvetøya was drawn under Norwegian sovereignty, and in 1930 the island was given the status of biland. Like the Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island in Antarctica Bouvetøya was annexed for whaling purposes.

Cape Circoncision is snow-free during summertime, and on the Ham radio wise the location gives coverage to most continents. Due to penguin colonies, access cannot be granted.

If in the future an operation will be set from there, a New WAP Reference will be given to it.

Spanish Gabriel de Castilla Refuge (WAP ESP-Ø2)

Gabriel de Castilla is actually a Spanish Research  Station located on Deception island in the South Shetlands Group, but it was first a military shelter (called Gabriel de Castilla Refuge), when it was constructed during the 1989/90 campaign. (see thetwo  pics  here below on the right)

The  Spanish Army took a very active part gathering data for the topographical surveys in different parts of Antarctica and it has been having a key role from the first expeditions; six Spanish Army officials  took  part  in the  first campaign (1987-88).

A great momentum was the opening of a refuge, called “Gabriel de Castilla”, named after a Spanish navigator and explorer credited with the discovery of Antarctica at the start of the 17th century.

Activities are run by the Operations Division of the Army’s, coordinated by the Spanish Polar Committee (CPE), the Polar Authority and the body responsible for coordinating, managing and executing Spanish activities in Antarctica and the polar zones in general.

Polar projects are usually funded by the National Plan for Research, Development and Innovation after a peer-review process of proposals.

Since 1959 Spanish researchers have been working in Antarctica, but it was from the opening of “Juan Carlos I Station”  (WAP ESP-Ø1) in 1988 that Spanish scientific activities greatly increased.

 

Today,(pic to the Left) Gabriel de Castilla on the southern side of Fumarole Bay, is a regularly open summer Base; it has been enlarged with more building and able to accommodate 12 people.

About 1000 mts to the west, is the Argentina’s Deception Station (WAP ARG-12), just occasionally open.

50th Anniversary of Bellingshausen Station WAP RUS-Ø1

Don’t forget to contact Alexandr A. Ushakov, UA1OJL, who is actually operating from Bellingshausen Station as RI5ØANO to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of its foundation.

An  “Anniversary Award” is available online for 2 QSOs with RI5ØANO from 1 January to 31 March 2018.

Repeats allowed on different bands or in different modes: CW, PHONE, and DIGI modes  (FT8,JT65,PSK,RTTY).  The award is free and available in electronic form upon the check of online log automatically.

Fill the form here: http://r1o.hamlog.ru/diploms/ri50ano/

QSL for RI1ANO and RI5ØANO (WAP RUS-Ø1) must be requested via bureau or direct to RI1ON:

Alexei V. Kuz’menko, P.O. Box 599, 163000, Arkhangelsk, Russia

Is St. John Bosco truly the patron of Antarctica?

Antarctica is undoubtedly a subject that is passionate, but it’s also a reality object of investments, of energies spent on studies and researches that for years are involving the whole world.

For those who did not know, in 1975 the first Italian adventure in Antarctica did start by a private expedition carried out by a Milanese entrepreneur: Renato Cepparo.

Italy did sign the Antarctic Treaty in 1981, a good 6 years after Cepparo’s expedition that built a scientific base in a place called Ezcurra Inlet in front of Admiralty Bay,  South Shetland Islands in Antarctica.

The literature is full of stories of Renato Cepparo (I1SR) who named his Base (picture aside) after the Italian explorer Giacomo Bove (WAP ITA-Ø2) and the fact that Italian government, fully disinterested in this tricolor flagging outpost,  in 1976 gave it to Argentina which dismantled it by plundering the equipments that Cepparo had left in the Base Bove laboratory. Currently in that place, only the foundation on which the building was based is still visible. Poland, who have his research site (Arctowski Station) nearby, did call Italia Valley the place where the first Italian Base in Antarctica was built.

Now, going out the gymnasium of the Salesian Institute of Lombriasco (Turin, Italy) I did find,  hanging on a wall, a postcard signed by the members of the Cepparo expedition, sent on December 25, 1975 from  Antarctica to the Salesian Institute of Agriculture of Lombriasco;  besides being a precious rarity, it’s a real scoop!

Don Marco Casanova, Director of the Salesian School complex says: – Since my arrival in Lombriasco, I have always seen it there and sincerely, I have never deepened the link between the Salesians, Antarctica and the expedition of Renato Cepparo-.

 

But there is a bit more: within the frame, a typescript was inserted in;  it says: – St. John Bosco in Antarctica – On the subject,  perhaps not everyone knows that Patron of the  Antarctica – where last year seemed even to break the third world war because of the Anglo-Argentine conflict in the Falklands Islands, gave rise to numerous collections that are now appearing in more and more philatelic exhibitions – is the Salesian St. John Bosco .

Therefore, the Italian Cepparo expedition in Antarctica took place in “December 1975-January 1976“, the Falklands war mentioned in the brief paragraph dates June 1982.

It is likely that the typescript has been inserted inside the frame after 1982 and the question that arises now is: Is the Salesian St. John Bosco truly the Protector of Antarctica? It would be great, even if researches have been carried out,  this news is  not confirmed yet.

Lions Rump Refuge (WAP POL-NEW)

Lions Rump Refuge (62° 06′ South, 58° 05′ West) is a strip of ice-free beaches, moraines and rocks, located on the King George Bay. It is separated from Arctowski Station (WAP POL-Ø1) by a glacier and the waters of the Bransfield Strait. The majority of this area is protected as ASPA 151 (Antarctic Special Protected Area), which in general can be called the equivalent of our nature reserve. The name of the refuge comes from the rock,Lions Rump  rlocated in the ASPA.

The Area takes its name from the distinctive rocky hill lying between the southern extremity of King George Bay and Lions Cove. Geologically, Lions Rump consists of Tertiary lavas and tuff containing thin brown
coal intercalations and petrified wood fragments. The front of White Eagle Glacier is marked by large, dome-shaped moraine ridges belonging to several Holocene stages of glacier advance and retreat.
The Area was originally designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest in Recommendation XVI-2 (1991, SSSI No. 34) after a proposal by Poland on the grounds that it contains diverse biota and geological features and is a representative example of the terrestrial, limnological, and littoral habitats of the maritime Antarctic.

Argentinean Base Matienzo (WAP ARG-Ø1), Antarctica

Pedro LU1JHF, informs WAP  that Juan C. Benavente (LU8DBS) is actually active from Base T.te Benjamin Matienzo  64° 58’ 34” South, 60° 04’ 05” West, as LU1ZAB. Check daily on 7,118 MHz. from  23:00 (UTC) and sometimes from 02: 00 (UTC), in SSB. Juan should be there till February 2018

Base Aérea Teniente Benjamín Matienzo, or more often Base Matienzo or Estación Matienzo (WAP ARG.Ø1) is an Argentine Antarctic Base and scientific Research Stationlocated in Nunatak Larsen, one of the Foca Nunataks, in Graham Land, Antarctic Peninsula.

It was named after Lieutenant Benjamin Matienzo, an Argentine aviation pioneer.

As of 2014 Matienzo is one of 13 Research Bases in Antarctica operated by Argentina. From 1961 to 1985 it served as a permanent base; since then it is open during the summer season only.

 

TNX Pedro LU1JHF

RABA, one of  the Top Antarctic Awards by Russian Robinson Club

Russian Antarctic Bases Award (RABA)  managed by Russian Robinson Club is given for QSO/SWL with radio stations situated on the territory of the ex USSR and Russian Antarctic Bases. Certificates are issued in three different classes  with  Plaque – Honour Roll and the last born “Plaque.of Excellence”.

The application must be based on the received QSL cards,  photocopies of which must be sent along with the application to the Award Manager  (e-mail scan of the QSL cards are accepted). The manager reserves the right to request any specific cards to satisfy any doubt whatsoever.

There are different Classes with different levels of difficulties for these RABA Award Program a real great one for DXers

There is a RABA Data base (http://www.rdxc.org/RRC/AWARDS/RABA/raba_dbe.htm) related to the past operation; this useful tool is set to help applicants to identify the combination of the call with the Russian Base,

Additional information can be requested  to RABA Manager: Eugene RZ3EC (rz3ec@yandex.ru)

Read more at: http://www.rdxc.org/RRC/AWARDS/raba_e.htm

TNX Eugene RZ3EC

 

Rules and Awards are shown on the pages of “Worldwide Antarctic Awards”  here at WAP website.

Check:http://www.waponline.it/worldwide-antarctic-awards/  and select Russia

Dallmann Laboratory (WAP MNB-Ø4) at Carlini Station

Despite its frigid solitude, at several sites in the Antarctic nations from around the world have joined forces in the name of research: the Argentinian Carlini Station ( ex- Estacion Cientifica T.te Jubany) WAP ARG-20 on King George Island, one of the South Shetland Islands, is a prime example:Different nations, all under one roof,

In 1994 the Alfred Wegener Institute and Instituto Antárctico Argentino founded the first research institute operated by more than one nation – the Dallmann Laboratory  (WAP MNB-Ø4), where researchers from Argentina, the Netherlands and Germany work together under the same roof from October to April (the Antarctic summer). Here, up to 14 researchers at a time pursue biological and geo-scientific field research in the ice-free regions and the shallow waters near the coast – which is only possible in a handful of locations in the Antarctic.

The Laboratory was named in honour of the polar explorer and Bremen native Eduard Dallmann, who headed the first German exploration of the Antarctic, or more precisely, of the Antarctic Peninsula, in 1873.

The video below (without sound) shows the work of scientists at the station:

The only station active so far from Dallman Laboratory (WAP MNB-Ø4) has been Oleg Sakharov R1ANF-UA1PBA  who did operate DP1ANF in the month of March, 2004. (QSL for DP1ANF via RK1PWA)

3G9A/MM operation from onboard M/V Betanzos

M/V Betanzos is actually moored at Punta Arenas; the ship will carry on the Team at King George island before heading Bouvet. The date of departure is Jan 13th. When on the ship, team members will operate as 3G9A/MM QSL via N2OO

Check the ship position at: http://www.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/details/ships/shipid:777230/mmsi:725000291/imo:7310923/vessel:BETANZOS#IrjZAqtjXemvHHQW.99

If you use other tracking sites (such as https://www.vesselfinder.com/vessels/BETANZOS-IMO-7310923-MMSI-725000291), the ship data to input for search are:
MMSI: 725000291

Call Sign: CBTZ

Flag: Chile [CL]

IMO: 7310923

The Bouvet Island DXpedition – 3YØZ

Here is a summarized part of “Press release nr.10”:
DAP,
the Chilean company that owns and operates the M/V Betanzos and the helicopters with  a cost of almost 1/2 million U.S. dollars.

The Team is on schedule for a January 13, 2018 departure to Bouvet Island, the World’s most isolated island and the number two most wanted DX entity.  All team members will meet in Punta Arenas, Chile no later than January 10, 2018 to attend a one and one-half day marine safety course, purchase last minute supplies and then fly across the Drake Passage to King George Island in the South Shetlands.  There, we will board the newly refurbished Chilean vessel M/V Betanzos, and begin our 9 to 11-day voyage to Bouvet.  The Captain reports he has previously been to Bouvet.

Complete information on band plans and frequencies, propagation predictions and QSL procedures are available on the DXpedition website:  www.bouvetdx.org.  You will find strategically placed “donate” buttons if you want to help with our substantial costs. I hope you share in the excitement of this great undertaking.  We anxious to get underway!

TNX Bob-K4UEE, Ralph-KØIR,Erling-LA6VM

M/V Betanzos will be a new entry in the WAP Awards

Argentinean Summer Antarctic Campaign 2017/2018

The Argentinean Antarctic Summer Campaign 2017/2018, formally started on last December 18, 2017, when the ship “Estrecho de San Carlos” and the naval transport “Canal de Beagle” sailed from the port of Buenos Aires.

After 10 years, the icebreaker ARA Admiral Irizar returns to Antarctica. It has been  add to this Campaign that will be extended until the beginning of April 2018 with a schedule in which ships, aircraft and helicopters, will coordinate the movements in accordance with the unstable Antarctic climate and the glaciological conditions that fix the “windows of opportunity” to access some of the thirteen Argentine bases on the white continent (six permanent and seven transitory). The mission is to carry out the replenishment of the bases, the withdrawal of waste and replace the staff personnel.

Read more at: http://www.marambio.aq/iniciocav1718.html

TNX Marambio Foundation

VI7ØHI (WAP-288) 70 years ago, the 1st ANARE Expedition to Heard Island

Lee Moyle VK3GK is operating VI7ØHI, a Special Callsign issued to Commemorate the first ANARE Expedition to Heard Island in December 1947.

VI7ØHI will be active on all HF bands 160m-10m, SSB, CW, RTTY and possibly digital modes until Feburary 28th 2018 and will join the 15th Antarctic Activity Week.  (Please note that this activity is from mainland Australia OC-001 and NOT from Heard Island).

A special commemorative QSL card will be available after completion of the activation through ; Charles Wilmott MØOXO who is  the official QSL manager. https://www.m0oxo.com/oqrs/logsearch.php OQRS will be available and also LOTW.

Charles Wilmott
60 Church Hill, Royston, Barnsley,  South Yorkshire, S71 4NG, England, United Kingdom

To VI7ØHI a brand New WAP Reference issued is WAP-288 and it can be used for WAP Awards

History:
The party from the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) arrived at Heard Island in December 1947. The 14 men spent 15 months at Atlas Cove, and constructed an entire small city, complete with a small power station, food store, mess, workshops, shower, toilet, electrical and plumbing stores, medical annex, biology lab, science lab, hen coop, dog run, and a large tractor. These men carried out meteorological, geophysical, upper atmosphere, and biological research, a program that continued for 7 years until the base was abandoned. Since 1969, ANARE has visited Heard Island every few years, mostly to check up on the ruins of the original encampment.

The first amateur radio contact was made in 1947 by Arthur Campbell-Drury who signed VK3ACD/Heard. During the following 3 years, a total of only 36 contacts was made (See QSL aside)

Read more at:

http://www.antarctica.gov.au/about-antarctica/history/exploration-and-expeditions/anare-is-created

http://www.antarctica.gov.au/magazine/2001-2005/issue-7-spring-2004/feature/heard-island-a-history-of-exploration

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-15/heard-island-sparked-australias-post-war-antarctic-research/9258906

http://anareclub.org/web/index.php

http://wia.org.au/

The XXXI Spanish Antarctic Campaign

230 people will participate to the XXXI Spanish Antarctic Campaign, carry out 16 research projects, two of them aboard the Hespérides Oceanographic Research Ship, which will also support five international projects of Germany , Belgium, Colombia and Portugal. In addition, in this campaign will also be released a warehouse module at the Gabriel de Castilla Antarctic Base, (WAP ESP-Ø2) managed by the Spanish Army.

The XXXI Antarctic Campaign did  start last November 24, when the Oceanographic Research Ship Hespérides departed from the port of Cartagena (Murcia). The opening of the bases will take place today, January 2, 2018 and the closing will be on March 19, 2018.

Spain in Antarctica:

The “daring” origins of the Spanish Antarctic Base (BAE) Juan Carlos I° began in 1986 as a tent in which for a few days the scientists Antoni Ballester, Josefina Castellví, Joan Rovira and Agustí Julià coexisted.

Two years later, in 1988 the same year that Spain became a consultative member of the Antarctic Treaty, the Spanish Antarctic Base (BAE) Juan Carlos I° was inaugurated. and recently rewnewed.

Today, the recently rewnewed Spanish Antarctic base Juan Carlos I°(WAP ESP_Ø1),  located on Livington island will house the XXXI Spanish Antarctic Campaign 2017-2018.

The new buildings, set in the shape of a clover or tripod, has 2,000 square meters of living space, 600 meters of laboratories, 1,500 square meters of storage, and capacity for 52 people per module.

The remodeling works of the new base, which did involve an important environmental and economic effort, have cost 16 million euros, 13 million financed by the Ministry of Economy and another 3 by the CSIC.

The new BAE is already operational and the members of this year’s Antarctic campaign may release the facilities approximately one month after their arrival, although the base will be formally inaugurated next year.

Read more at:  España estrenará nueva base remodelada en la Antártida  http://www.larazon.es/sociedad/medio-ambiente/espana-estrenara-nueva-base-remodelada-en-la-antartida-MH16773539?sky=Sky-Enero-2018#Ttt1saqjfZWaBVNs

Jinnah Antarctic Station WAP PAK-NEW

Pakistan is maintaining a summer research station (Jinnah Antarctic Station) and one weather observatory in the vicinity of Sør Rondane Mountains. Pakistan is also planning to build a full fledged permanent base at Antarctica which will enable the program to start operations in Antarctica throughout the year.

The Jinnah Antarctic Station(JAS) is located 70°24′00″South,.  25°45′00″East  in the vicinity of the Sør Rondane Mountains, Queen Maud Land, in Eastern Antarctica. Jinnah is a scientific research station operated by the Pakistan Antarctic Program; facilities were quickly established in the region. The station houses an unmanned automatic Weather Station, from which data are transmitted to Pakistan via Argos Satellite System In 2001, the Badr-B was connected to the Weather Station after it was launched by SUPARCO. In 2006, Pakistan established the National Institute of Oceanography’s Polar Research Cell (PRC).

Last Sept. 2017, WAP did try to contact National Institute of Oceanography’s Polar Research  (niopk.gov.pk@gmail.com) in order to get some more recent details and pictures from them. So far nothing has been received and the information are just those available on the web.

UA3HK/MM on board of I/B Akademik Fedorov

Oceanographic research ship Akademik Fedorov (or Fyodorov ) is one of the Russian icebreaker ships, a diesel-electric research vessel (RV) and the flagship of the Russian scientific polar research fleet. The ship was built for the USSR (Soviet Union) and started operations in October 1987.

This ship is named after the polar explorer Evgeny Fyodorov, who worked on the North Pole-1 station – the first Russian drifting ice research station.

Oleg Neruchev, UA3HK is onboard the R/V Akademik Fyodorov as UA3HK/MM sailing from Cape Town to the Antarctic Station Molodezhnaya (WAP RUS-Ø8).

Last  position of the icebreaker reported at 2017-Dec-21 18:00 UTC by http://www.sailwx.info/shiptrack/shipposition.phtml?call=UCKZ showed the ship position at S 66°24′ E 075°18′. Now the vessel should be anchored in the pack ice in front of Molodezhnaya Station, where Nikolai, RW6ACM will be active from till February 2018 as RI1ANA

No activity reported so far by UA3HK/MM who will be a “new one” for WAP-WACA.
To everyone, good hunting!

3YØZ – International Team to be active from Bouvet

The plan is to sail for Bouvet Island on January 13, 2018.  Depending on the winds and sea conditions, it will be a 10 to 12-day sail to Bouvet.  The earliest arrival date will be January 23. Time to get ashore is weather dependent. As soon as the wind, sea conditions and visibility allow, the Team will begin helicopter flights to the island. Their Amateur radio license, also originally issued in 2007 with the call sign of 3YØZ, has been renewed and will be used during  the  DXpedition.
See  https://www.bouvetdx.org/news-and-updates/

A permit will be issued to land on Slakhallet, the huge glacier that covers the island at  54° 25′ 15″ South, 03° 23′ 35″ East . Slakhallet is a slope (elevation of 327 meters) within Cape Lollo and Cape Meteor and also close to Posadovsky Glacier.

Bouvet lies at 54° 25’ South and Ø3° 22’ East. It’s the product of a volcanic eruption that last occurred in 4,000 B.C.  Bouvet is 97% ice covered, and with surrounding rocks and small islands, has an area of 19 square miles, with 18.4 miles of coastline.  Its location, ice, rock cliffs, high seas, harsh climate and surrounding pack ice and icebergs isolate it from human presence.  Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier first saw the island in 1739.  The island was not seen again until 1808.  There was a disputed landing by Benjamin Morrell. But, the first documented landing was by the Norvegia expedition in 1927, which named the island Bouvetoya, and claimed it for Norway.

Sometime between 1955 and 1958, a landslide occurred, creating a rock-strewn, ice-free area on the northwest coast.  The area was named Nyroysa (WAP NOR-Ø2), and subsequently became a Norwegian scientific and research site, which was decimated by an earthquake in 2006.  A new research facility was erected in 2014.

Bouvet became a Nature Reserve in 1971.  Several weather stations have been placed on the island, and a number of Norwegian expeditions have visited the island in the last 50 years.

When it will be official that 3YØZ did set a Camp at Slakhallet Glacier , a new WAP reference  will be given

Law-Racovita Base (WAP MNB-NEW)

Law-Racoviță Station is placed in a rocky area about 3 kilometers from the Ingrid Christensen coast in Princess Elizabeth Land, in the Larsemann Hills of East Antarctica, at the coordinates 69°23’18.61″ South, 76°22’46.2″ East

Law Base was established in the Larsemann Hills in the 1980’s. It is 3 km inland from the Antarctic coastline and only 2km from the nearby  Progress Russian Antarctic Station (WAP RUS-11).  It is a sumer only base supplied by helicopter from the permanent Davis AAT (WAP AUS-Ø3)

There are a number of nearby lakes which provide a scientific interest.

Tom Maggs told WAP that Law-Racovita is an Australian facility, shared under the terms of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Romania. The MOU agrees that for the term of the agreement, Law Base be named Law-Racovita. Australia retains ownership and prime responsibility for the buildings and infrastructure.

TNX  Tom Maggs, (General Manager, Policy Australian Antarctic Division) Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, 203 Channel Highway, Kingston Tasmania 7050

WAP is trying to ask the Russian of Progress Base if eventually they can QSY there for a little while and put this new one on the air! Let’s keep our finger crossed!

KA4RXP/MM  Status report for Antarctica Cruise February 2018

By:  John Landrigan [ka4rxp@gmail.com]

Plans continue to make certain that all is in readiness for my expeditionary cruise to Antarctica aboard the M/V Enderby in February 2018.

A cruise previously planned to Australia and New Zealand aboard the Holland American Line ‘”Noordam” occurred in late October. During that time I was able to visit with Rodney, the owner of Heritage Expeditions in Christchurch, New Zealand and Rowan Homes who owns Nautic Electronics.

I gave Rowan the MFJ 998RT auto-tuner and he installed it inside of a Fiberglass Reinforced General Purpose enclosure. This and the Pacific Aerials High Frequency SSB Vertical were then mounted on a top deck railing aboard the Enderby.

(Left) Antenna and MFJ Auto-Tuner on top deck of M/V Enderby.

    MFJ 998RT inside reinforced fiberglass       enclosure (Right)

Another project was to be assured the primary radio set up – the Yaesu FT 897 and SPE 1.3KW amplifier were communicating happily with each other and the MFJ 998RT auto-tuner. This necessitated a ‘road trip’ to Starkville, Mississippi, home of MFJ where Martin Jue, Richard Stubbs, Ben, Mike and others let me set up a temporary station using a vertical antenna and testing everything out. All worked well.

MFJ employees setting up temporary vertical so functional testing of the Yaesu 897, SPE 1.3KW amplifier and MFJ 998RT auto-tuner could be verified. (see pic to the Right)

Bolted onto an aluminum panel with padding underneath are the Yaesu FT-897 and SPE 1.3KW amplier. The amplifier can fly as in-cabin, carry on luggage due to its compact size and 22 pounds weight. The SCS Pactor Modem and West Mountain Radio RigBlaster Blue sit on top of  the white Velcro mounting patches.

My visit with Rodney was most enjoyable and informative. This voyage is one that I feel especially fortunate to be going on. I’ll provide more details via the radio email Winlink program during the trip.

If propagation is more favorable in February than it was in October, I should be able to make a large number of contacts especially during Antarctica Activity Week, February 17 to 25, 2018.

As a back up, I will be using an Icom 7100. A problem shared by both the FT 897 and the IC 7100 is a lack of sockets to plug stuff into. Common to both radios is the need to have an SCS PACTOR Modem as part of the complement, and, to have minimal to none cable switching going on.

(Below:) Equipments: Yaesu FT-897 and SPE 1.3KW amplifier

The FT 897 problem was resolved with a bhi CAT-MATE Electronic “Y” Splitter and a quick jumper move at J102 on the ACC 1/8 inch socket for ALC and PTT control to the SPE amplifier.

The Icom 7100 requires the use of the ACC conversion cable (OPC-599). ACC1 on the “Y” cable accepts a 9090 cable from Farallon Electronics to the SCS PACTOR Modem. The ACC2 socket will take the PNP-7D1 cable to the MFJ Ameritron ARB-704 amplifier-to-transceiver interface. The ARB-704 will output ALC and PTT to the SPE amplifier.

Of course another road trip to Starkville will be necessary to make sure all this works.

Next on the list is an after Christmas shopping trip to the Mall of America in Minneapolis, Minnesota for warm weather gear as per the suggestions of Heritage Expeditions and several other ham friends.

All I want for Christmas is an SFI above 100 for the month of February. I won’t be too dismayed if there is a good to spectacular auroral display sometime before we get to midnight sun conditions.

TNX and credit: John Landrigan KA4RXP

What else to say? John, congrats for the excellent job. You and your friends are doing really great.

All seems to be well planned, and your Antarctic adventure, I’m sure, will give you lots of satisfactions; we’ll follow you every day.

RI1ANL Novolazarevskaya Station (WAP RUS-Ø9)

Nikolay Zinin, RW6ACM will be active from Novolazarevskaya Station, Antarctica as RI1ANL, March 2018 – March 2019. He will operate on HF Bands CW, SSB, Digital Modes.
Novolazarevskaya Station is located at the extreme southeastern tip of the Schirmacher Oasis approximately in 80 km from the Lazarev Sea coast. An ice shelf with a slightly undulating surface resting against an ice cap extends north of the Station in the vicinity of Leningradsky Bay. From the south, there is a continental ice sheet slope. The station was opened on January 18, 1961. First constructions included service space, a living house, a mess-room and a power station, as well as glaciological, magnetic and actinometric pavilions and auxiliary space. There is a runway (1200 m x 60 m dimensions and the landing course of 114°) in the station area for ski- and wheeled aircraft located in 15 km south of the station on the ice sheet surface at the 500 m elevation above sea level.

 

Even if R1ANL has been active in the past, RI1ANL is  a brand new call for WAP Chasers. However, it’s necessary to know little bit more about R1ANL just to avoid confusion.

If you check  QRZ.com  you will notice that R1ANL is reported to be a call being active from  Leningradskaya Base;  a good explanation is kindly given by Dominik Weiel DL5EBE (aka R3/DL5EBE).

Dominik wrote: -The entry of R1ANL in QRZ.COM was wrong;  the mistake  has been corrected by RN1ON and now (Nov. 1st 2017) all has been fixed .  TNX RN1ON & DL5EBE

R1ANL was activated by Nikolay Zinin (RW6ACM) from Novolazarevskaya Base.  Being a member of the 43rd Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE), Nikolay “Nick” Zinin made about 13.961 QSOs as R1ANL from 27.05.1997 – 28.04.1999.  QSL was first requested via UA6AH who never answered the requests. I met Nikolay in Bremerhaven after his wintering on board of Ak. Fedorov (see attached photo) and I offered him to take care about the R1ANL QSL cards. A few months later I received the original handwritten R1ANL logs. I manually entered all QSOs into my computer and created ADIF files which I uploaded to LoTW, ClubLog and I also printed paper cards which are available via DL5EBE (buro and direct)-.

Now Nikolay, RW6ACM, will be again overwintering on Novolazarevskaya this upcoming wintering season as published by Aleksej, RN1ON, on https://www.qrz.com/lookup/RI1ANL   QSLs this time will be handled by RN1ON..
Picture aside shows Dominik R3/DL5EBE, Nikolay Zinin RW6ACM and Oleg Sakharov UA1PBA/R1ANF.

TNX Dominik   DL5EBE