Gable Island, WAP ARG-23

Gable Island (Isla Gable) is an Argentine island belonging to the Ushuaia Department of Tierra del Fuego Province of, Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands in Argentina.

The island is located on the northern side of east-west Beagle Channel less than 300 metres (980 ft) from Tierra del Fuego island and about 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from Chilean Navarino Island (WAP CHL-13) . The island has an irregular shape with many shoal banks extending into bays and open channel.

It is located at 54° 54′ South, 67° 29′ West, and as an approximate area of 22 km and its population is 50 inhabitants The islands surface is mostly covered by Magallanic forest.

Arbitration of 1977 (followed the one of 1971) awarded the Gable Islands to Argentina and delimited their adjacent waters, but was declared void by this country, although accepted by Chile.

Finally, the 1984 Treaty of Peace and Friendship definitively recognized Argentine sovereignty over these islands.

Gable and the other surrounbding islands are all comprised in WAP ARG-23

The Fifth Ocean

Update your atlas: Southern Ocean recognised as world’s fifth ocean by Nat Geo cartographers
Earth comprises 71 per cent of water and those familiar with geography know that there are four oceans surrounding the landmass. Four? No, now there are five oceans. The National Geography cartographers have now identified the Southern Ocean as the fifth ocean on the planet.

The development comes on the occasion of World Oceans Day which was marked on June 8. The new ocean has been identified by the National Geography Society which has been making maps since 1915 and had so far recognised the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic oceans.

Thanks and credit to:  https://www.indiatoday.in/science/story/southern-ocean-recognised-as-world-s-fifth-ocean-by-nat-geo-1812850-2021-06-09

Polar Awards, what a passion!

Recently, Volker, DL8JDX did achieve two new Polar Awards.

The North Pole &  South Pole – DX Trophy (NSP).

Rules and conditions here below:

DX TROPHY AWARDS GROUP gives out the trophy “NORTH & SOUTH POLE TROPHY”

for two-way QSO’s / SWL ‘s at various stations in Antarctica below 66°South and the Arctic above 66° North, for any period of time on any bands.
To get  the trophy, the requirement is:

Arctic:  30 different stations   including at least 20  different islands and 5 nations (e.g.: Russia, Denmark, Norway, Canada, Sweden, USA/Alaska ..) located above 66 degrees

Antarctica: 20 different stations including at least 10 different bases and 5 nations (for example: Russia, China, Argentina, Chile, USA), located above 66 degrees.

For those with connections from the North and South Geographic Poles: (for example: КС4AAA and  RØPOL) there will be a special sticker.

Awards can be requested with different modes:

CW, SSB, DIGI, MIX (CW/SSB), ALL (CW/SSB / DIGI)

Free-form application: CALL – DATE- BAND- MODE-QTH.

Confirmation: QSL or LOTW / Сlublog scans.

The trophy is made of glass 2.5D printing, size 250 x 200 mm.
Information about fee and delivery  and other details can be requested by e-mail at:

mydxtrophy@gmail.com

Another one jut received  by Volker DL8JDX is  the Russian Antarctic Bases Award (RABA), issued by the famous  Russian Robinson Club.

The  Awards program  of RRC (http://www.rdxc.org/rrc/awards_e.htm) foresees  several choices of different and interesting  certificates and plaques  related to the passions of each radio amateur. To get more, check: http://www.rdxc.org/rrc/AWARDS/raba_e.htm

TNX DL8JDX

Heritage Expeditions – MS Hanseatic  former “ Grande Dame”  of Polar Exploration

 is excited to announce the world-renowned Polar exploration vessel formerly known as MS Hanseatic and Society Adventurer will be joining the fleet from May 2022.

Rechristened Heritage Adventurer, this iconic and beloved expedition ship will see Heritage Expeditions forging new ground while taking the experiential exploration as synonymous with to stylish new heights

Here a  Press release that announce the program: «Heritage Adventurer, with its legendary history of Polar exploration firsts and superior ice capabilities, will take centre stage as our new flagship effortlessly adding new levels of comfort and sophistication to the authentic, intimate small group expeditions Heritage Expeditions was founded on.

The vessel’s rechristening to Heritage Adventurer marries the history of this incredible vessel with the legacy of HMS Adventure’s explorations alongside the HMS Resolution during Captain Cook’s second expedition of the Pacific.

Work is about to begin to get the vessel ‘Heritage ready’ and over the coming months we will be working closely with the owners to co-ordinate an overhaul and refurbishment in preparation of Heritage Adventurer joining our fleet.

Built in 1991 at Finland’s Rauma shipyard and specifically designed for Polar exploration, Heritage Adventurer is 124-metres long, boasts a 1A Super ice class and an impressive history of Polar and remote region exploration.

Originally designed to accommodate 184 guests, we plan to operate Heritage Adventurer with a maximum of just 140 guests to create a spacious, comfortable on board experience and continuation of the exceptional, personalised expedition experience Heritage Expeditions is renowned for. While a fleet of 14 Zodiacs ensures all guests are able to maximise their expedition experience.

Our first season with Heritage Adventurer‘s will begin in the Russian Far East, including Wrangel Island, in May 2022, before venturing south through the South Pacific to New Zealand, the Subantarctic Islands and down into the heart of Antarctica, the Ross Sea».

Researchers call for immediate emissions reduction to limit Sea level rise

Scientists from Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington’s Te Puna PātiotioAntarctic Research Centre (ARC) have contributed to a major international study that has found sea level rise from melting glaciers and ice sheets could be halved this century if the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to 15°C is met.

But meeting this target, the authors warn, will require deep and immediate emissions cuts.  The study, led by Dr Tamsin Edwards of King’s College London, was published in the science journal Nature. It involved 80 scientists from around the world, including Professor Nicholas Golledge and Associate Professor Brian Anderson, both from the ARC, and Dr Dan Lowry, ARC adjunct research fellow.

The study uses computer models and statistical techniques to make predictions based on a range of socio-economic scenarios. The results will inform the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Sixth Assessment Report, which will be published later this year.

The research predicts that if global warming is limited to 1.5°C, rather than the 3°C that global governmental emissions pledges currently commit us to, the contribution to sea level rise from melting ice could be cut from around 25cm to 13cm by 2100. This would greatly reduce the costs and impacts of coastal flooding around the world, including in New Zealand.

The study underlines the importance of making swift and decisive climate action at all scales.
Read more at: https://indiaeducationdiary.in/researchers-call-for-immediate-emissions-reduction-to-limit-sea-level-rise/

Extra-Terrestrial Particles Discovered in Antarctica

Research led by the University of Kent’s School of Physical Sciences has found new evidence of a low-altitude meteoritic touchdown event reaching the Antarctic ice sheet 430,000 years ago.

A research team of international space scientists, led by Dr. Matthias van Ginneken from the School of Physical Sciences‘ Centre for Astronomy and Planetary Science, has found new evidence of a low-altitude meteoritic touchdown event reaching the Antarctic ice sheet 430,000 years ago.

Extra-terrestrial particles (condensation spherules) recovered on the summit of Walnumfjellet (WN) within the Sør Rondane Mountains, Queen Maud Land, East Antarctica, indicate an unusual touchdown event where a jet of melted and vaporized meteoritic material resulting from the atmospheric entry of an asteroid at least 100 m in size reached the surface at high velocity.

This type of explosion caused by a single-asteroid impact is described as intermediate, as it is larger than an airburst, but smaller than an impact cratering event.

Read more at: https://scitechdaily.com/extra-terrestrial-particles-discovered-in-antarctica-reveal-ancient-meteoritic-impact-430000-years-ago/

VU2UR Manohar Arasu is “Silent Key”

Sad news forwarded  by Bhagwati VU3BPZ (8T2BH-AT1ØBPR).

VU2UR Manohar Arasu (82 yrs old) was a Life member of Amateur Radio Society  of India (ARSI) and was the Frequency Monitor for several years filing intrusion reports with the IARU-R3 representing ARSI. He was a well known Amateur radio enthusiast with around 46 years of experience (has been on the air since 1967). VU2UR has won many certificates for being No 1 in India and some for being No 1 in the continent. All in all, he has won more then 1200  certificates and plaques included and recognition from organizations across the globe.

 

VU2UR did join the 3rd WAP Antarctic Activity Week (2006) with his special callsign AT3ANT WAP-Ø21. We keep a great recall of him.

Retired from the Indian Railways in 1997,  VU2UR had settled down in the outskirts of Bangalore City, in Kengeri Satellite Town.

WAP express sincere condolences to his family to bear this loss and bring them comfort. May our prayers ease the pain and  his soul rest in peace.

ON4TX (ex OR4TX) in memory of an Antarctic veteran

Sad news, received yesterday from Ghis ON5NT.

Roger Vanmarcke, ON4TX (ex-OR4TX Antarctica) died of  Covid on April 2nd . He was 82.

Roger did operate  OR4TX from the Belgian King Baudouin Antarctic station (WAP BEL-Ø1) in 1960.

Ghis ON5NT  thinks  that  Roger’s XYL  also died a few days later of Covid.

Several pictures of Roger Vanmarcke can be found at: www.on5jv.com

Pic aside shows Roger ON4TX/OR4TX to the left with ON5NT Ghis
Today, in this sad circumstance, WAP and the Ham community express Roger’s family and friends the most deepest sympathy .

May the earth be light to you Roger.

Up there in the heaven we have another special person that we will carry in our memories.

King Baudouin Base Station (1960-1961) The King Baudouin Base in Antarctica is located approximately at 70 ° 25 ’53 “South and 24 ° 18′ 38” East. Roger ON4TX participated in 1960 (wintering 1960-1961) to the Belgian scientific expedition as electronics engineer and also as a radio operator. The meteorologist ON4TZ dealing more particularly with atmospheric electricity, as well as Roger. ON4KR

Regarding radio equipment, they were: Two Rhombic antennas, one large diamond-shaped 110m side 27m above the ground, while the other Rhombic was used for reception and was located 4 mts from the ground with which duplex with Belgium was commonly done. The transmitter was a Marconi delivering 1Kw equipped with Xtal frequencies and a VFO, also used on the amateur bands. As receivers for AM and CW traffic they used two Collins 51J4 equipped with the famous mechanical filters The 2 reserve receivers were RCA AR88 sometimes used for diversity reception with the two Rhombic antennas, but this on an experimental basis.

Ukrainian polar explorers have been honoured by State Awards

The Hams worldwide, thanks Dr. Pavlo Tarasovych UT1KY, Antarctic veteran for issuing a special Award to the radio amateurs who worked the special callsign EM25VER, issued to celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the Ukrainian Research Station Akademik Vernadsky (WAP UKR-Ø1) in Antarctica.  Hams wishing to get the Award could write to Pavlo (ut1ky@ukr.net)

Last February 2021, on the day of the 25th  Anniversary of Akademik Vernadsky Station, Ukrainian polar explorers received State Awards from the President Volodymyr Zelensky, who  awarded State decorations to those who made a significant contribution to the development of polar research in Ukraine. In particular, to all the participants of the Ukrainian Antarctic expeditions, who have been conducting year-round research at Akademik Vernadsky Station for 6 years or more.

The award ceremony took place at the President’s Office, last February 6, 2021,  on the day of the 25th  Anniversary of Akademik Vernadsky Station (WAP UKR-Ø1).

«Every great story means, first of all, the people who made it possible. I would like to thank the representatives of the Ukrainian polar community present here, as well as everyone who worked at Akademik Vernadsky Station in different years.

I believe and am convinced that the history of Vernadsky, the history of “Ukrainian Antarctica” will continue and will be successful. I thank our male and female polar explorers for their work, contribution to science and strengthening the authority of Ukraine»,   Volodymyr Zelensky emphasized.

Thanks and credit to: http://uac.gov.ua/en/on-the-day-of-the-25th-anniversary-of-akademik-vernadsky-station-ukrainian-polar-explorers-received-state-awards-from-the-president/

TNX Pavlo UT1KY (aka EM1KY) pics above.

Happy Easter

While the situation is slightly different today, the celebrations will also change in the pandemic. But that does not mean one cannot spread positivity and warmth on this day.

 

WAP Staff wish our companions and friends as well as all the lovers of Antarctica the kind of Easter that touches your heart like a prayer and blesses your life with the gift of amazing grace. 

Best wishes for a joyous Easter!

February 16 to March 7, 2016, M/V N.G. Orion travelled Antarctica

The voyage of the National Geographic Orion from February 16, to March 7, 2016, followed the map counterclockwise. The purpose of the trip was exploration of the Antarctic Peninsula by ship and on land, and commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Earnest Shackleton’s near disastrous voyage to Antarctica and ultimate rescue, 1914 — 1917.

Orion reached 67.2°South along the Antarctic Peninsula. The ship then travelled to Elephant Island where Shackleton and crew arrived by dinghies following the wreck of their ship Endeavour in pack ice. The crew remained there for 137 days while Shackleton and S others sailed 800 miles (1300km) to South Georgia in a dinghy. He and a crew member hiked without maps for 2 days across glaciers to reach Stromness and arranged for rescue of the crew. Remarkably, no one was lost. Our voyagers hiked a long portion of Shackleton’s trek and visited his grave at Grytviken.

Buzz  W3EMD (VP8DPC/MM and C6AMD/MM)said:   «C6AMD/MM was used for our Bahamas registered ship in international waters; VP8DPC/MM was for operation from the ship at South Georgia and the Falklands. Equipment was Elecraft K3. 100W, CW & SSB and 53ft (16M) end fed wire with 1:9 unun. About 300 QSOs world-wide on 15M – 30M were made operating from the ship’s library just below the antenna deck».

Bob Hines K4MZU is now the QSL manager for this operation

M/V Orion is listed on WAP-WACA Directory therefore is valid for WAP Awards

Iceberg A74: German ship squeezes through narrow ice channel

The German Research Vessel Polarstern has made a remarkable circumnavigation of Antarctica’s latest mega-iceberg. It was an opportunity too good to miss for the research icebreaker, which is operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhaven.

The ship sailed a complete circuit of the 1,290-sq-km (500 sq miles) frozen block, known as A74, at the weekend.

To do so, R/V Polarstern had to navigate the very narrow channel that separates A74 from the Brunt Ice Shelf – the frozen floating platform from which the berg broke two weeks ago. The vessel was already working nearby on a pre-planned expedition, so it was easy enough to divert and conduct some serendipitous science.

The EU’s Sentinel-2 satellite managed to image the ship in the process.

Read more at:  https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-56404142

Nicaragua’s flag in Antarctica

Javier Ramírez had only seen penguins on TV. That changed at 34 years old, on January 24, 2021, when he arrived on Deception Island, Antarctica. Upon landing on the frozen continent, some penguins would be the hosts, an image, which added to the sensation of -12 degrees Celsius of ambient temperature, will never forget.

This 34-year-old is the first Nicaraguan at the “Gabriel de Castilla Base” (WAP ESP-Ø2), one of the two Spanish bases located on Decepción Island in the South Shetland Islands Archipelago, in Antarctica. There he saw how the Spanish military placed the flag of Nicaragua on the flagpole, along with that of Spain, a gesture that shocked him and filled him with pride.

Ramírez was part of the XXXIV Spanish Antarctic Campaign along with 17 other people, including soldiers and scientists. The mission, which is scheduled annually during the summer in that area of ​​the world, was coordinated by Dr. Manuel Berrocoso Domínguez, who has visited the continent since the first campaigns and is director of the Astronomy Laboratory of the University of Cádiz, of Spain, the place where the Nicaraguan is doing his doctorate in Computer Engineering.

Thanks and credit to : https://confidencial.com.ni/nacion/

Read the whole report at:  https://confidencial.com.ni/nacion/un-nicaraguense-en-mision-cientifica-en-la-antartida/?fbclid=IwAR0W6_PkGgIJLqqdLgQKGV3HPbl1npOw9NCRKaCRoRdSxhXOQqxH3AkK0KY

New £2 Coin to Commemorate 60th Anniversary of Antarctic Treaty

An agreement was originally signed on December 1, 1959, in Washington by the 12 nations that were active in Antarctic science at the time.
The Treaty came into force on June 23, 1961. It has since been acceded to by many other nations, and there are now 54 Parties to the Treaty.

The entry into force of the Antarctic Treaty is recognized as one of the most successful international agreements, setting an example of peaceful cooperation,  designated as a “natural reserve, devoted to peace and science”.

Now, the Pobjoy Mint is delighted to announce the release of a beautiful new £2 coin on behalf of the British Antarctic Territory to commemorate this anniversary.

The coin is offered on behalf of the Government of the British Antarctic Territory, with full recognition of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty.

The design on the coin features a map of Antarctica with four emperor penguins standing on the land. The obverse of the coin features an effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II produced exclusively by Pobjoy Mint.

More details at: https://coinweek.com/world-coins/antarctic-treaty-60th-anniversary-commemorated-on-new-2-coin/

1925 Macmillan/Byrd Arctic Vessel WNP-WAP

Sometimes, as in this case, Arctic and Antarctica are joined together in the bound by the invisible wire of radio waves . That WNP-WAP printed on a very old QSL card intrigues me a lot.

WNT-WAP of 1925 is something rare, nothing to do with WAP (Worldwide Antarctic Program) but it is still part of the passion that join the North and South Pole. This is why such an interesting info deserves to be published. The story shown here below, recalls the commitment of men and women as well as of institutions in  exploring, studying and researching the secrets of our immeasurable planet.

We have to thank Mr. Terry Denton (carefreedentons@cox.net) who send us a QSL card which he has from the 1925 expedition.

Terry wrote: «This was in my late father’s collection. He worked in a small radio store in 1925 in Whitesboro, Texas.  The card was addressed to his boss J.C. Bass at 106 Charter Street Whitesboro, Texas.  My father would have been 17 years of age at that time and his Ham activity is summarized as follows: The American Radio Relay League Amateur  5AFD 12/7/1925 to 12/31/1926 (his old QSL card on the right), then  W5AFD 1/8/1932 to 1/7/1933 and W6KQX6 1/7/1946 to 6/7/1951. Later he was N6AHY»

Theo “Ted” Denton was born in 1908 in Whitesboro, Texas.  As a boy, like most of us, he became attracted to radio and what makes it work.  The idea of having his own station empowered him to overcome the lack of any money or materials and he became successfully licensed as 5AFD about 1923.  Like all radio amateurs of the day, he built his own equipment.

By 1928 he updated his exciter to a three stage Meissner design achieving contacts all around the U.S.  His station became well known to locals and he was talked about and bragged about.  As my grandmother relates: “Everyone who was anyone bragged about my Ted”.

By checking N6AHY on QRZ.com you can read all about Theo “Ted” Denton, a real pioneer on Ham radio. It’s always  very nice to recall our colleagues who a century ago really were pioneers.

Arctic Expedition 1925. The card was issued from contact at Etah, Greenland, but based upon the postage stamp it was mailed in Canada.

Here a bit of history: 1925 Macmillan/Byrd Arctic Vessel WNP-WAP  

The objectives supported by the Navy and the National Geographic Society were to determine the full capabilities of radio North of the auroral belt and to explore the Northern reaches by air. In the summer of 1925 the Bowdoin, captained by MacMillan led the Peary, a minesweeper enlisted as transport and captained by Zenith president Eugene F. McDonald, to a bay again near Etah in northern Greenland. Three amphibious aircraft were assembled on site and directed by Richard E. Byrd. Severely limited by weather and mechanical problems, the aircraft only accomplished some seven missions within their limited range, and did not actually fly over the pole. The outstanding accomplishment of the expedition was in the sphere of radio. Utilizing short waves, the expedition was in consistent contact with the outside world throughout the journey, to the delight of the amateurs who were able to work them. The phenomenal success proved to the Navy that short waves were definitely superior to the long and ultra long waves on which the fleets had been relying.

Etah (see pic aside) is an abandoned settlement in the Qaasuitsup municipality in northern Greenland. It was was used in the past as a base camp for several Arctic expeditions, including Knud Rasmussen’s expeditions to the northern coast of Greenland and a starting point of discovery expeditions to the North Pole.

Etah was also the landing site of the last migration of the Inuit from the Canadian Arctic. The village was located on the shores of Foulk Fjord near Reindeer Point. The huts of the former village are still standing. Today, Etah is seldom visited

How many people live in Antarctica?

Antarctica is the highest, driest, coldest, and windiest continent on earth. So perhaps unsurprisingly, it spent the last 35 million years in relative isolation. People only discovered Antarctica in 1820, and it took another 100 years for people to reach the pole. But,  how many people live in Antarctica now?

Antarctica has no real permanent residents — just Research Stations and Field camps staffed either seasonally or year-round. Yet in the summer season, if the weather is favorable, Antarctica usually hosts up to 5,000 people. When the summer fades into winter, many stations get completely depopulated, and the ones with a permanent mission keep much smaller crews to keep the stations running. During the wintertime, Antarctica’s population goes down to around 1,000 people.

Currently, scientists, staff, and whoever else might happen to be in Antarctica stay in one of 70 even more  Bases (40 of which are year-round). Over 30 nationalities are usually represented on the continent.

More at: https://www.zmescience.com/other/pieces/how-many-people-live-in-antarctica-and-other-things-you-wish-you-knew-about-the-frozen-continent/

John Sidney Sharp VK2FR  SK

 John  VK2FR was  a Great Ham, keen Antarctic Hunter and owner of several Antarctic Awards, including WAP-WACA and WAP-WADA. John VK2FR passed away  on last jan. 12 2021 at the age of 65 from a sudden heart seizure

It is difficult in such a particular moment of the life to find words that are not usual. Life is unpredictable and sometimes puts us to the test.

John is gone from our sight, but never from our hearts,  our thoughts and prayers for him. We are lovers of Antarctica, John VK2FR was one of us, a good friend, one of us … that’s why we are fondly close to his family, joining this immense and unjust pain.

Even though his heart has stopped beating, John VK2FR will continue to live in those who did contact him on air, thanks to the Ham Radio bands.

A hug from the bottom of our heart. Sincere condolences to his loved ones, to  his wifew Kate Warren, his daughter Aimee, his brother Will and life long friends.

by WAP staff and friends  from all over the world

January 18 2021,  118th Anniversary of the First Transatlantic Wireless message from the USA to Europe

KM1CC has been  “on the air” to commemorate the 118th Anniversary of Marconi sending the first transatlantic message from the USA to Europe (UK) on January 18, 1903. The message was sent from Marconi’s South Wellfleet, MA USA Wireless Station and received at his Poldhu Station, in UK.

The historic Marconi Wireless Station site,  is part of Cape Cod National Seashore, it is listed by the National Park Service as a National Historic Landmark.
(Picture aside is an old QSL of KM1CC)

For more information:  https://www.nps.gov/caco/learn/historyculture/marconi.htm

WAP-WADA Honor Roll Plate to VE1HQ Sheldon R. Donaldson

VE1HQ, Mr. Sheldon Roy Donaldson from Pubnico, NS, Canada,  is a keen DXer and Antarctic chaser. He has just received  his WAP-WADA Honor Roll plate and certificate on Jan 8th  2021.

«I am very pleased with both and wish to thank the WAP staff for the awards. They are proudly  on display  in my radio shack. Now on to working lots more Antarctica bases towards a Top Honor Roll award»  he said. 

We at WAP, are happy to see our Ham fellow enjoying Antarctica, same as we do. The Honor Roll plate is the high evidence of long time chasing and sharing the beauty of the Icy Continent through the Ham radio bands … it’s really a magic world.

Thanks to you Sheldon Roy, to you our compliment!

From WAP Staff

NOCTILUCENT CLOUDS … Let’s know a bit more 

Forwarded by our friend Dr. Volket Stracke DL8JDX, this new issue guides us through a very interesting world.

Something strange is happening 50 miles above Antarctica. Or rather,  not  happening.  Noctilucent clouds (NLCs), which normally blanket the Frozen Continent in December, are almost completely missing. These images from NASA’s AIM spacecraft compare Christmas Eve 2019 with Christmas Eve 2020.

The comparison really is astounding,” says Cora Randall of the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. “Noctilucent cloud frequencies are close to zero this year.”

NLCs are Earth’s highest clouds. They form when summertime wisps of water vapor rise up from the poles to the edge of space. Water crystallizing around specks of meteor dust 83 km (~50 miles) above Earth’s surface creates beautiful electric-blue structures, typically visible from November to February in the South, and May to August in the North.

The southern hemisphere stratosphere is very unusual this year” says Randall. “The ozone hole is exceptionally large, until recently zonal winds have been blowing in the wrong direction, and overall the stratosphere is much more ‘winter-like’ than it should be in December

Hours after publication of this news item, NASA’s AIM satellite reported an uptick of NLC activity over Antarctica. “It’s still nowhere as many clouds as last year, but it makes sense given the recent steep drop in zonal wind speed and ozone hole area” notes Randall. “The atmosphere definitely has a mind of its own this season!

Thanks and credit to: http://www.spaceweather.com and to Volker DL8JDX

Pic aside (Photographer: Jorgelina Alvarez) shows  a noctilucent cloud s  as viewed from Base Marambio (WAP ARG-21) in Antarctica.

Raltime Noctilucent Cloud Photo Gallery can be seen at:   https://spaceweathergallery.com/nlc_gallery.html

Happy New year 2021

Dear friends, followers and Antarctic chasers,

another year is gone and thanks to Lord, we are here, chasing Antarctica, following the evolution of the Icy Continent and the new Scientific Teams involved in the 2020-2021 Antarctic campaign.

WAP is always with you , working hard to keep the interest around Antarctica always alive.

Next 18th Antarctic Activity Week  is planned for next 20-28 of february 2021. (Check : http://www.waponline.it/antarctic-activity-week/aaw-2021/ )
Join the international event and you will enjoy Antarctica on the radio waves!

Enjoy Antarctica as much as we do!

Happy and prosperous New Year to all of you, from WAP Staff.

 

R/V NUYINA embarks on sea trials

This marks the start of a month-long “Sea Trials Phase” and an important milestone for all involved in the icebreaker project across the Australian Antarctic Division, ship managers Serco and ship builders Damen.
Sea trials will be followed by additional weeks of deepwater trials. Testing of the ship’s speed, noise, propulsion systems, steering, advanced electrical systems, and science equipment will take place as the vessel prepares for final sea ice trials in the Arctic early next year.
One of the most advanced vessels of its kind in the world, R/V Nuyina will form the centerpiece of the Australian Government’s Antarctic Strategy and 20 Year Action Plan.

                             —->    Click the red button to see a short video
R/V Nuyina will provide a world-class scientific platform for Antarctic researchers, carrying cutting-edge equipment to study the depths of the Southern Ocean, sea ice and the upper atmosphere.
With capacity to carry 117 expeditioners, 1200 tonns of cargo and 1.9 million liters of fuel, the icebreaker will be the main lifeline to Australia’s Antarctic and sub-Antarctic research stations for decades to come.
Nuyina (meaning ‘southern lights’ in palawa kani, the language of Tasmanian Aborigines, pronounced noy-yee-nah) is expected to arrive in its home port of Hobart in mid-2021 to commence Antarctic operations in next year’s summer season.
Thanks and credit to: https://www.antarctica.gov.au/news/2020/rsv-nuyina-embarks-on-sea-trials/

Merry Christmas 2020

To celebrate the Christmas holidays, we have chosen a photo that is coming from Concordia Station (WAP MNB-Ø3) on the Antarctic Plateau. WAP wish a very Merry Christmas  to our readers and followers, to the Researchers and Personnel that are working in the various scattered Scientific bases on the Icy Continent as well as the other friends and crew on board of Polar Ships on the way to Antarctica

For the good time, gratitude
For bad, a lot of hope
For each day, an illusion
And always …  and always, happiness

Merry Christmas from WAP Staff

61 years of Antarctica Treaty signature. December 1st, Antarctica day

UK Antarctic Heritage Trust (UKAHT) remind us that, today is Antarctica Day, marking 61 years since the Antarctic Treaty was signed by 12 countries, to set aside the Antarctic continent for peaceful, international scientific cooperation. The Antarctic Treaty is the world’s most successful international agreement and in its time the Treaty has endorsed the Protocol on Environmental Protection, designating Antarctica as a nature reserve and committing signatories to the protection of the environment and its ecosystem.

This day falls in what is already a very special year with UKAHT celebrating the 200th anniversary of the first sighting of Antarctica through our Antarctica In Sight program. Whilst many of our planned events this year

Along with our Podcast series A Voyage To Antarctica which has received over 6K listens so far, we’ve created three short films in response to the programme themes of Human endeavour: courage and exploration; Climate: scientific legacy; and Geopolitics: exploitation to preservation.

We spoke to Antarctic Photography Guide, Neill Drake, Climate Scientist and Explorer, Felicity Aston and UN Patron for Oceans, Lewis Pugh, about their experience of working in Antarctica and how they have been inspired by the history of the white continent.

From Antarctic explorer and photographer Frank Hurley’s extreme efforts to capture the mood of the moment, scientific breakthroughs in Ozone layer research in the 1980’s to chilling reminders of the destruction of the whaling industry in the early 20th Century.

With each film under 2 minutes, we think this is the perfect break time escape. Find out more on our Antarctica in Sight page at:  https://www.ukaht.org/antarctica-in-sight/

Antarctica, the continent with no language.

Antarctica has been called “the continent without language”. True languages are spoken only by human beings, and although there are many visiting scientists and support workers in Antarctica these days, this is a modern situation: the continent has never had indigenous languages because it has never had an indigenous human population.

When at school, we all learnt about the glorious British failure of the Scott expedition to the South Pole. A party consisting of Robert Scott and four others from his 60-strong team arrived at the South Pole on the January 17, 1912, only to discover that a Norwegian expedition led by Roald Amundsen had beaten them to it by over a month, arriving on December 14. In anticipation of Scott’s arrival, and in case the Norwegians did not make it back alive, Amundsen had left a tent at the Pole with a letter in it. Amundsen had written it in his very individualistic polar-explorer kind of Dano-Norwegian, but it was addressed, in English, to “HM King of Norway”.

The Scott expedition’s tragedy was that, not only did they fail to become the first humans to reach the South Pole, as they had aspired to be, but all five of them died on their ghastly 900-mile trek on foot back towards their base.

Thanks and credit to Peter Trudgill on Antarctica, and its most famous story
Read more at: https://www.theneweuropean.co.uk/brexit-news/peter-trudgill-antarctica-language-4808928

Giant berg on collision course with South Georgia

The colossus iceberg that split from Antarctica’s Larsen C ice shelf on 12 July 2017 is on a collision course with South Georgia.

Over the last three years, satellite missions such as Copernicus Sentinel-1 have been used to track the berg as it has drifted in the Southern Ocean. For the first two years, it remained close to its parent ice sheet, impeded by sea ice. But now, as the map shows, the main chunk of the A-68 berg, known as A-68A, is heading rapidly for South Georgia. It is now about 350 km from the island.

About the same size as the South Atlantic island, it could ground in the shallow waters offshore and cause real problems for the island wildlife and seafloor-dwelling life. Penguins and seals need access to the sea to feed so the iceberg could easily block their foraging routes and life on the seafloor could be crushed if the berg grounds. The fear is that if the berg does anchor against the South Georgia coast, it could remain there for up to 10 years. When the A38 grounded here in 2004, many dead penguin chicks and seal pups were found along the shoreline.

Thanks and credit ESA.   Read more at:

https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/11/Giant_berg_on_collision_course_with_South_Georgia

TNX Volker DL8JDX

RRS Sir David Attenborough New Britain’s Icebreaker

Sir David Attenborough (IMO: 9798222, Callsign ZDLQ3 ) is a Research Vessel registered and sailing under the flag of Falkland Islands. Her gross tonnage is 15000 and deadweight is 5000. Sir David Attenborough was built in 2018/2020.. Her container capacity is 0 TEU. The ship is operated by British Antarctic Survey .

 RRS Sir David Attenborough, Britain’s new polar ship, heads out for the open seas
The state-of-the-art polar research vessel will carry out ice trials in the Arctic in early 2021, before a maiden voyage to the Antarctic in November later that year
Britain’s new polar ship, the Sir David Attenborough, headed for the open seas on 3 November to start trials after a storm delay, before making its maiden voyage to Antarctica next year for climate change research.
The 200 million pound ($260 million), state-of-the-art, polar research vessel, with its red hull and a bright yellow crane on its stern, sailed past Liverpool’s historic docks and out into the sea, headed for north Wales. Officially the ship is named after the veteran BBC naturalist David Attenborough, but to many Britons it will always be known as “Boaty McBoatface”, after that suggestion topped a public poll to name the vessel in 2016.
Its departure from Liverpool was delayed by around a week due to stormy weather, a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) spokeswoman told Reuters, with calm seas preferred to test and calibrate its specialist equipment for the first time. It will remain at sea for just under a week before berthing in Holyhead, Wales, once the current Welsh coronavirus lockdown ends on November 9, the spokeswoman added.
Watch a short video by clicking the red button:

Read more at:
https://lifestyle.livemint.com/smart-living/environment/rrs-sir-david-attenborough-britain-s-new-polar-ship-heads-out-for-the-open-seas-111604474377367.html

November 6th , Chilean Antarctic Day

On   November 6th, Chile has celebrated the “Chilean Antarctic Day”. WAP join the event  and share it  with all the women and all the men who love Antarctica and dream of the White Continent.

It was 80 years since the historic date when President Pedro Aguirre Cerda set the limits of the Chilean Antarctic territory in 1940. Only seven years later, the Chilean presence on said land became effective, with the installation of the first base, baptized as Arturo Prat (WAP CHL-Ø1). Chile today has 12 facilities in its Antarctic territory.

As a way to celebrate such a visionary act, in 1965, November 6 was decreed as the Chilean Antarctic Day, during the presidency of Eduardo Frei Montalva and as Chancellor Gabriel Valdés.

Each year Chilean Antarctica is explored and studied intensely by a growing group of researchers belonging to the National Antarctic Science Program. Almost 30 universities and research centers throughout the country sponsor these projects financed by INACH (61.2%) and Conicyt (34%), mainly. In this way, the country complies with the principles enshrined in the Antarctic Treaty of dedicating this continent to peace and science in a framework of intense international collaboration.

Read more at: https://laprensaaustral.cl/2020/11/07/dia-de-la-antartica-chilena/

KØGVB/MM USS Burton Island (AGB-1)

A rare old QSL of KØGVB/MM forced us to know a bit more about USS Burton Island (AGB-1), an icebreaker with a long and intense story. It could be that some Old Timers did work  KØGVB/MM from 1967 and up, that was a great time to contact such a rare ones!

Starting in 1967 through 1978, I/B USS Burton Island went on eight different Deep Freeze operations to the Antarctic. In the operations, I/B USS Burton Island was responsible for creating and maintaining aids to navigation, clearing channels through the ice for supply vessels, laying cables, delivering and dispatching the U.S. Mail at remote stations and vessels, search and rescue, fisheries patrol, law enforcement.

In addition to Deep Freeze operations, Burton Island served as a floating platform for scientific surveys and research around Alaska and other isolated polar areas. Burton Island also conducted numerous search and rescue (SAR) missions. In early 1964 I/B USS Burton Island was at Cape Hallett, Antarctica, bringing supplies to the scientific station.

Rigs on board for Ham radio purpose were: HT-32A, GSB 101, SX 101. Antenna 14AVS vertical 80-10 mts, modes AM/SSB/CW

From 9 July 1977 to 8 September 1977 I/B Burton Island undertook a cruise to the Arctic, during which time her crew constructed several radar navigation towers along the north coast of Alaska and conducted gravity surveys of the Arctic Ocean.

She was decommissioned on 9 May 1978.

To know more, check : http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0801.htm?fbclid=IwAR3l7Sp0ZpJQgu5KRXMyY4JQeR1qWAIthhnf2gIf9_EBXtnZdfVv3kEUWVM

TNX the Antarctic veteran Dr. Volker Stecke DL8JDX, the attached QSL comes from his collection

18 Sept. Chile celebrates its Independence Day

Happy National Holiday Chile … and Happy celebration to the personnel at Chilean Antarctic Bases in Antarctica!

This public holiday is always celebrated in Chile on September 18th and marks the date when the Chilean people declared the independence from Spain in 1810.

Chile’s National Day,  along with Christmas, are the most important holidays time in the year in Chile.

Chile is one of 12 nations that first signed the Antarctic Treaty in 1959.
Picture on top shows the Scientific Research Station O’Higgins (WAP CHL-Ø2) , named after Chile’s independence leader, on the Antarctic Peninsula.

Station V (View Point) WAP GBR-NEW

View Point 63°33’ South, 57°21’ West, is a 150m long eastern tip of a promontory on Antarctica.

It was the location of the British research Station “V”, which was active intermittently from June 3, 1953 to November 25, 1963 and called Seal-catcher’s Arms or View Point Hut, with the intention of searching in the survey, meteorology and geology. Established as a satellite base for Hope Bay (Station D) WAP GBR-Ø4 , the construction of the first hut started on June 3, 1953, the second was established on March 20, 1956.

On July 29, 1996 the “Station V” was transferred to  Chile who renamed it General Ramon Cañas Montalva Sub Base (WAP CHL NEW … never been activated). In reality, this is a small Chilean shelter, actually known as General Jorge Boonen Rivera Base (formally General Ramon Cañas Montalva) administered by the Chilean Army.

View Point, situated 6.79 km east of Skomlya Hill and 6.45 km southeast of Boil Point  was discovered by a party under J. Gunnar Andersson of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-04. So named by the Falklands Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) following their survey of the area in 1945 because from this promontory, good panoramic photographs were obtained.
Picture aside (1956) shows  interior of old Base “V”  hut at View PointThanks and creditBAS archive (Photographer: Hugh Simpson, medical officer; Archives ref: AD6/19/3/D25)

Source: https://www.bas.ac.uk/about/about-bas/history/british-research-stations-and-refuges/view-point-v/ 

Keeping Antarctica free of COVID-19 means longer stay for Aussies

The battle to keep Antarctica free of coronavirus will see Australian expeditioners spend up to an extra four months on the ice-covered wilderness.
Antarctica is the only continent without a single recorded COVID-19 case.
Members of the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) are based at isolated stations and sub stations around the South Pole. Stringent precautions taken by the AAD and the 28 other nations with polar bases have stopped the pandemic reaching Antarctica.

Read more at:
https://www.9news.com.au/national/coronavirus-keeping-antarctica-covid19-free-means-longer-stay-for-australian-expeditioners/87b4a867-0a2e-48ac-9268-20933dd426a8

Sir Edmund Hillary’s Antarctic hut , a  virtual reality tour  by NZAHT

WAP suggests the Antarctic hunters and followers  to visit and join the  Antarctic Heritage Trust https://nzaht.org/ and sign in to receive the always interesting monthly newsletters.

On the recent september issue, NZAHT is delighted to officially launch a unique virtual reality (VR) experience of Sir Edmund Hillary’s Antarctic hut. Developed in partnership with Auckland University of Technology (AUT) the VR was recently launched in person by New Zealand’s Prime Minister Rt Hon Jacinda Ardern, who described the experience as “deeply moving”.
Donning a headset, people are invited to step inside Hillary’s Hut and to explore the first building at what is now New Zealand’s Scott Base (WAP NZL-Ø1, picture aside).

A fully immersive experience, which includes a guided tour through ‘A’ hut, it celebrates New Zealand’s first presence in Antarctica as part of the Trans-Antarctic Expedition and International Geophysical Year.
As part of our commitment to sharing the world’s greatest polar exploration stories the Trust is utilizing virtual reality. It is a powerful medium to allow people to access Antarctica’s remarkable history of exploration and the legacy of the expedition bases, which the Trust cares for on behalf of the international community.
It is a ground-breaking project in terms of its scale and approach with more than a dozen AUT students and staff contributing over 4000 hours to the project.  AUT Associate Professor Barbara Bollard, who helped collect the data to create the experience, says it was a privilege to be involved in bringing the hut to life.  “It’s one thing to read about a place or see photos, but to interactively walk around and experience it as if you are there, really cements the connection. It creates a greater awareness and appreciation of the importance and value of these places.”

Read more at: https://nzaht.org/the-explorer-september-2020/

Nuclear-powered «Sevmorput» gears up for Antarctica voyage

The world’s only civilian nuclear-powered cargo ship will later this year bring construction material to the coast of Antarctic aimed for Russia’s Research Station Vostok II (WAP RUS-NEW) in inland Princess Elizabeth Land.

Polar  I/B  “Sevmorput”. Photo credit: Thomas Nilsen

Later this year, the Sevmorput is due to sail to Antarctica with a shipment of construction material for this brand new Base which will be called Vostok II Station

Rosatom, Russia’s state nuclear corporation, informs in a Facebook update that the «Sevmorput» later this year will sail across the globe with construction materials aimed for the country’s Vostok II Research Station in inland Antarctica

Founded by the Soviet Union in 1957, the old Vostok station (WAP RUS-13) is the place on earth with the lowest ever reliably measured temperature with −89.2 °C. The station is 1,253 km from the South Pole. The «Sevmorput» will deliver the cargo on the coast from where it will be transported into the frozen continent. 

Thanks and credit to: https://thebarentsobserver.com/en/industry-and-energy/2020/02/nuclear-powered-container-ship-sevmorput-gears-antarctica-voyage

It will be great to have a chance to contact  I/B Sevmorput on HF bands,  during his way down to Antarctica. The ship will enter on WAP WADA Directory if it will be put on the air. Russian radio amateurs did never disappoint us. They know how to operate professionally at any latitude and with even modest means . The world of radio amateurs trusts in them, hoping they can operate HF  on board!

ALE 2020, Antarctic Season cancellation

With more than 30 years of experience, ALE (Antarctic Logistic & Expedition)  is the leader in polar expeditions and the premier provider of deep-field experiences, private retreats & logistical services supporting responsible tourism in Antarctica.

In a press release signed by David Rootes on behalf of ALE’s Partners, the Company regrets  to announce that after careful deliberation of the issues and uncertainty from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we have taken the difficult decision to cancel their  2020-21 Antarctic season.

ALE feels that the  correct action now is to cancel our season, limiting the potential spread of the virus, ensuring our most vulnerable populations are kept safe, and ensuring we do not inadvertently bring COVID-19 into Antarctica.

Ale is now looking into  2021-22 schedule to identify ways to accommodate guests who may wish to carry over as well and those who are already planning to travel with us during the 2021-22 season. Revised 2021-22. Dates & Rates will be released on September 18, 2020.

 TNX Adam Brown K2ARB for the information.

Read the full statement at: https://antarctic-logistics.com/

Deep grief for Dr. Vilas Jogdand

NCPOR condoles the death of  Dr. Vilas Jogdand, Leader of  Maitri Station during the 35th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (2015-16).

He was a meteorologist with the India Meteorological Department, posted at Pune, Maharashtra.

Born, 10 Dec 1970 died on 02 September 2020

Vilas Jogdand, a meteorologist with the Weather Forecasting Division of India Meteorological Department (IMD), Pune, died of suspected coronavirus infection on Wednesday. He was 50 years old.

Jogdand had last reported to duty 10 days ago.

He had been undergoing treatment at YCM Hospital, a dedicated Covid hospital, in Pimpri. Jogdand had undergone a Covid-19 test, the results of which are awaited.

With his rich experience in meteorology, Jogdand was among the recommended experts to participate in the upcoming Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA).

He had earlier represented IMD at the 31st and 35th ISEA expeditions, in 2012-2013 and 2014-2015, respectively. He was the Leader of the expedition in 2015–2016.

During these expeditions, organised by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, scientists visit and stay at the Maitri station  (WAPO IND-Ø3) in the South Pole and carry out scientific experiments.

Source: https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/vilas-jogdand-meteorologist-and-former-leader-of-indias-antarctica-expedition-dies/ar-BB18GzF9

WAP and Antarctic community join the family’s condolences for the premature loss of Dr. Vilas Jogdand

Salute to the Sun at  Concordia Station (WAP MNB-Ø3)

After four months of darkness, the sun finally rises on 11 August at  Concordia Research Station (WAP MNB-Ø3) in Antarctica. The crew are understandably reverent.

For nine months, researchers  are holding down the base in one of the most isolated, confined and extreme environments on Earth, with no way in or out of the Station.

They run experiments in human physiology and biology, atmospheric physics, meteorology and astronomy, among other disciplines, as well as maintain the base,  one of only three to run year-round in the Antarctic.

Read more at:
https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/08/Salute_to_the_Sun

Funkamateur magazine, talks about  Antarctica

From page 789 and ahead, the newest Edition of the Funkamateur includes four Antarctic-related articles

One is about the Radio Broadcast Station LRA36 from Esperanza Base (WAP ARG-Ø4) which seems to thrill the readers who are playing to catch this Antarctic broadcaster transmitting also on USB mode!

The second one is about the most successful Antarctic and Sub Antarctic  DXpeditions of the last 30 years and the last 20 years. These include VK0IR, VK0EK, 3Y5X, 3Y0X, 3Y0PI, FT5ZM, VP8STI, VP8SGI. See https://www.dx-world.net/the-dxpedition-of-the-last-30-years/

The third one is about new videos from VKØIR (Heard Island WAP AUS-Ø7) , see  http://www.cordell.org/HI/index.html

and http://www.funkamateur.de/nachrichtendetails/items/VK0IR_1997.html

The fourth one is about the Fire in Mirny Station (WAP RUS-Ø7).

Info kindly forwarded by  Dr. Volker Strecke DL8JDX

Where Did Penguins Originate? Hint: It’s Not Antarctica

Penguin populations are usually associated with the polar ice caps, most likely originating from Antarctica. A team of scientists from Berkley University of California  has determined that penguins first lived in Australia and New Zealand nearly 22 million years ago.
The new study has been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal. Collaborating with several other universities and museums, the team analyzed the origins of 18 penguin species.
According to the paper, “the penguin crown-group originated during the Miocene period. Penguins first occupied temperate environments and then radiated to cold Antarctic waters.”
Blood and tissue samples allowed scientists to trace back how penguins became diverse throughout millions of years, and how they moved south to Antarctica. They believe that the emperor and king penguins left their ancestors and migrated to Antarctica due to the abundant supply of food available. These two specific penguin species have caused experts to debate about where they fit in the penguin family tree and are believed to belong to a ‘sister group

Read more at:
https://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/26941/20200819/penguin-populations-originate-antarctica.htm

74th  Independence Day celebrations at India’s Maitri Station (WAP IND-Ø3)

The 74th  India Independence Day celebrations  has been a great moment  at Maitri Indian Research Base in Antarctica (WAP IND-Ø3).

Mr. Deepak Gajbhiye,  Leader of the 39th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA) has been the head of  the Flag Hoisting Ceremony together with Mr. Kailash Bhindwar (Deputy Leader) and the whole  Maitri Team overwintering in Antarctica. Guests of honor, Mr. Vladimir Bondarchuk, chief of the nearby Russian Novolazarevskaya Station (WAP RUS-Ø9) and it’s  team.

Unfortunately, the Ham community worldwide is missing HF contacts with both Antarctic stations Maitri and Novo. Too bad, in this year’s Antarctic Campaign there aren’t Ham radio operators active among the personnel at  the Bases.

Christchurch (New Zealand) one of five Antarctic Gateway cities in the world.

Christchurch is the world’s main gateway to Antarctica. Around 100 direct flights a year leave its airport, carrying more than 5,500 passengers and 1,400 tons of cargo, including fresh food.

Antarctic connection began in 1955 with Operation Deep Freeze, when eight US Air Force aircraft made the 14-hour flight from Harewood Airfield to McMurdo Station. Operation Deep Freeze continues today, and with the arrival of the International Antarctic Centre in 1992, Christchurch continues to embrace its Antarctic connection.

Christchurch’s Acting Mayor Andrew Turner is welcoming news that international workers bound for Antarctica will be allowed to stop-over in the city on their way to the ice.

The Government has announced it is granting essential staff from various international Antarctic programs an exemption from the current border closures.

The international staff arriving in New Zealand will need to spend time in managed isolation before they are allowed to travel onto Antarctica to resupply bases and change-over team members who have been stationed on the ice through the winter.

The first of the workers will arrive in Christchurch on Friday 7 August to begin their two weeks isolation.

“I’m pleased to see Christchurch playing its key role as an Antarctic Gateway City by being able to welcome and safely host these international visitors in this way’’,  said Turner.

More at: https://www.odt.co.nz/star-news/star-christchurch/christchurch-welcomes-international-antarctic-workers?fbclid=IwAR3t2hiklzDZCzcazfVurP-gjP-mJ1cP_RfMrkuM-48L85mSX3iaFXTif4U

Read also: https://defpost.com/new-zealand-defence-force-begins-its-annual-airlift-mission-to-support-scientific-research-in-antarctica/
WAP pays credit to both websites

Climate change: Satellites find new colonies of Emperor penguins

Satellite observations have found a raft of new Emperor penguin breeding sites in the Antarctic. The locations were identified from the way the birds’ poo, or guano, had stained large patches of sea-ice.
The discovery lifts the global Emperor population by 5-10%, to perhaps as many as 278,500 breeding pairs.
It’s a welcome development given that this iconic species is likely to come under severe pressure this century as the White Continent warms.

The Emperors’ whole life cycle is centered around the availability of sea-ice, and if this is diminished in the decades ahead – as the climate models project – then the animals’ numbers will be hit hard.
One forecast suggested the global population could crash by a half or more under certain conditions come 2100.

Thanks and credit to: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-53549299

Museo Maritimo y Antarctico,  Ushuaia-TdF, Argentina

Ushuaia has grown by the sea but also under the watchful gaze of the prison. Both the Maritime, Antarctica and the Prison Museums bear witness to the passing of time in this southern land. While one tells the great adventures of seafarers, the other narrates the lives of those condemned to reclusion.

Facing the bay, within the Argentinian Navy venue, the building housing the Navy Museum was once the Recidivist Prison. Granted National Historical Monument by Congress in 1997, it bears witness to the origins of Ushuaia City.

At present, Marine and Antarctic Museum is directed by Dr. Carlos Pedro Vairo  of a  non-profit civil association with support from the local authorities and the Navy. It opens its doors to visitors who wish to know more about the history of the city.

A brochure with the location of the different rooms is handed out at the entrance. Guided visits are highly recommended and, while waiting for them to begin, visitors can walk through the first rooms devoted to the naval past of Tierra del Fuego. Just like the other southern islands, its development is closely tied to the sea, the only means of communication to the continent until 1948.

Created in 1994, the Museum has revalued the building of the former Presidio of Ushuaia. It began as a Maritime Museum, exhibiting a complete collection of naval models. It also houses an interesting collection on Antarctic Expeditions. It was declared National Historical Monument in April 1997. It was a good way to understand the early history of Ushuaia: the maritime history is very informative, particularly the Antarctic history; the penal colony and conditions of prisoners and the important native history of Tierra del Fuego and this is very well captured in the Yamana native exhibits.
The old prison itself is very well kept and is formatted in a very interesting way. Each cell containing a separate piece of history. Once stepping into the cell,  the information begins. One can feel the hardship that the prisoners experienced in that cold place. The maritime exhibits are excellent as are the postal exhibits. The Antarctic exhibits are particularly gripping,  bringing the rescue missions back to life.

Read more at:  https://www.welcomeargentina.com/ushuaia/maritime-museum.html

Antarctic Nations Trophy & Antarctica 2020 Trophy

Two  interesting Plaques  for the Antarctic Trophies collectors!

Some details about Antarctica 2020 Trophy  was already published last march 4th 2020 here on the WAP pages: http://www.waponline.it/antarctica-2020-trophy/

Now, Volker DL8JDX is pleased to show both Trophies he has just received: Antarctic Nations Trophy and Antarctica 2020 Trophy

Information on the Antarctic Nations Trophy, are available at https://www.dxtrophy.com/antarctica, more info can be requested by e-mail to: mydxtrophy@gmail.com

To get more on the Antarctica 2020 Trophy, issued to celebrate the 200 years of discovering Antarctica, see https://www.dxtrophy.com/200-antarctic

 Oleg UA6GG, www.dxtrophy.com wrote:
In honor of 200 years of the discovery of Antarctica “DX TROPHY Awards Group” is  ready to present the conditions for another  special trophy: ANTARCTICA CUP,  small trophy cups will be for true hunters of Antarctica, and for sure  the activators of Antarctica will not be forgotten-

Congrats and  TNX  Volker, DL8JDX, Antarctic veteran for sharing them with us

NASA satellite exposes “uncharted island” Antarctica

Sif Island is the name given to an island in  of the Amundsen Sea, in Antarctica. It is 1,150 feet (350 m) long and made of volcanic granite. Scientists spotted this “uncharted island” earlier this year, but a NASA satellite has been tracking it since 2014, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) revealed.

A scientific expedition off the coast of Antarctica in early February, spotted an island that appears on no maps,  a finding that demonstrates how quickly the continent is changing as a result of climate change.

“I think I see rocks”,  shouted an officer aboard the RV Nathaniel B. Palmer as the ship passed through Pine Island Bay, Antarctica. After consulting their charts, the crew realized they were looking at a brand-new island. There was a commotion as everyone onboard rushed to see the rocky, ice-covered

The small island is only about 1,150 feet long (350 meters) and mostly covered in ice, but rises from the sea with a layer of brown rock distinct from the surrounding glaciers and icebergs.

After making a brief landfall, the researchers confirmed that the island is made of volcanic granite, and even hosts a few resident seals.

Read more at: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00489-4

and  https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1273004/antarctica-nasa-landsat-sif-island-thor-south-pole-climate-change-global-warming-spt

Casa de Bote Marambio Hut (Marambio Boat house) WAP ARG-NEW

The need to have a laboratory at sea level, on the coast of Marambio Island, arose when the research project on “methane hydrates” began at López de Bertodano Bay, Seymour Island, Antarctica.

What follow, explains how the idea of carrying out a construction came up. Initially named “Casa de Botes Roberto Argentino Vallverdú” , later called “Casa de Botes Marambio” .

The boathouse is located on the coast of López de Bertodano Bay on Marambio (Seymour) Island at 64° 15′ 22.9″ South,  56° 44′ 23.4″ West, and its construction began in 2007 with the main purpose of serving as a logistical support base for studies on methane hydrate leaks.

Construction and improvements of the “Casa de Botes” stopped in 2016, being unfinished as well as the research project that motivated its creation, due to the lack of objective decisions by the DNA (DIRECCIÓN NACIONAL DEL ANTÁRTICO) and the IAA (INSTITUTO ANTÁRTICO ARGENTINO).

Casa de Bote (Boat house)  is mentioned and reported inside the Argentina’s “Annual Antarctic Plan 2019-2020”..

See: https://www.cancilleria.gob.ar/userfiles/ut/plan_anual_antartico_del_programa_antartico_argentino_2019-2020.pdf  In the year 2007,  its facilities were halfway there. They were not completed in due course; especially the large “shed” destined to keep land vehicles (4×4, 6×6) and snowmobiles, as well as smaller boats (Zodiac MK3 / MK4 inflatable boats and Zodiac Hurricane ZHT-733OB semi-rigid boats) essential to carry out the multidisciplinary research project on Methane Hydrates.

In the year 2008, the National Antarctic Directorate  designed Casa de Bote (aka Vallverdú boathouse) as a model logistical support point for the development of scientific and technical activities related to Earth Sciences, Life Sciences, and personnel training.

Read more at: http://www.marambio.aq/travesiaenmoto2005.html?utm_source=email_marketing&utm_admin=12&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Boletin_de_Noticias_JULIO

Casa de Bote Marambio Hut (Boat house) at 64° 15′ 22.9″ South,  56° 44′ 23.4″ West,  López de Bertodano Bay, Seymour Island, Antarctica will be add to WAP-WADA Directory under ARG-NEW. A WAP reference will be given if and when an Ham Radio operation will come on the air from this site.
Note that Marambio Base (WAP ARG-21) is located at 64° 14’ South, 56° 37′ West, so that Casa de Bote Marambio Hut is relatively far away the Base, that’s why WAP considers it a new entity on WADA Directory.

Plastic pollution reaching the Antarctic

Food wrapping, fishing gear and plastic waste continue to reach the Antarctic. Two new studies into how plastic debris is reaching sub-Antarctic islands are published last month  of April 2020 in the journal Environment International.

New findings include analyses of some of the longest continuous datasets in the world on plastics ingested by seabirds and washed up on beaches, and insights into where this plastic originates. They also highlight the ongoing prevalence of plastic in the Polar Regions, its impact on the environment and the animals that inhabit these remote areas.

Scientists from British Antarctic Survey (BAS) have systematically collected marine debris washed up on the beaches of Bird Island (South Georgia) and Signy Island (South Orkneys) over three decades. Their findings reveal an increase in the amount of debris collected. Over 10,000 items were recovered, the majority of which was plastic.

Read more at: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/04/200428112544.htm

Kharkovchanka, huge Antarctic off-road vehicles made by the Soviets

“The Kharkovchanka”  Russia’s Colossal Antarctic Cruisers which have been continuously operating in some of the most extreme environments on Earth for over 50 years.

Produced in Kharkiv, Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic and originally operated by USSR, the ‘Харьковчанка’ (literally ‘Kharkiv Women’), these amazing Snow Cruisers were built in the late 1950s and featured everything a polar explorer could need in the field. In their half-century mission, they have crossed thousands of miles on Antarctic Ice, visited the South Pole, the Pole of inaccessibility as well the dozens of outposts and research stations on the Icy Continent.

Read more at:
https://jalopnik.com/soviet-versions-of-the-antarctic-snow-cruiser-were-so-m-1844211018

https://boingboing.net/2020/07/03/short-documentary-about-kharko.html

June 21 Día de la Confraternidad Antártica

June 21 is the shortest day of the year, when  in the southern hemisphere the winter begins. It is a tradition in this day,  to commemorate the  “Antarctic Fellowship Day” , a day to greet each other in the Argentine’s Antarctic Bases and that date is taken as a reference, to teach about Antarctica in the schools.

So, next Sunday, June 21, it’s  an important date for the Argentines that send greetings. It’s a day well recalled in most of the country’s schools, that will fulfill the objective established by the School Calendar by “promoting the culture and awareness and the importance of Argentina’s presence on the Antarctic territory, recognizing the work of  the people involved in scientific matters on the Icy Continent and also, provide that the elderly know more about the Antarctic theme, so little spread.

To get more information on this commemoration, click below: www.marambio.aq/confraternidadantartica7.html

And about 21 June, the date of the Antarctic friendship, we cannot forget that this is also  the day of the Winter solstice  in the southern hemisphere that marks Midwinter in AntarcticaWAP is pleased to relay a message  forwarded  by an Antarctic veteran,  DL8JDX, to the friends actually involved down there.
Antarctic Mid Winter Day Greetings
Dear Antarctic friends,
all our happy Meetings, during work and during celebrations, are still in my mind too. What a great time. Wish you all a happy midwinter and stay healthy!
Kind regards, Volker

TNX Volker Strecke DL8JDX