Refuge Armada Argentina (aka Groussac Refuge) WAP ARG-18

Volker Strecke DL8JDX is touring around Antarctica on board of a cruise Ship. Yesterday  Volker  sends WAP a couple of pictures; one of this is the Refuge Armada Argentina, also  known as Groussac Refuge (WAP ARG-18) on Petermann island, a small, low and rounded island, lying off the northwest coast of Kyiv in Graham Land, Antarctica, a short distance south of Booth Island and the Lemaire Channel. It is a popular tourist destination.

Opened on February 6, 1955Grussac Naval refuge  (65° 10’ 33” South, 64° 08’ 10” West), on Petermann Island,  was originally named to Hipólito Bouchard.,  It takes its current name in homage to Paul Groussac (1848-1929), a  French writer and historian based in Argentina and author of an allegation about the Argentine sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. Close to this  Argentine naval refuge ( an old corrugated iron shack in rusted colors), lays a simple cross monument, an unreadable metal plaque  with  just one word “John” recalls the dead of a man of the British Antarctic Survey, who tried to get here over the sea ice in 1982..

On Peterman Island,  there  is a cairn  (the original one is in Paris at Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle) erected on the hill in 1909. The cairn, with a replica plaque, has been designated a Historical site or Monument (HSM 27), following a proposal by Argentina, France and the United Kingdom.

TNX Volker DL8JDX

KC4USH: Cape Adare or Cape Hallett?

Cape Adare is a prominent cape of black basalt forming the northern tip of the Adare Peninsula and the north-easternmost extremity of Victoria  Land, East Antarctica and an important landing site and Base Camp during early Antarctic Exploration.

Cape Adare is the site of  Borchgrevink’s Hut, and  Terra Nova Expedition’s Hut where members of the Northern Party of Scott’s Terra Nova  Expedition over-wintered in 1911 and 1912. They also erected another hut, which has fallen into ruin today., This site have been designated a Histopric Site or Monument (HSM 22), following a proposal by New Zealand and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. This site belongs and his administered by New Zealand.

As yet, there is no evidence of amateur radio activity being performed from this site,  so it remains listed on WAP-WADA Directory as  WAP NZL-NEW.

Map above show both Adare Cape  and Hallett Cape

Cape Hallett, located 63 miles (101 km) to the South of Cape Adare, is a snow-free area on the northern tip of the Hallett Pensula on the Ross Sea coast of  Victoria  Land, East Antarctica.  he cape was the location of a joint scientific base, Hallett Station, (WAP MNB-08) between the United States and New Zealand during the International Geophisical Year of 1957, and was manned permanently until 1964, when there was a major fire. It was then used as a summer only base until 1973. 

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The callsign of Hallett Base (WAP MNB-08) was KC4USH; with several QSLs issued (See pics here aside); some of KC4USH QSL cards,  reports Cape Adare which was probably meant to be Cape Hallett.

Pic to the Right:  Cape Hallett Station in 1961-1962 showing the elevated radar weather-balloon tracking dome that was reportedly used for plant growth as early as 1958 (Image credit: John Cranfield ©Antarctica New Zealand Pictorial Collection [ANZSC0163.2][1961-1962]).

 

History

In 1899 the Norwegian explorer Carsten Borchgrevink sailed to Antarctica aboard the converted scaler Southern Cross. At Cape Adare, Borchgrevink and nine compan­ions built a Hut and established an expedition Base Camp. During the next six months, Borchgrevink and his team became the first men to overwinter on the southern conti­nent. A 28-year-old zoologist in the party died and be­came the first individual buried on the continent. When Borchgrevink returned to Europe in the spring of 1900, he had, in effect, started a race for the South Pole that would be won in 1911 by his boyhood friend, Roald Amundsen.

The site was revisited both by Robert Falcon Scott’s British National Antarctic Expedition (1901-1904) and by his Terra Nova expedition (1910-1913). Pic below show the Borchgrevink’s Hut

Members of the Northern Party of Scott’s Terra Nova  Expedition over-wintered at Cape Adare in 1911 and 1912. They also erected one hut, which has fallen into ruin today. The remains of two Borchgrevink’s Hut, as well as those of the Terra Nova Expedition’s hut, have also been designated a Histpric Site or Monument (HSM#22), following a proposal by New Zealand and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.

Read more at: Cape Adare Camp Completed | Antarctic Heritage Trust (nzaht.org)

 

The web shows a book titled “The United States Coast Guard and Borchgrevink’s hut at Cape Adare, Antarctica, 1961.  DEEPFREEZE 61 TASK FORCE 43 1961.pdf (navy.mil)

Check page 154/157 for some mention of Cape Hallett/Adare

It was Norwegian explorer, Carsten Borchgrevink and his expedition team who started building the huts on 20 February 1899 on the remote site. The main Living Hut was constructed to house the expedition party along with a Stores Hut for their provisions. The party moved in a few days later, on 1 March, the day the Southern Cross sailed, leaving the men to spend several months in cramped, uncomfortable isolation. On 24 July 1899, it was lucky one of the buildings survived, when a candle set the hut lining alight. Later in the year, one of the men, Nicolai Hanson, suffered a debilitating illness, and died in the hut on 14 October 1899, becoming the first person to die on the Antarctic Continent.

When the Southern Cross returned for the party on 28 January 1900, the men started to dismantle the Stores Hut, removing its roof, with the intention of taking it with them to use elsewhere. However, they left on 2 February 1900 before completing this task and it wasn’t until 18 February 1911 that the Huts at Cape Adare were occupied again, following the arrival of Scott’s Northern Party (led by Victor Campbell). As well as erecting their own kitset wooden hut, they made good use of what was left of Borchgrevink’s encampment, covering the unroofed Stores Hut with canvas to make a storeroom, and utilizing the Living Hut as a gymnasium and darkroom.

Since the Northern Party’s departure from Cape Adare, there have been only sporadic visits to the remote site. New Zealand parties visited a couple of times during the 1960s and 70s to undertake repairs, before Canterbury Museum sent an expedition party to the site in 1982 to carry out maintenance work, complete drawings of the huts, and document the artefacts.

The first party from Antarctic Heritage Trust visited in 1990 and carried out significant preservation works to the huts. This focus continued on the Trust’s next visit in 2003, when condition reports for the artefacts were also completed.

More latterly, during the summer season of 2015–2016, a small team from the Trust spent two weeks at Cape Adare gathering close to 1500 artefacts from one of the huts and carrying out further repairs and maintenance. The artefacts were later conserved in Christchurch, and seven of these very special items now feature on the Trust’s AR App.

More links of Cape Adare at:

Cape Adare | Antarctica NZ

Borchgrevink’s Hut | Antarctic Heritage Trust (nzaht.org)

Visitor Site Guidelines – 45. Cape Adare (ats.aq)

 

Volker DL8JDX travelling around Antarctica

Our friend Volker Strecke DL8JDX is  an Antarctic veteran who spend several years in the Icy Continent.

After a 19 hours flight, Volker did land at Ushuaia (WAP ARG-23), then he moved to  Punta Arenas-Chile,  where he had a chance to meet Luis CE8EIO (picture aside show DL8JDX meeting with Luis CE8EIO in Punta Arenas in Front of the Magellan Memorial).

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Volker did ask Luis to be on air for EU and indeed CE8EIO has been on 28508 all afternoon of Saturday Jan. 21 making some hundred QSOs with EU, giving many a chance to log WAP CHL-13 (TNX DL8JDX & CE8EIO).

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Actually, Volker is embarked on a cruise ship as a lecturer and Tour Guide (no possibility for Radio… ) at an Antarctica expedition. The trip is including  Argentina, Chile, South Shetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula and will last till  Feb. 18th, 2023.

The cruise is going to  South Shetlands and Antarctic Peninsula were visiting King George Isl., Half-Moon-Island, Port Locktoy, Melchior Island and Petermann Island.

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Yesterday,  jan 21st, the Polar ship passed near Half Moon Island where the Argentine Summer Station Teniente Camara  (WAP ARG-16) is located (see the pic aside sent by Volker)

Volker said: “After 29 years from my last return from the Antarctic in 1994 I am really happy to be back here again. In my second home …”

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WAP is proud and happy to follow the trip, pity that it is not possible to do radio activity from there, but we thanks Volker DL8JDX anyway to share his new experience with us!  

Whaling Station Port Jeanne d’Arc Kerguelen, WAP FRA-Ø5

Nearly 15 years ago, a major restoration project had been taking place at the old abandoned whaling station at Port Jeanne d’Arc. This had been built late in the 19th century by a Norwegian company and abandoned early last century when factory ships made land-based whaling uneconomic. For years the weather and vandalism had been destroying the station, until Jean-François Le Mouël convinced the administration of TAAF  that it should be preserved.

The Kerguelen Islands are located at 49°15′South, 69°35′East. The main island, Grande Terre, originally called Desolation Island, is 6,675 km² and it is surrounded by another 300 smaller islands and islets, forming an archipelago of 7,215 km².
Satellite Islands
The following is a list of the most important adjacent islands:
Île Foch in the north of the archipelago, at 49°0’ South, 67°19’ East, is the largest satellite island with an area of 206.2 km² (79.61 mi²). Its highest point, at 687 m (2,254 ft.), is called La Pyramide Mexicaine.
Île Howe, which lies less than one kilometer off the northern coast of Ile Foch is, at ~54 km² (21 mi²), the second most important off-lier in the Kerguelens, 48°52’South, 69°27’ East.
Île Saint-Lanne Gramont, is to the west of Île Foch in the Golfe Choiseul. It has an area of 45.8 km² (17.68 mi²). Its highest point reaches 480 m (1,575 ft.), 48°55’South, 69°12’ East.
Île du Port, also in the north in the Golfe des Baleiniers at 49°11’South, 69°36’ East, is the third largest satellite island with an area of 43 km² (16.6 mi²); near its center it reaches an altitude of 340 m (1,115 ft.).
Ile de l’Ouest, west coast, about 40 km² (15.44 mi²), 49°21’South, 68°44’ East.
Île Longue, southeast, about 40 km² (15.44 mi²), 49°32’South, 69°54’ East  is the largest island in the Golfe du Morbihan. Port-Bizet, on the northeastern coast of the island, is the site of a seismographic station and also served until 2012 as the principal farm for the island’s resident flock of about 3,500 Bizet sheep, which were raised to feed the base personnel at Port-aux-Français. The species, endemic to the Massif Central region of France, was first introduced to Kerguelen in 1952.
Îles Nuageuses, northwest, including Île de Croÿ, Île du Roland, Îles Ternay, Îles d’Après, 48°37’South, 68°44’ East.
Île de Castries, 48°41’South, 69°29’ East.
Îles Leygues, north, including Île de Castries, Île Dauphine, 48°41’South, 69°29’ East.
Île Violette, 49°07’South, 69°40’ East.
Île aux Rennes, also known as Reindeer Island or Australia Island, in the western part of the Golfe du Morbihan, area 36.7 km² (14.17 mi²), altitude 199 m (653 ft.), 49°27’South, 69°51’ East.
Île Haute, western part of the Golfe du Morbihan, altitude 321 m (1,053 ft.), 49°23’South, 69°55’ East.
Île Mayès, 49°28’20”South, 69°55’55” East.

Here below an abstract of the history:

The exploitation of marine resources on the Kerguelen Plateau only began in 1790 (18th century) after the discovery of the northern Kerguelen Islands in 1772. Salted fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) skins was the first product to be commercialized by Nantucket (USA) and London (UK) ship-owners, mainly on the Kerguelen Islands, and by the early 19th century the seal colonies were decimated.

Exploitation of marine species on the Kerguelen Plateau began soon after the discovery on 13th February 1772 of the northern Kerguelen islands by the expedition of Y.J. de Kerguelen de Trémarec with the Gros Ventre and the Fortune.
The first sealing voyages (1791-1793) were reported from the United States of America and United Kingdom twenty years later. For more than 50 years during this early period, sealing occurred only around the Kerguelen islands. It was only with the development of whaling and sealing voyages in the region that sealers from the north-eastern coast of the USA discovered the second and southern sealing ground on the plateau, Heard and mcDonald islands, during the 1853-1855 cruise of Corinthian.
The exploitation of marine resources on the Kerguelen Plateau only began in 1790 (18 th century) after the discovery of the northern Kerguelen islands in 1772. salted fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) skins was the first product to be commercialized by Nantucket (usa) and london (uK) ship-owners, mainly on t Phase 1, 1908-1911: the whaling station at Port Jeanne d’Arc and the Mangoro campaign (1910).
A 50-years exclusive licence was granted to the Bossière brothers by the French government in 31 July 1897 for the exploitation of the Kerguelen Islands. During the rst period (1908-1911) they transferred the rights to two companies, Aktieselskabet Kerguelen and Société des Pêcheries de Kerguelen (Arnaud and Beurois, 1996).  Storm, Bull & Co. which was active from 1908-1911 established a whaling factory station at Port-Jeanne d’Arc in Morbihan Bay.

The oil carrier Jeanne d’Arc (76 m, 1332 t) and three whale catchers (two sister ships Espoir and Éclair, 51 m, 540 t, and Etoile, 30 m, 165 t) were linked to the station. The total whale catch resulting from this activity was 442 whales (95% humpback, the balance right whales). Their best year was in 1908 when 232 whales were caught and a total of 13 760 barrels of oil were produced. Activity progressively shifted to hunting elephant seals with peak production in 1911 of 10 680 barrels and a total production of 17 000 barrels of oil. However, the activity was not profitable enough and the station fell into disuse.

Read more at: History of whaling, sealing, fishery and aquaculture trials in the area of the Kerguelen Plateau | French Ichthyological Society – Cybium (sfi-cybium.fr)

OE, Austria @ Antarctic Activity Week 2023

Another 3 entries on the 20th AAW going to start next february 19, 2023.

Austria with its 4 participants, appears to be the most represented Country.

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Congratulations to OE3DMA, OE3KKA, OE3AIS and OE3SGA for their continued presence to celebrate the annual event that leads to being close to Antarctica, to the scientific research,  in memory of so many explorers and scientists who have been studying and working in this fascinating Continent for over 100 years.

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OE3DMA, Alex          will be OE2ØANT      WAP-348

OE3KKA, Karl           will be OE88WAP       WAP-088

OE3AIS, Bert           will be OE89ANT        WAP-089

OE3SGA, Gus          will be OE9ØANT       WAP-090

Good job guys, keep up the good work!

Check the list of the OMs who have already confirmed their presence at the 20th edition of the Antarctic Activity Week at:
http://www.waponline.it/antarctic-activity-week/aaw-2023/

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Be ready, join us and enjoy Antarctica as much as we do!

LU8AEU/MM FRAGATA A.R.A LIBERTAD

ARA Libertad  is a tall ship which serves as a school ship in the Argentine Navy. She was built in the 1950s at the Rio Santiago shipyards near Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her maiden voyage was in 1962, and she continues to be a school ship with yearly instruction voyages for the graduating naval cadets.

She has just finished (April 2007) undergoing a general overhaul which includes the addition of facilities for female cadets and crew in line with current diversity policies in the Navy and the updating of the engines and navigation technology.

The Directorate of Communications of the Argentine Navy through the Auxiliary Service of Radio Amateurs of the Navy, issue a special free cerificate to the Hams who worked  LU8AEU/MM, Fragata A.R.A Libertad during her training trip “Number 50” in the past year 2022

To get the Diploma, which will be sent via e-mail, just go to LU8AEU – Callsign Lookup by QRZ Ham Radio and click the logo (same of this one here below).

 

You will enter into the form which has to be filled (Callsign, Name and Surname in capitol letters, your email where you wish to receive the Certificate, GMT time,  Band and mode). When you finished, press SEND.  Certificate will shortly come at your mailbox adress.

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TNX  SARA-Servicio Auxiliar de Radioficionados de la Armada

A master roofer will repair the Czek Johan Gregor  Mendel Station in Antarctica

Master roofer Dimitris Georgiadis (picture aside) will leave for Antarctica in mid-January and will be there until March. He will travel to the icy continent with scientists from Masaryk University in Brno, who are investigating climate change in Antarctica and solving dozens of research projects, including the effect of harsh polar conditions on the human organism.

The Mendel Polar Station (WAP CZE-NEW) on James Ross Island near the Antarctic Peninsula (see picture to the Right) is a showcase of Czech science. The master roofer must now ensure that it does not leak. On the main building of 250 square meters, he will lay a new PVC film with the help of a heat gun. If the weather is favorable, with the help of two technicians from the expedition, he will have everything ready in a week or so.

Then, in turn, he will help the technicians maintain the station while looking over the researchers’ shoulders as cutting-edge science is done. “I’m really looking forward to that too” Dimitris added with a smile, “I’m curious what awaits me. I have never driven so far for work”

His task will be to put a new roof on Johan Gregor  Mendel’s scientific base; the original expired after 15 years. 

Pavel Kapler, manager of the Czech Antarctic Research Program, can find anything for polar explorers, from new technical equipment for the station to quality thermal underwear, but getting a roofer to Antarctica was a chore.  In the mean while, ther’s some possibility that Ham Radio operation could also be performer from the unnumbered Mendel Station…never say never!  

Read more at: https://www.novinky.cz/clanek/domaci-stanici-v-antarktide-opravi-pokryvac-z-jeseniku-40418720?fbclid=IwAR2Ca-PUSr16vifN0GbI8pP7ppNfOC3IoL38eeJBIuAd-DZcNo-6YKUtukg

Base Naval Petrel (WAP ARG-17), a huge project of modernization

Petrel Base (WAP ARG-17) was commissioned in 22 febr. 1967. It was operated year round until 1978 and then, as a summer station. In the Antarctic season 1995/96 it was abandoned. The Station, is now to be reactivated. Work is advancing so that Petrel is coming to become a permanent base again after 40 years.

Back in 2013 a plan was drawn to reactivate  the Petrel Base as a permanent logistic center on the Antarctic Continent. Argentinean Teams start going to Petrel Base every summer to do small jobs. This involved making repairs around the house and bringing in some appliances and disposing from old garbage.

As of November 2022 Petrel became once again a permanent Base. A team of 18 is still there to carry out the necessary works to restore the infrastructure throughout the year. Another goal is to build a 1800 meters main runway and a secondary 1300 meters secondary runway where the Hercules C130 or smaller aircraft can operate. In addition personnel  will carry on hydrographic studies to determine the most suitable location for the construction of a dock that will allow operations with shipload.

In the mean time a major project to modernize Base Petrel in underway.  The “Petrel Joint Antarctic Base” will have a thermal housing modular house that will be built by Tandanor (acronym for Talleres Navales Dársena Norte).

A state of the art Antarctic home is planned, designed under the self-sustaining concept, which will cover not only all functional requirements, but also housing requirements in accordance with modern construction techniques.

The house will have an operational capacity of 60 people from the permanent staff, and 80 who are in transit, reaching a total capacity of 140 places, and the infrastructure to promote scientific research on Dundee Island.

Petrel functioned as a permanent base from 1967 to 1976, when a fire destroyed the main lodging house. With its reconstruction, this Base will form part of the Antarctic Logistics Pole next to the city of Ushuaia.

RI3ØANT,  Vostok Station- 30 years of RRC

To celebrate the 30th Anniversary of  Russian Robinson Club (RRC) a Special callsign RI3ØANT will operate from Vostok Base (WAP RUS-13) from January 1 to March 31, 2023.

Alex UG1A (ex.RD1AV), Ivan UB1AQB and Zahar (ex.UH4NAE) will be active during their spare time, all bands all modes. QSL via  RZ3EC

The ufficial call of Vostok Station (WAP RUS-13), Antarctica RI1ANC will continue to be on air untill March 2024. QSL via RN1ON, CL OQRS Buro ONLY, Direct, Buro. 

TNX Eugene RZ3EC & Oleg UA6GG-DX Tropy

New Zealand Sub Antarctic Islands

New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands consist of five island groups: Snares, Bounty Islands, Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands and Campbell Island,  in the Southern Ocean south-east of New Zealand. The islands, lying between the Antarctic and Subtropical Convergences and the seas, have a high level of productivity, biodiversity, wildlife population densities and endemism among birds, plants and invertebrates.

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According to the recent “new wording”  of the islands involved,  which are now known as “New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands”  versus the previous diction of  “New Zealand Outlying islands” WAP have already add  on Section 2 of the WAP-WADA Directory , few of them with their related references. As soon as new evidences of other Ham radio activities from different sites on the islands, they will be insert on WAP Directories. 

Here below one of those:  

Snares Castaway Depot & Research Hut  WAP NZL-10
Snares Islands-New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands
48° 01’South, 166° 32’East

The Castaway Depot built by the New Zealand government in the 1880s, is now maintained as an historic site by the Department of Conservation. (picture on the Right, show the old Depot

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The dining tent used in 1947 was sited where the current research hut is located. The corrugated iron structure  and the wood one is the same building.

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A video of the Snares is available here: https://youtu.be/_sPK92Oddig  

Hallett Station WAP MNB-Ø8 (USA-NZ)

Cape Hallett 72°19’ South, 170°16’ East,  was the location of a joint scientific base, Hallett Station, between the United States and New Zealand during the International Geophysical Year of 1957, and was manned permanently until 1964, when there was a major fire.

Hallett Station  was then used as a summer only base until 1973. The site is currently being remediated by removing hazardous materials: fuel, and oil stored in several large tanks. This is an ongoing project which will take several years to complete.

At the time, thirty Navy men and scientists were stationed at a “rookery” near Hallett Station from October through February to study the over 100,000 Adelie penguins which populate the area. These birds, 18 inches tall and weighing 14 pounds, return annually to breed and raise their young. An area of 74 ha, is protected under the Antarctic Treaty System as Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA) No.106 because it contains habitats with a rich and diverse range of plant communities that are the most extensive and representative examples known at the northern end of the latitudinal gradient of Victoria Land and the Ross Sea.

The only activity known from Hallett Station (WAP MNB-Ø8) was ZL5AC Ken Bargh (QSL aside)  who did operate from there in 1958 but also, on WAP-WADA Directory there is another ZL5AC but from Scott Station (WAP NZL-Ø1).

Now thanks to a couple of Antarctic veteran, Volker Strecke DL8JDX and Alan Cresswell ZL2BXWAP is proud to retrace a bit of that time, about this ZL5AC’s twins.
In a message sent to Volker DL8JDX, last Febr.3rd,   Alan Cresswell ZL2BX (alancresswell@xtra.co.nz) wrote: -With regard to ZL5AC, I was in the Antarctic in 1974.  Firstly at  the New Zealand research station at Scott Base,  and then at the American Byrd Station on the Polar Plateau. My operating was restricted to visits to Scott Base as I was unable to operate from Byrd Station so,  I only managed a few hundred contacts. Most of my operating outside NZ was done  in my time in the Pacific Islands (ZK1AM, ZK1DR) where I had over 100.000 contacts. 73, Alan ZL2BX-

Alan  mentioned about Byrd Station.
It will be interesting to have more details  in particular about  Byrd Coast Camp  WAP USA-NEW  which is still unnumbered on WAP WADA Directory  but this  will another item to search for !
Here below a list of the actually referenced Byrds  sites:
1) Byrd VLF Substation (aka Longwire), WAP USA-Ø3
2) Byrd Station (aka Old Byrd Station), WAP USA-19
3) Byrd Surface Camp,  WAP-USA-20
5) Byrd Radio Noise Outpost (aka Conjugate Point Station), WAP USA-35
6) Byrd Aurora Substation.  WAP USA-41
7) Temporary Byrd Surface Camp,  WAP USA-45
8) Byrd Coast Camp,  WAP USA-NEW

Perhaps some Old Timers/Antarctic Veteran might recall some rare memories of that frame of the Antarctic era and help WAP to know a bit more.

 

KØANT (WAP-198) Signed-up for the AAW 20th Edition

Our US friends from Kansas are just welcomed on board of next Antarctic Activity Week

Jim, KBØMZFwrote:
Please show the KØANT (K0ANT – Callsign Lookup by QRZ Ham Radio) club (WAP-198) registered for the 20th Edition of the Antarctic Activity Week – 19-26 February 2023.
Hoping all is well with you.  We always enjoy the great pictures you post on the web.  We miss seeing you on our Saturday video club meetings, but we have not been using Zoom since the COVID pandemic has been less of a concern. Looking forward to talking (by text, by RF, by pictures, and any other means possible) again soon. Sending copies to our club President, Don Whitney, and our good friend, Edmondo VA3ITA, in Toronto.  Hope it’s a good year for all!
Jim Vano, KBØMZF
Trustee and Secretary for KØANT

WAP did also appreciate the comment from Don, KCØWTT Club President:
«Hopefully we’ll have better AAW participation from our Club members this coming February. The past few years, between weather or the Kansas City Zoo policies, or COVID interfering with our remote Club operation has been disappointing. But it is a fabulous and educational event, and our Members like not only the event taking place, but the great information from the website about all the Antarctic news. We are looking forward to this event in 2023».
Sincerely, 
Don Whitney  KCØWTT

TNX to Jim KBØMZF, to Don KCØWTT and to all the great friend on KØANT Club

WAP Antarctic Bulletin nr. 294

WAP Antarctic bulletin nr. 204 is available online.
Check: http://www.waponline.it/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/bull294.pdf

This one, is last bulletin of the year 2022 with the main information of Ham Radio activity from the Icy Continent  and the Peri Antarctic areas, as listed on WAP-WADA Antarctic Directory which contains nearly 1,000 Bases, Huts, Refuges,  Stations and Field Camps , all classified, sorted and numbered, according  to the Country of origin.

Bulletin is edited by Max IK1GPG, Betty IK1QFM & Gianni I1HYW

 

20th AAW, 7T22ANT WAP-345 just signed in

The 20th edition of the WW Antarctic Activity Week will be on air from  19th through 26th February 2023.

Purpose of the A.A.W. is to improve the Worldwide interest around Antarctic Continent and its related  matters

Today we are welcoming Kamel Ghalem 7X2GK who have just signed in,  with his special call 7T22ANT, WAP-345

Kamel, HAM since 2012 lives in Berrouaghia ( JM16kd ) in central part of Algeria , at 100 Km to the South  of Algiers City capital.

Kamel (picture on theright) wrote: We did participate last year to the 19th AAW with the same call, and it was a good and beneficial experience for all of us, and we hope that this year will be better .
Best greetings, 73 de 7X2GK
     
Antarctic followers, Polar enthusiasts and Antarctica’s station hunters are invited to join the event, the unique one Worldwide, specifically dedicated to the Ham’s Activity in/with Antarctica.  

2023 marks the 20th anniversary since the launch of the first edition of the AAW in February 2004. Today WAP is proud to see that, since then,  it has continued regularly every year.

Join us and enjoy Antarctica as much as we do!

Invitation to join is addressed to all Radio Amateurs (OMs & SWLs) around the world, to the Clubs and Organizations who would like to share with us this initiative.

US  Palmer Station (WAP USA-23) back on the air

After many years, KC4AAC from Palmer Station (WAP USA-23) is back on the air.

Voker DL8JDX reports:Last night I saw on http://www.pskreporter.info  that KC4AAC was active in JS8 and WSPR.

The new operator for the season 2022-2023 is Cody Lewis,  see http://www.qrz.com/db/kc4aac

According to an info from his QSL Manager K7MT, Cody operates also in FT8. Because there is a Morse Key on the picture shown on QRZ.com he might be operating in CW as well.

It will be fine if some Hams in the US can set skeds with Cody.  For EU, windows on 20 mts opens from 17,00 through 21,00 UTC.
More info about Palmer Station (WAP USA-23):

https://www.nsf.gov/geo/opp/support/palmerst.jsp

http://www.usap.gov/videoclipsandmaps/palwebcam.cfm

https://www.palmerstation.com

TNX Volker, DL8JDX

Instituto Polar Guatemalteco – IPOGUA

Since July 1991, Guatemala is part of the signatory countries of the Antarctic Treaty with non-consultative status. IPOGUA (Instittuo Polar Guatemalteco) was established in 2013 as a Polar Exploration Institute that develops science, technology and expeditions to Antarctica to advance the understanding of planet earth, as well as to enforce the spirit of the Antarctic Treaty to which we are a part. 

In 2021, it inaugurated its facilities, which include research laboratories and an educational entertainment center called “POLARIUM”. IPOGUA is located in the department of Huehuetenango (Guatemala) and has several professionals who collaborate with said institution and with the contribution of three Guatemalan Universities that develop polar science. The main mission of IPOGUA is to lead and maintain the presence of Guatemala in Antarctica , through civil-military participation in scientific and technological research activities that promote the advancement of Guatemalan polar science.

This year , IPOGUA in compliance with its Antarctic Program 2022 managed to successfully coordinate its  first scientific expedition to Antarctica  through collaboration with the Observatory for Security, Defense and Cooperation of Barcelona, Spain.

One of the most ambitious goals of IPOGUA is to establish its own Polar Research Station in Antarctica, which allows international civil-military cooperation, as well as the reduction of exploration costs in a multi-use infrastructure, safe for users and that allows projects of innovative research beneficial to humanity to be developed.

First Guatemalan Antarctic Scientific Expedition 2022 
The expedition represented by a Guatemalan,  consist of a stay in Antarctica for around 20 days of the southern Antarctic summer distributed between the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. While the IPOGUA representative researcher carries out different scientific or technological projects, Ing. Amb. Ricardo Molina will be accompanied by the staff of Premios Antárticos who are responsible for logistical coordination. 

IPOGUA especially encourages universities to be part of this first Antarctic scientific expedition, creating collaboration ties in favor of national science and technology. It is an opportunity to expand knowledge, generate new science, increase prestige, and make a homeland within the framework of the Antarctic Treaty
IPOGUA believes in Guatemala’s scientific and technological talent.

TNX Ing. Amb. Ricardo Molina Coronel (R) & Bruno Alonso Director IPOGUA

Read more at: www.ipogua.com  

Whichaway Oasis Camp, MNB-11

Whichaway camp (built in 2010) is unique and the perfect base from which to start your adventure. Having won the World Travel Awards five times, the camp is also designed with a minimal environmental footprint in mind.
Whichaway Camp at  70° 45′ 49″ South, 11° 36′ 59″ East,  is in the Schirmacher Oasis at the lake Podprudnoye.

Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX  (Antarctic veteran) sent WAP a couple of interesting pictures showing that Whichaway Camp is  exactly located at the same position where the Georg Forster Hut  at 70°46′ South,   11°37′ East  was until 1993.
This aside, is how this place looked in 1989:

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This at the rigth,  is how it looked in 1991:

Picture on the left, shows the same site how it looks today.
Now it is called Whichaway Camp (WAP MNB-11):

In addition, Volker says that,  as far as he knows ,  at  Lake Prilednikovoye Hut and Lake Podprudnoye Hut (DDR-NEW listed on WAP-WADA  Directory ) ,  there were no Ham radio activities from these huts. Since 1996 both huts do not exist anymore. Together with the dismantling of the Georg Forster Station (WAP DDR-Ø1) from 1993 to 1996 these huts were removed.
The Huts will continue to remain listed on WAP-WADA  Directory  as a reliable trace of their presence on this related Antarctic site.
TNX Volker Strecke, DL8JDX (aka Y88POL & DPØGVN from 1988 to 1994)
1988-1989  Y88POL  Georg Forster Base  Schirmacher Oasis
1990-1992  Y88POL  Georg Forster Base  Schirmacher Oasis
1992-1994  DP0GVN  Neumayer II Base  Ekstroem Shelf Ice

RSV Nuyina;  Maintenance shifts plans for Antarctic Season

The Australian Antarctic Division has moved swiftly to adjust its shipping plans for the 2022-23 season with Icebreaker RSV Nuyina unlikely to be in service due to a delay in receiving spare parts.
RSV Nuyina is currently in Singapore for scheduled maintenance. The ship arrived in Singapore in April and was due back in Hobart in October.
The Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) and the ship’s operator Serco have been resolving issues and making repairs as part of the normal commissioning process during the warranty period.  AAD Director Kim Ellis said the works included improvements to the hydraulic control system within the propulsion system clutches.

Thanks and Creditit to:  https://www.antarctica.gov.au/nuyina/stories/2022/nuyina-maintenance-shifts-plans-for-antarctic-season/?fbclid=IwAR2fFHvpgddNztceSoPXfWidm-kRH9dCCWkyHCR26kEYme1LX9beP-QhpVo

Two additional vessels, Icebreaker Aiviq and an ice-strengthened Cargo ship Happy Dynamic, have been secured for the upcoming season to transport critical cargo and bring expeditioners home.

Australian Antarctic Division first chartered the Aiviq for the 2021/22 season. The ship undertook two voyages south, refueling Davis and Mawson and assisting with resupply and changeover of expeditioner teams. The Aiviq  (picture above) will form a large part of the 2022-23 shipping season, with RSV Nuyina’s return from maintenance delayed due to a delay in receiving spare parts.

VU2CUW on his way to Antarctica

27 years old  Eng. Sarabjeet Singh Chhabra (Sunny), is actually at Cape Town waiting the flight to Novo Runway (WAP MNB-Ø6) and from there, to Maitri Base (WAP IND-Ø3). Sunny will be down South for about a year as part of the 42nd Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica.

VU2CUW has been assigned to Maitri Station,  (pic below) . When there, he is going to use a just issued special callsign AT42I ( Alpha Tango 42 India) in  his spare time,  when he’s free from his normaly duty at the Base.

Sunny thanks VU2MUE Sandeep Baruah from Vigyan Prasar  for the 2 rigs to be used in Antarctica  and VU3BPZ, Antarctic veteran and good friend  that has always been a guidance for his  Antarctica journey

QSL manager for AT42I will be VU2CRS:
Ranjit Singh Chhabra,  110/8 Saraswati Sugarmill Colony,
Yamunanagar, Haryana  135001, India

TNX VU3BPZ

Vassdalsbua  Field Hut, Antarctica WAP NOR-NEW

Vassdalsbua Hut (or Vassdalen  Hut)  is located at 72° 01’ 33” South2° 37’ 38” East in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica about 40 min from Troll Base (WAP NOR-11).

The Hut is around 25 square meters and is located  about  3,2 kilometers from Troll Station (72°00’S, 2°32’E).  The use of this  small recreational  Hut at Vassdalen about 40 min from Troll,  was approved by the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment. It is heated by a kerosene (Jet A-1) stove. The transport is mainly carried out with snow mobiles on a well-known route for the visitors and calculated to 50 days a year with 2 guests on each visit.

Skiing, hiking in the mountains, running and shorter trips with snowmobiles and Band wagons are typical activities for the personnel at Troll Station. According to the information, Vassdalsbua Hut is in use since  2018. After a visit the garbage is transported back to environmental station at Troll. Sometimes,  researchers spend severl days at Vassdalsbua field Hut, collecting variety of soil and water samples for study

Source:

https://documents.ats.aq/EIA/02225enNPI%20EIA%202021-2030.pdf?fbclid=IwAR0DrltUCuEsQBeo23jLqCVMYZySwypVJx8C87se-HdrmJZc-A6cnr_0vbQ

The attached map shows the location of both Troll Station and Vassdalshytta (Vassdals Cabine).

At the light of the above evidences and pictures, Vassdalsbua  Field Hut 72° 01’ 33” South, 2° 37’ 38” East will enter on the  WAP-WADA Directory as WAP NOR-NEW. A reference number will be given as soon as Hamradio operation will be performed down there.

 

TNX IK1NEG & F6EPN (aka Spratley Woody) for their great help

Antarctica: First technical flight on the new Italian runway

Today, November 21st , a C130J military transport aircraft of the 46th Air Force Pisa Air Brigade, landed on the airstrip designed and built by ENEA and the Italian Air Force, the first in the Antarctic continent on a moraine

First test landing this morning on the new Antarctic airstrip designed and built by ENEA and the Italian Air Force, in collaboration with the Fire Brigade, thanks to a dedicated funding from the Ministry of University and Research. At 4.30 am Italian time, a C-130J of the 46th Air Brigade of the Italian Air Force successfully made the first landing on the semi-prepared runway destined to become an international hub in Antarctica at the service of scientific research, not only Italian.

The flight carried materials and food to deal with the emergency caused by the reduced thickness of sea ice, which this year did not allow large aircraft to land on the pack in front of the Italian Mario Zucchelli coastal Base at Terranova Bay.

60 meters wide and completed for the first 1,700 meters out of the 2,200 envisaged by the project, the track was built for the first time on a moraine, taking advantage of the debris deposits that dominate Boulder Clay, a glacier over 100 meters thick, located 4 km from Zucchelli station. The works that will make the airfield fully operational starting from the next Antarctic expedition will be completed in the coming months.

Thanks and credit to: https://www.enea.it/it/Stampa/comunicati/antartide-primo-volo-tecnico-sulla-nuova-pista-italiana?fbclid=IwAR3G3LwWD-FFF9J4QTMzn52mi31nCjOky9aEPBR6hsD8qVTm5oGM0xxBR4A

More videos of the C130J landing on the above ENEA website .

20th Antarctic Activity Week 2023, it’s time to book!

WAP AAW one of the most important events that connect radio amateurs and Antarctica,  has reached its twentieth edition.

After the joint venture with the Hams of  Russian Robinson Club (RRC) in the celebrations of the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica, WAP proposes a new friendship adventure, undertaking jointly in honor of the Italian Air Force (IAF), recognizing it the invaluable support  in the scientific missions in Antarctica. The main purpose of the A.A.W. is to increase worldwide interest around Antarctic Continent and its related  matters,  with the aim of staying close to the researchers and personnel  who are spending their time away from home and families,  studying the Antarctic life and its secrets.
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Additional purpose,  is  to share what  Nations and Organizations are doing to protect this still non contaminated corner of the world, to share WW a message of peace .

Today’s invitation, is addressed  to all Radio Amateurs (OMs & SWLs) around the World, to the Clubs and Organizations as well as other important groups and  individual operators who would like to join and share with us, this initiative.

AAW is the only event in the world where radio amateurs come together to celebrate  and improve knowledge of the Icy Continent and though it,  spread on the air a message of PEACE. 
Registration to the 20th Antarctic Activity Week have been opened. Don’t hesitate, book in now and join  with a special Callsign in this 20th AAW’s  event which will last from  19 through 26 February 2023.

See: http://www.waponline.it/antarctic-activity-week/aaw-2023/

Uruguay: 2nd Conference on Antarctic Science

The 2nd Conference on Antarctic Science aimed at researchers, was  organized by the National Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research and the Uruguayan Antarctic Institute.

The conference held on last  November 11, is an instance of integration and exchange between researchers who have developed or are currently developing Antarctic Science activities. The idea is to share the progress, difficulties and eventual solutions that have arisen in the course of the projects. The purpose of the meeting, is yo allow generating and consolidating research collaborations, as well as evaluating the work completed with a perspective view of activities to eventually continue.

16 developed and/or ongoing scientific projects which have the Antarctic ecosystem as a common scenario,  were presented at Instituto Geográfico Militar in Montevideo Uruguay.

 ( Picture above, shows Artigas Base WAP URY-Ø1)

French Station Dumond D’Urville in Antarctica badly affected by Covid

With regret,  few days ago we received a news that the staff of the French DDU Base in Antarctica was hit by Covid 19. We don’t know if among them there is also our radio amateur friend David FT4YM,  who we connected and greeted just few days ago, but in any case WAP is  close in spirit to these friends of ours!

Information did come from the Official blog of the Adèlie Land District in Antarctica, relayed also by  HuffPost. Here the report:

Scientists and technical staff at the French Base Dumont d’Urville, WAP FRA-Ø1 in Antarctica (see pic aside), were infected with Covid-19 even though they had been spared the pandemic throughout the year.

The Terre-Adélie district chief, Jean-Philippe Guérin, announced on Tuesday November 8, that 20 of the 21 members of the Team of experts have been infected.

The virus is suspected to have come through a carrier present in the first plane of the season on October 25, Covid made a sensational entry into the world of the Dumont D’Urville Base. In just two short weeks, 20 out of 21 winterers contracted it in its symptomatic form. No severe form at this stage, but great fatigue, temperature, runny noses, itchy throats, coughing lungs.

Thanks and credit to: https://terreadelie-antarctique.blogspot.com/2022/11/la-ta-72-covidee.html

 

WAP wishes the whole Team the best of wishes for a speedy recovery and a quick return to normal activity to everyone.

Base Marret (aka Cabane Marret),  New Entry on WAP-WADA as WAP-FRA-11 

Thanks to Olivier F6EPN, we have rebuilt the history of Marret Base which, so far,  has been forgotten by our careful searches of old and new Antarctic Bases and settlements.
The reference  WAP FRA-11 to Marret Base issued now, fills a gap in the WAP Directory.

Here we are:
After two successive wintering at the Port-Martin station, 66°49’06” South, 141°24’02” East,  WAP FRA-Ø7 , a small Base has been built on Petrels Island to a few hundred meters only to the Emperor Penguins rookerie,   and was occupied for two winters, during which time the coastal islands were explored and ground control astrofixes observed with astro-labes and theodolites.
Seven people wintered there in 1952-1953 under the direction of Mario Marret. In January 1952,  the French Antarctic Expedition , enlarged the hut on Petrel Island to serve as the new base site.
It looks like FB8YY (and maybe also FB8AX, Marret’s callsign) did operate from Marret Station on that dates, as reported on a list present on LNDX website (see: FB8YY.XLS (lesnouvellesdx.fr) TNX F6AJA

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The wooden buildings known as  “Base Marret or Cabane Marret”, 66°40’South, 140°1’ East, has been designated a Historic site or Monument (HSM 47), following a proposal by France to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.
The iron cross on the north-east headland of Petrels  island, is dedicated as a memorial to André Prud’homme, head meteorologist on the third International Geophysical Year expedition, who disappeared during a blizzard on 7 January 1959; it has similarly been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 48)

Today, the Marret building on Petrel Island, restored by the 36th French Mission, is always present and many are wintering them which made there some scrapers, evenings melted pancakes and others, on the traces of Prevost, Marret and the others…

Petrels Island  is now the site of Dumond d’Urville Station at 66°39’46” South, 140°00’05” East (WAP FRA-Ø1).

 

Summing up, this is the true story:

 

 

  • Base Marret (aka Cabane Marret), new issued WAP FRA-11 at  66°40’12” South, 140°1’ 0” East. After the fire at Port Martin Base in January 1952, Mario Marret, the expedition leader and six men; Robert Dovers – geodesy, Jackie Duhamel – constructions, Georges Lepineux – radio, Jean Rivolier – doctor, Jean Prevost – ornithology,  Roger Vincent – mechanic,  volunteered to spend the winter on the Pointe Géologie archipelago. It is therefore this “Hut”, which has become the first Base on the island of Petrels, that the Terre Adelie 5th Expedition wintered from January 17, 1952 through January  20, 1953 in precarious conditions.

 

  • Dumond D’Urville Station (aka DDU) WAP FRA-Ø1 at 66°39’46” South, 140°00’05” East was built and opened on January 12, 1956

 

So, Marret 66°40’12” South, 140°1’ 0” East was already classified as Base before of DDU (66°39’46” South, 140°00’05” East) which was built and  opened on January 12, 1956.

 

Today:
Considering that David Brunet F4FKT-FT4YM  has given permission to operate from inside of the Old Marret Base making a consistent number of QSOs (the picture prove his presence & activity),  it becomes logical to confirm that FT4YM/P operating from a building of   Marret Base be eligible as WAP FRA-11.

Congrats to David FT4YM, to Mehdi F5PFP and to all the French Hams who did help David to reach such a good goal

 

TNX F6EPN (aka Spratley Woody) for his precious help.

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Credit and reference to:

Official blog of the Adélie Land district in Antarctica – TAAF: Marret Hut (terreadelie-antarctique.blogspot.com)

and to:

https://terreadelie-antarctique.blogspot.com/2021/05/petite-histoire-de-la-radio-hf-dumont.html?fbclid=IwAR0_e4kdW1ZqVZ-n-u3BxfX2XQzSLvIjkeRFWgrEy-fY-vEN7by6f8wM0zY

Report from Polar Salon Liberec, Czech Republic. 14-16 Oct. 2022

Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX did participate the Polar Salon Liberec  at  Liberec City, Czech Republic.
(see:  http://www.waponline.it/polar-philately-5th-polar-salon-liberec-2022/)

Volker kindly sent WAP a report from the 5th International Polar Salon Conference in Liberec, Czech, of the last 4th to 16th Oct. 2022.

Dr. Volker wrote:

There was an interesting presentations program:
 – Czech Antarctic Foundation: Johann Gregor Mendel Station (WAP CZE-NEW) and Eco Nelson Station (WAP CZE-Ø1)
South Shetlands Postal History
RRS James Clark Ross – The Story of her maiden voyage in 1991-1992

It was a big exhibition of many different philatelic topics including Arctic and Antarctic items. Besides many other interesting philatelic polar items displayed, there was an interesting exhibition of Historic Antarctic QSL cards from David Figg, Australia.

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The Photo at left, shows Dr. Voker Strecke (Antarctic veteran) with Stefan Heijtz, the former Post Master of the James Clark Ross 1991-1992.

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The Photo on the right,  shows Volker with Steve Bennett, the author of:

The Antarctic Compendium – A History from Discovery to the present day”.
This fascinating book has been rewarded with medal for excellence at the Polar Salon Conference, see https://www.antarctic-compendium.com/

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TNX  Dr. Volker Strecke  DL8JDX

Robert Guillard-Cap Prud’homme Station (WAP  MNB-NEW)

Robert Guillard-Cap Prud’homme Station at 66°41’31″South,  139°53’46″East, is a French-Italian station managed by the French Polar Institute Paul-Emile Victor (IPEV) and the Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA).

This small Base that serving as a relay point for crossings to the Concordia Station (WAP MNB-Ø3) was established in the early 1990’s in Antarctica, close to the sea and at about 5 km far from Dumont d’Urville Station (WAP FRA-Ø1). It is the point of departure of the traverses to Concordia station. There is no ice free area around the station nor protected area in the immediate vicinity, as well as no fauna and flora. The Station is built on a rock near the coast but its surroundings are entirely covered by ice or snow.

The joint French-Italian Station Robert Guillard-Cape Prud’homme (WAP MNB-NEW) forms an integral part of the Concordia project. It offers a gateway to Concordia for the transport of heavy tools and equipment, following delivery by the resupply vessel L’Astrolabe to Dumont d’Urville Station. In this context, and because Dumont d’Urville station is not on the continent itself, Cap Prud’homme was established for the development and maintenance of the traverse equipment (tractors, trailers, accommodation caravans), its winter storage, and preparation of transport convoys. The site was selected because it was used from 1955 as Antarctica Gateway for French expeditions.

Few scientific activities are conducted at Cap Prud’homme Station, except some glaciological studies of the Astrolabe Glacier. Since 2012, scientific traverses have been developed for pure scientific purposes.

he station is open in summer only. The staff is mainly composed of technicians working on the maintenance of the traverse equipment, as well as drivers in charge of the 3 convoys per year.

Access to Cap Prud’homme Station is mainly by ship (L’Astrolabe) via Dumont d’Urville Station. A runway on snow allows landing of small aircrafts (Twin Otter or Basler) for the links between Concordia (WAP MNB-Ø3)and the Italian Station Mario Zucchelli (WAP ITA-Ø1).

Base Pres. Gabriel Gonzales Videla,  WAP-CHL-Ø6

The Chilean scientific Base, Gabriel Gonzalez Videla, is located  at 64° 49′ 24″ South62° 51′ 7″ West on the Danco Coast at the north end of the “Antarctic” Peninsula. The Base is situated on two small islands: Lomnitz and Dott  (approx. 18,000 square metres),  The two islands are separated by a very narrow channel partly filled with morainal material. The northern island is named Isla “Lomnitz” and the southern island, Isla “Dott”.  Between the islands and the mainland is a 90-metre channel, which is dry at low tide. This channel and the eastern shores of the islands are covered by till.
Isla Util, a small island in the Gerlache Strait, lies 7 miles north of the base.

Field work was done during the 1960-61 austral summer, and 70 thin sections of the rocks collected were studied subsequently at the University of Wisconsin.

CE9AM was on the air from Pres.Gabriel Gonzalez Videla in 1959,  CE9XX operated by Mehdi F5PFP was active from this site  on february 2009

World Park Base, Greenpeace Base in Antarctica  (WAP NZL-Ø3)

In 1987 Greenpeace established the ‘World Park Base’ in Antarctica which stayed until 1991

World Park Base was a non-governmental year-round Antarctic Base located at Cape Evans on Ross Island Antarctica.

Greenpeace established that small base at Cape Evans on Ross Island (77° 38’ South, 166° 24’East) in the southern (austral) summer of 1986/87. Named World Park Base, it was to be the focal point of future campaigning activities, providing a “watchdog” presence in the Antarctic. During its existence, it enabled Greenpeace to gain first hand experience of operating a base on the Continent and to monitor and publicise the activities of other nearby stations.

The main Bbase building was constructed in 1987 from prefabricated units, which were designed and manufactured by a German polar construction and engineering company. Between 1988 and 1990 several structures were added. Eventually, basebuildings consisted of an L-shaped main building and a small food storage and emergency building.  The main building comprised an accommodation unit housing a common living area, four separate bedrooms, a bathroom, radio room, medical and science room, coat room and a room containing snow melting equipment. A cold porch was also attached. The engine room was housed in the same building, separated from theother facilities by a walkway. A lean-to was used for storage. The short side of the L-shaped building was formed by another unit joined to the main building by a walkway which housed a workshop, science lab, dark room and field equipment store. The latter unit, called the FOS hut, had been acquired from the Footsteps of Scott Expedition which had previously had a base at the site. The original base was designed to accommodate four persons. In later years, a workshop and laboratory building and two more bedrooms were prefabricated and added to the original structure as it became apparent that extra space was needed for the wintering teams. These additions were simple to construct andinstall, with minimum excavation necessary.  Also installed on the base was amateur radio equipment for contact with Ham radio enthusiasts worldwide, and a Uosat satellite link that was part of a scientific project run in conjunction with the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom.

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Two Ham Stations did operate from thereZL5BA (1988) and ZLØAIC (1990)

 

Source: Wayback Machine (archive.org)

4K1CR “Druzhnaya 1” Base, WAP RUS-Ø2

Thanks to our friend Volker DL8JDX, for this rare and old picture.  A personal gift from Leonid Labutin UA3CR (SK 1998).

Volker, DL8JDX (other callsigns  DM3LTG, Y43UG, Y24LN, Y88POL, DP0GF, DP0GVN) is an Antarctic veteran; he did operate in Antarctica as  Y88POL 1988-89 and  1990-92 Georg-Forster-Base (WAP DDR-Ø1) and  DPØGVN 1992-94 Neumayer I Base (WAP DEU-Ø1)

 

Volker DL8JDX, wrote:
«This is not a QSL card but a picture from 4K1CR from Druzhnaya 1 Base from 1983 showing him doing experiments with RS Satellites.  He handed this photo to me during a visit from me in Moscow 1985.  In that time I didn´t even know that I would be staying in Antarctica myself three years later … »

Info on 4K1CR’s activity:

1982-1983. Expedition to Antarctica with Malakhov, Shishkarev, Redkin and Leonid Labutin. Active work on board ships. Visiting radio amateurs in the Canary Islands, Brazil, Uruguay. Work with Druzhnaya Base (WAP RUS-Ø2) in Antarctica through RS’s using on-board Morse BBS. Many radiograms were transmitted and received, recorded in onboard memory. Thus, the possibility and expediency of using digital methods of communication via low-flying satellites in amateur radio lines between antipode points was proved. Tests were conducted on communications via satellites in VHF-FM mode and by teletype with Molodezhnaya (WAP RUS-Ø8) and Leningradskaya (WAP RUS-Ø6) stations. Flights to the South Pole, and a 10-day mini-expedition to the Dufek mountain range. Study of conditions of SW radio waves passage and satellite signals reception. Conducted research on using antennas on snow and detecting warehouses marked with radio beacons. Learned conditions for living and operating radio equipment in a cabin deep under the snow. After returning, extensive reports were made, including a publication in the RADIO magazine. An amateur radio station UK3KP was opened at Komsomolskaya Pravda. At a full-time KV contest in Kaunas, the idea of a contest through the ISZ was born.

TNX Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX

NASA – Studies find previously unknown loss of Antarctic ice

New research on Antarctica, including the first map of iceberg calving, doubles the previous estimates of loss from ice shelves and details how the continent is changing.

The greatest uncertainty in forecasting global sea level rise is how Antarctica’s ice loss will accelerate as the climate warms. Two studies published Aug. 10 and led by researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California reveal unexpected new data about how the Antarctic Ice Sheet has been losing mass in recent decades.

One study, published in the journal Nature, maps how iceberg calving – the breaking off of ice from a glacier front – has changed the Antarctic coastline over the last 25 years. The researchers found that the edge of the ice sheet has been shedding icebergs faster than the ice can be replaced. This surprise finding doubles previous estimates of ice loss from Antarctic’s floating ice shelves since 1997, from 6 trillion to 12 trillion metric tons. Ice loss from calving has weakened the ice shelves and allowed Antarctic glaciers to flow more rapidly to the ocean, accelerating the rate of global sea level rise.

The other study, published in Earth System Science Data shows in unprecedented detail how the thinning of Antarctic ice as ocean water melts it has spread from the continent’s outward edges into its interior, almost doubling in the western parts of the ice sheet over the past decade. Combined, the complementary reports give the most complete view yet of how the frozen continent is changing.

Read more at:  https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/nasa-studies-find-previously-unknown-loss-of-antarctic-ice

 

 

Hams in Antarctica, Campaign 2022-2023

Fresh info are coming day by day; WAP is pleased to spread them up and share what we are receiving from our Ham friends.

 

Neumayer III Station WAP DEU-Ø8:

Felix DL5XL send some more details on the German activity.

DPØGVN is currently active with operator, Karsten DM2KX, a member of the 2022 wintering team. He will be followed by Markus DK7DA who will stay for the entire winter of 2023.

DP1POL is not active right now;  Felix will be active during the Antarctic summer, from mid-December 2022 to the end of January 2023, as DP1POL as usual. QSL routes have not changed: DPØGVN via DL5EBE, DP1POL via DL1ZBO.

DPØPOL/mm is also on the air irregularly from I/B Polarstern. Operators are Andy DL3LRM and Jörg DJ0HO. There is regular activity from DPØGVN and DP0POL/mm on QO-100 satellite, see https://amsat-dl.org/en/dp0pol-mm-permanently-accessible-via-qo-100/ for the latest news.

 

Answering the question about Gondwana Station (WAP DEU-Ø4) and Dallmann Laboratory  (WAP DEU-Ø7 QSL aside), Felix said:

«Gondwana is operated by BGR, it has absolutely no connection to our Institute. Dallmann will be closing down permanently soon, so I do not think there is a chance to activate those!»

TNX Felix Riess DL5XL

 

India: Antarctic campaign 2022-2023

VU2CUW , Sarabjeet S. “Sunny” Chhabra , 25 years old electronics and communications engineer currently working as a design engineer for a CNC Machinist  is joining the Indian Antarctic campaign 2022-2023.
VU2CUW  got his Amateur Radio Operator License in 2015 and since then he  have been very active on VHF, UHF and HF managing Radio Nets.

Sarab  designs and homebrew antennas and has done a lot of field operations. He also worked on a satellite building project during one of his jobs at Hyderabad where he was working as a RF Engineer.

We expert to work Sunny VU2CUW who have already applied for a special callsign to be used while in Antarctica.

At the moment it has not been decided to which Base (Maitri  WAP IND-Ø3 or Bharati WAP IND-Ø4) he will operate from.

More info to follow,

TNX VU3BPZ & VU2CUW

 

Polar Ship RRS Sir David Attenborough

Mike Gloistein GMØHCQ  updates regular information about  his next activity on his  website: http://www.gm0hcq.com/
Last post says: «I am due back on board the RRS Sir David Attenborough in early November 2022 and will be taking the ship South for the start of the 22/23 Antarctica Summer Season»

TNX GMØHCQ/MM

Research vessel SEVERNIY POLUS  RI41POL

Arctic and Antarctica are brother Poles , and its a great pleasure for WAP to guest some particolar info from rare spots and activity, in particular when they running under the frienship flag of AmateurRadio!

Info from 6 oct 2021 received from Oleg Yu. Stribny RD1A/RI41POL RRC#043

RI41POL will appear on the air as within a week.

Not everything is so fast. Only on October 2, a suitable ice floe was found with the help of a helicopter and an escort vessel. On October 3, they began to deploy an ice camp. Now we are collecting MPKO houses. At the same time, the wiring of electricity is being done.

Yesterday, a mast and antenna were installed for a three-component UHF/UHF receiver to study the spatial structure of UHF/UHF radiation in the polar region of the Arctic.

Today, the foundations for two more masts were frozen in ice. Tomorrow we will raise the main mast for KV – 15 meters, after that the laying of cable routes and the installation of antennas.

As soon as all the science equipment starts working, I will do amateur things. Because besides antenna cases, there are still a lot of things to do to set up equipment that is performed at night.

The Internet is very slow here. Now it works through Iridium. So far, we have only set up mail. WhatsApp doesn’t work at all.

73 de Oleg Stribny, Head of the geophysical Research Groupof the North Pole – 41st Expedition

Info about Research vessel SEVERNIY POLUS (North Pole)

The Polar Ship SEVERNIY POLUS has been  built in 2022. Vessel Type: Research Vessel Ice-resistant self-propelled platform “North Pole”. Owner: Russian Federation Operator: FGBU “AARI” (Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute). The vessel sails under the Russian flag. IMO: 9884198,  MMSI: 273295970 Call sign: UBQW2

Last position of the vessel: 82.2387 North, 153.426 East, received on 2022-10-16 at 12:16 UTC). It follows at a speed of 0.2 knots.

 

TNX Oleg UA6GG Polar Trophy Printing shop

Antarctic Campaign 2022-2023- Next Ham Radio activity from Antarctica

Antarctic season is going to start.  Shortly several Bases will  open for the 2022-2023 campaign  while the overwintered  personnel are waiting new replacing Teams  to come.

In addition to several stations already active, as for example VKØWN, VKØMQ, few VP8s from the Falklands some sporadic KC4 from McMurdo and South Pole stations, here below  a short  list of next Hams to join this year Antarctic campaign:

 

Wolf Fang Runway (WAP MNB-12Oleg ZS7ANF has left yesterday for Antarctica. Activity till the end of December at WFR.

We got a message from Oleg today (oct.15):
I arrived to Punta Arenas (Chile) today. We hope to fly to South on the 18th to be at WFR by October the 20th,  to be on air after  November 1st when my FT991 and Steppir arrive. So, see you on air soon.

(Picture on the side show the Trophy issued to ZS7ANF by Oleg Latishev UA6GG chief of the Polar Trophy printing shop)

 

Halley VI-a Base  (WAP GBR-4Ø) Sebastian Gleich VP8/SQ1SGB will be again on air around mid November

 

FT4YM will be again in Antarctica  following the French Teams. No dates are available by now but Mehdi F5PFP have wrote that, during the period of staying, activity is foreseen  from the following bases: 

Base Dumont d’Urville (WAP FRA-Ø1)

Base Concordia (WAP MNB-Ø3)

Base Little Dome C (WAP MNB-15)

Robert Guillard Station at Cap Prud’homme (aka Base Cape Prud’homme). (WAP MNB-NEW)

 

Neumayer III  Station (WAP DEU-Ø8) DP1POL and DPØGVN are both active already.

Last sept 4th,  DPØPOL/MM has been worked on 20 mts  SSB

 

Novolazarevskaya Base (WAP RUS-Ø9Oleg Neruchev  ZS1OIN (aka UA3HK)  will sign RI1ANU, starting by the end of October

 

Alfred Faure Base-Crozet  (WAP FRA-Ø2)  A possible expedition to Crozet is expected on air by the end of December 2022/January 2023

 

Bouvet  3YØJ should  start next Jan 2023. WAP is  waiting to see from which site of the island the Camp will be set  (probably a new WAP Reference)

 

Polar Philately-5th Polar Salon LIBEREC 2022

The Polar Salon is an international “worldwide” polar philatelic exhibition that takes place in various parts of the world every three years, mostly as part of national or international exhibitions. Organizing Committee of European Stamp Exhibition LIBEREC 2022, together with the clubs of polar collectors decided to organize the 5th International Polar Salon in Liberec, Czec Republic  in 2022.

Polar philately consists of philatelic material with a polar (Arctic and Antarctic) character. It is an organized international philatelic activity since the mid-1950s.

Read more at: https://www.liberec2022.eu/en/polar-salon-2/

From 14. to 16. Oct. 2022 Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX will attend the International Polar Salon Conference in Liberec, Czec Republic

 

TNX  Volker, DL8JDX

MAIVIKEN HUT, South Georgia. New Entry on WAP WADA

WAP is working continuously to list and register the so many huts and refuges scattered around the coasts of  Antarctica and its  Sub Antarctic islands.

To enter onto WAP-WADA Directory we normally need a picture, latitude and longitude and a bit of description to qualify the “New Entry”.

Today Thanks to Gabry IK1NEG, we have found all what is necessary to add Maiviken Hut on WAP-WADA.

Here below, a list of Field huts in South Georgia Islands  that have existed at one time or another at the following sites: Sörling Valley, Elsehul, Schlieper Bay, Hound Bay, Dartmouth Point, Glacier Col, Maiviken, St Andrews Bay, Hope Point, Coral Bay, Gull Lake, Carlita Bay, Royal Bay, Hodges Glacier, Jason Harbour,  Lyell Glacier, Bay of Isles. Many derelict huts have been removed  .

 

Maiviken is a locality in South Georgia Islands, situated nearby to George Rock, and close to Rocky Point. Maiviken Hut takes his name from this place.

Maiviken Hut located at 54°14’52” South, 34°30’23” West , next to Maivatn lake, in the Bore Valley. Next to the lake lays this cozy little hut built in 1974 and kept in good conditions, being normally used by King Edward Point scientists. It was a quite precarious shelter in the past but is getting recently renovated.. At the present times Maiviken is often visited by scientist from King Edward Point for research purposes, mostly surveying Fur seal population and Gentoo penguins nesting at Tortula Cove.

 

TNX Gabry IK1NEG for providing infos

 

Maiviken Hut, Bore Valley, South Georgia island, 54°14’52” South, 34°30’23” West, will enter on WAP WADA Directory as WAP GBR-New

Uruguay celebrates its “Antarctica Day”

On October 7, 1985, at the XIII Consultative Meeting held in Belgium, the Eastern Republic of Uruguay was accepted as a Consultative Member of the Antarctic Treaty, thus becoming part of the group of Nations that have a voice and a vote in the decisions of the international community of Antarctica. In recognition of this fact of enormous importance, every year Uruguay celebrates October 7 as “Antarctica Day”.

Yesterday,  october 7th, marked the 37th Anniversary of the entry of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay as a Consultative Member of the Antarctic Treaty System, thus october 7 of each year, this recurrence is celebrated with great emphasis.

This event brings to mind the verses of  Delia M. Musso, a Uruguayan writer and poet:

The Antarctic

it is a liquid paint

length of distant mirrors

of the infinite sky

to the infinite sea

parade of sonorities

where the sound wave

goes through

our senses

leaving our eyes red.

And breathe the sea,

mutual complicity.

 

Commenting on the verses of Delia M. Musso about Antarctica, Prof. Ricardo Pallares says:

In this set of poetic compositions, Antarctica appears as a universe of lines, spaces and interior music, of movements and extraordinary realities that have the call of infinity and the absolute, in which the grandeur of the sea, of the ice nor that of silence. They are short, untitled compositions, a fact that strengthens the unity of the collection, in which associative, plastic and phonic values predominate over the metrical regularities of the verse. A re-creative figurative language that gives a certain life to this Antarctica and that presents it as a site not exempt from mystery due to its unfathomable grandeur,  totally impossible to know.

WAP joins the Uruguayan friends in this important recurrence.

Uruguay  actually manage  ARTIGAS BASE in Antarctica (WAP URY-Ø1)

 

The World of ANTARCTICA by  Lyubomir Ivanov and  Nusha Ivanova

I recall when on 14th may 2014 I did receive  a great gift from Dr. Lyubo.
A copy of his Antarctica book with author’s dedication  and  hand signature just for me!

It was a 368 pages book, with some references to the WAP’s work ( at page 76 and  page 211) as kind  acknowledgments to us!

Dr. Lyubomir Ivanov did participate in four Bulgarian Antarctic campaigns, and set the first Bulgarian Antarctic topographic map. He was also the author of the 1995 Bulgarian Antarctic Toponymic Guidelines, introducing in particular, the present official system for the Romanization of Bulgaria.

 

Today, a  new Antarctic book The World of ANTARCTICA” by Lyubomir Ivanov and  Nusha Ivanova  has just been published: L. Ivanov and N. Ivanova. The World of Antarctica. Generis Publishing, 2022. 241 pp. ISBN 979-8-88676-403-1

https://www.generis-publishing.com/book.php?title=the-world-of-strong-antarctica-strong-880

What is the Antarctic? Some extraordinary nature on the border between the earthly and the cosmic? A treasure trove of natural resources of global importance? A land with a no longer small history of heroic efforts on the limit of human abilities? Or the future home of numerous settlers? Whose is the Antarctic? Is it a common heritage that will continue to be managed jointly by a group of countries under the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty? Or is it, on the contrary, yet to be partitioned into separate possessions? Many questions, with still more answers.

Check : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/364087925_The_World_of_Antarctica

 

Dr Ivanov has taken part in several Antarctic expeditions. In 2004, Ivanov went with Doychin Vasiley on the Tangra 2004 topographic expedition, noted by Discovery Channel, the Natural Historic Museum, the Royal Collection and the British Antarctic Survey as a timeline event in Antarctic exploration. Awarded the jubilee medal 30th Bulgarian Antarctic Expedition by the Bulgarian Antarctic Institute for his active participation in the expeditions and in the building of St. Kliment Ohridski  Base  (WAP BUL-Ø1) in Antarctica

Dr. Lyubomir Ivanov is National Representative of Bulgaria to SCAR SCAGI and Chairman of the Antarctic Place-names Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Bulgaria

Thanks to Dr. Lyubomir Ivanov for his always great activity in Antarctica, WAP is proud of him

Little America IV, new entry on WAP-WADA

Thanks to Olivier F6EPN (aka Spratley Woody at his Facebook page), another old and rare QSL card, KC4USA dated 1949  proves that Ham Radio was performed at this Base, which was not present on WAP-WADA Directory.

 To understand the evolution of the five  Little America Stations, we must  retrace historical notes  from 1928 and ahead:

Little America, was the principal American base in Antarctica, lying on the northeastern edge of Ross Ice Shelf near Kainan Bay. First set up in 1928 as the headquarters for the polar explorations of Richard E. Byrd, it was reused and enlarged by Byrd on his return expedition in 1933–35.  In 1940 Byrd established a camp 7 miles (11 km) northeast, later named Little America III (WAP USA-37) , that served as the western base for a government-sponsored exploration of  Marie Byrd Land before World War II.

After the war,  Little America IV consisting of an airstrip and 60 tents, was set up nearby as a headquarters for Operation High Jump (1946–47), an expedition designed to explore and document Antarctica’s coastline as well as to extend U.S. sovereignty to the continent. When an expedition next returned (1956) in preparation for the International Geophysical Year (1957–58), parts of the earlier Little America camps were found to have vanished because of calving of the ice shelf.

 

Consequently, Little America V (WAP USA-29)  was set up several miles northeast, near Kainan Bay, to serve as a supply base and terminus of a 630-mile- (1,014-kilometre-) long “highway” to Byrd Station in the continent’s interior.

 

Another piece of information about Little America IV containing  the following matter,  was found at: Little America IV | Matthew Reilly Wiki | Fandom

«It was built out of a section of Antarctic’s ice shelf  and was ostensibly  intended to be a resource exploration facility looking for offshore oil deposit. In truth, however the facility served  as a convert chemical weapons laboratory, one shoes location easily avoided pubic view and provided s safety buffer should any chemical leak out. Among the weapons  the researchers at Little America IV worked on was sarin gas and VX poison gas».

 

Going back  to Little America IV, documents say that it  was established in 1946–1947 as the primary camp for Operation Highjump. On 2 and 5 December 1946,  166 Seabees sailed from Port Hueneme on the USS Yancey and USS Merrick assigned to Operation Highjump.

Little America IV camp was thug established as US Navy’s Operation Highjump, of 1946–1947.

The old image of the Little America IV camp even if of poor quality gives an idea of what was the station setup. The camp is in the lower right. Three ships are moored at the ice edge at center left. Admiral Richard Byrd had established Little America I, II, III, and IV all within this same general area at the Bay of Whales. Ten years later when the US Navy returned to establish Little America V (WAP USA-29)  as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), they were unable to reach this site due to ice, so built the final Little America station farther east.

TNX and credit : Photo Library, U.S. Antarctic Program

TNX F6EPN whose merit is to have found a 1949 old KC4USA QSL card

Now, WAP-WADA has already listed: Little America I (WAP USA-43), Little America III (WAP USA-37), Little America V (WAP USA-29). At the light of the acquired evidences, WAP is  going to add ,  Little America IV (WAP USA-5Ø New Entry), as follow:

Little America IV

Reference WAP USA-5Ø

Location: Bay of Whales, West Ross Ice Shelf,

Coordinates: 78° 12’ South, 162° 30’ West     

Wilkes Station 1957-1959 “New entry” as WAP MNB-17

From Jan 1957 through 6 February 1959 Wilkes was a Multinational Base (WAP MNB-NEW) managed by USA & Australia, then,  after a hand-over ceremony held on 7 February 1959, Wilkes Station became Australian (WAP AUS-Ø5).

In January 1957, Wilkes Station was established on the Clark Peninsula by the United States as part of their International Geophisical Yera (IGY) program. Antarctica was recognised as an area of major scientific importance during IGY, with 12 nations participating with programs.

US Navy personnel constructed the main part of Wilkes in 16 days, unloading 11,000 tons of material and supplies. It took a crew of over 100 to erect the station, which housed 24 naval personnel and scientists for the next 18 months. At the closure of IGY, the United States offered use of Wilkes to Australia.

Wilkes was seen to be strategically located because of its proximity to the south magnetic pole. Under an agreement with the United States, Australia was permitted to use the station stores and supplies that remained, on condition that nothing was removed and that Australia through reported annually on consumption of stores and supplies.

QSL of KC4USK 1957-1958 is qualify for  a Nerw Entry as WAP MNB-17.

TNX Olivier F6EPN (aka Spratley Woody on Facebook pages) for his great help in finding OLD QSL!

From Jan 1957 through 6 February 1959 Wilkes was a Multinational Base (WAP MNB-NEW) managed by USA & Australia, then,  after a hand-over ceremony held on 7 February 1959, Wilkes Station became Australian (WAP AUS-Ø5).

As Wilkes had originally been built as a temporary station, rapid deterioration occurred in the extreme Antarctic environment. By 1964, the buildings had become a fire hazard due to fuel seepage, and the constant drift snow buried structures for most of the year. The deteriorated wooden buildings needed constant repair.

A plan to realise a new station Casey Repstat  (Replacement station) was developed on the other side of the bay. Repstat was commissioned in 1969 and Wilkes was closed.

Wilkes station is now almost permanently frozen in ice and is only occasionally revealed every 4 or 5 years during a big thaw.

Many objects remain embedded in the ice. Visitors are often able to see the remains of the station through the ice, seemingly exactly as it was left.

What remains at Wilkes are a number of barracks buildings known as Clements huts. There are also the remnants of the semi-cylindrical canvas store buildings known as Jamesway huts.

Information taken from: Wilkes station – Australian Antarctic Program (antarctica.gov.au)

 

21th DCI,  19th WAP  & 13th IFFA  Meetings

Mondovì Section of the Italian Radio Amateurs Association, with the contribution of the Cassa di Risparmio di Savigliano Bank and with the patronage of the Presidency of the Regional Council of Piedmont, the Province of Cuneo, the City of Mondovì, the Municipality of Roccaforte Mondovì,  the A.R.I. National and C.R.P.V.A. has organized for the 21st consecutive year, an important international event aimed at highlighting the aspects related to Amateur Radio and the extraordinary historical, artistic and naturalistic heritage of the Italian territory.

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DCI (Italian Castles Award), IFFA (Italian Flora and  Fauna Award) and WAP (Worldwide Antarctic Program), are 3 programs  much followed by the vast audience of OM all over the world, did gathered on last 17-18 september , over 120  Hams , some coming from Italy, Austria, Belgium and Switzerland, all joining the meeting held in the frame of the beautiful , Borgata Norea of Roccaforte Mondovì, where participants have been booking  at the Hotel Restaurant  Commercio,  in where,  all the works did take place.

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For WAP section, this year,  IK1GPG Max has got the pleasure to show some of the last Antarctic articles published on the most prestigious  international Magazines  and showed the audience a video shot taken in Antarctica by  Lt Danilo Collino IZ1KHY who did participate as Army scout in the operations of the Italian Antarctic campaign 2021-2022.

 

TNX Max,  IK1GPG & Betty IK1QFM.

Broadcast  PNRA’s XXX Scientific Expedition on TV

In a special program by Oliviero Bergamini, the Italian National  TV did broadcast an interesting report . More than an hour has been  dedicated to PNRA’s  XXX scientific Expedition and Antarctica

Check at min 24,30 to see  Paride Legovini IAØ/IZ3SUS who has been active at Concordia Station  and gave several Hams Wolrd Wide a chance to work WAP MNB-Ø3 from dec 6th 2013 through nov. 2nd 2014

TNX Gabry IK1NEG

SKY-HI Camp KC4AAE, a “New Entry” in WAP-WADA Directory as WAP USA-49

WAP must thanks immensely our friend Olivier Dymala F6EPN, for his kind help in finding several interesting and unknown  details of the past Ham Radio activity. This time our attention is focused on a 61 years old QSL card: KC4AAE operated at Sky-Hi Camp 75° 15’ South, 77°10’ West  in a short window (Dec. 1961-Febr.1962).

A clear description on the rear side of KC4AAE card, says:

The Sky-Hi Station was constructed by five civilians: Floyd Johnson, Gordon Angus, Pat Caywood, Chuck Nuner and Steve Barnes. After we put a roof of a fashion over our heads, we constructed the ionosphere and magnetic buildings, installed the scientific equipment and finally set up the ham rig (no doubt many hams feel this should have been in reverse order!) Because this is a remote QTH (650 miles from Byrd, 1300 miles from McMurdo) it is probable that this immediate area had not been visited previously.  Certainly no station had been established here before. This station was the southern end of a high latitude, magnetically conjugate point program with the Northern end in Canada. Simultaneous  ionospheric and magnetic measurements were carefully made during the Antarctic Summer from early December 1961 until February 1962. In addition, interesting meteorological observations were recorded.

Based on this evidence,  KC4AAE, operated from early December 1961, until February 1962 from Sky-Hi Camp at Ellsworth Land,  75° 15’ South, 77°10’ West , is eligible for a new WAP reference.  It has been given as WAP USA-49 which will entry on the next release of WAP-WADA Directory of January 2023.

The actual Eights Station WAP USA Ø7 on WAP WADA Directory, listed a “Eights Station (Sky Hi Camp)”, will be though spitted into  Eights Station WAP USA-Ø7 and Sky-Hi Camp WAP USA-49 and KC4AAE listed on WAP-WACA Directory of Antarctic callsigns, under  WAP USA-49

TNX Olivier F6EPN

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Eights Station  derives his name  from the United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) project Sky-Hi, in which Camp Sky-Hi (later designated Eight Station) set up in Ellsworth Land in November 1961 as a conjugate point station to carry on simultaneous measurements of the earth’s magnetic field and of the ionosphere.

Eights Station (WAP USA-Ø7) was established  as permanent exploration base from January 1963 to November 1965,in what was the Sky –Hi Camp  located on Ellsworth Land about 1100 km from Byrd Station (WAP USA-19) and 2400 km from McMurdo (WAP USA-22) The station consisted of 11 prefabricated buildings that were brought in via planes and located on the site of the former “Sky-Hi” airlift project temporary scientific camp. The station was named for James Eights who was the first American Naturalist who visited Antarctica at the beginning of the 19th Century. The station was initially supported by 6 scientists and 5 Armed Forces attendants and included observations on meteorology, the ionosphere, geomagnetism, aurora and radio waves. At its peak, Eights Station hosted 27 personnel,  including individuals from the U.S. Antarctic Research Program Summer Party

Indian Post Office Away From India

India does have the strongest and the largest postal network in the world. India also has a post office at the southernmost tip of the world in the continent of Antarctica.

Established at the scientific base station of  Dakshin Gangotri  (WAP IND-Ø1) during the third Indian Expedition to Antarctica. It was first became operational on February 24, 1984 which was later brought under the Department of Post at Goa on January 26, 1988.

This post office was established with the name the Dakshin Gangotri PO and comes under the Department of Post of Goa. Scientist G. Sudhakar Rao was appointed as the first Honorary Postmaster.

The post office at Dakshin Gangotri was part of multiple support systems, which also includes an ice-melting plant, laboratories, storage, accommodation, recreation facilities, a clinic and a bank counter.

However, when the base submerged, the post office was decommissioned in the year of 1990. Later in,  with the establishment of the Maitri Base (WAP-IND- Ø3) a post office was also established named Maitri S.O.

A special postage stamp of  Rs. 1.00 was issued in 1989 commemorating the PO building in its ice-bound surroundings in Antarctica.

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TNX VU3BPZ Bhagwati

Working a Station in Antarctica is always a Great Experience (CQ Magazine, Sept. 2022 issue)

This month, the prestigious American CQ Magazine dedicates a couple of pages about the fondness,  of the most rare DX in the career of a Radio Amateur: connecting Scientific Bases in Antarctica!
The report is written by our great friend Bob Hines K4MZU with a foreword by another “Big Ham”, N2OO Robert W Schenck

 

N2OO (pic on the right) writes:  
«As I have often related, chasing DX isn’t always about the DXCC or CQ DX Awards. Sometimes, the chase is for a more specific goal. In this case, I have passed the keyboard over to Bob Hines, K4MZU, who will give you a little insight into amateur radio activity in Antarctica over the years and a look at the Worldwide Antarctic Program (WAP). Working Antarctica stations has always been exciting for me, although I never chased a particular award for doing so. But I always tried to get a QSL card from every station I could work. I hope you enjoy Bob’s article this month! – 73 de N2OO»

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Working a Station in Antarctica is always a Great Experience

By Bob Hines, K4MZU (on the pic below)

Logging stations operating from Antarctica has been the best DX many can wish for. Several Hams, particularly the old timers, have progressed far but just a few of them have over 200 Antarctic bases in their logs.
This takes years and years of continuous monitoring, setting skeds, following Antarctic expeditions and scientific seasons, all with only one goal; to work a new one. Bases, camps, huts, refuges, and rare scientific sites are the rewards of ample research done by these Antarctic DX hounds. Currently, there are many different Antarctic DX programs and awards available from Argentina, Australia, France, Italy, Poland, Russia, and Ukraine. Two sought-after Antarctic awards are sponsored by the Worldwide Antarctic Program from Italy, with Gianni, I1HYW, and Massimo, IK1GPG, at the helm; and the Polar DX Group managed by Mehdi, F5PFP. Among those meticulous Antarctic hunters is yours truly, Bob, K4MZU. I have achieved the popular WAP Top Honor Roll, top of W.A.P. Worldwide Antarctic Program, WADA Award, 202 Antarctic Bases and WACA Award, with 513 Antarctic stations’ callsigns. I have also achieved the top Antarctic Challenge 2022 Award with 203 Antarctic/sub-Antarctic bases and refuges. Please visit my Antarctic website at www.k4mzu.net to see my Antarctic QSL collection.

Here’s a look back at my long devotion to chasing stations in Antarctica. After getting licensed in 1959 (age 16), I immediately started working DX (no problem with a SFI of 270-290).

Then, I snagged my first Antarctic contact, VP8EH … and I was hooked. Working stations like KC4USE/mm (USCGS Eastwind), KC4AAA/mm (USCGS Eltanin), KC4USR/mm (USS Arnet) and KC4USG/mm (USS Glacier), all late night with polar flutter and often the only signals on the band, was a genuine delight. Later on, from 1970 to 1995 with a much-improved station, I would team up with Larry, K1IED (SK). He would handle phone patches (No satellite phones for personal use then) for KC4USV (McMurdo Station), KC4AAA (South Pole Station), and KC4AAC (Palmer Station). I would do the same for many of the smaller remote sites such as KC4USB (Byrd Surface Camp), KC4USX (Williams Field), KC4AAF (Upstream Bravo Camp), KC4AAG (Terra Nova Bay Camp), and renowned Mr. Henry Perk, VEØHSS/am, who I often claimed would fly from one Antarctic camp to the next in his Twin Otter like I might visit the 7/11 down the street. All during the period from 1959 until now, I have been fortunate to log numerous Antarctic stations from different countries that are signatories of the Antarctic Treaty. Some were quite rare at the time: LU3ZY (South Sandwich Argentinian Station), ATØA (Dakshin Gangotri Indian Station), VKØVK (Australian Wilkes Station), 3YØC (Norwegian Research Station Bouvet), R1ANH (Russkaya Russian Station), and Astronaut Owen Garriott, KC4/W5LFL (SK) at Multi National Patriot Hills Station. Being a passionate Antarctic DX Chaser, one feels compelled to help with QSL responsibilities. Accordingly, over the years I gladly became QSL Manager for LU1ZC (now QSL via LU2CN), VP8AWU, VP8MS, VP8DPC/mm, VP8SIX, C6AMD/mm, R1ANW (op. Henry), KC4/KH6JNF, KC4/KA7DHE, KC4/KC7GJJ, KC4AAF (ops. Sarah, Henry, and Ted), KC4AAG (op. Oriel), KC4/VEØHSS, KC4AAC (op. Janet), (currently KC4AAC, KC4AAA, and KC4USV all are QSL via K7MT), KC4USX (op. Henry), and KC4/KL7RL. I’m 79 years young now and would love to have operated from the ice. Nevertheless, the reality that I have acquired many friendships with those fortunate enough to travel there, along with my fellow Antarctic DX chasers is, most gratifying.

TNX Gabry IK1NEG

South Africa’s Borga Base, WAP ZAF-Ø8

Established in May 1969  at 72°57’54.18″ South, -3°47’47.25 West,  Borga Base was a  semi-permanent scientific research base operated by South Africa in Antarctica (1969-1976) located 350 kilometers (220 mi) south of South Africa’s primary Antarctic research station SANAE I

Borga Base was created with the support of Belgian aircraft during the International Geophisical Year and was inaugurated in 1969. Its main building was a Parcoll hut, a long hut with a semicircular frame resembling half a cylinder.

In the years of its operation (the main research activities of Borga Base were geological surveying and weather monitoring), expedition teams would attempt the traverse from SANAE to Borga Base using specialized tractors, though they were not always successful. In 1969, mechanic Gordon Mackie was the first casualty of South African Antarctic research when he fell to his death on the traverse between the two bases. In 1970, mechanical and weather difficulties forced the team to abandon their attempt to reach Borga. In 1971, mechanical issues once again prevented the team from reaching Borga Base so they created , another semi-permanent station (Grunehogna Base WAP ZAF-NEW), using a prefabricated hut.

WAP thanks immensely our friend Oliver F6EPN  who,  with the pubblication of the old QSL of ZS1AMB active  from Borga Base in 1969, allowed us to complete the story of this Base been on the air, thanks to Chris Muir ZS6BCT (radio operator of the Borga Team expedition),

 

South Africa’s  Borga Base operate by ZS1AMB Nov. 1969. (QSL via ZS6BBK) is listed  on WAP-WADA Directory as WAP ZAF-Ø8.

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TNX Olivier F6EPN for his great help

 

ANTARCTIC News Bulletin, pubblished by New Zealand Antarctic Society   March, 1970 at page 387-388 reports:

Good use was made of South Africa’s new Borga Base, erected last year with the aid of Belgian aircraft during the joint summer expedition. The new base enables geologists to explore new areas and makes it possible to undertake research over a far greater area.

 

Borga Base, a 4-man wintering-over station, was established during May 1969 near Huldreslottet Nunatak (72° 50’S, 3° 48’W), some 350 km. due south of SANAE. The detailed geological investigation of the Kirwan Escarpment, particularly the Tunga region, was completed during the post-winter field-season and Antarctic history was made when the hitherto virgin region of the Escarpment between 5° and 7°W, was mapped during mid-summer 1969/70. The field parties progressed up to the south easternmost continuation of the Escarpment and could clearly see in the distance Heimefrontfjella where British geologists mapped in previous years. The inland base has proved to be a great success and Anton Aucamp and Leon Wolmarans (geologists), Chris Muir (radio operator) and Wilfred Hodsdon (leader and veteran of three expeditions) survived the wintering over extremely well.

11th Expedition geologists and support personnel have already taken over the Base for the 1970-season, during which it is hoped to complete the detailed mapping of the Basement rocks exposed along the Escarpment and in the Juletoppane (72° 30’S, 06°W).

The 11th Expedition will also establish a safe route across the Pencksokka from Borga Base on to the Polar Plateau. This will be used as the first stage of a 600-km over snow traverse from SANAE via Borga up to the northernmost turning point of the U.S. South Pole-Queen Maud Land Traverse. It is anticipated that this geophysical-glaciological traverse will take place after the winter of 1971.

COASTAL SURVEY

Captain K. T. McNish, master M.V. R.S.A., repeated his 1964-radar survey of more than 350 km. of ice front in the King Haakon VII Sea. Significant changes in the configuration of the ice front have been recorded during the intervening five years. The most important change is the calving of nearly two-thirds (ca 1800km2) of Trolltunga, the more than 120 km. long ice tongue along the Greenwich Meridian. This event is undoubtedly of major glaciological and cartographic significance. Off-shore echo soundings have also indicated that the break-away point of the continental shelf lies at approximately 700 fathoms and that the continental slope is a very steep (1:4), linear feature. It was planned to extend the coastal survey during the present relief but close pack ice has thus far prevented any further penetration to the East.

 TRAGEDY

1969 ended tragically with the unex-pected death of Gordon Mackie, Mechanic of SANAE 10. Three expedition members, including the late Mr. Mackie, left SANAE for Borga Base to collect a broken down tractor and make magnetic observations. On December 3, 1969, having completed the observations for the day, Mr. Mackie went to look at a windscoop, fell into it and was killed instantly. He is the first member of a South African team to be killed in the Antarctic. The burial will take place at East London, Cape Province after the RSA has returned from the Antarctic.

NEW TEAM

SANAE II, comprising 18 members, left Cape Town on January 10. 1970, for the Antarctic. The journey was uneventful and the transfer of the four expedition members to Borga Base, approximately 2 km. southeast of SANAE. The existing base at SANAE was erected at the beginning of 1962 and will be replaced by a new base at the beginning of 1971. A new power shack was also erected by the PWD team.

BUILDINGS

Planning the new main base is progressing well, and it is hoped to have it erected during January-February, 1971. The old buildings, erected in 1962, arc now 35 feet under snow and ice, and are still withstanding all stresses and strains.

 References: Vol.5, No.9, March 1970 page 387-388

Mmymtmmx* a N E W S B U L L E T I N – DocsLib

 

 

KC4USY Ross Island Field Camp “New entry” in WAP-WADA Directory

Anthony W Delprato, WA4JQS is an Antarctic veteran (WA4JQS – Callsign Lookup by QRZ Ham Radio )  and lots more … Thanks to his  precious help, we are now in a position to add another piece to the Antarctic history listed  in the pages of the WAP-WADA Directory.

Radio amateurs have been and currently are,  a primary help since the birth of WAP. Thanks to them we have been able to put in the Directory, many Antarctic sites brought “On Air” by radio amateurs.

This is confirmed today by this new entry KC4USY Ross Island Field Camp (aka McMurdo Sound) at 77°50’North, 166°40’East.

On the rear side of KC4USY’s QSL, we can read a note reported by Richard F Przywitowski WAØSHZ ,  Ski (WAØSHZ) was the operator of KC4USY:

KC4USY, on Ross Island, was active from March to October 1968.

Near this QTH is McMurdo Station and Mt. Erebus, one of the few active volcanoes in Antarctica. Adelie and Emperor penguins, seals and skua gulls are the only wildlife in the area. Temperatures range from plus 30° to minus 40° F. over the year; high winds being common to the QTH, our highest of the year was recorded at 101 knots.

The purpose of the site was to monitor and record geophysical phenomena which are associated with the upper atmosphere. Areas of interest were optical emissions of the sky, aurora study, ultra-low frequency recording and Doppler shift detection of known RF sources.

Antarctica being an unique location for these studies, thus our being there. Only 469 contacts were made by KC4USY, power generally being less 75 watts.

Mny tnx to all who gave a shout, 73.

Rickard F. PrzywilownSKI” WAØSZH, ex – KC4USN ’66.

 

And here, is the comment from Tony (WA4JQS)

They were on Ross Island some distance (about 3 to 6 miles)  from McMurdo Station (77°50’53” North,166°40’06” East). They were only there for a short time,  back then they would go out and set up summer camps for a month or two. Then break them down.

I was in a QSO with Willy Field one night when a crew member came into the shack and told the op to come outside. A penguin had walking into camp and Willy Field was 200 miles from the water. They backtracked his tracks and found another set of tracks just outside the camp that went around the camp. They followed them and found the lone penguin .  Both were put on a C 54 and flown out to the coast later that week. 73 Tony WA4JQS

 

At the light of these evidences, we are entering Ross Island Field Camp (aka McMurdo Sound)  at 77°50’North, 166°40’East on WAP-WADA Directory  as WAP USA-48.

 

TNX Tony WA4JQS (https://www.qrz.com/db/WA4JQS)  &  Ski WAØSHZ  (11619 Billings Ave, Lafayette, CO 80026-9647, USA)

David FT4YM will join the 2022-2023 French Antarctic campaign in Antarctica

David FT4YM (FT4YM) will be QRV again from Antarctica during the next summer campaign  (December 2022 to March 2023).
Pic aside show David FT4YM and Danilo IZ1KHY, last season at Concordia Station

Although it’s too early to know his exact calendar, David is on the list as driver-mechanic for one of the three convoys that will connect Cap Prud’homme  (WAP MNB-NEW) to Little Dome C (WAP MNB-15) via Concordia  (WAP MNB-Ø3) on both ways.

During the period, activity is forseen  from the following bases: 

FT4YM: Base Dumont d’Urville, Petrels island. (WAP FRA-Ø1)

FT4YM/P: Base Concordia.

FT4YM/P: Base Little Dome C.

FT4YM/P: Robert Guillard Station at Cap Prud’homme (aka Base Cape Prud’homme).

As soon as David FT4YM/P will be on air from this brand new Base, a new WAP reference will be issue.

The French radio amateur Polar Team, provides a complete station to take part in the Odyssey on the air. It comprises a Huttenberg HT2000 generator, a Yaesu FT891 transceiver, an Alinco DM330 power supplì. This year,  an Icom IC2KL amplifier, a fibr glass mast, a 20/40m wire vertical antenna and other supplies, will be part of David’s set up in Antarctica.

TNX Mehdi, F5PFP

Cape Prud’homme (Cape Prud’Homme  WAP MNB-NEW – W.A.P. (waponline.it)) is a French-Italian Station managed by the (French Polar Institute Paul-Emile Victor (IPEV) and the Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA). Cape Prud’homme is acually WAP MNB-NEW  on WAP-WADA Directory. Located on the Antarctic coast, Cap Prud’Homme houses the small Robert Guillard Station, capable of accommodating up to a maximum of 18 people, the tunnels where the tractors and machinery necessary for the traverse are housed and, of course, the material destined for Concordia, which arrives in Antarctica with the Polar French ship Astrolabe, near the French station Dumont D’Urville, which is just 5 km away.

More about Cap Prud’homme

On the mainland, 5 km from the Island of Petrels, DDU (Dumont D’Urville) is articulated to a third place, Robert Guillard (Cap Prud’homme), the basic element of a system whose main objective is to organize, depending on the year, in addition to scientific expeditions, two or three raids to supply fuel and equipment to the Franco-Italian station Concordia.

Prud’homme is a small unit, from 10 to 20 people depending on the moment, and which is defined as “a village”, administered by an “elder”, named with a touch of humor, the “mayor”. An unelected mayor, without specific status, but simply considered, thanks to his experience, as responsible for the coordination of a team of men and women.

The village is composed mainly of mechanics in charge of preparing and accompanying the raid, a real physical feat, 20 days of crossing round trip across the icy continent, in tractors pulling containers mounted on skis, loaded with tanks of fuel and equipment. It is a real umbilical cord without which Concordia built at 3,200 meters above sea level and 1,200 km from the coast could not live.

Read more at: A human community in the heart of the Antarctic ice (theconversation.com)