The Hut, 68°28’18”South, 78°11’16”East, is temporarily moved to the sea ice near the Plough Island skiway for up to 2 months in summer, then returned back to Ace lake.
This refuge (pic below to the Right) consists of 1 Apple type Hut, and provides accommodation for 2 people. The hut is equipped with food, fuel and cooking facilities and has a list of instructions peculiar to the hut’s fittings and contents. A radio is available at this location. Ace Lake Refuge Hut (WAP AUS-NEW) is located near the north-western extremity of Long Fjord, 0.5 hours by quad from Davis Base (WAP AUS-Ø3). Under normal conditions, no point in the Vestfold Hills is further than 3 hours travel by vehicle from a refuge or the station. The refuge was established in summer 2004/05 to support research projects at Ace Lake.
Tech features: Apple huts, such as the one at Ace lake, are constructed from eight basic curved wall sections and four floor panels, with an access door and clear windowpanes. The market approach of this product is to offer a ‘rigid tent’ rather than a sophisticated accommodation module. The hut are fitted with a circular ventilation/escape hatch at the apex of the dome.
The fibreglass fabrication is designed to allow erection in the field with minimal logistical requirements for deployment, limited cold-paths for improved thermal performance, including 6mm thick fire retardant polyurethane spray foam insulation. Apple huts have been used by the AAD since the mid-1980s.
For the above pics of Ace Lake Refuge Hut, thanks and credit to AAD (Australian Antarctic Division)
A rare old QSL of KØGVB/MM forced us to know a bit more about USS Burton Island (AGB-1), an icebreaker with a long and intense story. It could be that some Old Timers did work KØGVB/MM from 1967 and up, that was a great time to contact such a rare ones!
Starting in 1967 through 1978, I/B USS Burton Island went on eight different Deep Freeze operations to the Antarctic. In the operations, I/B USSBurton Island was responsible for creating and maintaining aids to navigation, clearing channels through the ice for supply vessels, laying cables, delivering and dispatching the U.S. Mail at remote stations and vessels, search and rescue, fisheries patrol, law enforcement.
In addition to Deep Freeze operations, Burton Island served as a floating platform for scientific surveys and research around Alaska and other isolated polar areas. Burton Island also conducted numerous search and rescue (SAR) missions. In early 1964 I/B USS Burton Islandwas at Cape Hallett, Antarctica, bringing supplies to the scientific station.
Rigs on board for Ham radio purpose were: HT-32A, GSB 101, SX 101. Antenna 14AVS vertical 80-10 mts, modes AM/SSB/CW
From 9 July 1977 to 8 September 1977 I/B Burton Island undertook a cruise to the Arctic, during which time her crew constructed several radar navigation towers along the north coast of Alaska and conducted gravity surveys of the Arctic Ocean.
The Browning Peninsula Refuge (66°28’10” South, 110°33’00” East) is 21 km due south of Casey Station (WAP AUS-Ø2).
The 60 km inland route for all vehicles is hard. Vehicles may become bogged or stuck; deadmen, planks and winches must be carried. Browning Peninsula may be accessible across the sea ice from Robinson’s Ridge during winter, and depends upon prior measurement of the ice thickness.
Browning is the furthest of the huts around Casey Station at about 60 km from station by GPS route. The area around Browning is spectacular with lots of hills, rocks and lakes. The Hut can sleep 6 people.
Browning Refuge is a custom-built sled-mounted hut made from AANBUS panel and accommodates 4 people, equipped with a radio, food, fuel, cooking facilities and comprehensive first aid kit and has a list of instructions peculiar to its fittings and contents.. The Refuge is used in summer to support field personnel, and for recreation.
Who knows if someday a willing Ham could set in and operate HF from there?
Australia’s Aurora Australis is going to be gifted to Argentina to work on their Antarctic program, and will be sailed to South America by an Australian crew before the end of this year.
In November the ship will be brought from Australia by sailors from that country, to Ushuaia, where Argentine personnel will embark. Then both teams will sail to Buenos Aires, where the transfer ceremony will take place.
An article by Adrian Lucianireported on Argenports.com , Adrian says that before the end of the year 2020, quite possibly next November, Argentina will add another icebreaker ship to accompany its “Admiral Irízar” in the Antarctic campaigns. The Argentine I/B Irizar, was launched in 1977, although she was out of service for 10 years for maintenance works after a fire onboard (2007/2017), she’s actually back in employ.
“Aurora Australis”, is a used unit that was deactivated by Australia and that will be transferred free of charge to the Argentine Navy.
The Australian “Aurora Australis” is a 30 years old vessel that until recently, was in e service of the Australian Antarctic Program and is now being replaced by the “I/B Nuyina”.
A new earthquake of significant magnitude occurred on Monday afternoon (oct. 5, 2020) in Argentina’s Antarctica, reported the National Institute for Seismic Prevention (INPRES) based in San Juan.
It was reported at 16:01 local time (19:01 GMT) with its epicenter near Base Carlini 5.2 degrees on the Richter scale at a depth of 7 and 11 kilometers. At the moment, there are no reports of damages or people affected.
Scientific Base Carlini (WAP ARG-2Ø) lies 1019 kilometers southeast of Ushuaia TdF (WAP ARG-23)
Thanks to Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX (ex Y88POL) a well known German Antarctic veteran (pic aside), WAP is now able to retrace the history of two unknown Huts, later joined and became a Refuge.
These two forgotten Huts and a Refuge will be inserted into WAP-WADA Directory which, day by day becomes more and more accurate. Even if these Huts and Refuge have been dismantled and removed, it will be great to document their existence.
Lake Podprudnoye Hut, (WAP DDR-NEW) Built in 1987, this Hut shown on the right, was a living container which was placed at that site as, at that time it was considered to build a new Georg Forster Station nearby. Later this plan was cancelled.
The Hut was located at 70°46′ South, 11°37′ East, close to Podprudnoye Lake.
(the twoPics to the Right, show the hut on its positions on Podprudnoye. The man near the hut is Volker. Pictures were taken from different angles)
Lake Prilednikovoye Hut, (WAP DDR-NEW) located at 70°46′ South, 11°36′ East , (see picture below to the Left) was built in 1985 and remained in operation till 1988. It was located close to Prilednikovoye Lake.
A decision decision to join Lake Podprudnoye Hut with the other hut moved from Lake Prilednikovoye was taken in the Antarctic summer season 1988-1989 .
Old hut from the Lake Prilednikovoye was relocated and combined with the hut existing at the northern coast of the Lake Podprudnoye. Both Huts together were called “Domik” (hut in Russian language) , they were set at 70°46′ South, 11°37′ East..
Both Lake Prilednikovoye Hut and Lake Podprudnoye Hut were about 9 km west from the site of Georg Forster Station (WAP DDR-Ø1)
Picture aside shows both huts together.
Lake Podprudnoye Hut (at his second and last setup) was though formed by both the huts present in that area: the one moved from Lake Prilednikovoye and the Hut already in place at Lake Podprudnoye.
This Refuge did remain on place from 1988 through 1993 when it was dismantled
A detailed map below, show the locations of both Lake Podprudnoye and Lake Prilednikovoye
Volker DL8JDX wrote: «These huts were used as small support base for the scientific activities in the western part of the Schirmacher Oasis. Because this area of the Oasis could be explored only by foot, it was good to have a shelter to work and sleep apart of the main Station».
Volker said that there were no Hamradio activities from these two huts, just VHF and HF radio traffic to the Georg Forster main station and neighboured bases even if «I was myself working and sleeping in the “Domik” at lake Podprudnoye between 1988 and 1992 several times».
Radio Club Ushuaia is very grateful to the Hams that have operated from September 25 to 30 in a special radio event to celebrate 60 years anniversary of the creation of “Tierra del Fuego National Park” together with a tribute to the people who work every day to conserve and beautify this beloved national park Tierra del Fuego.
Tierra del Fuego National Park (Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego) is a national park on the Argentine part of the island of Tierra del Fuego, within Tierra del Fuego province (WAP ARG-23) in the ecoregion of Patagonic Forest and Altos Andes, a part of the sub antarctic forest. Established on 15 October 1960 and expanded in 1966, it was the first shoreline national park to be established in Argentina.
A special Certificate “60 Years of the foundation of the Tierra Del Fuego National Park” is available to Hams that made the required contacts . To get more info send a mail to email@example.com or visit the page of Radio Club Ushuaia at:
Oasis ResearchStation 66°12’28” South, 100°45’00”East, was built by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition in 1956 and named Oazis (Оазис). The station has been visited periodically by Polish and other research teams. Official classification of the station is “inactive”. The station is only occasionally visited by tourists.
Picture aside shows the Research Station Oasis photographed in 1958 during the 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition of 1957-59.
The station was located in the east of Antarctica on the edge of a dry valley. Photographed in 1958.
As far as we know, nobody has been active for this old epic Russian Station. It will be interesting to know if someone have evidence of Ham radio operation from there, in this case a WAP reference will be given for sure.
The Station has been handed over to Poland in 1959, who renamed the facility as A.B. Dobrowolski Polar Station.
Also known as Reclus hut or Portal Point this Refuge was located at 64°30’ South, 61°46’ West , at Portal Point, Reclus Peninsula, Danco Coast, with survey and geology purposes.
It was occupied from 13 Dec 1956 to 25 Apr 1958.
Party from Danco Island (Station “O” WAP GBR-11) wintered there 1957 to continue local survey work. 4 man party, led by Wally Herbert, completed the first traverse from Hope Bay to Cape Reclus from 9 Oct through 30 Dec 1957.
Pic on the right shows Cape Reclus refuge, 1957-58. (Photographer: Richard Foster; Archives ref: AD6/19/2/O3/2)
Cape Reclus Refuge has been dismantled in Mar 1996 and transported to the Falkland Islands Museum, Stanley, Falkland Islands. (Erected as an exhibit Dec 1998, refurbished Nov 2007, re-built inside the new Museum 2014.)
Only concrete foundations remain at Portal Point. The ruins will anyway considered valid for WAP-WADA & WAP-WACA Award program.
On 14-15 march 2011, during his Antarctica Expedition, VP8DLM operated by Mehdi, F5PFP did activate this rare location to which a WAP reference number has been given as WAP GBR-36.
For 17 years now, without interruption, Hams from Italy and few others coming from neighboring European Countries have joined a Multi Program Meeting in Northen Italy at the foot of the Alps.
This strange 2020 with lots of problems connected to the Covid 19 did not stopped the enthusiasm of the organizers so that the 19th DCI Meeting (Italian Castles) among the 11thIFFA (Flora and Fauna) and 17th Worldwide Antarctic Program (WAP) was held last 18-21 September in the nice frame of “Hotel Restaurant Commercio” Roccaforte Mondovì, at the foot of the Alps in another historical site in the province of Cuneo.
Perfect organization well managed by the group of ARI-Mondovì (Italian Amateur Radio Association) with several speakers who debated some of the most interesting topics of DXing and the spasmodic search for the “New One”. Antarctica and WAP have been carried on by Max IK1GPG and Betty IKQFM who shown the results obtained in terms of rankings and diplomas awarded to Ham radio fans of Antarctica from all over the world.
Since 40 years WAP continue to achieve success, thanks to a large group of Hams and Chasers, Students and Antarctic followers. This make us very happy and motivates us to continue despite our commitments and our work. WAP Awards, Antarctic bulletins, Directories, regular information posted on WAP website, are just some of the goals to which we are proud also because everything has been put online for free. Our passion to the Icy Continent makes us forget the fatigue and we are always comforted by the satisfaction of knowing that there are many of us in the world with the same passion. Thanks to the hundreds radio amateurs and friends who have collaborated and continue to collaborate with us, providing news and information.
(Pictures above show the authority in front of the 2010’s banner of the Meeting and the intervention by the Mayor of the city.).
Thanks to IK1QFM Betty, IK1GPG Max, KK3Q Floyd and last but not least I1HYW Gianni
Thanks everyone WW for keeping the Antarctic passion always alive. Enjoy Antarctica as much as we do!
Happy National Holiday Chile … and Happy celebration to the personnel at Chilean Antarctic Bases in Antarctica!
This public holiday is always celebrated in Chile on September 18th and marks the date when the Chilean people declared the independence from Spain in 1810.
Chile’s National Day, along with Christmas, are the most important holidays time in the year in Chile.
Chile is one of 12 nations that first signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959.
Picture on top shows the Scientific Research Station O’Higgins (WAP CHL-Ø2) , named after Chile’s independence leader, on the Antarctic Peninsula.
View Point 63°33’ South, 57°21’ West, is a 150m long eastern tip of a promontory on Antarctica.
It was the location of the British researchStation “V”, which was active intermittently from June 3, 1953 to November 25, 1963 and called Seal-catcher’s Arms or View Point Hut, with the intention of searching in the survey, meteorology and geology. Established as a satellite base for Hope Bay (Station D) WAP GBR-Ø4 , the construction of the first hut started on June 3, 1953, the second was established on March 20, 1956.
On July 29, 1996 the “Station V” was transferred to Chile who renamed it General Ramon Cañas Montalva Sub Base (WAP CHL NEW … never been activated). In reality, this is a small Chilean shelter, actually known as General Jorge Boonen Rivera Base (formally General Ramon Cañas Montalva) administered by the Chilean Army.
View Point, situated 6.79 km east of Skomlya Hill and 6.45 km southeast of Boil Point was discovered by a party under J. Gunnar Andersson of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-04. So named by the Falklands Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) following their survey of the area in 1945 because from this promontory, good panoramic photographs were obtained. Picture aside (1956) shows interior of old Base “V” hut at View Point, Thanks and credit: BAS archive (Photographer: Hugh Simpson, medical officer; Archives ref: AD6/19/3/D25)
The battle to keep Antarctica free of coronavirus will see Australian expeditioners spend up to an extra four months on the ice-covered wilderness. Antarctica is the only continent without a single recorded COVID-19 case. Members of the AustralianAntarctic Division (AAD) are based at isolated stations and sub stations around the South Pole. Stringent precautions taken by the AAD and the 28 other nations with polar bases have stopped the pandemic reaching Antarctica.
WAP suggests the Antarctic hunters and followers to visit and join the Antarctic Heritage Trusthttps://nzaht.org/ and sign in to receive the always interesting monthly newsletters.
On the recent september issue, NZAHT is delighted to officially launch a unique virtual reality (VR) experience of Sir Edmund Hillary’s Antarctic hut. Developed in partnership with Auckland University of Technology (AUT) the VR was recently launched in person by New Zealand’s Prime MinisterRt Hon Jacinda Ardern, who described the experience as “deeply moving”.
Donning a headset, people are invited to step inside Hillary’s Hut and to explore the first building at what is now New Zealand’s Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1, picture aside).
A fully immersive experience, which includes a guided tour through ‘A’ hut, it celebrates New Zealand’s first presence in Antarctica as part of the Trans-Antarctic Expedition and International Geophysical Year.
As part of our commitment to sharing the world’s greatest polar exploration stories the Trust is utilizing virtual reality. It is a powerful medium to allow people to access Antarctica’s remarkable history of exploration and the legacy of the expedition bases, which the Trust cares for on behalf of the international community.
It is a ground-breaking project in terms of its scale and approach with more than a dozen AUT students and staff contributing over 4000 hours to the project. AUT Associate Professor Barbara Bollard, who helped collect the data to create the experience, says it was a privilege to be involved in bringing the hut to life. “It’s one thing to read about a place or see photos, but to interactively walk around and experience it as if you are there, really cements the connection. It creates a greater awareness and appreciation of the importance and value of these places.”
The world’s only civilian nuclear-powered cargo ship will later this year bring construction material to the coast of Antarctic aimed for Russia’s Research Station Vostok II (WAP RUS-NEW) in inland Princess Elizabeth Land.
Polar I/B “Sevmorput”. Photo credit: Thomas Nilsen
Later this year, the “Sevmorput” is due to sail to Antarctica with a shipment of construction material for this brand new Base which will be called Vostok II Station
Rosatom, Russia’s state nuclear corporation, informs in a Facebook update that the «Sevmorput» later this year will sail across the globe with construction materials aimed for the country’s Vostok II Research Station in inland Antarctica.
Founded by the Soviet Union in 1957, the old Vostok station (WAP RUS-13) is the place on earth with the lowest ever reliably measured temperature with −89.2 °C. The station is 1,253 km from the South Pole. The «Sevmorput» will deliver the cargo on the coast from where it will be transported into the frozen continent.
It will be great to have a chance to contact I/B Sevmorput on HF bands, during his way down to Antarctica. The ship will enter on WAP WADA Directory if it will be put on the air. Russian radio amateurs did never disappoint us. They know how to operate professionally at any latitude and with even modest means . The world of radio amateurs trusts in them, hoping they can operate HF on board!
With more than 30 years of experience, ALE (Antarctic Logistic & Expedition) is the leader in polar expeditions and the premier provider of deep-field experiences, private retreats & logistical services supporting responsible tourism in Antarctica.
In a press release signed by David Rootes on behalf of ALE’s Partners, the Company regrets to announce that after careful deliberation of the issues and uncertainty from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken the difficult decision to cancel their 2020-21 Antarctic season.
ALE feels that the correct action now is to cancel our season, limiting the potential spread of the virus, ensuring our most vulnerable populations are kept safe, and ensuring we do not inadvertently bring COVID-19 into Antarctica.
Ale is now looking into 2021-22 schedule to identify ways to accommodate guests who may wish to carry over as well and those who are already planning to travel with us during the 2021-22 season. Revised 2021-22. Dates & Rates will be released on September 18, 2020.
Hope Point, 54° 17′ South, 36° 29′ 15″ West, is a rocky bluff, 20 meters (70 ft) high, which forms the north side of the entrance to King Edward Cove.
Hope Point (South Georgia) is the site of a monument erected by Sir Ernest Shackleton’s men, the memorial cairn and cross at the end of King Edward Point, beyond the British Base (WAP GBR-24), face the Cove since 1922.
The cairn and cross in memory of Sir Ernest Shackleton at King Edward Point was erected by the crew of the Quest Expedition on their return from the South. They were unable to attend Shackleton’s funeral as they had set off on the expedition thinking the body was bound for England.
Photo: The Wilkins Collection (c) Ohio State University
British Antarctic Survey research Station “M” King Edward Point (WAP GBR-24) is located on Hope Point, the cove’s northernmost headland. Abandoned whaling station Grytviken (WAP GBR-29) is located on the cove’s western shore.
Reconstruction of the Vostok II Station, the only inland Antarctic station used by Russia, is scheduled to be completed by 2024.
“At present, work is being completed on the design of residential modules with working rooms for laboratories, engineering modules and a garage, which will be manufactured and delivered to St. Petersburg at the expense of private funds. In the future, at the expense of federal funds, the modules will be delivered to the Progress station, and from there, across the territory of Antarctica to the destination for assembly. The last section of the route will be about 1500 kilometers and will be covered by a sledge-caterpillar train. This is the only way to reach the station by land – nine months a year it is cut off from the rest of the world ” commented Sergei Khrushchev, Director of the Department of State Policy and Regulation in Hydrometeorology, Arctic, Antarctic and World Ocean Studies of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources .
Recall that the first experimental flight to the station took place in 2019. As a result, the specialists completed the revision of the sled, which will deliver the component parts of modules weighing up to 60 tons.
The delivery of fuel to Progress and the compaction of the site for the placement of facilities at the Vostok station is in full swing. After its reconstruction on an area of 2500 square meters. will accommodate residential modules, laboratories, a medical unit, a power plant, garages for equipment. In the Antarctic summer, 35 people will work at the station, 15 will remain for the winter.
The 65th seasonal expedition is currently underway. It involves 110 winterers who spend about a year in Antarctica and 120 seasonal employees. The scientific expedition vessels “Akademik Treshnikov” and “Akademik Fedorov”, as well as the research vessel “Akademik Alexander Karpinsky” are involved in the work.
Photo are coming from the official website of the Russian Antarctic Expedition
In addition, it is reported that, last Jan. the snow surface at the site was being compacted to accommodate the future facilities & fuel loads were being delivered in advance at the coastal BaseProgress II (WAP RUS-11). With a post on FB, Alexey Loginov informs that new building of Vostok II station is ready for transportation to Antarctica!
The project of the new station was performed by a German company, while bilders are from Novatec company (specialized on LNG at Arctica), and all constructions will reach Antarctica this season. All material load on Polar ships will land at Progress II Base (WAP RUS-11), then will be transported on site by huge sledge with over 1000 km traverse
A training of аssembly will be performed in St. Petersburg, then the building will be disassembled, loaded on ship, heading the Antarctic coast, pre-assembled blocks will move on a huge sled.
The Polar Ship Sevmorput, the world’s only nuclear-powered cargo ship, is currently preparing for a voyage to Antarctica to supply the new Russia’s Vostok IIResearchstation.
When ready, the Antarctic hunters will be looking forward a Radio contact on HF as for sure, the New Vostok Station (Vostok II) will be a brand NEW WAP WADA reference.
Refuge Cristo Redentor is an Antarctic refuge located at 63°33′ South, 57°22′ West at the western access to Duse Bay in the Trinity Peninsula, 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Esperanza Base (WAP ARG-Ø4). It is administered by the Argentine Army and was inaugurated on May 25, 1955.
The Refuge, is one of the 18 shelters that are under the responsibility of Esperanza, which is responsible for the maintenance and the care. It has capacity for 12 people, food for two months, fuel, gas and first aid kit. It has been used in some Argentine scientific campaigns and ordinary patrolling. The main scientific observations are the geology and topography of the area, the sea ice and survey on the Crabeater seal and the Weddel seal.
Between September 1956 and January 1957, the assistant Sergeant Domingo Avila and Sergeant Telmo Buonomo, officiating as commissioners in the refuge area, were isolated by an early melting of the sea in the Duse Bay. They survived four months until were rescued by ARA General San Martìn icebreaker’s helicopter.
After four months of darkness, the sun finally rises on 11 August at Concordia Research Station (WAP MNB-Ø3) in Antarctica. The crew are understandably reverent.
For nine months, researchers are holding down the base in one of the most isolated, confined and extreme environments on Earth, with no way in or out of the Station.
They run experiments in human physiology and biology, atmospheric physics, meteorology and astronomy, among other disciplines, as well as maintain the base, one of only three to run year-round in the Antarctic.
Penguin populations are usually associated with the polar ice caps, most likely originating from Antarctica. A team of scientists from Berkley University of California has determined that penguins first lived in Australia and New Zealand nearly 22 million years ago.
The new study has been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal. Collaborating with several other universities and museums, the team analyzed the origins of 18 penguin species.
According to the paper, “the penguin crown-group originated during the Miocene period. Penguins first occupied temperate environments and then radiated to cold Antarctic waters.”
Blood and tissue samples allowed scientists to trace back how penguins became diverse throughout millions of years, and how they moved south to Antarctica. They believe that the emperor and king penguins left their ancestors and migrated to Antarctica due to the abundant supply of food available. These two specific penguin species have caused experts to debate about where they fit in the penguin family tree and are believed to belong to a ‘sister group
Colbeck Hut 67°24’51” South, 61°00’18” East, is located 100 km west of Mawson Base (WAP AUS-Ø4) and 5 km north-east of Taylor Glacier on an island in the Colbeck Archipelago. Established in 1988, it is used as shelter for visitors to the Taylor Glacier area, including to monitor the Taylor Glacier emperor penguin colony in ASPA 101. It can only be accessed over fast ice or via rotary wing aircraft. The refuge can accommodate four persons. It contains medical facilities such as comprehensive first aid kit, food and fuel for heating, lighting, and cooking (either kerosene or LPG)
Colbeck Hut Refuge (WAP AUS-NEW) is one of the several Antarctic sites never been operated by Hams. This makes these locations very interesting:
1) because they are rare and not so popular
2) because the Ham world always hope someone will operate from there one day or another!
3) By now, we are satisfied to know that these places exist and are listed on WAP-WADA Directory.
The 74th India Independence Day celebrations has been a great moment at Maitri Indian Research Base in Antarctica (WAP IND-Ø3).
Mr. Deepak Gajbhiye, Leader of the 39th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA) has been the head of the Flag Hoisting Ceremony together with Mr. Kailash Bhindwar (Deputy Leader) and the whole Maitri Team overwintering in Antarctica. Guests of honor, Mr. Vladimir Bondarchuk, chief of the nearby Russian Novolazarevskaya Station (WAP RUS-Ø9) and it’s team.
Unfortunately, the Ham community worldwide is missing HF contacts with both Antarctic stations Maitri and Novo. Too bad, in this year’s Antarctic Campaign there aren’t Ham radio operators active among the personnel at the Bases.
DPØPOL/mm is going to be active shortly. So far, the call sign has only been used on FT8 and PACTOR, so there is some real radio operation now!
Felix, DL5XL has just informed WAP that in spite of the fact that there has not been much to report in the past months, now there is some ham radio related news: Andreas, DL3LRM, has arrived on board of R/V Polarstern for the last leg of the MOSAiC expedition. Here a short note of the mission: Embark on the largest polar expedition in history: in September 2019, the German research icebreaker Polarstern has set sail from Tromsø, Norway, to spend a year drifting through the Arctic Ocean – trapped in ice.
The goal of the MOSAiC expedition is to take the closest look ever at the Arctic as the epicenter of global warming and to gain fundamental insights that are key to better understand global climate change. Hundreds of researchers from 20 countries are involved in this exceptional endeavour. Following in the footsteps of Fridtjof Nansen’s ground-breaking expedition with his wooden sailing ship Fram in 1893-1896, the MOSAiC expedition will bring a modern research icebreaker close to the north pole for a full year including for the first time in polar winter. The data gathered will be used by scientists around the globe to take climate research to a completely new level. Led by atmospheric scientist Markus Rex, and co-led by Klaus Dethloff and Matthew Shupe, MOSAiC is spearheaded by Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI).
Going back to Felix report, the Ham Radio Station is up and running, so Andreas, DL3LRM, will be active in CW signing DP0POL/MM on 40m, 30m, and 20m from various locations near the North Pole. QSL via DL5EBE Felix DL5XL assures the Ham Community that they might be able to set up a sked once Andreas makes the first contacts. -I am in regular contact with him through our office- Felix said.
And about the upcoming Antarctic season, we have no idea yet – Felix said- The virus really makes things very difficult!
TNX Felix Riess DL5XL
R/V Polarstern is valid for WAP WADA and for the French Polar DX Challenge. Good luck to hunt DPØPOL/MM in the next weeks
Christchurch is the world’s main gateway to Antarctica. Around 100 direct flights a year leave its airport, carrying more than 5,500 passengers and 1,400 tons of cargo, including fresh food.
Antarctic connection began in 1955 with Operation Deep Freeze, when eight US Air Force aircraft made the 14-hour flight from Harewood Airfield to McMurdo Station. Operation Deep Freeze continues today, and with the arrival of the International Antarctic Centre in 1992, Christchurch continues to embrace its Antarctic connection.
Christchurch’s Acting Mayor Andrew Turner is welcoming news that international workers bound for Antarctica will be allowed to stop-over in the city on their way to the ice.
The Government has announced it is granting essential staff from various international Antarctic programs an exemption from the current border closures.
The international staff arriving in New Zealand will need to spend time in managed isolation before they are allowed to travel onto Antarctica to resupply bases and change-over team members who have been stationed on the ice through the winter.
The first of the workers will arrive in Christchurch on Friday 7 August to begin their two weeks isolation.
“I’m pleased to see Christchurch playing its key role as an Antarctic Gateway City by being able to welcome and safely host these international visitors in this way’’, said Turner.
Satellite observations have found a raft of new Emperor penguin breeding sites in the Antarctic. The locations were identified from the way the birds’ poo, or guano, had stained large patches of sea-ice.
The discovery lifts the global Emperor population by 5-10%, to perhaps as many as 278,500 breeding pairs.
It’s a welcome development given that this iconic species is likely to come under severe pressure this century as the White Continent warms.
The Emperors’ whole life cycle is centered around the availability of sea-ice, and if this is diminished in the decades ahead – as the climate models project – then the animals’ numbers will be hit hard.
One forecast suggested the global population could crash by a half or more under certain conditions come 2100.
Field camp at Spaulding Pond, is located at 77° 39’ South, 163° 7’ East is a pond 0.3 nautical miles (0.6 km) northeast of the terminal ice cliff of Howard Glacier in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica.
The name was suggested by Diane McKnight, leader of United States Geological Survey (USGS) field teams, which studied the hydrology and geochemistry of streams and ponds in the Lake Fryxell basin, Taylor Valley, 1987–94. Named after USGS hydrologist Sarah Ann Spaulding, a member of the team during two seasons, 1988–89 and 1991–92, who studied the pond.
Spaulding Pond Field Camp, 77° 39’ South, 163° 7’ East, will be add to the WAP-WADA Directory under MNB-NEW.
A WAP number will be given if and when an HF operation will put this “new entry” on the air.
Dirck Gerritsz Laboratory (WAP NLD-NEW) is a Dutch research facility in Antarctica, located at 67°34’07.1’’South 68°07’27.8’’West near the British Rothera Research station (WAP GBR-12).
Officially opened January 2013, is composed by four flexible high tech mobile labs built in standard ISO 20 feet high cube containers. All four housed in a specially designed docking station.
The lab is named after the sixteenth-century Dutch merchant, Dirck Gerritsz, who is said to to be probably one of the discoverer of Antarctica.
The Netherlands is a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty and has observer status on the Arctic Council. As a participant, the country undertakes to invest in research at the poles. This is the reason behind the Netherlands’ Polar Research Program.
NWO and the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) developed a design for a laboratory in conjunction with BAS. An arrangement with four separate laboratories made from sea containers placed in a ‘docking station’ was chosen. It supplies the labs with electricity, Internet and water and protects them from the severe weather conditions. BAS built the docking station and NIOZ built the mobile laboratories, each with funding from the Netherlands Polar Program (NPP). Main science disciplines studied at Dirck Gerritsz Laboratory are:
The history tells about five ships set off for South America in 1598 to look for a trading route to Asia. One of these ships, called the ‘Blijde Boodschap‘ (or Annunciation) was blown south. There, Captain Dirck Gerritsz saw “high mountainous country” that reminded him of Norway. This is cautiously assumed to be the Southern Shetland Islands, which would make him the first person to describe Antarctica. The entire Dutch laboratory is named after this Dutch merchant and explorer. The four mobile laboratories are named after four of the five ships: Blijde Boodschap (Annunciation), Liefde (Love), Geloof (Faith) and Hoop (Hope). The name of the fifth ship was Trouw (Loyalty).
Trinity, 24 km long, 10 km wide is one of the 59 islands of Palmer Archipelago. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition 1908-1910, under Jean Baptiste Charcot, and named by the sixth Chilean Antarctic Expedition (1952) for Lieutenant Ladislao D’Hainaut.
Refuge Caillet-Bois (WAP ARG-NEW) is an Argentine refuge in Antarctica located on D’Hainaut Island (63º54´00″ South , 60º47´00″ West). The refuge was inaugurated by the Argentine Navy on December 10th 1954. Originally it took the name of RefugePort Mikkelsen referred to the name of the Danish arctic explorer Ejnar Mikkelsen. The refuge with its current name, which pays tribute to the Argentine naval Captain and historian Teodoro Caillet Bois, was given in December 1977 by the icebreaker ARA General San Martin (Q-4). Then it was closed and evacuated on January 17 of the following year by the icebreaker personnel.
The ARA Petty Officer Castillo visited the shelter in early 2000 during the Antarctic campaign of 1999-2000 and the ARA Almirante Irizar inspected the refuge in April of the same year. The refuge was renovated in March 2017 by the personnel of the transport ARA Bahia San Blas
D’Hainaut Island is a small island largely flat, rocky island (less than 1 sq km), lying in Mikkelsen Harbour, a 3km wide bay, lined with ice cliffs, indenting the south side of Trinity Island between Skottsberg and Borge Point. The island is often snow covered until late in the season and there are a number of shallow reefs in the waters surrounding the island.
A report from Mehdi F5PFP says: Yes we anchored at Mikkelsen Harbour and I remember very well of Caillet Bois refuge on its islet. At Mikkelsen harbor apparently remain the ruins of an old whaling station/depot but I didn’t see them. Mehdi F5PFP did operate as VP8DLM (on 16 march 2011) from a neighboring but different bay of Trinity island, more or less 3km from Mikkelsen harbor according to the map he just read. TNX Mehdi, F5PFP
A reference number will be given as soon as someone will put Caillet-Bois Refuge on the air … the game is open!
Ushuaia has grown by the sea but also under the watchful gaze of the prison. Both the Maritime, Antarctica and the Prison Museums bear witness to the passing of time in this southern land. While one tells the great adventures of seafarers, the other narrates the lives of those condemned to reclusion.
Facing the bay, within the Argentinian Navy venue, the building housing the Navy Museum was once the Recidivist Prison. Granted National Historical Monument by Congress in 1997, it bears witness to the origins of Ushuaia City.
At present, Marine and Antarctic Museum is directed by Dr. Carlos Pedro Vairo of a non-profit civil association with support from the local authorities and the Navy. It opens its doors to visitors who wish to know more about the history of the city.
A brochure with the location of the different rooms is handed out at the entrance. Guided visits are highly recommended and, while waiting for them to begin, visitors can walk through the first rooms devoted to the naval past of Tierra del Fuego. Just like the other southern islands, its development is closely tied to the sea, the only means of communication to the continent until 1948.
Created in 1994, the Museum has revalued the building of the former Presidio of Ushuaia. It began as a Maritime Museum, exhibiting a complete collection of naval models. It also houses an interesting collection on Antarctic Expeditions. It was declared National Historical Monument in April 1997. It was a good way to understand the early history of Ushuaia: the maritime history is very informative, particularly the Antarctic history; the penal colony and conditions of prisoners and the important native history of Tierra del Fuego and this is very well captured in the Yamana native exhibits.
The old prison itself is very well kept and is formatted in a very interesting way. Each cell containing a separate piece of history. Once stepping into the cell, the information begins. One can feel the hardship that the prisoners experienced in that cold place. The maritime exhibits are excellent as are the postal exhibits. The Antarctic exhibits are particularly gripping, bringing the rescue missions back to life.
Oleg UA6GG, www.dxtrophy.com wrote: – In honor of 200 years of the discovery of Antarctica “DX TROPHY Awards Group” is ready to present the conditions for another special trophy: ANTARCTICA CUP, small trophy cups will be for true hunters of Antarctica, and for sure the activators of Antarctica will not be forgotten-
Congrats and TNX Volker, DL8JDX, Antarctic veteran for sharing them with us
Camp Byers (Campamento Byers) is a Spanish seasonal base camp located at 62°39′49″South, 61°05′58″West on the south beaches of Byers Peninsula, in the western part of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands. The locality is also designated for use as an International Field Camp. When necessary for scientific research purposes, temporary camping is allowed elsewhere on the protected peninsula under certain conditions. The camp was installed to support the scientific research in the area during short periods of time. Due to the increasing interest in the area, the camp is still operative but can be easily dismantled when required. It is maintained by the personnel of Juan Carlos I station (WAP ESP-Ø1) who keep the camp in a good condition year by year. The camp consists in two fiber glass “melon huts” each of 6m x 2m in size, one set up for scientific research and the other for domestic activities. The camp is open to all the Parties.
The main access is by ship or helicopter. Parties should liase with Spain, Spanish Polar Committee, to co-ordinate access to the melon huts.
Byers Peninsula offers many features as an international reference site given it is one of the largest ice-free areas in the Antarctic Peninsula region, it has a variety of different landscape units, and it hosts diverse aquatic ecosystems. Moreover, the Byers Peninsula is a hotspot for Antarctic biodiversity, and because of its high level of environmental protection, it has been very little affected by human activities. Finally, the proximity to the Spanish polar installations on Livingston Island and the experience derived from previous expeditions to the site make it logistically feasible as a site for ongoing monitoring and research.
Sif Island is the name given to an island in of the Amundsen Sea, in Antarctica. It is 1,150 feet (350 m) long and made of volcanic granite. Scientists spotted this “uncharted island” earlier this year, but a NASA satellite has been tracking it since 2014, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) revealed.
A scientific expedition off the coast of Antarctica in early February, spotted an island that appears on no maps, a finding that demonstrates how quickly the continent is changing as a result of climate change.
“I think I see rocks”, shouted an officer aboard the RV Nathaniel B. Palmer as the ship passed through Pine Island Bay, Antarctica. After consulting their charts, the crew realized they were looking at a brand-new island. There was a commotion as everyone onboard rushed to see the rocky, ice-covered
The small island is only about 1,150 feet long (350 meters) and mostly covered in ice, but rises from the sea with a layer of brown rock distinct from the surrounding glaciers and icebergs.
After making a brief landfall, the researchers confirmed that the island is made of volcanic granite, and even hosts a few resident seals.
Norbert (Bert)E. Yankielun did operate on 1999 as KC4/WA1O from Temporary Byrd Surface Camp using 100w, battery powered, Kenwood TS-50 inside of his tent.
Now, thanks to Bob K4MZU who did contact the operator, we are able to understand what, the coordinates reported on Bert’s QSL were about.
Here below the story told by Dr. Norbert E. Yankielun WA1O
The Temporary Byrd Surface Camp was located at 81° 11′ 45″ South, 126° 8′ 18″ West near the original Byrd Surface Station (80° 00′ 00″ South 120° 00′ 00” West) where we temporarily staged for the International Trans Antarctic Expedition (ITASE) in 1999.
We were only a couple of miles from the original Byrd Surface Camp (WAP USA-20 ). A radio tower was clearly visible, even at that distance, still sticking above the surface there, marking the location of the old and abandoned Byrd Station.
The NSF restricted us from visiting the site out of “safety” issues and to prevent attempts to explore the long-buried facility.
Here are two digital photos I have from that trip.
The remainder of my photos are in film format. The camp basically consisted of the Korean War-era “Jamesway structure” (shown at the right) and a fuel bladder for refueling C-130’s. There were also several “Scott Tents” for station crew and for our traverse team while we temporarily stayed there.
The second photo (on the left) shows the interior of the Jamesway. Jury-rigged shower was the blue tarp structure on the left. Kitchen was in the background.
Radio desk and dining area would be in the foreground space. ( Pic below, shows Bert while operating HF).
I was asked to return to Antarctica this last November on a project.
Unfortunately, funding collapsed for the entire effort. Later, last winter, I was informed that the mission might be revived this coming Nov. 2020 – Jan. 2021 season. Given the issues with the virus, it is almost certain that the project will be canceled again for the coming season. Beyond that, I don’t know… Getting a bit old for the NSF to approve me for field work “on the ice” … will be 70 in mid-2021… Probably missed my last chance…but still hoping…
Very best regards, Bert Dr. Norbert E. Yankielun, P.E., Consulting Electrical Engineer
At the light of this evidence, we have given the Temporary Byrd Surface Camp a WAP reference as WAP USA-45.
We thanks Bob K4MZU and Bert WA1O for their contribution to update WAP WADA Directory.
Congrats to those who did work KC4/WA1O back in 1999!
The need to have a laboratory at sea level, on the coast of Marambio Island, arose when the research project on “methane hydrates” began at López de Bertodano Bay, Seymour Island, Antarctica.
What follow, explains how the idea of carrying out a construction came up. Initially named “Casa de Botes Roberto Argentino Vallverdú” , later called “Casa de Botes Marambio” .
The boathouse is located on the coast of López de Bertodano Bay on Marambio (Seymour) Island at 64° 15′ 22.9″ South, 56° 44′ 23.4″ West, and its construction began in 2007 with the main purpose of serving as a logistical support base for studies on methane hydrate leaks.
Construction and improvements of the “Casa de Botes” stopped in 2016, being unfinished as well as the research project that motivated its creation, due to the lack of objective decisions by the DNA (DIRECCIÓN NACIONAL DEL ANTÁRTICO) and the IAA (INSTITUTO ANTÁRTICO ARGENTINO).
Casa de Bote(Boat house) is mentioned and reported inside the Argentina’s “Annual Antarctic Plan 2019-2020”..
In the year 2008, the National Antarctic Directorate designed Casa de Bote (aka Vallverdú boathouse) as a model logistical support point for the development of scientific and technical activities related to Earth Sciences, Life Sciences, and personnel training.
Casa de Bote Marambio Hut (Boat house) at 64° 15′ 22.9″ South, 56° 44′ 23.4″ West, López de Bertodano Bay, Seymour Island, Antarctica will be add to WAP-WADA Directory under ARG-NEW. A WAP reference will be given if and when an Ham Radio operation will come on the air from this site.
Note that Marambio Base (WAP ARG-21) is located at 64° 14’ South, 56° 37′ West, so that Casa de Bote Marambio Hut is relatively far away the Base, that’s why WAP considers it a new entity on WADA Directory.
Food wrapping, fishing gear and plastic waste continue to reach the Antarctic. Two new studies into how plastic debris is reaching sub-Antarctic islands are published last month of April 2020 in the journal Environment International.
New findings include analyses of some of the longest continuous datasets in the world on plastics ingested by seabirds and washed up on beaches, and insights into where this plastic originates. They also highlight the ongoing prevalence of plastic in the Polar Regions, its impact on the environment and the animals that inhabit these remote areas.
Scientists from British Antarctic Survey (BAS) have systematically collected marine debris washed up on the beaches of Bird Island (South Georgia) and Signy Island (South Orkneys) over three decades. Their findings reveal an increase in the amount of debris collected. Over 10,000 items were recovered, the majority of which was plastic.
Beside Asuka Base (WAP JPN-Ø1) and Miizhuo (WAP JPN-Ø2) Showa or Syowa Station is the 3rd Japanese permanent research station in Antarctica. The fourth one is Dome Fuji (WAP JPN-Ø4).
Located on East Ongul Island, Queen Maud Land, Syowa Station was established in january 1957 and since then, serves as a research outpost for astronomy, meteorology, biology and Earth sciences.. It comprises over 60 separate buildings, large and small, including a 3 storey administration building, living quarters, power plant, sewage treatment facility, environmental science building, observatory, data processing facility, satellite building, ionospheric station, incinerator, earth science building, and radiosonde station. Fuel tanks, water storage, solar panels, eliport, water retention dam, and radio transmitter are also present on the site.
8J1RL is one of amateur radio club station of Japan Amateur Radio League (JARL), located at the Japanese research station “SYOWA” in Antarctica. Operators Taka (JA1AGS) and Hiro (JH7JCX) actually at Syowa, are member of the 61st Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition Team (JARE).
JARE61 did start last Feb 2020 and will continue through Jan. 2021 with the official callsign 8J1RL.
“The Kharkovchanka” Russia’s Colossal Antarctic Cruisers which have been continuously operating in some of the most extreme environments on Earth for over 50 years.
Produced in Kharkiv, Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic and originally operated by USSR, the ‘Харьковчанка’ (literally ‘Kharkiv Women’), these amazing Snow Cruisers were built in the late 1950s and featured everything a polar explorer could need in the field. In their half-century mission, they have crossed thousands of miles on Antarctic Ice, visited the South Pole, the Pole of inaccessibility as well the dozens of outposts and research stations on the Icy Continent.
Are you a student? A keen Antarctic enthusiast? An heater Ham Radio operator?
Well, the city of Imperia by the Ligurian Riviera (Italy) is waiting you next September 11, 12 and 13 2020 at the International Naval Museum of Western Liguria .
The International Maritime Museum of Western Liguria is an important museum of maritime history of the city of Imperia.
Established in 1980 by the commander Flavio Serafini , formerly known as the official hydrographer at the Hydrographic Institute, covers an area of about 700 square meters divided into 14 rooms, one of which, preserves the Swan RTX , and the original walkie talkies operated on 27 MHz to keep in touch the expedition members with the Base camp on 1975/1976 first Italian expedition to Antarctica by Renato Cepparo who built the Giacomo Bove Base, the first scientific Italian Station on the Icy Continent.,
We thanks Flavio Barbiero for having published on his website, several further details about Cepparo’s expedition to Antarctica and the subsequent “Antarctico Due” expedition.
Flavio Barbiero (pic aside) lives in Italy. He is a retired Admiral in the Italian Navy who last served with NATO. In addition He is an archaeological researcher in Israel as well as the author of several books, including “The Bible without secrets” and “The secret Society of Moses”.
In his website, Flavio Barbiero describes the First Expedition to Antarctica by Renato Cepparo, with rare pics.
We also suggest to read “The Expedition Antartico Due”. Even if it is not yet translated, the narrative gives more details of the too little known Italian epic in Antarctica.
Antarctic Veteran, Dr. Volker Strecke, DL8JDX has just received the 3D WOOD Award ANTARCTICA-200, in honor of the 200th Anniversary of the discovery of Antarctica by Russian sailors and became the first winner of the award of the International Marine Club SEAFARER.
The 3D WOOD Award ANTARCTICA-200 is unique and personalized, made of beech and is done on the machine for 25 hours.
The 3D WOOD Award ANTARCTICA-200 can be received by one who was in Antarctica as part of a scientific Teams, sports or tourist expedition, as well as Hamradio hunters for Antarctic stations (from 10 QSOs/SWLs with Antarctica stn).
WAP-WACA & WAP-WADA are a real achievement of years of DX in Ham radio activity where, Antarctica remains one of the most challenging goal.
We remind the chasers that any time is good for sending up dates and /or requests of new Awards. No specific months or date are requested, any time is fine. When you think you’re ready do it, you can just contact IK1GPG Max, WAP Award manager at (firstname.lastname@example.org) asking information and/or to send him your list.
Having one or both of this prestigious Antarctic Awards is really a certification to be a lover of the Icy Continent… but don’t forget the Honor Roll and Top Honor Roll, they are really the high-status certificate.
We remind the readers that here at WAP website there is a dedicate section for the WW Antarctic Awards … something that couldn’t be missed on the shack’s wall of any skilled DXers!
A sudden fire broke out at the Russian Antarctic station “Mirny”WAP RUS-Ø7 on last june 21st at 16:40 GMT time. The fire erupted at its weather research unit (Meteomarine) and quickly spread to several other labs, helped by strong winds.
The station has lost the Aerology Lab (aerology it’s a branch of meteorology that studies the free atmosphere, that is not influenced by the soil), the Laboratory of Physical Institute of the RAS, program Stratospheric sounding of cosmic rays, server, hydro meteorological laboratory and the radio room.
Mirny Station actually houses 23 staff members, no one injured. The state-funded Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute said that 11 people who worked at the damaged building were evacuated and resettled at other premises. It said that communications with the outpost have been fully restored
Alexander Solodov, RX3ABI is one of the members overwintering at Mirny Station (WAP RUS-Ø7). He is supposed to be there till February 2021 operating as RI1ANM. At the moment, nobody knows if and when he could return on air.
Hams should recall the “Award & Trophy Program”, launched by Russian Robinson Club and published on WAPwebsite on last Jan 7th 2020 to celebrate the 200th Anniversary of discovering Antarctica.
200 years is an important Anniversary and the well known at WW level: “Russian Robinson Club “ is happy for the highest participation achieved by the program in honor of the bi-centenary of discovering Antarctica.
The results of the “Diploma” have been summed up on June 19th 2020 by checking the 400 logs received. To check the pdf list click here –>2020_RRC_Ant_Results
June 21 is the shortest day of the year, when in the southern hemisphere the winter begins. It is a tradition in this day, to commemorate the “Antarctic Fellowship Day” , a day to greet each other in the Argentine’s Antarctic Bases and that date is taken as a reference, to teach about Antarctica in the schools.
So, next Sunday, June 21, it’s an important date for the Argentines that send greetings. It’s a day well recalled in most of the country’s schools, that will fulfill the objective established by the School Calendar by “promoting the culture and awareness and the importance of Argentina’s presence on the Antarctic territory, recognizing the work of the people involved in scientific matters on the Icy Continent and also, provide that the elderly know more about the Antarctic theme, so little spread.
And about 21 June, the date of the Antarctic friendship, we cannot forget that this is also the day of the Winter solstice in the southern hemisphere that marks Midwinter in Antarctica! WAP is pleased to relay a message forwarded by an Antarctic veteran, DL8JDX, to the friends actually involved down there. Antarctic Mid Winter Day Greetings Dear Antarctic friends, all our happy Meetings, during work and during celebrations, are still in my mind too. What a great time. Wish you all a happy midwinter and stay healthy! Kind regards, Volker
On June 21, the world will witness two astronomical events: an annular solar eclipse visible in parts of India, and the summer solstice. The summer solstice of June is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere.
The summer solstice usually falls on June 21, and is said to mark the onset of summer in the Northern Hemisphere. It occurs when the North Pole is the nearest to the Sun. It is derived from the Latin word ‘sol‘ which means ‘sun’, and ‘sistere‘, which means ‘to stand still’ and occurs two times in a year, once in each hemisphere.
The Earth’s rotational axis is tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees from vertical.
As the Earth orbits the sun, the Northern Hemisphere is angled toward the sun for six months and angled away from the sun for the other six months of the year.
When the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, sunlight falls at a steeper angle causing the hot months of summer.
The moment the North Pole is nearest to Sun, the Northern Hemisphere experiences the Summer Solstice. At the same time, the South Pole is farthest from the Sun, and hence, the Southern Hemisphere experiences the Winter Solstice, i.e. the longest night, and consequently the shortest day in the year.
The Summer Solstice is seen as an auspicious day in many cultures.
President Donald Trump has ordered the construction of a fleet of icebreakers and bases to pursue US interests in the Arctic and Antarctic by the end of the decade in a signal that his administration is going to take a more aggressive approach to the contest with Russia and China for polar resources.
Trump issued a memorandum on “safeguarding US national interests in the Arctic and Antarctic regions” which calls on the administration to come up with a plan within 60 days that would include at least three heavy icebreakers to be built by 2029, and recommendations for locations to build two support bases in the US and two on foreign soil.
The memorandum appeared designed to expand and inject extra urgency into a longstanding US Coast Guard plan to build three heavy and three medium icebreakers. It suggests the US look into leasing arrangements while the new fleet is being built. Source: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jun/09/trump-icebreakers-bases-arctic-antarctic-polar
The Bove Commission (COM-BO) is formed by a group of experts and volunteers from governmental and private institutions, with the common goal of getting more historic information on the dismantling of the Italian Giacomo Bove Station in Antarctica (WAP ITA-Ø1).
It is known that, in september 1976, the argentine ship ARA G.ral S. Martin Q4, “El Sapo” with approximately 30 marines from the Armada, was called to remove the Italian Scientific Station built by Cepparo’s Expedition and named after Giacomo Bove . The removed material was first transferred to other ship, ARA Bahia del Buen Suceso and then, to Buenos Aires where it should still be available in some containers of the Armada, forgotten or hidden in some old building of the Armada.
40 years ago the political situation both in Argentina and in Italy was much different compare to now. After more than 40 years, it is time to open the folders and look for the documents that explain to the Italians and the Argentines what was the real reason for this choice.
The great friendship, that joins the two Cuntries today, could be the element that will allow to shed light on a situation that nowadays is still very strange!
To those who wish to add something, or leave a comment on this subject, please use this email: email@example.com
Marble Point, (WAP USA-28) 77° 26′ South, 163° 50′ East, is a rocky promontory on the coast of Victoria Land, Antarctica. The United States operates a Station at the point. The outpost is used as a helicopter refueling station, supporting scientific research in the nearby continental interior such as the McMurdo Dry Valley. Weather permitting, helicopters are able to fly in and out of the station 24 hours a day during the summer research season.
The station’s remote location and adjoining frozen sea have largely stemmed tourism in the area. However, the Russian icebreaker Kapitan Khlebnikov conducts cruises in the Ross Sea and McMurdo Sound. In 1993, the icebreaker docked at fast ice offshore Marble Point. Tourists aboard helicopters launched from the icebreaker, flew excursions into the McMurdo Dry Valleys.
The way station at Marble Point, is located on a narrow strip of land between Wilson Piedmont Glacier and the sea about 50 miles from McMurdo StationWAP USA-22.
United States military forces built the camp on the western shores of McMurdo Sound in 1956 in conjunction with the forthcoming 1957-58 International Geophisical Year (IGY).
Christopher M Post, N3SIG (aka WZ3Q) has been active on 2004 from Marble Point Field Camp (WAP USA-28) signing KC4/N3SIG
Chris reports: -In March of 2005 I returned from my last trip to Antarctica… I have no further dates for deployments. After spending 18 Months working at McMurdo Station I made over 5,000 contacts! My last tour to Antarctica I served as Captain of the Antarctic Fire Department at McMurdo Station. Thanks to all the hams I contacted who made my unique journey to Antarctica a Ham operator’s dream adventure!
QSL card, has to be requested direct with proper return postage to:
Christopher M Post,
447 E. Garrison Street
Bethlehem, PA 18018, USA